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P R E S E N T S
Residential
Construction
Practices
Let’s Build a House Together!
(3) Credit Continuing Education Course
…and a great class!
Continuing Education Providers
are subject to audit by the State of Connecticut
Please:
Mute your cel...
Your Credits….
Are submitted electronically to the State of Connecticut
by Tiger Real Estate School
Tiger Real Estate Sc...
Startling Statistics!
How many Jobs are created for each single
family home built? (According to NAHB)
Five?
Seven?
One...
Tax Revenue
How much government tax revenue
is created for each single family
home built?
$ 24,000?
$ 110,000?
$ 74,000...
Annual Housing Starts
How many national housing starts do
we need to accommodate growing
population and older
housing stoc...
10 Year U.S. Housing Starts
Connecticut Housing Permits
1st
Q 2016 1,088
2015 6,077
2014 5,329
2013 5,424
2012 4,669
2011 3,173
2010 3,932
200...
CONTENTS
Building codes
Foundation systems
Loads on buildings
Floor systems
Wall systems
Roof systems
Roofing
Sidi...
Building Codes
Regulate:
 design
 construction
 alteration
 repair of buildings
in order to protect the public
safety,...
Major Model Codes
The National Building Code
 BOCA (Building Officials and Code Administrators)
The Uniform Building Co...
Companion Codes
Developed to govern other more
specific aspects of construction
such as plumbing and mechanical work.
May ...
The 2016 CONNECTICUT STATE BUILDING CODE
has been approved and will be effective for all permit
applications on or after O...
Connecticut Building Codes
Electrical Code 2011 NEC (NFPA-70)
Accessibility Code ICC/ANSI A117.1 2003
Elevator Code 200...
Let’s Build A House!
Basic 2400 sq ft colonial
 Not a lot of “bells &
whistles”
 Costs a/o August
2016
 Average
construction quality
 Locat...
Single family residence built under competitive
conditions in or near Fairfield County
 Foundation for normal soil condit...
2400 Square Feet
What’s This?
4 BR, 2.5 Baths, Masonry Fireplace, Full Basement
http://www.building-cost.net/CornersType.a...
Site Preparation
Protecting the Environment
Foundation Systems
Foundation Footing
Footing Drainage
Foundation Walls
Damp Sealing
Insulation & Vapor
Barriers
Ins...
Footing & Drain Details
Prefabricated Foundations
Insulated Concrete Forms
Poured Concrete Foundation
Foundation Insulation
Alternative to our selection
Slab insulation detail
Pre-Slab & Finish Details
Radon Resistant New Construction
Are You Ready….
It’s
time
for…
Which of the following most
closely reflects the cost of
equipment and labor for:
Excavation:
1. Labor $5,143 Equipment $1...
Which of the following most
closely reflects the cost of
materials, equipment and labor
for:
Foundation, Piers,
Flatwork:
...
Which of the following most
closely reflects the cost of
materials and labor for:
Rough Carpentry:
1. Materials $41,953, L...
How much have we spent so
far…
Excavation $6,475
Foundation, Piers, Flatwork $31,287
Rough Hardware $3,060*
Rough Carp...
Structural and Exterior Building Systems
Floor System Components
Engineered Systems Basement Insulation
Wood Joists
Wood Stud
Framing
System
Double Top Plate
Cripple Studs
Headers
King Stud
Jack Stud
Window Sill
Bottom Plate
Window & Door...
Engineered Framing Systems
The Role of
Mechanical Fasteners
Mechanical Fasteners
Understanding the Importance of Proper
Mechanical Connections
Sheathing Options
Oriented Strand Board or Plywood
Have been common choices.
A whole new sheathing system is
available now...
Structural
Insulated
Panels (SIPS)
Eliminates the
thermal bridge
that occurs
with
conventional
frame
construction.
SIP hou...
SIPS Truss Framing
SIPS
Roof Systems
Rooflines
Roof Terminology
Ridge
Dormer
Eave
Gable
Ridge Board
Ridge Beam
Knee Wall
Engineered Roofing System
Material Costs Excluding Labor
Roof Flashing & Drainage
Most Popular Roofing Material
PV Roofing protects from
the elements and also
generates electricity
Newest solar
product
Pleasing to
Homeowners
Not as vi...
Dow Solar Roof
The Savings
Doors & Windows
To Finish the Close-In
 Masonry Veneer
 Exterior Plywood Finishes
 Wood Shingles/Shakes
 Board Siding
 Stucco Finishes
 Synthetic Products
...
