John Dewey was the third of Archibald Dewey and Lucina Artemisia Rich's four children. His father was a local merchant who loved literature. His mother possessed a stern moral sense based on her belief in Calvinism (a religion in which one's faith is expressed through moral behavior and good works. Boyhood jobs delivering newspapers and working at a lumber-yard added to his knowledge. While visiting his father, who served in the Union Army in Virginia, he viewed the horror of the Civil War (1861–1865) firsthand. Dewey attended the University of Vermont at the age of 15, from 1875-1879. It was here that he learned about Darwinism. Henry A. P. Torrey was a major influence and exposed Dewey to his social and speculative philosophy His best grades were in science, which he would later regard as the highest expression of human intellect.
His teacher, H. A. P. Torrey, introduced him to the works of different philosophers. The quality of his work improved, and at the age of nineteen, he graduated second in his class. Unsure of what career to pursue, Dewey hoped to teach high school. After an unsuccessful summer of job hunting, his cousin, principal of a seminary (institute for the training of priests) in Pennsylvania, got him a teaching job, which he held for two years. was encouraged by Torrey to attend Johns Hopkins and receive his Ph.D in philosophy.
In this book, he examined various areas of scientific psychology, including memory, thinking, imagination, perception, sensation, attention, and motor control Alice's graduation and John's promotion to assistant professor with the salary of $1,600 allowed them to marry in 1886. The wedding took place July 28 in Fenton It was Alice Chipman who nudged him out of many of his orthodoxies. A woman who years later would invite her older children to watch her give birth so that they would understand the process, Alice dropped John straight from the ivory tower into the ethical and practical muddles of daily life. As Dewey himself put it after her death, &quot;My wife used to say quite truly that I go at things from the back end. I'm hampered by too much technical absorption.&quot;
Dewey and Chipman questioned many assumptions about women. Dewey's articles on women's health pointed to the need for exercise, despite what he called &quot;the aversion of American women, especially the educated, to bodily exertion.&quot; At the time, the U-M's gym was not only inadequate for male students, women were allowed to use it only three hours a day. Chipman left the University another legacy: a unique sorority. Two traditional sororities were on campus in 1886, but what she and other like-minded women desired was an organization that was not a secret society. She and her friends found a model in a New York group called Sorosis, which claimed among its international membership such luminaries as Lucretia Mott, George Sand and George Eliot. The Michigan women obtained permission from Sorosis to create a college chapter. With an insignia designed by Tiffany, Collegiate Sorosis was born. The women named members of the faculty, &quot;Sorosis brothers&quot;; Chipman remained a member throughout her life
The Samovar&quot; is the euphonius title of a new club of University people,' reported the Argonaut . 'It takes its name from the Russian tea pot around which the members will gather on the snug winter evenings of the coming season.'
In his first Sunday speech before the SCA, &quot;The Obligation to Knowledge of God,&quot; he asserted that &quot;belief is not a privilege, but a duty-'whatsoever is not of faith is sin.'&quot;
John Dewey His life and contribution to education By Tiffany Aab
Life Before Schooling <ul><li>Born October 20,1859, in Burlington, Vermont </li></ul><ul><li>The third child born to Archibald and Lucina </li></ul><ul><li>Archibald was a traditional Congregationalist, his wife an intense evangelical </li></ul><ul><li>A shy child, for which he blamed his Calvinistic New England background, Dewey lived in his head. </li></ul><ul><li>His brothers and cousin formed his social world </li></ul><ul><li>At the age of fifteen, Dewey, after receiving average grades in Vermont public schools, entered the University of Vermont </li></ul>
College Life <ul><li>After graduating in 1879, Dewey taught high school in Oil City, Pennsylvania, for two years. </li></ul><ul><li>Dewey lost his job. He returned to Vermont to become the only teacher in a private school in Charlotte. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1881, he taught at a small school near Burlington with the goal of studying philosophy with Torrey. Dewey published two articles in the Journal of Speculative Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>he set his mind on a PhD at Johns Hopkins University and, borrowing $500 from an aunt, went to Baltimore in 1882. </li></ul>
<ul><li>When Dewey graduated from Hopkins in the spring of 1884, Morris offered him an instructor's post at Michigan at a $900 salary , teaching there from 1884 to 1888 </li></ul><ul><li>he wrote his first major book, Psychology </li></ul><ul><li>He married one of his students at University of Michigan Harriet Alice Chapman, on July 28, 1886 </li></ul>
Dewey’s Wife <ul><li>In 1885, Alice Chipman's second year at Michigan, the Argonaut reflected on the 15th anniversary of the admission of women. </li></ul><ul><li>Alice had taken courses in philosophy before Dewey came, and took his courses as well. </li></ul><ul><li>The philosophy department was unusually welcoming to women students. When Chipman graduated in philosophy in 1886, six of the department's 13 graduates were women </li></ul><ul><li>As the end of the 1886 academic year approached, Chipman was completing her substitute-teaching of Higher English and German courses at Ann Arbor High School </li></ul>
Samovar Club <ul><li>In fall 1885, John Dewey and Alice Chapman became founding members of the Samovar Club </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing Turgenev and Tolstoy gave John and Alice more chances to be together. They were not the only couple in the Samovar Club to marry. Elsie Jones and Charles Horton Cooley (standing at left in the back row) also married. Cooley was one of the founders of sociology. Alice is second from left, but Dewey is absent from the year-end photo. </li></ul>
Religious life <ul><li>Dewey applied for membership at the Congregational Church, becoming member #959. </li></ul><ul><li>He joined the Student Christian Association (SCA), one of the largest campus organizations and was soon conducting a weekly SCA Bible-study class . </li></ul>
<ul><li>John Dewey came to Chicago in 1894 with his wife, Alice Dewey, to start a school in order to test his theories of learning </li></ul><ul><li>He believed that learning was active and that children came to school to do things; that learning arithmetic would come from learning proportions in cooking or figuring out how long it would take to get from one place to another by mule. </li></ul><ul><li>History, how people lived, geography, what the climate was like, and how plants and animals grew, were important subjects . </li></ul>
<ul><li> JOHN DEWEY: HIS LIFE AND WORK </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive Education in the 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>John Dewey: Analysis of his readings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part 2 </li></ul></ul>John Dewey Video links