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SGP- Depression


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SGP- Depression

  1. 1. Depression By: Tiana Gooden
  2. 2. Thesis statement • Depression is a condition that effects many people and can lead to serious actions such as self-harm and suicide. However, there are successful ways to treat the condition if people seek out help.
  3. 3. Depression • More than having a bad day, feeling sad for a brief period or loss in life. • Illness that affects your feeling, thinking and act. • Not result of personal weakness • Can’t “get over” or “snap out of it.” “Keith Kramlinger, MD”
  4. 4. More about depression • The National Institute of Mental Health states that 18 million people suffer from depression in America alone. • “Untreated depression is the number one cause of suicide, and suicide is the third leading cause of death among teenagers. (NIMH)” • 20 percent of teenagers will suffer from depression right before adulthood. (
  5. 5. Facts on Depression • Depression is a condition that can last months to years if untreated. • Usually depression shows as a young adult. • Most people after treatment feel • “The majority (80-90%) of people who receive treatment for depression experience significant improvement, and almost all individuals gain some relief from their symptoms.” (
  6. 6. Suicide • Attempted suicide - when someone tries to take his or her life but doesn’t die • Completed Suicide - the person dies • Suicidal behavior - when talked about suicide, gives warning signs that there thinking about, planning suicide, is fascinated by death. “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
  7. 7. Self- Harm • People who hurt themselves on purpose • Someone who cuts himself uses sharp objects. • Others self-harmers might burn themselves or bruising themselves. Heather Barnett Veague Ph.D.
  8. 8. Self-Harm people • For some, self-harm is cry for help and might be a first step to a suicide attempt. • For others, self-harm is a coping mechanism that makes life more bearable. Heather Barnett Veague Ph.D.
  9. 9. Causes of self-harming • Childhood abuse • Alexithymia • Social influences • The brain and pain Heather Barnett Veague Ph.D.
  10. 10. Self-Harm and Mental illness • Autism • Tourettes • Schizophrenia and psychotic disorder • Obsessive-compulsive disorder • Trichotillomania • Body dysmorphic disorder • Borderline personality disorder • Impulsive self-harm and eating disorders Heather Barnett Veague Ph.D.
  11. 11. Cause of Depression • Illness • Stress • Age • Gender • Diet • Substance abuse • Medication “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
  12. 12. Drugs may cause Depression • Accutane • Benzodiazapines • Bith control • Clonidine • Cortisone • Digitalis • Indomethacin • Levodopa • Methyldopa • Phoenothiazines • Reserpine “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
  13. 13. Stages Mild Depression • Dysthymia • Less severe • Harder to treat the major depression • Diagnosed if depressed a least a year Major Depression • Major Depressive Disorder • Involves severe • Intense symptoms • 90 percent of kids depressed respond to treatment. “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
  14. 14. Emotional Symptoms Of Depression • Feeling sad, worthless, hopeless, numb, helpless • Feeling guilty • Irritability or restlessness • Loss of interest in former activities • Low energy • Concentration problems • Drop in grades or school performance • Neglecting appearances • Drug and alcohol abuse • Trouble making decisions • Thoughts or talk of death or suicide “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
  15. 15. What to watch for A Preschooler - Is listless - Isn’t interested in playing - Cries easily and more frequently A teenager - tired -Drops out of favorite activities - arguments with his or her parents and teachers -Refuses to do chores of homework -Engages in harmful behavior, such a cutting himself or herself -Has suicidal thoughts "Mayo Clinic"
  16. 16. A child in elementary school - listless and moody - irritable than usual - sad - discouraged -Complains - distant with family and friends - difficulty with schoolwork -Talks about death
  17. 17. A Teenager - tired -Drops out of favorite activities - arguments with his or her parents and teachers -Refuses to do chores of homework -Engages in harmful behavior, such a cutting himself or herself -Has suicidal thoughts "Mayo Clinic"
  18. 18. Risk For Depression • Are under stress • Have experienced loss • Have attention, learning, or conduct disorders • Are girls • Have a family history of depression “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
  19. 19. Risk for suicide • Depressed • Alcohol or drug problems • Gay or lesbian • Attempted suicide before • Come from homes where someone committed suicide • Are gifted • learning disabilities • pregnant • physically, emotionally, or sexually abuse “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
  20. 20. Suicide Warning Signs • Threats of suicide • Life crisis • Behavior change • Appearance change • Aggression • Mood change • Gift-giving • Withdrawal • Poor school performance “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
  21. 21. What suicidal teens need • talk with them openly and honestly. • Listen • get them the help they need • Suicidal teens need a caring friend… “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
  22. 22. listen A good listener • Gets friend suicidal thoughts out • Tell them you care • tell them there not alone Does not mean • Solve friend problems • saying the right things • make everything okay in friend’s life “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
  23. 23. Help friend through suicide crisis Do’s • Reach out • Ask questions • Show that you care • Encourage your friend to talk • No judgments • Talk openly about suicide • positive • Know limits • calm • People both can turn to • Get help • Act quickly if friend is in danger Don’t • friends problems sound unimportant • Act shocked • Taking weapon away from friend • Give up hope • Leaving friend alone when in crisis • Keep friends suicide plan secret “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
  24. 24. Referrals for treatment • Family doctors • Psychiatrists, psychologist, social workers, mental health counselors • Religious leaders • State hospital • Private clinics • Schools • Social service agencies “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
  25. 25. Work through your grief • feeling sad is normal • Cry when need • time with family and friends • Do things you enjoy • Active • Talk or write feelings • help others • come up with ideas on stopping teen suicide • Put your ides into action
  26. 26. Physical Symptoms of Depression • Appetite change • Back pain • Fatigue • Stomach or intestinal problems • Headaches • Muscle and joint pain • Sleep problems “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
  27. 27. To Write Love On Her Arms
  28. 28. To Write Love On Her Arms. • Mission Statement “To Write Love on Her Arms is a non-profit movement dedicated to presenting hope and finding help for people struggling with depression, addiction, self-injury and suicide. TWLOHA exists to encourage, inform, inspire and also to invest directly into treatment and recovery.” • TWLOHA believes that rescue is possible, communicating hope to others who know the struggle of living in a broken world. (
  29. 29. Treatment Centers and Helplines • National Hopeline Network (U.S.A.) - - 1- 800-SUICIDES • S.A.F.E. Alternatives - - Self Abuse Finally Ends • Childhelp – - 1-800-4-A-CHILD - National Child Abuse Hotline • National Eating Disorders Association - - 1-800-931-2237 • Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA) • • (800) 826-3632 (
  30. 30. Half Of Us (
  31. 31. Half of us • Through Half of Us, mtvU and The Jed Foundation want to initiate a public dialogue to raise awareness about the prevalence of mental health issues on campus and connect students to the appropriate resources to get help. • In planning for the campaign, mtvU conducted extensive research on how stress and depression are affecting college students nationwide. (