Air & Vapor Barriers
Siding & Trim
No Shortage
of Siding or
Trim Options
For The Home
Wood
Vinyl
Cement
PVC
LVL
Poly-foam
Hardboard
Finger-
jointed
Wood
• Foundation
• Framing
• Flashing
• Stairs & Railings
• Finish Materials
Decks
Deck Support Method
Flashing for pressure-treated wood
Contains higher
concentrations of
copper
Could quickly corrode
the critical aluminum
...
Handrails and Decking Materials
Composite decking
combines recycled
plastic and wood fiber
Ensuring Deck Safety
Critical Deck Connections
1. Ledger Attachment
2. Joist-to-Ledger
3. Joist-to-Beam
4. Beam-to-Post
5. Railing Post-to-Deck...
Let’s Review…
Top 10 New Construction Defects
1. No insulation installed in the attic
2. Missing proper roof vents, or vent holes cut, b...
Are Your Ready?
Let’s Play…….
Name That Defect!!
Name that Defect!
Name that Defect!
Name that Defect!
Name that Defect!
Name that Defect!
Name that Defect!
Name that Defect(s)!
Name that Defect!
Name that Defect!
B R E A KB R E A K
15 MINUTE15 MINUTE
2016 – 2018
(3) Credit Continuing Education Courses
 Don’t Let Water Intrusion Sink Your Deal!
 Smart Energy Updates for...
Your Opinion Matters….
Before the end of
class, please take a
moment to complete
our evaluation form…
Energy Conservation in
New Construction
 Energy Use And Code Considerations
 Doors And Windows
 Insulation And The Buil...
Energy Use Breakdown
better codes mean better
benefits.
Doors and Windows
DOOR & WINDOW SELECTION
Solar gain rating
Window orientation
What to look for in
windows
 Glazing
 Sashes and frames
...
Building Envelope Specific Requirements
Conditioned space
Building Envelope consists of:
Fenestration
Ceilings
Walls
Above...
Areas for Air Leakage (Infiltration)
Windows and doors
Between sole plates
Floors and exterior wall panels
Plumbing
Electr...
How to Air Seal an Attic
Super-insulated, Airtight
Envelope
Insulation materials
Thermal mass
Air tightness
Moisture control
Too tight
Common Insulation Types
Spray-In Insulation
Good R-values-up to 6.5
per inch-do an
exceptionally good job
of air sealing
Best product to stop ai...
Wall Insulation and Installation
Ceiling Insulation and
Installation
Thermal By-pass sealing
Is critical for maintenance
of the Building Envelope
Basement and Crawlspace
(Insulation and Installation)
Foundation and Floor Framing
Both Require Good Insulation
Fiberglass/Cellulose Spray foam
Approximately
$1.50 - $2.00
per square foot
$6.00 - $7.00
per square foot
R49 Standard Ins...
Air Sealing for New Home
Construction
Blending
Air- Sealing
and a variety
of insulation
Materials for
an air-tight
Home
Duct Insulation and Sealing
Duct Tightness Testing
Building Cavities as
Supply Ducts
No, No, No, No!!!!
Putting all of the sealing
Activities in place before
Testing the home
Blower Door
Are You Ready….
It’s
time
for…
Which of the following most
closely reflects the cost of
materials and labor for:
Roofing, Flashing,
Fascia:
1. Material $...
Which of the following most
closely reflects the cost of
materials and labor for:
Exterior Trim and
Finish:
1. Material $1...
Which of the following most
closely reflects the cost of
materials and labor for:
Insulation:
1. Material $6,231, Labor $2...
Which of the following most
closely reflects the cost of
materials and labor for:
Doors(including garage)
Windows:
1. Mate...
How much have we spent so
far…
Excavation $6,475
Foundation, Piers, Flatwork $31,287
Rough Hardware $3,060*
Rough Carp...
Lighting Compliance Requirements
Compact Fluorescent Bulbs - CFL
Light Emitting Diode Bulbs – LED
Sealed Recessed Lighting
RESPECTING and CONSERVING
WATER
Home Water Conservation
Water-efficient plumbing
fixtures and appliances
Hot water distrib...
Home Run
Plumbing
Newest Supply Systems
Include:
CPVC Piping
Manifold Distribution
Individual Shut Offs
PEX Tubing
Minimal...
Hot Water
Re-circulation
with timer
controls
Toilets, Showerheads, Faucets
1992 conservation act
mandated water
conserving plumbing
fixtures
1.6 gallons per flush,
m...
Electrical
Conventional Service
Circuits
Wiring
GFCI
AFCI
GFI Tester
Ground Fault Interrupter Arc Fault Interrupter
Electrical
PHOTOVOLTAICS (PV)
Direct conversion of
sunlight
Utilizes a
semiconductor to
create electron flow
Water Heating
Heating
Supply
Supply systems
Hybrid & On Demand Water Heating
How does an on demand tankless water heater
work?
