Connected Building Reference Architecture Nysspe

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How to Design and Build a Connected Building, collapsing Silo\'s and converging networks.

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  • Converged Physical Infrastructure. Connected building architectures provide a platform for secure, scalable and interoperable systems throughout an enterprise. Most systems can be physically converged through shared conduit, cable trays, and building pathways; others will converge logically through a switched IP network. By capturing and transporting all operational and services data over a physically converged network infrastructure, it becomes possible to implement facility policies that support business requirements and tenant/customer needs. The common denominator for converged building systems is the expansive reach of the cabling infrastructure and physical connectivity. This converged multi-technology backbone is comprised of copper, optical fiber, coaxial, and fieldbus cabling, to connect a wide range of endpoint devices including surveillance cameras, climate controls, and energy management sensors. By connecting and harmonizing critical systems and devices, owners can optimize building energy use and manage risk into the future. Building systems are converged within a common pathway and then terminated within zone enclosures distributed throughout the building. The zone enclosures become network consolidation points, allowing all cables to be managed and patched in a single enclosure, enabling building system networks to be converged within Ethernet cabling pathways during the design phase. This architecture differs from dedicated cabling runs typically used in building systems, in which multiple lengthy and redundant cabling routes along disparate pathways, leading to inefficiencies in specification, installation, and maintenance.
  • Almost every building system (HVAC, lighting, security, and communications) uses some form of IT networking for management and control. The technologies for connecting, managing, and automating building systems include servers for hosting management software and controllers for floor level settings. Components can include a wide variety of endpoint devices (such as lighting, variable air volume [VAV] boxes, surveillance cameras, and interactive lobby kiosks) as well as required network infrastructure (cabling, switches, connectors, and related protocols). Connected Building Solutions realize UPI design principles in the form of an intelligent infrastructure that extends throughout a property to both connect technology components and bridge stakeholder needs. These solutions enable linked facility and network systems to be built directly into the building fabric, generating and sharing data over a unified intelligent infrastructure to enhance building efficiency and effectiveness. The completed infrastructure enables building owners and property managers to reduce occupancy costs and enhance workplace experiences for their tenants or employees, and ultimately manage property resources more efficiently.
  • Sustainability Objectives. Core sustainability objectives include reducing consumption of non-renewable resources and creating healthy environments. Physically converged infrastructures contribute toward larger corporate green initiatives by leveraging real-time information across integrated building systems to automatically manage energy resources more efficiently. For example, building managers can match energy inputs to the requirements of occupants and the building environment, providing the optimal amount of comfort to users while minimizing wasted energySmart lighting systems, electrical sub-metering, daylight harvesting, and modern under floor Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) are used to improve occupant comfort and achieve energy efficiencies throughout the building, thus shrinking the organization’s carbon footprint. Such solutions also add value by enabling green performance and U.S. Green Building Council LEED Certification for building stakeholders, which contributes to the “Double Green” effect of being both good for the environment and financially advantageous to building owners.Interoperability Strategies. To achieve the goal of network interoperability, connected building technology strategies ideally should require all building systems to operate on open protocols. This approach enables communication between core building systems and opens the door for true building system alignment, convergence, and optimization. Deployment of IP-enabled systems and endpoint devices is projected to grow at double digit rates while closed and proprietary systems decline (see Figure 3).  Open protocols are available for all traditional building control systems (lighting, HVAC, and electrical, etc.) that can easily coexist and interact with IP-based technologies. Although not all building systems are natively IP, all non-native IP systems should have a migration path for connecting to an IP network.Converged Networking. A flexible, converged physical infrastructure is the foundation of all Connected Building Solutions. UPI principles enable the convergence of building systems and IP networks within a single pathway, allowing a robust building network to share the same telecom spaces and pathways. This strategy simplifies future changes to the space, reducing the time required for configuration refresh cycles and easing the deployment of new systems and technologies.  This flexibility equips owners with the maneuverability to effectively select building system vendors and components on a timeline that maximizes business agility. Further, network backbones designed in compliance with current telecommunications standards (TIA-568, -569, and -942) are easier to manage and maintain, sustaining growth and change while providing many years of service.
