The impact of ICT on health and safety


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The impact of ICT on health and safety

  1. 1. The impact of ICT on health and safety<br />By: Joanne Dyer<br />
  2. 2. introduction<br />There are various health problems associated with the regular use of computers, such as stress, eyestrain and injuries to the wrists, neck and back.<br /> Employers must take steps to protect employees whose work involves ICT.<br />
  3. 3. symptoms<br /><ul><li>Burning or itching eyes.
  4. 4. Blurring or double vision.
  5. 5. Headache.
  6. 6. Nausea.
  7. 7. Fatigue.</li></ul>solutions<br /><ul><li>Use monitors that don’t flicker.
  8. 8. Have blinds at the windows so that the sun doesn’t shine directly on the screen .
  9. 9. Use suitable lights that disperse light evenly and don’t shine on the screen.
  10. 10. Use a screen filter.
  11. 11. Keep your eyes at least 18 inches from the screen.
  12. 12. Regularly look away from the screen and focus on something in the distance.
  13. 13. Take brakes – 5 minutes every hour.
  14. 14. Have regular eye tests and wear glasses if prescribed. </li></ul>Symptoms & solutions!<br />
  15. 15. Back pain & Repetitive Strain Injury<br />many computer users suffer with serious back problems. This is usually due to a poor posture or an awkward position while sitting at a computer.<br />To avoid back pain:<br />- Use a fully adjustable chair.<br />- A footrest.<br />- Use a monitor that is adjustable. So that your neck doesn't have to bend.<br />-Take regular brakes and walk about.<br />-Sit with your back straight and head up.<br />Repetitive strain injury (RSI) is damage to the fingers, wrist and other parts of the body due to repeated movements over a long period of time. Symptoms include…<br />In the arms and hands.<br /><ul><li>Aching, Pain in arms/wrists even after rest, Weakness, Swelling, Tenderness, Numbness, Pins and needles or burning sensation.</li></ul>In the shoulders and neck…<br /><ul><li>Stiffness and aching.</li></li></ul><li>Safety issues<br />The workplace can be a dangerous place. Some precautions which can be taken to reduce the risk of accidents are.<br /><ul><li>No wires around to be tripped over.
  16. 16. No electrical sockets overloaded.
  17. 17. Electrical equipment should be safety tested at least once a year .
  18. 18. Bags and obstacles should be out of the way.
  19. 19. Staff should follow the safety regulations.
  20. 20. Fire extinguishers should be available to everyone.
  21. 21. Food/drink should not be near machines.
  22. 22. Fire exits should be clearly marked.</li></li></ul><li>Employer obligations<br />Laws have been passed to ensure that employers provide safe working environment for anyone who works with computers. This is called the ‘health and safety at work act (1974).’<br />The law states that an employer must…<br /><ul><li>Provide tilt able screens.
  23. 23. Provide anti-glare screen filters.
  24. 24. Provide adjustable chairs.
  25. 25. Provide foot supports.
  26. 26. Make sure lighting is suitable.
  27. 27. Make sure there is sufficient space to work.
  28. 28. Train employees to use stations correctly.
  29. 29. Ensure employees have sufficient breaks.
  30. 30. Employees should pay for regular eye tests for employees</li></li></ul><li>Thank you for watching my presentation!<br />By: Joanne Dyer<br />