Solar Hot Water Heating
Heating & Cooling Systems
• Forced Air Heating
• Hot Water & Steam Heating
• Electric Heating
• Radiant Heating
• Geotherm...
High Efficiency Heating Systems
How boilers work
Wall Mounted Condensing Gas
Boiler
Radiant Heat
Dual Mode Heating & Cooling Systems
Split Cooling Systems
Heat Pumps and
Ductless Systems
Differentiating High Efficiency HVAC
Systems
A split HVAC system - multiple sections
Indoor coil section in the ductwork
...
Two Configurations for AC or Heat
Pumps
Ductless Mini Split Heat Pump
Ground Source Heat Pump
Basement Geothermal Equipment
Air Quality
Night flushing – Attic Fan
Heat Recovery Ventilators
Ventilators – Kitchen/Bath
Balanced Ventilation
System
Incoming and
outgoing
airstreams
balance one
another
Heat in the
outgoing
airstream can
be cap...
Improve Air Quality Duct Configuration
Heat Recovery Ventilation
(HRV)
Video Heat Recovery Ventilation
Interior Components
Stair Requirements
Wood Stairs
Spiral Stairs
Fireplaces
Fireplace Requirements
Masonry Chimneys
...
Efficient Fireplaces and Gas, Propane,
or Pellet Type Burning Appliances
One Minute Break –
Your Opinion Matters….
Please take a moment
to complete our
evaluation form…
Finish Work
•Gypsum Board
•Ceramic Tile
•Countertops
•Cabinetry
•Hardware/Metals
•Wood Flooring
•Wood Moldings & Trim
Gypsum Board Application
Drywall Preparation
Hanging/Fastening
Taping and Finishing
Ceramic Tile
Please refer to your handout
Cabinetry &Hardware
Wood
Thermofoil
Painted MDF
Stainless
Veneer
Materials used for box construction
Wood Moldings and Trim
Cove moldings
Crown moldings
Cornice
 Cornice is a molded
projection that crowns a
wall
 Pictu...
Molding – Wood/Composite
Cost comparisons of
Different materials
Labor costs largely
unaffected
Flooring Options (per square foot, installed)
Carpet ($2.00 - $15.00 )
Wood ($6.00 - $15.00)
Engineered Wood ($4.00 - $...
Accessible Design
 Wider doors
 Entry without stairs
 Barrier free shower
 Key services on
first floor
 Sinks/Counter...
Are You Ready….
It’s
time
for…
Which of the following most
closely reflects the cost of
materials and labor for:
Plumbing Rough In,
Connection & Fixtures...
Which of the following most
closely reflects the cost of
materials and labor for:
Heating & Cooling:
1. Material $6,204, L...
Which of the following most
closely reflects the cost of
materials and labor for:
Interior Wall Finish:
1. Material $9,605...
Masonry Fireplace in
First Floor Family
Room
Brick Fireplace (and Chimney)
without a raised hearth. Is the
Labor and Mater...
Which of the following most
closely reflects the cost of
materials and labor for:
Wiring and Light
Fixtures:
1. Labor $9,5...
Finish
Carpentry
Is the Labor and Material Cost for
Finish Carpentry higher or lower
than
$4,250 ??
$9,303
Painting
Is the Labor and Material
Cost for Painting higher
or lower than
$10,750 ??
$19,052
Finishes (builder grade)
The following are approximate budget guidelines for our New Build:
Cabinets……………….. $17,625
Count...
Are you ready?
Let’s play…
What’s HOT…….What’s NOT!!!What’s HOT…….What’s NOT!!!
2016 Building Trends
(according to Nationa...
According to NAHB, what
is the biggest change in
residential construction?
Homes are getting bigger
Homes are getting sm...
What rooms are being
left out of home design?
3rd
bathroom
Formal dining Room
Mudroom
All of the above
What is the number 1 choice
for kitchen flooring?
Tile
Hardwood
Tile that looks like hardwood
Marble
What countertop material
is most popular?
Marble
Wood
Granite
Quartz/Engineered Stone
Concrete
Stainless Steel
What home features are both
Boomers and Millenials
looking for?
1.Large, spacious interiors
2.High Tech features
3.Open fl...
What home features are least
important to Millenials?
1.Separate Laundry Room
2.Walk in closets
3.Energy efficiency
4.Fami...
How Much did
our New Build
Cost???
Subtotal Direct Job Costs
Material ……………………….. $199,228
Labor …………………………. $221,048
Equi...
