Tiffy Lux The Disease Model


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Tiffy Lux The Disease Model

  1. 1. The Disease Model Tiffy Lux Substance Abuse Treatment I: PSY482 UB Argosy University September 24, 2011
  2. 2. What is it <ul><li>The disease model describes addiction, as a chronic, and treatable, disease; the primary focus of the disease model is biological and medical factors (Argosy, 2011). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Case Example <ul><li>A 34-year-old woman has a three-year history of heroin use. For the past one year, she has been using intranasal heroin every day. She has undergone detoxification four times at a local opioid-treatment center but each time began using heroin within three days of her discharge. She has heard of opioid replacement treatment but fears that she will lose her job if she is seen coming to the clinic. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Disease Model Explanation <ul><li>Since the client has a habitual use of heroin, the disease will not allow her to be a social drug user, as she once probably started out to be. </li></ul><ul><li>She will have loss of control over the disease </li></ul><ul><li>The substance abuse becomes an obsession </li></ul><ul><li>(Disease Model of Addiction, 2011) </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Medical Model Explanation <ul><li>The medical history, physical examination and diagnostic tests will be the focus of the client </li></ul><ul><li>The biological and physical symptoms related to the disease will be what is treated, and not the addiction </li></ul><ul><li>Treated by doctors, physicians, nurses—not psychologists/psychotherapists </li></ul><ul><li>(Capuzzi & Stauffer, 2008) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Behavior Modification Model Explanation <ul><li>The behavior, drug use, will be the focus of the client </li></ul><ul><li>The behavior is caused by poor socialization, modeling and/or coping mechanisms/skill deficits </li></ul><ul><li>Use of positive and negative reinforcements to retrain the behavior of her substance abuse </li></ul><ul><li>(Hawkins, Catalano, & Miller, 1992) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Biophysical Model Explanation <ul><li>The physical effects the client is experiencing will first be addressed, and then the emotional/psychological issues will be addressed without the use of medications/replacement drugs </li></ul><ul><li>By first addressing her physical effects she has suffered from the substance abuse, her physical health will be in better shape to then help the mental health be in better shape </li></ul><ul><li>(Capuzzi & Stauffer, 2008) </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Disease Model + 3 <ul><li>The disease itself needs to be treated (disease model) with the help of the medical model (doctors, physicians) + the use of behavior modification + addressing the physical and psychological effects the substance abuse has caused. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilizing all four models will allow for a total treatment program, and the client will not have to worry about replacement drugs and/or losing her job </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reference <ul><li>Argosy. (2011). Substance Abuse Treatment I: Module 3 Overview. Retrieved September 24, 2011 from http://www.myeclassonline.com </li></ul><ul><li>Capuzzi, D., & Stauffer, M. (2008). Foundations of Addiction in Counseling . Pearson Publishing. </li></ul><ul><li>Disease Model of Addiction. (2011). Drug and Alcohol Information: Disease Model of Addiction. Retrieved September 24, 2011 from http://www. egetgoing .com/drug_addiction/addiction_disease_model.asp </li></ul><ul><li>Hawkins, J., Catalano, R., Miller, J. (1992). Risk and protective factors for alcohol and other drug problems in adolescence and early adulthood: Implications for substance abuse prevention. Psychological Bulletin , 112 (1), Jul 1992, 64-105. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.112.1.64 </li></ul>