UNIVERSIDAD VERACRUZANA CENTRO DE IDIOMAS XALAPA CENTRO DE AUTOACCESO 1ª. ASESORIA GRUPAL  IBAS 300  JUST RIGHT PRE-INTERM...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>Grammar : a) Past Simple </li></ul><ul><li>  b)  Used   to </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary :  Life   ...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>SIMPLE PAST AFFIRMATIVE FORM: REGULAR VERBS </li></ul><ul><li>The past simple tense is made by add...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>If the verb is regular and ends in  –y , it drops the  y  by  i  and adds  –ed: </li></ul>cop i ed...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>SIMPLE PAST TENSE AFFIRMATIVE FORM FOR IRREGULAR VERBS : </li></ul><ul><li>Some verbs are irregula...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>SIMPLE PAST NEGATIVE FORM </li></ul><ul><li>We use  did not  ( didn’t )   + infinitive  verb  to m...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>SIMPLE PAST INTERROGATIVE FORM </li></ul><ul><li>We use auxiliar  Did  and the infinitive form of ...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>TIME ADVERBS FOR SIMPLE PAST : </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday </li></ul><ul><li>Last  night / week / ...
REFERENCES <ul><li>Murphy, Raymond (2007) Essential Grammar in Use with answers. 3rd. Ed. CUP, Italy, p 32 </li></ul>
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>USED TO </li></ul><ul><li>We use the expression “ used to ”  to talk about events that happened re...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>USED TO </li></ul><ul><li>We  used to  live in Xico, but now we live in Xalapa. </li></ul><ul><li>...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>USED TO </li></ul><ul><li>When I was a child I  used to  eat chocolates but now I don’t </li></ul>...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>USED TO NEGATIVE FORM </li></ul><ul><li>When I was a child  I did not  (didn’t)  use to  eat tomat...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>INTERROGTIVE FORM </li></ul><ul><li>Did you use to watch tv when you were a child? </li></ul><ul><...
REFERENCES <ul><li>Murphy, Raymond (2004). English Grammar in Use with answers, CUP, 3rd. ed, p 36 </li></ul><ul><li>Murph...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>Useful questions to talk about childhood: </li></ul><ul><li>When were you born? </li></ul><ul><li>...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>4. Who was your favorite teacher? </li></ul><ul><li>5. What was your favorite school subject? </li...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>B) Useful words to answer about childhood: </li></ul><ul><li>My favorite teacher/ toy/ tv program/...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>It wasn’t (very)  pleasant </li></ul><ul><li>It was boring </li></ul><ul><li>It was terriric!/  ex...
UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>COMMENTING </li></ul>You’re joking! How funny! No! Wow! I know what you mean! Uh, oh. That sounds ...
UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>Grammar: a)  ing  nouns(gerunds) </li></ul><ul><li>  b)  verb  +  ing </li></ul><ul><li>    c)  v...
UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>ING NOUNS (GERUNDS) </li></ul><ul><li>We often use and  –ing noun  or  gerund , when we talk abou...
UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>Some  –ing nouns  refer to sports or leisure activities: </li></ul><ul><li>Skating  is not a very...
UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>… ING VERBS </li></ul><ul><li>When we use two verbs together the second verb is often + ing: </li...
UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>Other verbs which take … ing  are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Admit  Avoid   Consider </li></ul></ul><...
UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Everybody  stopped  talk ing . </li></ul><ul><li>I’ll do the shopping...
UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>VERB + TO + INFINITE </li></ul><ul><li>After some verbs the second verb is always  to + infinite:...
UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>Some other verbs which are always followed by  to  are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrange forget Hope...
REFERENCES <ul><li>Harmer, Jeremy (2007) Just Right Pre-intermediate American Edition mini-grammar </li></ul><ul><li>Murph...
UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>PLACES TO PRACTICE SPORTS </li></ul><ul><li>A golf course </li></ul><ul><li>A soccer pitch </li><...
UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>A tennis court </li></ul><ul><li>A snooker table </li></ul><ul><li>A boxing ring </li></ul><ul><l...
UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>INVITING PEOPLE </li></ul>No thanks. Why not? Do you want to…? That would be great! I’d rather no...
UNIT 8: FEELINGS <ul><li>Grammar: a) Past continuos </li></ul><ul><li>b)  past  continuos VS simple </li></ul><ul><li>past...
PAST CONTINUOUS <ul><li>We use the past continuous to talk about things which were “in progress” at a particular time.  </...
PAST CONTINUOUS AFFIRMATIVE FORM Were You  We They Doing homework Yesterday night. Was I He She It
PAST CONTINUOUS NEGATIVE FORM Were not (weren’t) You  We They Doing homework yesterday night. Was not (wasn’t) I He She It
PAST CONTINUOUS INTERROGATIVE FORM I He She It Was reading a book? playing soccer? watching tv? you we they Were  No,I  wa...
