Conventions ofdocumentaries Purpose of this presentation is show the conventions of documentaries and my understanding of it. Rianna Johnson
Short clip from ‘Bowling for Still shot showing the main Columbine’ to show a opening of a TV documentary method of providing the audience with information • The uniform shows equality in a film documentary. between all the people • The superimposed background hints to this being about natureYoutube video from: Justingrnr9 Still shot from BBC iPlayer
Archival Footage and Talking HeadsPhotographs • People interviewed to explain or offer opinion• Demonstrates the points made by the voiceover of the documentary• Cheaper than shooting new material topic.• The footage/photos may not have been shot for the purpose of the documentary but are used to add to the documentary Conventions of Wobbly Camera documentaries • To add a realism to what’s being filmed there is a light camera shake when following action.Real People• The people interviewed or extras in the documentary are real people not actors. Example, a documentary about Juilet’s in Harlesden you can go to Harlesden and meet the same owner seen in the documentary.
Archival footage Talking heads Wobbly camera Real peoplehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RVSKHq7yA04 – stills taken from youtube channel ‘YungDreem’
Text• Captions are often used Voiceovers to inform the audience Example of text Voice of God: Commentator that is of who the person or use in Fry’s heard not seen thing is, generally this is World Planet Voice of authority: Seen and heard, usually someone who done in a white clear knows a lot about the topic. font Conventions of documentaries Set-ups • Re-enactments stage real events that have happened. • Might be done because the footage is needed and wasn’t filmed. • Set-ups are staging things to show the ‘real’ • Example: filming a class and telling them to put up their hands
Set ups Text VoiceoverImages taken from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ir2swCcM1lMVoiceover taken from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nbp-HSXrZuQ&feature=related
EffectConvention on audienceArchival Footage and • Might provide a feeling of nostalgia Photographs • Gives an insight to life back then Talking Heads • Reinforces the point made by the voiceover or recently in the documentary Real People • Adds realism to the piece. • Builds rapport with the audience & documentary maker Wobbly Camera • Makes it seem amateur and real life-like. • Shows there wasn’t a big production team staging things Text • Generally written in white in the bottom corner, it introduces the audience to the person on screen Voiceovers • Provides the audience with a lot more information and is usually said over images or muted video Set-ups • Provides a clear introduction to a point and gets the main idea across.
Modes of a documentary Frys Planet Word (2011) Performative Mode Documentary maker Fry speaks over the interacts with the subject matter. subject
Modes of a documentary Expository: • The ‘normal’ way in which we are used to seeing documentaries The Swenka’s (2004)– Observational Mode • No voiceovers – text on screen • Lots of long shots • No interviewsExample: Twincredibles BBC2
Modes of a documentary Biggie and Tupac Participatory/interactive Mode Formal Interviews usually dominate the Archival footage documentary Voice of authority On location shootinghttp://youtu.be/ADdcDHTZfgY - stills from ‘musicspace’ YouTube channel
Modes of a documentary Crimewatch (2011) Reflexive Mode • Voice of God: questions things rather than being certain. • Presented in a fictional way, story like.
Differences • Same narrator for similarTV topics • Voice if God • Uses the reflexiveFilm mode, opening is story like • Voice of Authority
Still shots to show examples Opening shots fade into one another while the voice of God says ‚it was the morning of April 20th…‛ gives it that once upon a time feel The voice of authority tells us about his life and how his past relates to the documentary. *hindsight
Possible reasons why they are used • This is done to add weight and creditability to the argument • to make it seem that the people who are talking are relevant • The people seen must know what they are talking about or they wouldn’t be there.