The Cost of
“Doing
Business..”
Indirect Job Costs
Final Cleanup Total ………..$1,760
Insurance Total……………..$12,322
Permits & ...
Are we going to make
any money??
Contractor Markup Total $55,008
Grand Total……$505,510
Plus cost of land!
Complete & Ready For Sale
Thank You!!
Questions??
www.tigerinspect.com
Thank you!
Residential Construction Practices
Residential Construction Practices
Residential Construction Practices
Residential Construction Practices
Residential Construction Practices
Residential Construction Practices
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Residential Construction Practices

3 Credit CE Course

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Residential Construction Practices

  1. 1. P R E S E N T S Residential Construction Practices Let’s Build a House Together! (3) Credit Continuing Education Course
  2. 2. …and a great class! Continuing Education Providers are subject to audit by the State of Connecticut Please: Mute your cell phone Use electronic devices judiciously Remain in attendance until the end of the class (or we can’t issue your credits) Thank you!
  3. 3. Your Credits…. Are submitted electronically to the State of Connecticut by Tiger Real Estate School Tiger Real Estate School will email you a Certificate of Completion within 14 days Please make sure we don’t land in “spam” and be sure to save your Certificate where you can find it There is a $25.00 fee to reissue a Certificate
  4. 4. Startling Statistics! How many Jobs are created for each single family home built? (According to NAHB) Five? Seven? One? Three?
  5. 5. Tax Revenue How much government tax revenue is created for each single family home built? $ 24,000? $ 110,000? $ 74,000? $ 58,000? $ 90,000?
  6. 6. Annual Housing Starts How many national housing starts do we need to accommodate growing population and older housing stock? 950,000? 1.7 million? 3 million? 1.2 million? 2.1 million?
  7. 7. 10 Year U.S. Housing Starts
  8. 8. Connecticut Housing Permits 1st Q 2016 1,088 2015 6,077 2014 5,329 2013 5,424 2012 4,669 2011 3,173 2010 3,932 2005 11,885
  9. 9. CONTENTS Building codes Foundation systems Loads on buildings Floor systems Wall systems Roof systems Roofing Siding Decks Insulation Finish work Doors and windows Special construction Heating systems Cooling Air quality Water and Waste Electrical
  10. 10. Building Codes Regulate:  design  construction  alteration  repair of buildings in order to protect the public safety, health, and welfare
  11. 11. Major Model Codes The National Building Code  BOCA (Building Officials and Code Administrators) The Uniform Building Code (UBC)  ICBO (International Conference of Building Officials) The Standard Building Code International Building Code  IBC  Publication in 2003 International Energy Conservation Code
  12. 12. Companion Codes Developed to govern other more specific aspects of construction such as plumbing and mechanical work. May be developed by states or local municipalities, most are published by the same groups that publish the model codes.
  13. 13. The 2016 CONNECTICUT STATE BUILDING CODE has been approved and will be effective for all permit applications on or after OCTOBER 1, 2016. The 2016 CONNECTICUT FIRE SAFETY CODE has been approved and will be effective for all permit applications on or after OCTOBER 1, 2016
  14. 14. Connecticut Building Codes Electrical Code 2011 NEC (NFPA-70) Accessibility Code ICC/ANSI A117.1 2003 Elevator Code 2005 CT State Elevator Code (ASME A17.1-1996 with 1997 & 1998 Addenda) Gas Code CT State Regulations Boiler Code ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code; NBIC Energy Code 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (re-adopted with changes)
  15. 15. Let’s Build A House!