Past Continuous Vs Past Simple <ul><li>Look at the following sentences, then look at the diagram that explains the differe...
Past Continuous Vs Past Simple <ul><li>The action of working was interrupted by the action of the phone ringing. </li></ul...
FEELINGS
How do you feel today?
FEELINGS WORRIED SAD IN LOVE JEALOUS FRIGHTENED HAPPY NERVOUS PROUD ANGRY EXCITED NEGATIVE POSITIVE
APOLOGIZING Don’r worry about it. Not at all I didn’t mean to… Never mind I’m sorry that you… That’s OK Sorry! That’s all ...
UNIT 9 Can You do it? <ul><li>Grammar: a) Can / Can’t </li></ul><ul><li>  b) Could and managed to </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabu...
Uses of Can <ul><li>We use can to: </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about the abilities or things people know how to do or don’t kno...
Examples with Can <ul><li>I can dance very well. </li></ul><ul><li>I cannot (can’t) cook at all. </li></ul><ul><li>Can you...
Uses of Could <ul><li>We use could to talk about abilities in the past: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I could speak Italian when I...
Uses of Managed to <ul><li>We use managed to to talk about things you could do in the end, but which were difficult: </li>...
Phrasal Verbs <ul><li>Plug in  The t.v, the computer, the headset, the radio. </li></ul><ul><li>Turn on/off The t.v., the ...
Making phone calls: Can /Could Is Milly there? Could you put me through to…? ASKING TO SPEAK TO SOMEONE Tell her to call m...
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IBAS 3

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IBAS 3

  1. 1. UNIVERSIDAD VERACRUZANA CENTRO DE IDIOMAS XALAPA CENTRO DE AUTOACCESO 1ª. ASESORIA GRUPAL IBAS 300 JUST RIGHT PRE-INTERMEDIATE Martha Edna García Ramírez Unit 6 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9
  2. 2. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>Grammar : a) Past Simple </li></ul><ul><li> b) Used to </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary : Life stages </li></ul><ul><li>Functions : commenting </li></ul>
  3. 3. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>SIMPLE PAST AFFIRMATIVE FORM: REGULAR VERBS </li></ul><ul><li>The past simple tense is made by adding –ed to the regular verbs: </li></ul>Need ed Need Stay ed Stay Danc ed Dance Start ed Start Clean ed Clean work ed Work PAST INFINITIVE
  4. 4. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>If the verb is regular and ends in –y , it drops the y by i and adds –ed: </li></ul>cop i ed cop y Stud i ed Stud y Tr i ed Tr y PAST INFINITIVE
  5. 5. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>SIMPLE PAST TENSE AFFIRMATIVE FORM FOR IRREGULAR VERBS : </li></ul><ul><li>Some verbs are irregular because do not add –ed, but they change completely: </li></ul>drank drink Did Do Came Come Caught Catch Bought Buy Built Build Brought Bring Broke Break Began Begin PAST INFINITIVE
  6. 6. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>SIMPLE PAST NEGATIVE FORM </li></ul><ul><li>We use did not ( didn’t ) + infinitive verb to make the negative form in the past: </li></ul><ul><li>I played tennis but I didn’t win . </li></ul><ul><li>We went to the cinema, but we didn’t enjoy the film. </li></ul>
  7. 7. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>SIMPLE PAST INTERROGATIVE FORM </li></ul><ul><li>We use auxiliar Did and the infinitive form of the verb to make the interrogative form for simple past tense: </li></ul><ul><li>Did you enjoy the party? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you see him yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>Did it rain last week? </li></ul><ul><li>Did your parents have a good holiday? </li></ul>
  8. 8. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>TIME ADVERBS FOR SIMPLE PAST : </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday </li></ul><ul><li>Last night / week / weekend / month / summer / year / etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Ago before a noun: I had dinner an hour ago </li></ul><ul><li>Tom went out ten minutes ago . </li></ul>
  9. 9. REFERENCES <ul><li>Murphy, Raymond (2007) Essential Grammar in Use with answers. 3rd. Ed. CUP, Italy, p 32 </li></ul>
  10. 10. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>USED TO </li></ul><ul><li>We use the expression “ used to ” to talk about events that happened regularly in the past, but no longer happens: </li></ul><ul><li>I used to play soccer when I was a child, but not any more. </li></ul>past I used to play soccer Not any more present
  11. 11. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>USED TO </li></ul><ul><li>We used to live in Xico, but now we live in Xalapa. </li></ul><ul><li>There used to be three cinemas in Xalapa, now there are about 20. </li></ul>
  12. 12. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>USED TO </li></ul><ul><li>When I was a child I used to eat chocolates but now I don’t </li></ul><ul><li>Liz used to have long hair but now she has short hair. </li></ul>
  13. 13. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>USED TO NEGATIVE FORM </li></ul><ul><li>When I was a child I did not (didn’t) use to eat tomatoes, but now I do. </li></ul><ul><li>I didn’t use to go to work, but now I do. </li></ul><ul><li>I didn’t use to drive a car, but now I do. </li></ul>
