About me and Hong KongToday, I am going to introduce you my favorite city -- myhome town Hong Kong.
Geography • Hong Kong is located on Chinas south coast o It is surrounded by the South China Sea on the east, south, and west, and borders the Guangdong city of Shenzhen to the north over the Shenzhen River • The territory of Hong Kong is about 426 Miles2 o Spanning over three main areas: Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and the New Territories o High population in Hong Kong • Hilly to Mountainous o Much of Hong Kongs terrain is hilly to mountainous with steep slopes, less than 25% of the territorys landmass is developed o The highest elevation in the territory is at Tai Mo Shan, at a height of 3,140 ft above sea level.
People Demographics Population: 7.03 million. Hong Kong continues to grow due to the influx of immigrants from mainland China, approximating 45,000 per year. Life expectancy in Hong Kong is 79.8 years for males and 86.1 years for females. Among the highest in the world. About 95% of the people of Hong Kong are of Chinese descent Major ethnicities are: Cantonese, Taishanese, Hakka and Chiu Chow Residents from Mainland China are not allowed to enter, or relocate to Hong Kong freely A daily quota of 150 people from Mainland China with family ties in Hong Kong are granted a one way permit.
People (Cont.)• Languages o Hong Kongs de facto official language is Cantonese o English is an official language o 3.1% of the population use English as an everyday language and by 34.9% of the population as a second language. o Mandarin is becoming more common, as more people come from the mainland• Denonym: Hong Konger o People who live in Hong Kong can be referred to as “Hong Kongers”
Culture• Religion o Freedom of Religion in Hong Kong, unlike in Mainland China o 90% of Hong Kong practices a mix of local religions o Predominately Buddhist (Mahayana) o 8% of the population identify as Christian (600k People)• Legal System o Based on British Common Law (Unlike China’s Civil Law System) o The legal system is just one of the major British cultural remnants left over after HK was handed over to China.• Special Autonomous Region o the Hong Kong government is responsible for all governing issues except those regarding diplomatic relations and defense. o Hong Kong has it’s own constitution, with three distinct branches of government: The Executive, The Legislature, and The Judiciary.
Culture (Cont.)• Food o Hong Kong is truly an international city, and the diverse cuisine is a reflection of this. o East + West = Fusion o From the roadside stalls to the most upscale restaurants, Hong Kong provides an unlimited variety of food in every class. o Cantonese: Since the predominant culture group is Cantonese, Hong Kong often identifies with Cantonese Cuisine; Dim sum is an example.o Pop Culture o Hong Kong has one of the biggest movie industries in the world. o Cantopop – a distinct Hong Kong style of Cantonese Pop Music
History• In 1839, the refusal by Qing Dynasty authorities to import opium resulted in the First OpiumWar between China and Britain.• Hong Kong Island became occupied by British forces in 1841, and was formally ceded toBritain under the Treaty of Nanking at the end of the war.• In 1860, after Chinas defeat in the Second Opium War, the Kowloon Peninsula andStonecutters Island were ceded to Britain under the Convention of Peking• When the Peoples Republic of China was proclaimed in 1949, more migrants fled to HongKong in fear of persecution by the Communist Party.• In 1983, Hong Kong was reclassified from a British crown colony to a dependent territory• In 1984 the two countries signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration, agreeing to transfersovereignty to the Peoples Republic of China in 1997
History (Cont.) • The transfer of sovereignty occurred at midnight on 1 July 1997 • Hong Kongs economy was affected by the Asian financial crisis, and the H5N1 avian influenza, both in 1997. • Hong Kong suffered again due to an outbreak of SARS in 2003. • Today, Hong Kong continues to serve as an important global financial centre, but faces uncertainty over its future role with a growing mainland China economy, and its relationship with the PRC government in areas such as democratic reform and universal suffrage.