  • Although nearly all building control systems utilize IP networking, not all design and engineering firms possess the latest knowledge on technology options and requirements. This gap creates an opportunity for IT professionals to provide owners and developers with expertise in the following areas, to support system connectivity requirements while allowing traditional trades and contractors to stay focused on their core business. Converged physical infrastructure that enables the integration of control systems with the IP network, and extends the reach of the IP-based network to all Internet-enabled devices. Logical network for connecting all control systems and IT applications.Middleware for integrating building infrastructure and IT applications over a common IP network to enable true system interoperability and limit proprietary service requirements.Data center sized for building systems, which organizes previously disparate systems’ servers and related equipment in an efficient footprint.
  • Consolidation Points & Pathways:Building systems are converged within a common pathway and then terminated within zone enclosures distributed throughout the buildingThe zone enclosures are network consolidation points, allowing all cables to be managed and patched in a single enclosureSuch zones can be passive with low voltage? only or may include active componentsThis architecture differs from dedicated cabling runs typically used in building systems, in which multiple lengthy and redundant cabling routes along disparate pathways, leading to inefficiencies in specification, installation, and maintenance. This converged multi-technology backbone is comprised of copper, optical fiber, coaxial, and fieldbus cablingConnected building architectures provide a platform for secure, scalable and interoperable systems throughout an enterprise.Represents the “last mile” of connectivity to the devices within the building system infrastructureConnect a wide range of endpoint devices including surveillance cameras, climate controls, energy management Access ControlsOpen protocols are available for all traditional building control systems (lighting, HVAC, and electrical, etc.) that can easily coexist and interact with IP-based technologies
  • Middleware. Intelligent middleware technology transforms building operational data into information that provides owners deeper visibility into building systems. By integrating building infrastructure and IT applications over the same logical IP network, intelligent middleware technology enables sophisticated monitoring of energy consumption so building stakeholders can improve business decisions, achieving greater energy savings and improving operational efficiencies.  Note: It may be necessary to augment existing systems or predetermined system protocols with middleware appliances or services to normalize proprietary environments and to enable them for back office system consumption and analysis.
  • Logical Network. The IP network will be as flexible and scalable as the physical infrastructure and accommodate nearly all logical connectivity between controllers, management servers and across building systems. Each endpoint device that requires an Ethernet port can be tallied to estimate initial requirements for logical network capacity. Each device also requires a defined level of bandwidth: lighting control commands and temperature control readings use very little bandwidth whereas security surveillance requires substantially more.  Additional network flexibility can be realized by taking advantage of Power over Ethernet technology. PoE extends the capabilities of Ethernet by delivering both data and reliable DC power over the same cables to endpoint devices such as VoIP phones, access control and surveillance cameras, and wireless access points. Because PoE converges data and power together over the same cable to each device attached to the local area network, devices can be installed without the need for a dedicated AC outlet. This saves money by eliminating the cost and time associated with AC outlet installations, while providing the flexibility to locate PoE devices where performance is optimum
  • Connected Building Reference Architecture Nysspe

    1. 1. Connected Building Solutions Architecture<br />Tim Hurley, CCNT, CSI/MAISr. Sales Engineer/RTSMPanduit Corporation518-461-8489tph@panduit.com<br />
    2. 2. GLOBAL<br />VISION<br />World-class<br />facilities for <br />Every <br />employee<br />INNOVATION<br />Utilize<br />technology<br />and design to <br />cultivate new<br />solutions<br />COLLABORATION<br />Environments<br />which encourage<br />communication,<br />personal growth<br />and teamwork<br />SUSTAINABILITY<br />Design facilities <br />To reduce their<br />environmental<br />impact<br />Connected Building Solutions Vision<br />
    3. 3. Connected Buildings<br />Connected Building Solutions<br />UPI principles enable the convergence of building systems and IP networks:<br />Enterprise Video Surveillance<br />HVAC Access Controls<br />More…<br />Assets<br />Operational Efficiency<br />Sustainability<br />Security<br />Tools<br />Expertise<br />Products<br />Services<br />
    4. 4. Converged Physical Infrastructure<br />Provide for variety of connectivity - <br /><ul><li>Category 5e, 6 and 6a
