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Uk, germany, & russia

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Uk, germany, & russia

  1. 1. COMPARING UNITED KINGDOM, GERMANY AND RUSSIA By: Jai Jacobs
  2. 2. United Kingdom
  3. 3. Parliamentary System of the UK  • Unitary system: the central has all the power • Democracy: citizens hold the power. They all vote • Parliamentary Democracy: the leader is elected through the legislature, not directly by the people
  4. 4. Parliamentary System • Parliament is the lawmaking body of the U.K. • Composed of the House of Lords and the House of Commons • The monarch is also a part of parliament
  5. 5. House of Lords • These seats were passed through wealthy families. • Now the lords are elected by the house or the monarch. • have power
  6. 6. House of Lords
  7. 7. House of Commons • Citizens elect members -There are 646 members • Controls country's budget (LOTS of power) • The leader of the political party with the most members becomes the prime minister • Prime minister- is the head of the government
  8. 8. House of Commons
  9. 9. Leadership • The prime minister is the chief executive with the MOST power - Leader of the British Parliament, works with legislative branch - Runs the government • The MONARCH is the official head of state (symbol of country) -Duties are most ceremonial -Role is restricted
  10. 10. Queen Elizabeth II
  11. 11. David Cameron
  12. 12. Citizens rights • Have personal freedoms similar to US -treated equally -right to worship -freedom of speech -right to fair trial -Own property • Does not directly elect the leaders. The house of commons does that!!!
  13. 13. Germany
  14. 14. Federal System • Federal System: the power is shared between the central government and the governments of the 16 states. • Democracy: citizens of the country hold the power (voting) • Parliamentary Democracy: the leader is elected through the legislature, not directly by the people
  15. 15. Parliamentary System • Germany’s is composed of 2 houses: the Bundstag and the Bundesrat • Germany’s constitution is called the basic law - Germany is a welfare state: government guarantees people certain benefits when they are unemployed, sick, poor, or disabled.
  16. 16. • Has the MOST power Bundestag • Citizens of each German state elect its members • Members of this house elect the chancellor (chief executive of Germany) •
  17. 17. Bundestag
  18. 18. Bundesrat • Represents the interests of the state governments • Each state selects representatives for this house • Deals with laws that affect states: education & local government issues
  19. 19. Bundesrat
  20. 20. Leadership • CHANCELLOR is the chief executive - Runs the government - Elected by the bundestag (legislature) • The president is the official head of state - Symbol for country - Duties are mostly ceremonial - Representatives of the legislature and the states choose the president
  21. 21. Angela Merkel
  22. 22. Russia
  23. 23. Joachim Gauck
  24. 24. Citizens rights • Similar to US & UK • Do not directly elect the leaders
  25. 25. Federal System • Federal System: the power is shared between the central government and the governments of the states • Democracy: citizens of the country hold the power (vote) • Parliamentary Democracy: leader is directly elected by the people
  26. 26. Federal Assembly • The legislature is called the federal assembly • It has two parts: the Federation Council & the State Duma
  27. 27. Federal Assembly • Has 2 representatives from each state • States appoint the council’s members; they are not directly elected by the people • One important duty: approve the president’s choices of people to fill different government jobs
  28. 28. State Duma • Larger than federation council - Has 450 members who are elected directly by the people • This house controls the budget & makes the laws • Approves the presidents choice for prime minister
  29. 29. Leadership • President is the chief executive with the MOST power - Elected by the people (presidential democracy) - Can disband the legislature • President also picks prime minister - Helps in the day-to-day running of the government - Similar to USA’S vice president
  30. 30. Vladimir Putin
  31. 31. Dmitry Medvedev
  32. 32. Citizens rights • Similar 2 the US, UK, & Germany • Citizens directly elect the leader
  33. 33. 
  34. 34. Merry Christmas

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