Tiffany Jacobs<br />Climate & History: The Little Ice Age<br />HIST 141 (#71154)<br />Climate & History: The Little Ice Ag...
What Was the Little Ice Age?<br />Period of reduced global temperatures<br />Followed a warm period<br />During the warm p...
When Did The Little Ice Age Occur?<br />Followed the “Medieval Warm Period”<br />Also known as  the “Little Climate Optimu...
What Was Its Effect on History?<br />Millions of people died as a direct and indirect result of the Little Ice Age<br />Ov...
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Climate & History: The Little Ice Age

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Climate & History: The Little Ice Age

  1. 1. Tiffany Jacobs<br />Climate & History: The Little Ice Age<br />HIST 141 (#71154)<br />Climate & History: The Little Ice Age<br />
  2. 2. What Was the Little Ice Age?<br />Period of reduced global temperatures<br />Followed a warm period<br />During the warm period, polar ice and glaciers melted and affected the balance in the ocean<br />The temperature change of the ocean changed the weather patterns<br />An era of cataclysmic events<br />It wasn’t the decrease in <br />temperature that created the problem<br />It was the change from what was<br />considered normal that was<br />devastating<br />Reshaped world and affected<br />significant historical events<br />Destroyed Spanish armada<br />French Revolution<br />Tiffany Jacobs<br />Climate & History: The Little Ice Age<br />HIST 141 (#71154)<br />
  3. 3. When Did The Little Ice Age Occur?<br />Followed the “Medieval Warm Period”<br />Also known as the “Little Climate Optimum” <br />This was a time of unparalleled farming & trade<br />Building spree and unprecedented growth<br />14th-19th centuries: Little Ice Age<br />Began around 1300, near dawn of 14th century<br />An unexpected and currently unseasonable chill settled on land<br />Drop of 2-3 degrees Centigrade; 4 degrees Fahrenheit cooler<br />Humans are alarmingly vulnerable to smallest drops in temperature<br />The forces that definitely caused the Little Ice Age are a mystery<br />Most believe it was not isolated event<br />Tiffany Jacobs<br />Climate & History: The Little Ice Age<br />HIST 141 (#71154)<br />
  4. 4. What Was Its Effect on History?<br />Millions of people died as a direct and indirect result of the Little Ice Age<br />Over 1.5 Million perished due to great famine<br />Parents abandoned children in the woods<br />Most died of famine related diseases not starvation<br />More vulnerable to Bubonic Plague “Black Death”– in 1347 (trading ships returning from Asia)<br />Bubonic Plague, when it subsided in 1351, 25 million had died (1/3 of population)<br />Plague was made worse by weakness, confinement due to the weather, and infestation of rats <br />The invincible Vikings were humbled by the Little Ice Age<br />Fertile farmlands were destroyed – mostly cereal crops<br />Loss of crops resulted in increase in crime & rise of the potato<br />1.5 million Irish died during the Irish Potato Famine<br />Volatility of climate affected French Revolution, American Revolution, French-Spanish wars <br />Many think we are in the midst of another global warming period that could lead to another Ice Age<br />Tiffany Jacobs<br />Climate & History: The Little Ice Age<br />HIST 141 (#71154)<br />

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