  16. 16. Basic 2400 sq ft colonial  Not a lot of “bells & whistles”  Costs a/o August 2016  Average construction quality  Located in subdivision – land price not included Construction Cost Estimate based on the book National Building Cost Manual published by Craftsman Book Company
  17. 17. Single family residence built under competitive conditions in or near Fairfield County  Foundation for normal soil conditions  Excavation for foundation and piers on a prepared building pad  Floor, wall, interior and exterior finishes, roof cover, interior partitions, doors, windows, trim  Electric wiring and fixtures  Rough and finish plumbing, built-in appliances  Supervision, design fees, permits, utility hook-ups, the contractor's contingency, overhead and profit. *Add the cost of the land, government-mandated site development fees and the cost of bringing utility lines to the site
  18. 18. 2400 Square Feet What’s This? 4 BR, 2.5 Baths, Masonry Fireplace, Full Basement http://www.building-cost.net/CornersType.asp
  19. 19. Site Preparation
  20. 20. Protecting the Environment
  21. 21. Foundation Systems Foundation Footing Footing Drainage Foundation Walls Damp Sealing Insulation & Vapor Barriers Insulated concrete forms Radon Resistant New Construction
  22. 22. Footing & Drain Details
  23. 23. Prefabricated Foundations
  24. 24. Insulated Concrete Forms
  25. 25. Poured Concrete Foundation
  26. 26. Foundation Insulation Alternative to our selection Slab insulation detail
  27. 27. Pre-Slab & Finish Details
  28. 28. Radon Resistant New Construction
  29. 29. Are You Ready…. It’s time for…
  30. 30. Which of the following most closely reflects the cost of equipment and labor for: Excavation: 1. Labor $5,143 Equipment $1,332 Excavation Total $6,475 2. Labor $2,050, Equipment $1,062, Excavation Total $3,112
  31. 31. Which of the following most closely reflects the cost of materials, equipment and labor for: Foundation, Piers, Flatwork: 1. Materials $4,639, Labor $9,050, Equipment $1,062 Foundation, Piers, Flatwork Total $14,751 2. Material $11,152, Labor $17,426, Equipment $2,709 Foundation, Piers, Flatwork Total $31,287
  32. 32. Which of the following most closely reflects the cost of materials and labor for: Rough Carpentry: 1. Materials $41,953, Labor $27,935, Rough Carpentry Total $69,888 2. Material $36,060, Labor $52,886, Rough Carpentry Total $88,946
  33. 33. How much have we spent so far… Excavation $6,475 Foundation, Piers, Flatwork $31,287 Rough Hardware $3,060* Rough Carpentry $88,946 $129,768
  34. 34. Structural and Exterior Building Systems
  35. 35. Floor System Components
  36. 36. Engineered Systems Basement Insulation Wood Joists
  37. 37. Wood Stud Framing System Double Top Plate Cripple Studs Headers King Stud Jack Stud Window Sill Bottom Plate Window & Door R.O.
  38. 38. Engineered Framing Systems
  39. 39. The Role of Mechanical Fasteners
  40. 40. Mechanical Fasteners
  41. 41. Understanding the Importance of Proper Mechanical Connections
  42. 42. Sheathing Options Oriented Strand Board or Plywood Have been common choices. A whole new sheathing system is available now. The Huber Zip System:
  43. 43. Structural Insulated Panels (SIPS) Eliminates the thermal bridge that occurs with conventional frame construction. SIP houses are very tight and insulate extremely well.
  44. 44. SIPS Truss Framing
  45. 45. SIPS
  46. 46. Roof Systems
  47. 47. Rooflines
  48. 48. Roof Terminology Ridge Dormer Eave Gable Ridge Board Ridge Beam Knee Wall
  49. 49. Engineered Roofing System
  50. 50. Material Costs Excluding Labor
  51. 51. Roof Flashing & Drainage
  52. 52. Most Popular Roofing Material
  53. 53. PV Roofing protects from the elements and also generates electricity Newest solar product Pleasing to Homeowners Not as visually apparent as standard solar electric modules
  54. 54. Dow Solar Roof
  55. 55. The Savings
  56. 56. Doors & Windows To Finish the Close-In
  57. 57.  Masonry Veneer  Exterior Plywood Finishes  Wood Shingles/Shakes  Board Siding  Stucco Finishes  Synthetic Products  Wood or Composite Trim  Flashing Siding & Trim
  58. 58. Air & Vapor Barriers
  59. 59. Siding & Trim
  60. 60. No Shortage of Siding or Trim Options For The Home Wood Vinyl Cement PVC LVL Poly-foam Hardboard Finger- jointed Wood
  61. 61. • Foundation • Framing • Flashing • Stairs & Railings • Finish Materials Decks
  62. 62. Deck Support Method
  63. 63. Flashing for pressure-treated wood Contains higher concentrations of copper Could quickly corrode the critical aluminum flashings, fasteners, and connectors Use stainless steel or copper to prevent galvanic reaction
  64. 64. Handrails and Decking Materials Composite decking combines recycled plastic and wood fiber
  65. 65. Ensuring Deck Safety
  66. 66. Critical Deck Connections 1. Ledger Attachment 2. Joist-to-Ledger 3. Joist-to-Beam 4. Beam-to-Post 5. Railing Post-to-Deck Framing 6. Stair Stringer-to-Deck Framing 7. Stair Tread-to-Stringer 8. Post-to-Concrete
  67. 67. Let’s Review…
  68. 68. Top 10 New Construction Defects 1. No insulation installed in the attic 2. Missing proper roof vents, or vent holes cut, but roofed over 3. Windows installed improperly 4. Hot and Cold water reversed at faucets, tubs, and showers 5. Drains clogged with debris from construction process 6. Inoperable or missing GFCI’s in required areas 7. Heat vents missing, not connected 8. Cut trusses in roof or floor trusses 9. Tempered glass missing in required areas 10. Improperly installed roofing, flashing, or roof jacks
  69. 69. Are Your Ready? Let’s Play……. Name That Defect!!
