Assistive Technology. Integration Across the Curriculum.
Kristiana LightcapTechnology Facilitator
What is Assistive Technology? According to the Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 website defines Assistive Technology as, “any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of a child with a disability”US Department of Education, Building the Legacy: IDEA 2004. (2010). Retrieved December 3, 2011 fromhttp://idea.ed.gov/explore/view/p/%2Croot%2Cstatute%2CI%2CA%2C602%2C1%2C
Write:OutLoud ® is an easy-to-use talking word processor. Can speak letters, words, sentences, or any combination of the three. Listening to words encourages reluctant writers and eliminates frustration. Gives students the satisfaction and success that motivates them to write. Writing skills improve further when used with Co-Writer, a word prediction program, for increased typing efficiency and vocabulary enhancement. Write:OutLoud becomes a powerful tool for communication when usedDon Johnston (2011). Retrieved December 3, 2011and IntelliKeys® (IntelliTools). with Overlay Maker ® fromhttp://www.donjohnston.com/products/write_outloud/index.html
How do we use in the classroom?• 20 keyboards used in 7th and 8th grade• Helps students meet New Jersey Core Content Curriculum Language Arts Literacy Standards grade level specific.• Practice test taking skills and learn how to take notes.• Type instead of writing, helps students that struggle with fine motor skills (using a pen or pencil)• Helps with focus when used with headphones
• Learning of keyboarding• Word prediction and thesaurus• Helps with spelling, self editing of words and development of writing skills.• One key wireless infrared sensor to send to teachers computer, printer or Smart Board.• Use with Overlay Maker ® and IntelliKeys® (IntelliTools).
IntelliTools, Inc.IntelliTools (2011). Retrieved December 3, 2011 http://www.intellitools.com/default.html
IntelliTools (2011). Retrieved December 3, 2011 http://www.intellitools.com/default.html
How do we use in the classroom? The IntelliTools Systems help students that have limited use of gross motor functions and use this platform to assist with communication throughout the day in regular education and special education courses. The platform has specific software and overlays to help students build their reading, writing and math skills. Assists students with meeting New Jersey Core Content Curriculum specifically in Language Arts Literacy and Mathematics Standards, and can be applied any other content area.IntelliTools (2011). Retrieved December 3, 2011 http://www.intellitools.com/default.html
“Kurzweil 3000 is an educational assistive technology tool designed to support each individual student throughout a school system to attain academic success. For struggling readers English Language Learners as well as students with physical challenges, Kurzweil 3000 provides critical features for active and independent learning, participation in the integrated classroom, and more importantly, for keeping up with peers” -Kurzweil 3000 WebsiteKurzweil Education Systems (2011). Retrieved December 3, 2011 from http://www.kurzweiledu.com/kurzweil-3000-v13-windows.html
• Support for fluency, vocabulary, comprehension, writing, study skills, and test taking. • Allows for individualized instruction, readers can start and stop at own pace and re-read sections. • Easy-to-use tools for teachers to customize, access various digital file formats and printed materials, can scan any document or book for students to work on in the program.Kurzweil Education Systems (2011). Retrieved December 3, 2011 from http://www.kurzweiledu.com/kurzweil-3000-v13-windows.html
• Support for Special education and multi-tiered classrooms and is used daily in our language arts resource room for 7th and 8th grade.• A program based The Universal Design for Learning (UDL).• Multi-sensory approach which allows learners to see and hear grammar and punctuation.• Supports reading with notes, highlighting and editing tool functions.• Benefits regular education and students with disabilities in any content area under the NJCCCS with a focus on the Language Arts Literacy Standards.