  14. 14. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>INTERROGTIVE FORM </li></ul><ul><li>Did you use to watch tv when you were a child? </li></ul><ul><li>Did your parents use to have a cell phone when they were children? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you use to travel by car when you were a child? </li></ul>
  15. 15. REFERENCES <ul><li>Murphy, Raymond (2004). English Grammar in Use with answers, CUP, 3rd. ed, p 36 </li></ul><ul><li>Murphy, Raymond (2007). Essential Grammar in Use with answers, CUP, 3rd. ed, p. 82 </li></ul>
  16. 16. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>Useful questions to talk about childhood: </li></ul><ul><li>When were you born? </li></ul><ul><li>What were you like? </li></ul><ul><li>What was your favorite toy/ tv program/ piece of cloth/ etc ? </li></ul>
  17. 17. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>4. Who was your favorite teacher? </li></ul><ul><li>5. What was your favorite school subject? </li></ul><ul><li>6. What time did you…? </li></ul><ul><li>7. Who did you… with? </li></ul><ul><li>8. What did you do …? </li></ul><ul><li>9. How long did you…? </li></ul><ul><li>10. What was ( the weather) like in the afternoons…? </li></ul>
  18. 18. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>B) Useful words to answer about childhood: </li></ul><ul><li>My favorite teacher/ toy/ tv program/ piece of cloth was… </li></ul><ul><li>When I was a child… </li></ul><ul><li>… the weather was… </li></ul><ul><li>… there were/weren’t… </li></ul><ul><li>… there was/there wasn’t </li></ul>
  19. 19. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>It wasn’t (very) pleasant </li></ul><ul><li>It was boring </li></ul><ul><li>It was terriric!/ exciting/ </li></ul><ul><li>fun / </li></ul><ul><li>very nice / </li></ul><ul><li>pleasant. </li></ul>UNPLEASANT PLEASANT EXPRESSING
  20. 20. UNIT 6 MEMORIES <ul><li>COMMENTING </li></ul>You’re joking! How funny! No! Wow! I know what you mean! Uh, oh. That sounds familiar Oh, no! How stupid! I know the feeling EXCLAMATIONS MAKING COMMENTS
  21. 21. UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>Grammar: a) ing nouns(gerunds) </li></ul><ul><li> b) verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li> c) verb + to + infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary: Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Places to do activities . </li></ul><ul><li>Function: Inviting </li></ul>
  22. 22. UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>ING NOUNS (GERUNDS) </li></ul><ul><li>We often use and –ing noun or gerund , when we talk about an activity in a general way: </li></ul><ul><li>Watching tv is very popular in USA. </li></ul><ul><li>Listening to music is prefered by teenagers. </li></ul>
  23. 23. UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>Some –ing nouns refer to sports or leisure activities: </li></ul><ul><li>Skating is not a very popular sport in Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>Bowling is not a common sport in Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>Swimming is a popular sport in Mexico. </li></ul>
  24. 24. UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>… ING VERBS </li></ul><ul><li>When we use two verbs together the second verb is often + ing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I love play ing baseball. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I hate listen ing to music when I am studying </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>Other verbs which take … ing are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Admit Avoid Consider </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Deny Dislike Enjoy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enjoy Finish keep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mind Suggest practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start Stop </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Everybody stopped talk ing . </li></ul><ul><li>I’ll do the shopping when I’ve finished clean ing the flat. </li></ul><ul><li>He tried to avoid answer ing my questions. </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t fancy go ing out this evening. </li></ul><ul><li>She loves tak ing exercise. </li></ul>
  27. 27. UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>VERB + TO + INFINITE </li></ul><ul><li>After some verbs the second verb is always to + infinite: </li></ul><ul><li>I decided to stay. </li></ul><ul><li>She wanted to see him . </li></ul><ul><li>Simon was in a difficult situation, so I agreed to help him. </li></ul>
  28. 28. UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>Some other verbs which are always followed by to are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrange forget Hope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Afford Promise refuse plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fail learn pretend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Claim seem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>try offer </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. REFERENCES <ul><li>Harmer, Jeremy (2007) Just Right Pre-intermediate American Edition mini-grammar </li></ul><ul><li>Murphy, Raymund (2004) English Grammar in Use with answers, 3rd. Ed. pp106-107 </li></ul>