  70. 70. Name that Defect!
  71. 71. Name that Defect!
  72. 72. Name that Defect!
  73. 73. Name that Defect!
  74. 74. Name that Defect!
  75. 75. Name that Defect!
  76. 76. Name that Defect(s)!
  77. 77. Name that Defect!
  78. 78. Name that Defect!
  79. 79. B R E A KB R E A K 15 MINUTE15 MINUTE
  80. 80. 2016 – 2018 (3) Credit Continuing Education Courses  Don’t Let Water Intrusion Sink Your Deal!  Smart Energy Updates for Existing Homes  Innovation in Sustainable Housing – Green Building Best Practices This Old Connecticut House  Minimize Your Risk, Maximize Your Earnings  Environmental Issues – Evolution to Resolution  What to Expect When We’re Inspecting!  Mold to Sold!  Residential Building Practices
  81. 81. Your Opinion Matters…. Before the end of class, please take a moment to complete our evaluation form…
  82. 82. Energy Conservation in New Construction  Energy Use And Code Considerations  Doors And Windows  Insulation And The Building Envelope  Conservation Systems  Mechanical Systems  Indoor Air Quality  Finishing The Interior
  83. 83. Energy Use Breakdown
  84. 84. better codes mean better benefits.
  85. 85. Doors and Windows
  86. 86. DOOR & WINDOW SELECTION Solar gain rating Window orientation What to look for in windows  Glazing  Sashes and frames  Performance ratings Energy-Efficient design
  87. 87. Building Envelope Specific Requirements Conditioned space Building Envelope consists of: Fenestration Ceilings Walls Above grade Below grade Mass walls Floors Slab Crawl space
  88. 88. Areas for Air Leakage (Infiltration) Windows and doors Between sole plates Floors and exterior wall panels Plumbing Electrical Service access doors or hatches Recessed light fixtures
  89. 89. How to Air Seal an Attic
  90. 90. Super-insulated, Airtight Envelope Insulation materials Thermal mass Air tightness Moisture control Too tight
  91. 91. Common Insulation Types
  92. 92. Spray-In Insulation Good R-values-up to 6.5 per inch-do an exceptionally good job of air sealing Best product to stop air movement through walls Available in both low- density, open-cell and high-density, closed-cell varieties Applied with specialized spray equipment Low-density foams are more vapor permeable than high-density foams, but they both form extremely effective air barriers
  93. 93. Wall Insulation and Installation
  94. 94. Ceiling Insulation and Installation Thermal By-pass sealing Is critical for maintenance of the Building Envelope
  95. 95. Basement and Crawlspace (Insulation and Installation) Foundation and Floor Framing Both Require Good Insulation
  96. 96. Fiberglass/Cellulose Spray foam Approximately $1.50 - $2.00 per square foot $6.00 - $7.00 per square foot R49 Standard Insulation Costs
  97. 97. Air Sealing for New Home Construction Blending Air- Sealing and a variety of insulation Materials for an air-tight Home
  98. 98. Duct Insulation and Sealing
  99. 99. Duct Tightness Testing Building Cavities as Supply Ducts No, No, No, No!!!!
