SPAIN Capital ~ Madridpowerpoint by ~ Tiffany Huang Class 821
LocationSpain is located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwest Europe.
Location Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwest Europe. The Bay of Biscay and France border the country on the North. The Balearic Sea is onThe Atlantic Ocean the west of Spain, andand Portugal are on the Mediterranean the west of the Sea borders the country country. on its southern and eastern coasts. The Strait of Gibraltar separates the south of Spain from Morocco.
GeographySpain contains several large mountain ranges, and the landscape of thecountry varies from green, fertile land to desert-like land. Its surroundedby long coasts along the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Most land in Spain consists of flat plains and hills.
GeographyThe climate in Spain is different depending on where you are. In the central areas, it is normally sunny and hot during the summer,and cold during the winter. In the coasts, its usually partly-cloudy and warm during the summer, and cool during the winter.
HistorySpain was under Moorish rule before the Reconquista, a series of warsbetween Christians and Moors over Spain that occurred over the span of nearly 750 years. Moors had taken over almost the entire country, butwhen the Caliphate of Cordoba rule collapsed, Moors were scattered in little kingdoms around the country. Christians took this as a chance to regain their reign, and soon enough, by 1492, the last of the Moorishkingdoms were driven away by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand, after the union of the Aragon and Castile kingdoms.
History Spains golden age started after the end of the Reconquista, and followingChristopher Columbus discovery of the New World. During the golden age, Spain flourished in art, music, and literature.Soon, however, Spain began to decline in power, especially after the English defeated their Armada. In 1808, Napoleon invaded the country, which leadto the Peninsular War, also known as the Spanish War of Independence to Spaniards. In the end, the Spanish drove the French out of the Iberian Peninsula.
HistorySpain was involved in several other wars, such as the War of Seven Years and the Spanish-American War, which resulted in the loss of Spainscolonial rule Overseas, and the Spanish Civil War, a war between SpainsRepublican government and Nationalist opposition. The Nationalists won and Spain was ruled under Francisco Franco. The country was later returned to a Monarchy, when Juan Carlos took place as King.
GovernmentSpain works under a parliament (constitutional) monarchy. The currentMonarchy of Spain is King Juan Carlos I, who has been king since November of 1875. His heir is his son, Prince Felipe. The highest executive official in Spain is the Prime Minister or thePresident of Government. He or she plays a similar role as the President in the United States. The current Prime Minister in Spain is Mariano Rajoy Brey.
MoneySpain used to use pesetas as their currency, but they changed it to euros (€), a currency that is used in most of Europe. One euro is equivalent to about $1.30 in US dollars. The coins in the currency include 1 cent, 2 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent, 50 cent,1 euro, and 2 euro. The banknotes include 5 euro, 10 euro, 20 euro, 50 euro, 100 euro, 200 euro, and 500 euro.
Natural ResourcesSpain has many types of natural resources. These resources include coal,lignite, iron ore, copper, and lead. Some other resources are zinc, uranium,tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydro power, and arable land.
SchoolChildren in Spain are required to attend school from ages 6-16. They attend primary school (otherwise known as elementary school) and secondarySchool ( high school), and if they do well, they can continue onto Bachillerato,or Spanish baccalaureate, which is not compulsory. Once students complete this schooling, they can take their University Entrance Exam.
SchoolThe schools in Spain are either public schools, private, but funded by thestate, schools, or purely private schools. School in state funded schools are free, while in purely private schools, have to pay for the tuition.Students are required to buy their supplies, which include textbooks, art supplies, and the sort.
Family In modern times, Spain has adopted the nuclear and extended familyStructure. In a nuclear family, the average household has a mother, afather, and their children. In an extended family, the average household has a nuclear family, as well as any second generation relatives. The entire family is usually very close to each other.
Tourist Attractions Spain is a beautiful country, and has many tourist attractions. There are places to visit from all over, from the north, the south, and the central parts of the country.Some of the most famous tourist attractions in the north is the Running ofthe Bulls. A famous tourist attraction in the capitol of the country, Madrid,is the Palacio Real, or the Royal Palace. A famous tourist attraction in the south is the Alhambra.