  30. 30. UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>PLACES TO PRACTICE SPORTS </li></ul><ul><li>A golf course </li></ul><ul><li>A soccer pitch </li></ul><ul><li>A baseball field </li></ul>
  31. 31. UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>A tennis court </li></ul><ul><li>A snooker table </li></ul><ul><li>A boxing ring </li></ul><ul><li>A bowling alley </li></ul>
  32. 32. UNIT 7: TIME OFF <ul><li>INVITING PEOPLE </li></ul>No thanks. Why not? Do you want to…? That would be great! I’d rather not. I’m not really sure I’d love to How about a.? I’d love to but… Perhaps What a fantastic idea! Would you like to… REFUSING NOT SURE ACCEPTING INVITING
  33. 33. UNIT 8: FEELINGS <ul><li>Grammar: a) Past continuos </li></ul><ul><li>b) past continuos VS simple </li></ul><ul><li>past </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary: Feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Functions: Apologizing </li></ul>
  34. 34. PAST CONTINUOUS <ul><li>We use the past continuous to talk about things which were “in progress” at a particular time. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use was/were + ing.verb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She was watching TV at half past eleven last night. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They were living in Argentina last year. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 35. PAST CONTINUOUS AFFIRMATIVE FORM Were You We They Doing homework Yesterday night. Was I He She It
  36. 36. PAST CONTINUOUS NEGATIVE FORM Were not (weren’t) You We They Doing homework yesterday night. Was not (wasn’t) I He She It
  37. 37. PAST CONTINUOUS INTERROGATIVE FORM I He She It Was reading a book? playing soccer? watching tv? you we they Were No,I wasn’t No, he wasn’t No, she wasn’t No, it wasn’t Yes, I was Yes, he was Yes, she was Yes, it was No, you weren’t . No, we weren’t. No, they weren’t. Yes, you were Yes, We were Yes they were
  38. 38. Past Continuous Vs Past Simple <ul><li>Look at the following sentences, then look at the diagram that explains the difference between both past tenses: </li></ul><ul><li>The telephone rang when </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Past x </li></ul><ul><li>we were working at my house. </li></ul><ul><li>xxxxxxxxxx Past Progressive </li></ul>
  39. 39. Past Continuous Vs Past Simple <ul><li>The action of working was interrupted by the action of the phone ringing. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>I was looking up things on the internet when she phoned. </li></ul>
  40. 40. FEELINGS
  41. 41. How do you feel today?
  42. 42. FEELINGS WORRIED SAD IN LOVE JEALOUS FRIGHTENED HAPPY NERVOUS PROUD ANGRY EXCITED NEGATIVE POSITIVE
  43. 43. APOLOGIZING Don’r worry about it. Not at all I didn’t mean to… Never mind I’m sorry that you… That’s OK Sorry! That’s all right I apologize for be ing late. Apology accepted I apologize RESPONDING TO APOLOGIES APOLOGIZING
  44. 44. UNIT 9 Can You do it? <ul><li>Grammar: a) Can / Can’t </li></ul><ul><li> b) Could and managed to </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary: Phrasal verbs </li></ul><ul><li>Function: Making phone calls </li></ul>
  45. 45. Uses of Can <ul><li>We use can to: </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about the abilities or things people know how to do or don’t know how to do. </li></ul><ul><li>To say (or ask) if something is possible. </li></ul><ul><li>To ask someone to do something. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Examples with Can <ul><li>I can dance very well. </li></ul><ul><li>I cannot (can’t) cook at all. </li></ul><ul><li>Can you open the window, please? </li></ul>
  47. 47. Uses of Could <ul><li>We use could to talk about abilities in the past: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I could speak Italian when I was four, but I can’t now. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We use could not (couldn’t) to talk about things people were unable to do: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He couldn’t drive when he was five. </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. Uses of Managed to <ul><li>We use managed to to talk about things you could do in the end, but which were difficult: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I managed to finish the race, but it was difficult. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We use did not (didn’t) to make negative “manage to” sentences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I didn’t manage to do my homework last night. </li></ul></ul>
  49. 49. Phrasal Verbs <ul><li>Plug in The t.v, the computer, the headset, the radio. </li></ul><ul><li>Turn on/off The t.v., the computer, the light, the radio. </li></ul><ul><li>Turn up/downThe t.v., the radio, the volume </li></ul>
  50. 50. Making phone calls: Can /Could Is Milly there? Could you put me through to…? ASKING TO SPEAK TO SOMEONE Tell her to call me. Could you tell….. that …? MAKING A REQUEST Do you want me to say you call? Can I help you? OFFERING HELP INFORMAL FORMAL MAKING PHONE CALLS

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