WHAT IS IT?
• negative, unfavourable attitudes and
the behaviour they produce
• form of prejudice
• prevents many people from seeking
• mental illness continues to be met
with widespread stigma
A major depressive disorder — usually just called
―depression‖ — is different than the ―blues‖.
Someone experiencing depression is grappling with
feelings of severe despair over an extended period
of time. Almost every aspect of their life can be
affected, including their emotions, physical health,
relationships and work. For people with depression,
it does not feel like there is a ―light at the end of the
tunnel‖ — there is just a long, dark tunnel.
(Canadian Mental Health Association, 2014)
• can affect men and women of any
age, education, economic or social status
• occurs at an alarming rate
• Nearly three million Canadians will experience
depression at one point in their life.
• Most often affects people in their working
years, between ages 24 and 44.
• Some personal changes are:
irritability/hostility, withdrawal or extreme
others, hopelessness/despair, slowness of
speech, chronic fatigue, alcohol/drug abuse
• A fear with symptoms attached to it that disrupt one’s everyday
• Symptoms include:
• Racing pulse, heart palpitations, possibly even chest pain
• Shortness of breath, panting, dry mouth
• Nausea and/or vomiting
• Trembling, shaking, muscle tension
• Hot flashes and sweating, or chills
• Difficulties with sleep
• Inability to concentrate
• There are five types of anxiety disorders. They
1. Panic Disorders
3. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
4. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
5. 5. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Mental Illness -- Young
• A person with bipolar disorder displays all the
symptoms of a person with depression – except
there is a ―manic‖ side.
• They experience symptoms that include:
• Extreme optimism, euphoria and feelings of grandeur
• Rapid, racing thoughts and hyperactivity
• A decreased need for sleep
• Increased irritability
• Impulsiveness and possibly reckless behaviour
Substance Abuse & Mental
• When someone suffers from mental health issue
and the drug or alcohol addiction it’s known as co-
• Addiction is common in people with mental health
• Although substance abuse and mental health
disorders are closely linked, one does not directly
cause the other
Mental Illness in the
• Many employer’s are faced with employees who
suffer from mental illness.
• Every day, 500,000 Canadians miss work due to a
form of mental illness.
• Most employer’s have implemented an Employee
Assistance Program (EAP)
• EAPs help employees deal with personal
problems that might have an impact their work
performance, health, and well-being.
• I’ve attached an article regarding a mental health
facility that is to go up in Ottawa and the
―neighbours‖ opposing it.
How can society help?
• Eliminate the stigma! Start talking.
• Companies like Bell (let’s talk day) have started showing
initiative to help eliminate the stigma
• Many people use the example that if you had cancer, or
broke your leg you would have no problem going to the
doctor… So why is it so different with mental health?
• Considers that health and illness is related to
other changing factors in a person’s social life.
• People taking on many roles in their life helps
contribute to mental illness
• Wealth, status, and power, or the lack thereof
influence illness and health care
• There are many people who are not able to
access help for their mental illness because of
one of the above factors
• Focus on how meanings, definitions, and labels influence
health, illness and healthcare and; how such meanings are
learned through interaction with others and through media
messages and portrayals.
• STIGMA. MENTAL HEALTH.
• As it has been mentioned throughout the presentation, stigma
is what is holding people back from getting help. It is the barrier
that is stopping people from living to their full potential.
• People need to stop using the term ―bipolar‖ and other terms so
loosely. It is offensive and stops people from talking about their
illness because it’s always associated with negativity, when it’s
not necessarily a negative thing.
End the Stigma
Mental Health Commission of Canada. (2014). Issue: Stigma. Retrieved from
Canadian Mental Health Association. (2014). Depression. Retrieved from
Canadian Mental Health Association. (2014). Mental Health Statistics. Retrieved from
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. (2012). Mental illness and addiction statistics. Retrieved from
Ottawa Citizen. (2014, April 3). Chernushenko backs new building for mentally ill despite neighbours’
opposition. Retrieved from
Mooney, L., Holmes, M., Know, D., & Schacht, C. (2013). Understanding Social Problems. Toronto: Nelson