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Learning in the digital age - theory and practice

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Learning technology is just about everywhere in education. Universities are replete with lecture capture tools, interactive media, web based content and personal response technologies; students arrive equipped with social media and mobile devices; technology supported distance education has been long established; universities are experimenting with flipped classrooms, gaming and MOOCs. What should we make it all, and do we consider these new trends threats or opportunities? How might we harness the powerful potential of these tools and technologies to engage students more, and enhance learning in higher education? What theories could be used to explain these phenomena, and how can social/psychological models better our understanding of how people learn when their communication, relationships and learning are mediated through technology? Can the established theories still offer useful explanations of new practices and experiences, or can we gain some illumination for a better understanding of learning in the digital age from the newer theories?

Published in: Education
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Learning in the digital age - theory and practice

  1. http://www.slashgear.com/babys-first-ipad-24121114/ “The average digital birth of children happens at about six months.”
  2. http://sellyourstoryuk.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Old-and-Young-Computer.jpg
  3. 3 biggest fears of a teacher using technology How do I make this work? How do I avoid looking like an idiot? {They will know more about this than I do}
  4. 3 biggest fears of a student using technology
  5. I showed my 12 year old son an old floppy disk…. He said… “Cool! You 3D printed the Save Icon!” SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  6. Analogue Digital Photo by Steve Wheeler
  7. http://www.sabotagetimes.com/life/a-vision-of-the-future-from-1910/ Learning 2000 Villemard Disruptive Technology
  8. “….we are preparing students for a future we cannot clearly describe.” - David Warlick SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015 Photo by Steve Wheeler
  9. Surface Learning Deep Learning SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Source: Marton and Saljo (1972) Strategic Learning
  10. Passive Observer Transactional Participant Peripheral Participant Core Group Full Member Adapted from: Karalis, T. (2010) Situated and transformative learning: exploring the potential of critical reflection to enhance organizational knowledge, Development and Learning in Organizations, Vol. 24 (1), 17 - 20 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  11. ‘Transformative learning involves experiencing a deep, structural shift in the basic premises of thought, feelings, and actions.’ (O’Sullivan, 2003) http://www.halloffame.outreach.ou.edu/2003/Mezirow.html Jack Merizow SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  12. Perspective transformation Psychological (changes in self concept) Convictional changes (revision of belief systems) Behavioural changes (changes in lifestyle) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015 Photo by Steve Wheeler
  13. Passive Observer Transactional Participant Peripheral Participant Core Group Full Member Adapted from: Karalis, T. (2010) Situated and transformative learning: exploring the potential of critical reflection to enhance organizational knowledge, Development and Learning in Organizations, Vol. 24 (1), 17 - 20 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015 The transformation ‘event horizon’ – Kevin Burden
  14. Learning by Listening Instructionism Wheeler, S. (2015) adapted from Brown, M. (2015) Learning by Doing Constructivism Learning by Making Constructionism Learning by Sharing Connectivism Cognitive Social
  15. Learning by listening Photo by George Serdechny: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:A_lecture_at_the_ITM.jpg
  16. Personal windows on the world SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  17. Social, Personal, Connected Image source: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/sites/default/files/digital-student-expectations.jpg SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  18. We learn by doing (Piaget, 1950) Photo by Steve Wheeler
  19. We learn by making (Papert, 1960) Photo by Steve Wheeler
  20. Student Makerspaces https://www.flickr.com/photos/76966777@N07/10580002834/
  21. Learning using tech User generated content Learning by making SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  22. Learning 2.0 CurationCollaborating Sharing and Amplifying Voting Networking User generated content Architecture of participation Tagging and Bookmarking SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015 Aggregation
  23. Teacher led Learner led Photo by Steve Wheeler
  24. http://web.media.mit.edu/~papert/ “I am convinced that the best learning takes place when the learner takes charge.” – Seymour Papert SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  25. “One of the most important technologies for active, flexible learning…” – Derek Bruff Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  26. From recursive… ..to discursive
  27. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015 Source: http://www.masalatime.com
  28. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015 Source: http://www.masalatime.com
  29. Photo by Steve Wheeler
  30. Tethered Mobile Photo by Steve Wheeler
  31. The Future...? • 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’ • 1999: ‘The future is the Web’ • 2009: ‘The future is smart mobile’ hof.povray.org
  32. Isolated Connected
  33. Digital Cultural Capital – Membership of ‘the Tribe’ “Where digital communication has fractured the tyranny of distance, and computers have become pervasive and ubiquitous, identification through digital mediation has become the new cultural capital”. Wheeler (2009) http://www.coreideas.com.au/ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  34. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  35. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  36. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  37. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  38. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  39. RhizomesDeleuze & Guattari ‘Anarchy’ of the Web SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  40. Crowdsourcing knowledge: Building your PLN SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015 Photo by Steve Wheeler
  41. //bradley.chattablogs.com “ ‘I store my knowledge in my friends’ …is an axiom for collecting knowledge… through collecting people”. - Karen Stephenson Connectivism Paragogy Heutagogy
  42. #edchat Photo by Steve Wheeler
  43. #blimage #twistedpair Photo by Steve Wheeler
  44. Standardised Personalised Vs
  45. We are family http://pro.corbis.com
  46. Wii are family! http://wiifitnessdepot.com
  47. Students taking notes Photo: Lori Cullen
  48. …. as a library …. as a street corner …. as a broadcast channel …. as amplification
  49. CHALLENGE SKILLSLow High LowHigh Anxiety Boredom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015 Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi, 1991
  50. CHALLENGE SKILLSLow High LowHigh Anxiety Boredom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015 Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009) P1 P2 P3 P4
  51. Beyond my reach What I can learn with help (ZPD) ZPD and scaffolding What I can learn on my own Technology and toolsKnowledgeable others SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  52. CHALLENGE SKILLSLow High LowHigh Anxiety Boredom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009)
  53. http://thirdmonth.blogspot.co.uk Computers as ‘mind tools’ for the engaging of learners in critical thinking - David Jonassen
  54. ‘New’ learners are... • more self-directed • better equipped to capture information • more reliant on feedback from peers • more inclined to collaborate • more oriented toward being their own “nodes of production”. Education Trends | Featured News John K. Waters—13 December 2011 http://coolshots.blogspot.com/2007_02_01_archive.html SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  55. http://thesocietypages.org/cyborgology “Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him an iPhone.” - Abraham Lincoln (on the ‘selfie’) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  56. “60% of all Internet pages contain misleading information.” - Thomas Edison Learners need ‘digital literacies’ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  57. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  58. “Lee Harvey and the Wailers” (Lee Harvey did not jam alone) http://www.myspace.com/hsu/photos/6850630 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  59. Learners will need new ‘literacies’ • Social networking • Privacy maintenance • Identity management • Creating content • Organising content • Reusing and repurposing • Filtering and selecting • Self presention • Transliteracy http://www.mopocket.com/ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2015
  60. Leaning 2.0 – Digital Literacies Mastery Literacies Competencies Skills Graphic by Steve Wheeler (2013)
  61. Connection Context Complexity Connotation Adapted from: Mark Federman (2012) Skills for Learning 2.0 Graphic by Steve Wheeler (2013)
  62. “Knowledge that is acquired under compulsion obtains no hold on the mind.” - SocratesPlato http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-713124904
  63. Thank you W: http://steve-wheeler.net E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk B: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com T: @timbuckteeth Photo by Steve Wheeler With thanks to my students: Tyla Elworthy Aaron Fisher Alex Druce

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