180 degree rule match on action and shot types


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180 degree rule match on action and shot types

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180 degree rule match on action and shot types

  1. 1. Research into 180 Degree Rule, Match on Action & Shot Types By Tia-Reisa Apaloo-Clarke
  2. 2. 180 Degree Rule. This is a rule used in film-making. The camera cannot cross the 180 degree axis as it can become very confusing. For example, if you are watching a football game and you see the runner, running on the right and then we cut to him running to the left, it would confuse the viewer.
  3. 3. Why we have the 180 Degree Rule... The bears are having a conversation. The Brown bear is 'Bear A' and the spotty bear is 'Bear B'. Bear A is on the the left side and Bear B is on the right side. This picture shows the 180 degree rule being used correctly. In this picture, the camera is located on the opposite side, because of this Bear A is now on the right side and Bear B on the left. This could now cause confusion to the audience as when watching a film the objects are now on different sides and do not match, viewers may think they changed sides. This pictures shows the 180 degree rule being used
  4. 4. Match on action Match on action, is a editing technique, which shows the continuity between shots. The shots are edited and aligned to show continuity, this creates a visual bridge. Shot 1 shows the action of the woman looking at the bookshelf. Shot 2 shows the woman reading the book. This shows the continuity between the two actions
  5. 5. Shot Types Over The Shoulder: This shot is taken behind the shoulder of the subject to see someone else. It is most commonly used for when two people are having a conversation. Medium Shot: This shot usually shows just above the subjects knees up to their head. Two Shot: This shot is usually used to show a relationship between two people, it can also be used to show two friends side by side.
  6. 6. Shot Reverse Shot Bear A is seen in this shot, he is having a conversation with Bear B. The camera is placed on Bear A, while he speaks. The camera now shows Bear B while he is speaking, This shows eye contact between the two subjects that are being filmed. The camera now shows Bear A again and a conversation is now established. shot reverse shot is useful for showing
  7. 7. Extreme Close-Up: This shot focuses on a particular action. In this picture it is the eyes and ears of Bear A. This is usually used to show facial expressions in conversations or to highlight something significant. Point Of View: This shows the view point of the actor. You can usually see the actors hands or feet in the picture, so you know what type of shot it is. Aerial Shot: This shows a view from high above and is sometimes a place or scene in the movie. The audience can see everything that is happening at once.