Tiffany Jane Brand ACRL Handout-Overcoming Barriers to Digital Collaboration
Overcoming Barriers to Digital Collaboration: Navigating International Copyright Laws Tiffany Brand Reference and Instruction/Special Collections Librarian, University of Pittsburgh email@example.com Twitter: tiffanybrandlibThe era of digitization has raised questions as to the impact copyright has on digitized materials,adding a new layer of questions in an area of rights management that is still being shaped byemerging technologies and still has nascent standards for the creation and distribution of digitalmaterials. The list of resources below will help academic librarians determine rights holders offoreign works , copyright precedence and will also aid in the successful implementation of rightsmanagement during digital collaboration projects. Major standards that impact the distribution of digital materials:Berne Convention for the Protection of Artistic and Literary Works. Retrieved fromhttp://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/berne/index.htmlThe Berne Convention, enacted in 1886, includes rules as to the distribution of works, how todeal with works of indeterminate authorship, and exemptions to the convention. Includes the fulltext of the Convention, list of the parties to the treaty, and the WIPO Handbook on IntellectualProperty.Digital Millenium Copyright Act. Retrieved fromhttp://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/berne/index.htmlTitle I, the WIPO Copyright and Performance and Phonograms Implementation Act, brings USCopyright law into compliance with the signatory countries of the Berne Convention andUniversal Copyright Convention.Universal Copyright Convention. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/6ngfuRatified in 1952 and modified in 1974, the UCC was at first intended as an alternative to theBerne Convention and was backed by the USSR as an alternative to what was seen as a law that
benefitted western European countries. The UCC includes clauses exempting compliance fromcountries who have signed the Berne Convention.Uruguay Rounds Agreement Act. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/47spk5jEnacted into law in 1995, the URAA had a major impact on foreign works-restoring copyright toitems previously considered in the public domain in the United States.U.S. Copyright Office. Copyright Law of the United States of America and Related LawsContained in Title 17 of the United States Code. Retrieved fromhttp://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap1.html#104aSections § 104. Subject Matter of Copyright: National origin and § 104A Copyright in RestoredWorks are applicable to rights management of foreign works. ToolsCopyright Advisory Network. Digital Copyright Slider. Retrieved fromhttp://librarycopyright.net/wordpress/?p=101Site includes information from librarians and the Office for Information Technology Policyabout copyright issues. Tools include the Digital Copyright Slider, Section 108 Spinner and FairUse Evaluator. Other ResourcesAllard, Suzie. 2002. Digital libraries and organizations for international collaboration and knowledge creation. The Electronic Library 20 (5): 369-81.Article includes rights management issues in an international context.Council on Library and Information Resources. Copyright Issues Relevant to DigitalPreservation and Dissemination of Pre-1972 Commercial Sound Recordings by Libraries andArchives. Retrieved from http://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub135/sec4.htmlSection 4 includes 4.1.4 Are Collaborative Digital Preservation Projects Permissible? And 4.1.5Use of Digital Preservation and Replacement Copies.Hirtle, Peter B. (2008). Copyright Renewal, Copyright Restoration, and the Difficulty of Determining Copyright Status. Retrieved from http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july08/hirtle/07hirtle.htmlMark, Timothy. 2007. National and international library collaboration: Necessity, advantages. Liber Quarterly: The Journal of European Research Libraries 17 (3/4).Article includes troubleshooting copyright issues in digital collaboration projects.
Pilch, J. T. (2003). Understanding Copyright Law for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Materials. Slavic & East European Information Resources, 4(1), 71. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lxh&AN=27651281&site=ehost- live---. (2005). Collision or coexistence? Copyright law in the digital environment. Slavic & East European Information Resources, 6(2), 79-116.Roudik, P. (2001). Issue of soviet copyright resolved. Slavic & East European Information Resources, 2(2), 29-30, 31.The resources above highlight copyright and rights management issues for former Soviet satellite countries.