SMART Technologies (2011), Screen Capture,Retrieved December 3, 2011 from http://www.smarttech.com/specialed
• Students respond well to visual images in a large format.• Easy to use, flexible for student and teacher. It has the ability to create, change, enhance written information and visual imagery• The interactive “touch” component allows students to interact like never before• Gives students a variety of ways to learn the information presented.• Benefits regular education and students with disabilities in any content area under the NJCCCS.SMART Technologies (2011), Screen Capture, Retrieved December 3, 2011 fromhttp://www.smarttech.com/specialed
FM Systems• The FM system is an Assistive Listening Devices (ALDs)• The ALD brings sound to a child’s ear so they can hear better at school, home and other settings.• The FM system will help a child hear a teacher more clearly by cutting down background noises
• They can help a child hear in a large room and will make faraway sounds seem closer to them.• Teachers talk into a microphone, the microphone is connected to a transmitter and the transmitter sends sound to a receiver.• The receiver gets the sound and plays it to a head set or hearing aid device.Overall FM Systems can be benefit for any child to hear the delivery of information for any subject area being learned.
Switching Devices• Switches help individuals with physical disabilities to learn about cause-and-effect, timing, and helps them operate devices.• Switches can be used by students that are non verbal to communicate needs or a message or a student without mobility can verbally activate a switch device.• Messages can be recorded into device and when a student pushes the devices it will respond/repeat the recorded message.
• Switches can be activated by touch, dials, foot, sensitivity, hands free, and by voice• This can help a nonverbal student with communicating a need such as “I am hungry” when words can not be spoken.• Communication is crucial to achieve learning in all areas of the curriculum.• Switches are used everyday in our self-contained student with disabilities classroom in a controlled setting with special education teachers.
Assistive Technology Assists Students in Achieving Success in the 21st Century Classroom New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards for 21st-Century Life and Careers• Standard 9.1 21st-Century Life and Career Skills: All students will demonstrate the creative, critical thinking, collaboration, and problem-solving skills needed to function successfully as both global citizens and workers in diverse ethnic and organizational cultures.• Standard 9.1 describes skills that prepare students to fully engage in civic and work life. The standard includes six strands, which reflect the Framework for 21st Century Learning: • Critical Thinking and Problem Solving • Creativity and Innovation • Collaboration, Teamwork, and Leadership • Cross-Cultural Understanding and Interpersonal Communication • Communication and Media Fluency • Accountability, Productivity, and EthicsNJ Department of Education, 21st Century Life and Careers Standards (2011). Retrieved December 3, 2011 fromhttp://www.state.nj.us/education/cccs/standards/9/
Technology Facilitator StandardsTF-I Technology Operations and ConceptsEducational technology facilitators demonstrate an in-depth understanding of technology operations andconcepts. Educational technology facilitators:B. Demonstrate continual growth in technology knowledge and skills to stay abreast of current and emergingtechnologies. Candidates:1. Model appropriate strategies essential to continued growth and development of the understanding oftechnology operations and concepts.TF-III Teaching, Learning, and the CurriculumEducational technology facilitators apply and implement curriculum plans that include methods and strategies forutilizing technology to maximize student learning. Educational technology facilitators:A. Facilitate technology-enhanced experiences that address content standards and student technology standards.Candidates:1. use methods and strategies for teaching concepts and skills that support integration of technology productivitytools (refer to NETS for Students).2. use and apply major research findings and trends related to the use of technology in education to supportintegration throughout the curriculum.5. use methods and strategies for teaching concepts and skills that support use of media-based tools such astelevision, audio, print materials, and graphics.7. use methods for teaching concepts and skills that support use of Web-based and non Web-based authoringtools in a school environment.