    5. 5. Fiber optic
    6. 6. Fieldbus (eg. RS 485)
    7. 7. Audio / Video</li></ul>Shared Pathways - <br /><ul><li>Conduit
    8. 8. Cable trays
    9. 9. Building Pathways
    10. 10. Enclosures, racks, cabinets
    11. 11. Patch panels, jacks, connectors</li></ul>Space Savings –<br /><ul><li>Electrical / Telecom Room
    12. 12. Additional Systems utilize shared pathways and infrastructure
    13. 13. Control of cabling infrastructure</li></li></ul><li>Connected Building Solutions New View of Technology Infrastructure<br />An increased demand for IP Communications is leading to the convergence of these systems<br />Convergence requires physical and logical system integration, which affects system performance<br />
    14. 14. Connected Building Solutions Business Drivers for a Unified Physical Infrastructure Approach<br />
    15. 15. Connected Building Solutions<br />Drive Interoperability<br />Communication: System to system / application to application<br />Energy, maintenance, safety / security, etc.<br />Meet project / corporate goals<br />Green, reduce TCO (first costs  lifecycle costs), strategic, etc.<br />“As investment in integration technologyincreases, IT organizations will continue to evolve their enterprise-wide integration infrastructure to handle user interaction, business processes, applications and data.”<br />Colin White, BI Research<br />
    16. 16. Communication<br />Computing<br />Security<br />Control<br />Power<br />Most businesses maintain various physical system infrastructures in silos<br />Connected Building SolutionsToday’s Systems Infrastructure<br />
    17. 17. Connected Building SolutionsInformation Ownership<br />Information Requirements<br />Occupant<br />Broadband, environment, audio / video<br />Application to Application<br />Connectivity, data consolidation, topologies<br />System to System<br />Open protocols, integration, interoperability<br />
    18. 18. Connected Building Strategies<br />Technology footprint expanding:<br />Servers<br />Management Software<br />Floor level controllers<br />Open standards critical to enable Connect, Manage and Automate critical building systems<br />UPI Approach allows stakeholders to manage risk<br />
    19. 19. Core CB Value Proposition<br />Connected Building Solutions<br />
    20. 20. Connected Building Strategies<br />Interoperability Strategies<br />
    21. 21. Connected Building Solutions Technology Infrastructure and Risk Management <br />Risk Management<br />Breakdown the system silos<br />Effective management of thecomplete technology plan<br />Fully utilize information to driveincreased value<br />The complexities of convergence create risk in the design and construction of <br />a new facility.<br />“An IT Risk incident has the potential to produce substantial business consequences that touch a wide range of stakeholders. In short, IT Risk matters – now more than ever!”<br />IT Risk ”Turning Business Threats into Competitive Advantage” Harvard Business Press<br />
    22. 22. Connected Building Solutions Infrastructure Reliability and % IT Investment<br />
    23. 23. Connected Building Solutions Team Construction<br />Construction<br />Management<br />Construction<br />Design<br />(SI, A&E)<br />Developer <br />Functional<br />Teams<br />ConnectedBuilding<br />Consultants &<br />Suppliers<br />Security, Lighting, A/V, Etc.<br />Policies, Governance<br />(Energy, Occupancy,<br />Security, etc.)<br />
    24. 24. Connected Building Solutions Team Building <br />Start as Early as Possible<br />Common vision <br />All stakeholders part of conceptteams<br />Conventional construction process is changed<br />Early design decisions will heavily influence success<br />Look past “Day 1”<br />“It is important that companies align production, engineering and IT departments around common goals and find ways to foster effective communication.”<br />Julie Fraser, Industry Directions, Inc.<br />
    25. 25. Connected Building SolutionsDesigning and Planning<br />Technology Considerations<br />Infrastructure<br />Network<br />Building Systems<br />Applications<br />Business Systems<br />Building Systems<br />IP Convergence<br />
    26. 26. Networking Design Considerations<br />
    27. 27. Connected Building Solutions Impact of IP Communication in Commercial Environments<br />
    28. 28. Logical Network<br />Connected Building Architecture<br />CBDC<br /><ul><li>IP enabled devices are dominating
    29. 29. Physical Network Considerations
    30. 30. Convergence for all networks and devices on IP
    31. 31. Drive and create the need Connected Building Data Centers (CBDC)
    32. 32. Logical Network Considerations:
    33. 33. Integrated design of the switched IP infrastructure
    34. 34. Definie the logical relationship between IP devices/ controller, field bus devices and their protocols
    35. 35. Middleware and Software
    36. 36. Utilize the data that is generated by the building systems
    37. 37. Create policies that drive business value</li></ul>Physical Network<br />End-point Devices<br />