  100. 100. Putting all of the sealing Activities in place before Testing the home
  101. 101. Blower Door
  102. 102. Are You Ready…. It’s time for…
  103. 103. Which of the following most closely reflects the cost of materials and labor for: Roofing, Flashing, Fascia: 1. Material $9,967, Labor $11,680 Roofing, Flashing, Fascia Total $21,647 2. Material $15,077, Labor $12,564 Roofing, Flashing, Fascia Total $27,641
  104. 104. Which of the following most closely reflects the cost of materials and labor for: Exterior Trim and Finish: 1. Material $15,559, Labor $10,434, Equipment $1,343 Exterior Trim and Finish Total $27,336 2. Material $25,648, Labor $15,879, Equipment $1,370 Exterior Trim and Finish Total $42,897
  105. 105. Which of the following most closely reflects the cost of materials and labor for: Insulation: 1. Material $6,231, Labor $2,638, Insulation Total $8,869 2. Material $6,753, Labor $4,586, Insulation Total $11,339
  106. 106. Which of the following most closely reflects the cost of materials and labor for: Doors(including garage) Windows: 1. Materials $5,720, Labor $8,155 Door/Window Total $13,875 2. Materials $10,528 Labor $7,211, Door/Window Total $17,739
  107. 107. How much have we spent so far… Excavation $6,475 Foundation, Piers, Flatwork $31,287 Rough Hardware $3,060* Rough Carpentry $88,946 Roof, Flashing, & Fascia $27,641 Insulation $11,339 Exterior Trim & Finish $35,639 Doors/Windows $17,739 Finish Hardware* $1,007 $223,133
  108. 108. Lighting Compliance Requirements Compact Fluorescent Bulbs - CFL Light Emitting Diode Bulbs – LED Sealed Recessed Lighting
  109. 109. RESPECTING and CONSERVING WATER Home Water Conservation Water-efficient plumbing fixtures and appliances Hot water distribution Design landscape to conserve water
  110. 110. Home Run Plumbing Newest Supply Systems Include: CPVC Piping Manifold Distribution Individual Shut Offs PEX Tubing Minimal Joints Labeled Distribution
  111. 111. Hot Water Re-circulation with timer controls
  112. 112. Toilets, Showerheads, Faucets 1992 conservation act mandated water conserving plumbing fixtures 1.6 gallons per flush, many are less than 1.3 gallons Saves 30,000 gallons per year – over $100
  113. 113. Electrical Conventional Service Circuits Wiring GFCI AFCI GFI Tester
  114. 114. Ground Fault Interrupter Arc Fault Interrupter Electrical
  115. 115. PHOTOVOLTAICS (PV) Direct conversion of sunlight Utilizes a semiconductor to create electron flow
  116. 116. Water Heating Heating Supply Supply systems
  117. 117. Hybrid & On Demand Water Heating
  118. 118. How does an on demand tankless water heater work?
  119. 119. Solar Hot Water Heating
  120. 120. Heating & Cooling Systems • Forced Air Heating • Hot Water & Steam Heating • Electric Heating • Radiant Heating • Geothermal Heating • Heat Pump • Active Solar Energy • Passive Solar • HRV • Air Conditioning Condenser • Heat Pump in Cooling Mode • Split ductless Systems
  121. 121. High Efficiency Heating Systems How boilers work
  122. 122. Wall Mounted Condensing Gas Boiler
  123. 123. Radiant Heat
  124. 124. Dual Mode Heating & Cooling Systems Split Cooling Systems Heat Pumps and Ductless Systems
  125. 125. Differentiating High Efficiency HVAC Systems A split HVAC system - multiple sections Indoor coil section in the ductwork Outdoor coil section (compressor/condenser) installed on the outside of the home Inside the home (attic, basement, closet) there may be a combined fan and air conditioning coil in one box or separate coil and fan sections which can house a gas or oil heating furnace  Package system contains all components in one box (compressor, condenser, fan) typically found installed outside the home, in some cases on the roof and ducted into the home
  126. 126. Two Configurations for AC or Heat Pumps
  127. 127. Ductless Mini Split Heat Pump
  128. 128. Ground Source Heat Pump
  129. 129. Basement Geothermal Equipment
  130. 130. Air Quality Night flushing – Attic Fan Heat Recovery Ventilators Ventilators – Kitchen/Bath
  131. 131. Balanced Ventilation System Incoming and outgoing airstreams balance one another Heat in the outgoing airstream can be captured with an HRV or ERV
  132. 132. Improve Air Quality Duct Configuration Heat Recovery Ventilation (HRV)
  133. 133. Video Heat Recovery Ventilation
  134. 134. Interior Components Stair Requirements Wood Stairs Spiral Stairs Fireplaces Fireplace Requirements Masonry Chimneys Prefab Fireplaces & Stoves
  135. 135. Efficient Fireplaces and Gas, Propane, or Pellet Type Burning Appliances
  136. 136. One Minute Break – Your Opinion Matters…. Please take a moment to complete our evaluation form…
  137. 137. Finish Work •Gypsum Board •Ceramic Tile •Countertops •Cabinetry •Hardware/Metals •Wood Flooring •Wood Moldings & Trim