B. Use technology to support learner-centered strategies that address the diverse needs of students. Candidates:1. use methods and strategies for integrating technology resources that support the needs of diverse learnersincluding adaptive and assistive technology.C. Apply technology to demonstrate students higher-order skills and creativity. Candidates:1. use methods and facilitate strategies for teaching problem-solving principles and skills using technology resources.E. Use current research and district/regional/state/national content and technology standards to build lessons andunits of instruction. Candidates:1. describe and identify curricular methods and strategies that are aligned with district/regional/state/nationalcontent and technology standards.2. use major research findings and trends related to the use of technology in education to support integrationthroughout the curriculum.TF-IV Assessment and EvaluationEducational technology facilitators apply technology to facilitate a variety of effective assessment and evaluationstrategies. Educational technology facilitators:A. Apply technology in assessing student learning of subject matter using a variety of assessment techniques.Candidates:1. model the use of technology tools to assess student learning of subject matter using a variety of assessmenttechniques.TF-V Productivity and Professional PracticeEducational technology facilitators apply technology to enhance and improve personal productivity and professionalpractice. Educational technology facilitators:
A. Use technology resources to engage in ongoing professional development and lifelong learning. Candidates:1. identify resources and participate in professional development activities and professional technologyorganizations to support ongoing professional growth related to technology.2. disseminate information on district-wide policies for the professional growth opportunities for staff, faculty, andadministrators.B. Continually evaluate and reflect on professional practice to make informed decisions regarding the use oftechnology in support of student learning. Candidates:1. continually evaluate and reflect on professional practice to make informed decisions regarding the use oftechnology in support of student learning.C. Apply technology to increase productivity. Candidates:1. model advanced features of word processing, desktop publishing, graphics programs, and utilities to developprofessional products.2. assist others in locating, selecting, capturing, and integrating video and digital images in various formats for use inpresentations, publications, and/or other products.3. demonstrate the use of specific-purpose electronic devices (such as graphic calculators, language translators,scientific probeware, or electronic thesaurus) in content areas.5. use instructional design principles to develop hypermedia and multimedia products to support personal andprofessional development.6. select appropriate tools for communicating concepts, conducting research, and solving problems for an intendedaudience and purpose.7. use examples of emerging programming, authoring or problem-solving environments that supportpersonal/professional development.TF-VI Social, Ethical, Legal, and Human IssuesEducational technology facilitators understand the social, ethical, legal, and human issues surrounding the use oftechnology in PK-12 schools and assist teachers in applying that understanding in their practice. A. Model and teach legal and ethical practice related to technology use. Candidates:1. develop strategies and provide professional development at the school/classroom level for teaching social,ethical, and legal issues and responsible use of technology.
B. Apply technology resources to enable and empower learners with diverse backgrounds, characteristics, andabilities. Candidates:1. assist teachers in selecting and applying appropriate technology resources to enable and empower learnerswith diverse backgrounds, characteristics, and abilities.2. identify, classify, and recommend adaptive/assistive hardware and software for students and teachers withspecial needs and assist in the procurement and implementation.C. Identify and use technology resources that affirm diversity. Candidates:1. assist teachers in selecting and applying appropriate technology resources to affirm diversity and addresscultural and language differences.D. Promote safe and healthy use of technology resources. Candidates:1. assist teachers in selecting and applying appropriate technology resources to promote safe and healthy useof technology.E. Facilitate equitable access to technology resources for all students. Candidates:1. recommend policies and implement school/classroom strategies for achieving equitable access totechnology resources for all students and teachers.TF-VII Procedures, Policies, Planning, and Budgeting for Technology EnvironmentsEducational technology facilitators promote the development and implementation of technologyinfrastructure, procedures, policies, plans, and budgets for PK-12 schools. Educational technology facilitators:B. Follow procedures and guidelines used in planning and purchasing technology resources. Candidates:1. identify instructional software to support and enhance the school curriculum and developrecommendations for purchase.2. discuss and apply guidelines for budget planning and management procedures related to educationalcomputing and technology facilities and resources.7. describe and identify recommended specifications for purchasing technology systems in school settings.
TF-VIII Leadership and VisionEducational technology facilitators will contribute to the shared vision for campus integration of technology andfoster an environment and culture conducive to the realization of the vision. Educational technology facilitators:A. Use the school technology facilities and resources to implement classroom instruction. Candidates:1. discuss and evaluate current research in educational technology.B. Apply strategies for and knowledge of issues related to managing the change process in schools. Candidates:1. discuss the history of technology use in schools.D. Lead in the development and evaluation of district technology planning and implementation. Candidates:3. identify and discuss national, state, and local standards for integrating technology in a school environment.4. describe curriculum activities or performances that meet national, state, and local technology standards.5. discuss issues related to developing a school technology plan.