Tourist Attractions – Running of the Bulls The biggest and most popular Running of the Bulls eventtakes place in San Fermin, Pamplona, and is held every year from July 6 to July 14.The event involves setting loose 6 bulls, which is signaled by when a rocket is set off at 8 A.M. A second rocket is set off to announce that all the bulls are loose. The traditional running outfit is a white shirt, white pants, a red bandana, and a red sash along their waist. Runners lead the bulls to a bullring, and a rocket is set off to announce the bulls are all in the ring, and another Rocket is set off to announce that they are safely in the corral in the bullring.
Tourist Attractions – The Royal PalaceThe Royal Palace of Madrid (also known as the Palacio Real de Madrid), is located in the capitol city of Spain, Madrid. It is supposed to be the official residence for the King, but because he does not live there, it is open to the public except when there is a state ceremony. The palace is gorgeous outside and inside. When you are inside the palace, you have an option of taking a tour or exploring the palace yourself. Tourists have access to many of the rooms in the palace, and there are information points to read if you explore yourself.
Tourist Attractions – AlhambraThe Alhambra is a castle and fortress that is located ona hill that overlooks the city of Granada. Its name meansthe red one in Arabic, and it was named this due to the color of the the walls. It was constructed in the 14th century.The attraction has many places to visit inside, and is very pretty inside and out. It can be divided into several parts;the Alcazaba, the Palacio de Carlos V, the Lion Courtyard,the Courtyard of the Gilded Room, the Ambassadors Hall, and last but not least, the Generalife.
Festivals Spain is known for its festivities, and there are many, many festivals throughout the country. If you look in the right places, you could probably find a festival everyday! Some of the bigger festivals include Tomatina, a festival that involves throwing tomatoes at each other purely forFun, Cristianos y Moros, which involves people acting out the reenactment of the fall of the Moorish rule played out by willing participants, and Semana Santa, an event thattakes place on the week before Easter. In this event people from churches and penitents march in the beginning, and are followed by glamorous floats carrying Virgin Mary
Food There are many different types of food in Spain. The country is very diverse, and there are a variety of foods served all around.Some dishes include paella, a rice dish that originated from Valencia, theSpanish tortilla, a dish that can be found in different variations all over thecountry, and gazpacho, a vegetable soup that originates from the region of Andalusia.
Food - Paella Paella is a rice dish that originated in Valencia. There are many different types of paella, but the three most widely known are the Valencian paella, seafood paella, and the mixed paella.Valencian paella is normally made with white rice, green vegetables, meat, land snails, beans and seasoning.Seafood paella is made with all of the same ingredients asValencian paella, except the meat and snails are replaced With seafood, and there are no beans and vegetables. Mixed paella can be made with a mixed combination of meat, seafood, and the occasional beans.
Food – Spanish Tortilla The Spanish tortilla is a thick egg omelet made with potatoes and fried in olive oil.The tortilla is very common around Spain, and you can find many variations of the dish all over the country.There is no standard version Of the dish, but it is most commonly made with eggs, potatoes and onions.
Food - GazpachoGazpacho is a famous dish from Andalusia, and is a cold soup made from tomatoes.In the Andalusia region, the dish is normally made withstale bread, tomato, cucumber, bell pepper, onion and garlic, olive oil, wine vinegar, and salt. There are many different variations of the soup, and people make different versions depending on their location and their family tradition.
SportsThe most popular sport in Spain is probably football (or soccer, here in theStates). Spain has some of the best football teams in Europe, and millions Of people watch the games, on TV and at stadiums. The football season is usually from September all the way until May.Other sports that are popular are bullfighting, basketball, cycling, tennis, handball, and Formula One (car racing).
Review Spain is an absolutely gorgeous country, with its magnificent attractions, great food, and awesome festivals. I definitely enjoyed my stay a lot. I think my favorite part of my visit to this country was probably its food, because no one can resist mouth-watering food! It was a lot different than what I normally eat, and it was neat trying out different types of food. Of course, I also enjoyed all the festivals that Ive been too, all of them always gave me a jitteryOverall, this is a wonderful feeling in my stomach. mind coming here again! country, and I wouldnt