    38. 38. Leverages TIA-942 best practices to organize previously disparate building systems’ servers and related equipment in an efficient footprint <br />IP network will be as flexible and scalable as the physical infrastructure and accommodate nearly all logical connectivity between controllers, management servers and across building systems<br />A consolidated and organized environment for building level server and storage equipment that optimizes space and is supported by adequate power and cooling<br />Sized solely to maintain continuity among critical building systems <br />Usually an order of magnitude smaller than a traditional DC<br />Must be located in a secure environment which minimizes the chances of security breaches or system downtime <br />Enables tangible improvements in infrastructure efficiency, assuring the integrity and functionality of the connected building data center space<br />
    39. 39. Enables the integration of control systems with the IT network, <br />Secure environment and consolidation of all network physical connectivity<br />Provides space for IP Distribution Layer Switches<br />IP network will be as flexible and scalable as the physical infrastructure and accommodate all physical connectivity between controllers, management servers and across building systems<br />A consolidated and organized environment for floor level active equipment that optimizes space<br />Provides for floor level control of PoE assets<br />
    40. 40. Consolidation points and Pathways:<br />Building systems are converged within a common pathway and then terminated within zone enclosures distributed throughout the building<br />The zone enclosures are network consolidation points, allowing all cables to be managed and patched in a single enclosure<br />Such zones can be passive with low voltage only or may include active components<br />Consolidation points and Pathways:<br /><ul><li>This architecture differs from dedicated cabling runs typically used in building systems, in which multiple lengthy and redundant cabling routes
    41. 41. This converged multi-technology backbone is comprised of copper, optical fiber, coaxial, and fieldbus cabling
    42. 42. Connected building architectures provide a platform for secure, scalable and interoperable systems throughout an enterprise </li></ul>Cabling and Devices<br /><ul><li>Represents the “last mile” of connectivity to the devices within the building system infrastructure
    43. 43. Connect a wide range of endpoint devices including
    44. 44. Open protocols are available for all traditional building control systems (lighting, HVAC, and electrical, etc.) that can easily coexist and interact with IP-based technologies</li></li></ul><li>Intelligent middleware technology transforms building operational data into more valuable business information<br />It provides owners deeper visibility into building systems <br />By integrating building infrastructure and IT applications over the same logical IP network, intelligent middleware technology enables sophisticated monitoring of critical building data<br />Stakeholders can improve business decisions, achieving greater energy savings and improving operational efficiencies <br />It may be necessary to augment existing systems or predetermined system protocols with middleware appliances or services to normalize proprietary environments and to enable them for back office system consumption and analysis<br />
    45. 45. Middleware <br />Exposing integrated converged data to higher level systems<br />Unified User Interface Layer:Facilities / IT / Security<br />Business / Enterprise Layer:IT / ERP / MRP / FDD<br />Middleware<br />
    46. 46. Connected Building Solutions <br />
    47. 47. Converged Logical Network<br />
    48. 48. Connected Building Solutions Realizing the Vision – Implementation with Partners…<br />New World Headquarters<br />Employs Connected Building Design: Convergence of facility systems onto single network for improved control, communication and management<br />Maximizes space utilization<br />Environmentally friendly construction:Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED Gold)<br />Increased energy savings<br />Reduced pollution <br />Utilizes recycled materials<br />Reduces facility operating costs<br />
    49. 49. Connected Building Solutions Your Strategic Partner for Unified Physical Infrastructure<br />Employ UPI Design Methodology:<br />Convergence of facility systemsonto single network for improvedcontrol, communication and management<br />Environmentally Friendly Building<br />LEED Gold<br />The correct solution, designed by the most qualified firms, installed by skilled laborers means less risk during your project lifecycle<br />
    50. 50. Connected Building Solutions HQ Project: LEED-NC Summary<br />
    51. 51. Financial and Business Case Projection <br />Incremental investment $615,148 <br />Total savings (10 years) $1,842,110 <br />Average payback period 2.6 years<br />Highlights<br /><ul><li>Lower energy costs
    52. 52. Lower overall operating costs
    53. 53. Future-minded building
    54. 54. Enhanced occupant experience
    55. 55. Sustainable / LEED </li></ul>Connected Building Solutions Connected HQ Rollup Financials<br />
    56. 56. Connected Building SolutionsThe Future: Connected Building Architecture<br />
    57. 57. LeadershipProgram<br />Global AllianceProgram<br />Connected Building SolutionsEnabled Partner Ecosystem<br />Program Training <br />

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