ReferencesDon Johnston (2011). Retrieved December 3, 2011 fromhttp://www.donjohnston.com/products/write_outloud/index.htmlKurzweil Education Systems (2011). Retrieved December 3, 2011 fromhttp://www.kurzweiledu.com/kurzweil-3000-v13-windows.htmlIntelliTools (2011). Retrieved December 3, 2011http://www.intellitools.com/default.htmlNJ Department of Education, 21st Century Life and Careers Standards (2011).Retrieved December 3, 2011 from http://www.state.nj.us/education/cccs/standards/9/SMART Technologies (2011). Retrieved December 3, 2011 fromhttp://www.smarttech.com/specialedUS Department of Education, Building the Legacy: IDEA 2004. (2010). RetrievedDecember 3, 2011 fromhttp://idea.ed.gov/explore/view/p/%2Croot%2Cstatute%2CI%2CA%2C602%2C1%2CWriterLearning (2011). Retrieved December 3, 2011 fromhttp://keyboardinstructor.com/writer_overview.php
Image ReferencesSlide 2Write Out Loud Logo http://assistivetech.sf.k12.sd.us/write_out_loud.htmSlide 3Write Out Loud Image Bookhttp://www.edb.utexas.edu/ATLab/Labinventory/Classroom/classroom-ld-writing.phpSlide 4Logo and quote http://mcn.educ.psu.edu/wordpressmu/atpennstate/2011/05/24/writeoutloud/Kids using software http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_D8lNYXESG-s/Sbfyavg2JfI/AAAAAAAAAG0/4AJ6pDtxXkU/s320/students_writeoutloud.jpgSlide 5Keyboard http://whitesindia.com/shoppe/images/NewTch.jpgWriting tools image http://watap.org/images/Devices/Software/LD/SoloSuite/SoloSuite_screenshot.jpgSlide 6IntelliTools Website screen capture http://www.intellitools.com/default.htmlSlide 7IntelliTools Website screen capture of IntelliKeys http://www.intellitools.com/programpage_intellikeys.htmlIntelliTools Website screen capture video http://www.intellitools.com/programpage_intellikeys.htmlSlide 8Boy on IntelliKeyshttp://www.at4learning.com/images/Client_on_Intellikeys.jpgKeyboard layouthttps://www.kansasworks.com/ada/disability/dis_dev_dsp.cfm?adiid=1&callingfile=dis_controller_dsp.cfm&hash=34E01F676EEFA934641AE222676C12FASlide 9Kerzweil 3000 logo http://www.techmatrix.org/ImageHandler.ashx?ID=156
Image References ContinuedSlide 10Kerzweil 3000 kids at computer http://microscience.on.ca/usrimage/K3000-photo.jpgKerzweil 2000 boy at computerhttp://simmonsatshowcase.wikispaces.com/file/view/SoutheasternVocTechHS.jpg/33644083/SoutheasternVocTechHS.jpgSlide 11Kerzweil 3000 spider example http://chicagotutor.net/Kurz.jpgKerzweil 3000 highlighting http://www.techready.co.uk/core/media/media.nl?id=3849&c=585712&h=1f3bbcb9fdccab9adb6dSlide 12SMART Technologies Website screen capture http://www.smarttech.com/specialedSlide 13SMART Board http://cfpmssmart.wikispaces.com/file/view/Smartboard-full.jpeg/33638557/Smartboard-full.jpegBoys at SMART Board https://scholar.vt.edu/access/content/user/elzahsc/Pictures/SmartBoard.jpgSlide 14FM System image http://sesa.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/AAfmFig1.gifSlide 15FM System set http://www.tecear.com/images/at216.jpgSlide 16Switch http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Cv-Eypo6nSU/TefgnSsK4eI/AAAAAAAAABo/FNgU22J9xDU/s1600/Big_Red_Switch.jpgSwitch board http://www.turningpointtechnology.com/img/Sx/BIL/FT070100.jpgSlide17Girl in Wheelchair http://education.gsu.edu/PhysicalDis/AT/images/Switch.jpgBoy using switch http://enablingdevicesblog.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/put-em-around2.jpg