  138. 138. Gypsum Board Application Drywall Preparation Hanging/Fastening Taping and Finishing
  139. 139. Ceramic Tile
  140. 140. Please refer to your handout
  141. 141. Cabinetry &Hardware Wood Thermofoil Painted MDF Stainless Veneer Materials used for box construction
  142. 142. Wood Moldings and Trim Cove moldings Crown moldings Cornice  Cornice is a molded projection that crowns a wall  Picture molding is a horizontal molding Rails  Plate rail is a narrow shelf fixed along a wall and grooved to hold plates for ornament or display Baseboard  Baseboards conceal and finish the joints where sidewalls meet the floors
  143. 143. Molding – Wood/Composite Cost comparisons of Different materials Labor costs largely unaffected
  144. 144. Flooring Options (per square foot, installed) Carpet ($2.00 - $15.00 ) Wood ($6.00 - $15.00) Engineered Wood ($4.00 - $18.00) Stone ($8.00 - $50.00) Ceramic/Porcelain ($4.00 - $12.00) Laminate ($3.00 - $7.00) Bamboo ($4.00 - $8.00) Vinyl ($1.00 - $7.00) Linoleum ($2.00 - $9.00) Cork ($3.00 - $7.00) Source – World Flooring Association
  145. 145. Accessible Design  Wider doors  Entry without stairs  Barrier free shower  Key services on first floor  Sinks/Countertops wheelchair friendly  Transfer ledge/grab bars in bathroom
  146. 146. Are You Ready…. It’s time for…
  147. 147. Which of the following most closely reflects the cost of materials and labor for: Plumbing Rough In, Connection & Fixtures: 1. Material $18,588, Labor $18,716, Plumbing Total $37,309 2. Material $9,740, Labor $9,080, Plumbing Total $18,820
  148. 148. Which of the following most closely reflects the cost of materials and labor for: Heating & Cooling: 1. Material $6,204, Labor $9,305 Heating and Cooling Systems Total $15,509 2. Material $20,055, Labor $6,080 Heating and Cooling Systems Total $26,135
  149. 149. Which of the following most closely reflects the cost of materials and labor for: Interior Wall Finish: 1. Material $9,605, Labor $14,737 Interior Wall Finish Total $24,342 2. Material $2,441, Labor $7,564 Interior Wall Finish Total $10,005
  150. 150. Masonry Fireplace in First Floor Family Room Brick Fireplace (and Chimney) without a raised hearth. Is the Labor and Material Cost for the Fireplace higher or lower than $7,250 ?? $12,11 0
  151. 151. Which of the following most closely reflects the cost of materials and labor for: Wiring and Light Fixtures: 1. Labor $9,557, Material $7,739, Total $17,296 2. Labor $4,050, Material $5,752, Total $9,802
  152. 152. Finish Carpentry Is the Labor and Material Cost for Finish Carpentry higher or lower than $4,250 ?? $9,303
  153. 153. Painting Is the Labor and Material Cost for Painting higher or lower than $10,750 ?? $19,052
  154. 154. Finishes (builder grade) The following are approximate budget guidelines for our New Build: Cabinets……………….. $17,625 Countertops…………… $7,486 Flooring………………… $10,343 Carpeting………………. $11,567 Appliances……………… $7,440 Bath Accessories, Tub/Shower Enclosure… $5,885
  155. 155. Are you ready? Let’s play… What’s HOT…….What’s NOT!!!What’s HOT…….What’s NOT!!! 2016 Building Trends (according to National Association of Home Builders And National Kitchen & Bath Association)
  156. 156. According to NAHB, what is the biggest change in residential construction? Homes are getting bigger Homes are getting smaller
  157. 157. What rooms are being left out of home design? 3rd bathroom Formal dining Room Mudroom All of the above
  158. 158. What is the number 1 choice for kitchen flooring? Tile Hardwood Tile that looks like hardwood Marble
  159. 159. What countertop material is most popular? Marble Wood Granite Quartz/Engineered Stone Concrete Stainless Steel
  160. 160. What home features are both Boomers and Millenials looking for? 1.Large, spacious interiors 2.High Tech features 3.Open floor plans 4.Outdoor spaces 5.Access to shopping 6.Located near major highways
  161. 161. What home features are least important to Millenials? 1.Separate Laundry Room 2.Walk in closets 3.Energy efficiency 4.Family Rooms 5.Outdoor kitchens
  162. 162. How Much did our New Build Cost??? Subtotal Direct Job Costs Material ……………………….. $199,228 Labor …………………………. $221,048 Equipment …………………… $6,903 Total $427,179
  163. 163. The Cost of “Doing Business..” Indirect Job Costs Final Cleanup Total ………..$1,760 Insurance Total……………..$12,322 Permits & Utilities Total…… $7,481 Plans & Specs Total……….. $1,760 Total $23,323
  164. 164. Are we going to make any money?? Contractor Markup Total $55,008 Grand Total……$505,510 Plus cost of land!
  165. 165. Complete & Ready For Sale
  166. 166. Thank You!! Questions?? www.tigerinspect.com
  167. 167. Thank you!

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