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Session C105:  Creating and Funding New Initiatives  A Tale of (2.0) Repositories: Mapping History to Community Terence K....
What I Will Cover Today <ul><li>Digital Library Development—in two very different design streams </li></ul><ul><li>Resourc...
The Design Environment:  Wide Open! <ul><li>Digital library design requires rigorous skill—but the learning curve is manag...
Two Design Streams Stood Out: XML-METS and PHP5 <ul><li>An XML-based, METS-compliant repository of fully formed digital ob...
 
Advantages of METS-Compliant Digital Resources <ul><li>Highly structured </li></ul><ul><li>Recognizes the interlinked natu...
Beyond METS:  PHP5 is Powerful <ul><li>The open Web offers durable and compelling alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Open sour...
PHP5-Driven Repositories <ul><li>Are as flexible as your collective goals require </li></ul><ul><li>Give you the tools to ...
Strategic thinking should drive digital library development <ul><li>In some cases, the highly structured METS approach is ...
Our (2.0) Repositories <ul><li>California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO:  Proceedings and Papers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>METS co...
The California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO:  Proceedings and Papers <ul><li>100 years of California labor history </li></ul>...
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Online Archive of California <ul><li>Has a copy of the same collection </li></ul><ul><li>Has made it widely available ...
 
Greatest Impact:  Broad Access Creates New Research Potential <ul><li>The Internet paradigm of universal access remains po...
California’s Living New Deal Project <ul><li>Born of a moment of epiphany about FDR’s “New Deal” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The...
What Was Needed:  An Engaged Community <ul><li>Volunteers throughout California are part of a community of content provide...
Silicon Valley Mavericks: <ul><li>Wrote the code in Ruby on Rails </li></ul><ul><li>Did a great job of putting a site toge...
Two Organizational Collaborators <ul><li>The California Historical Society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paid staff and volunteer ...
 
 
 
 
 
Value Points of a PHP5 Approach <ul><li>Born digital by geographers, and focused on geospatial relationships—perfect for P...
Some (2.0) Conclusions <ul><li>Digital repository development is a strategic process that can showcase library skill to no...
URLs and References <ul><li>California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO:  Proceedings and Papers </li></ul><ul><li>--In the Onlin...
Session C105:  Creating and Funding New Initiatives  A Tale of (2.0) Repositories: Mapping History to Community Terence K....
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Huwe C105 Ili08 Ppt Pres 3

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Presentation give at Internet Librarian International Conference, London, October 2008

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Huwe C105 Ili08 Ppt Pres 3

  1. 1. Session C105: Creating and Funding New Initiatives A Tale of (2.0) Repositories: Mapping History to Community Terence K. Huwe Institute for Research on Labor and Employment University of California, Berkeley Internet Librarian International October 16, 2008
  2. 2. What I Will Cover Today <ul><li>Digital Library Development—in two very different design streams </li></ul><ul><li>Resource: The California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO: Proceedings and Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Resource: California’s Living New Deal Project </li></ul><ul><li>What they are and how they were funded </li></ul><ul><li>How they each engage and build community, in different ways </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic lessons we learned—and how they may transfer to other settings </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Design Environment: Wide Open! <ul><li>Digital library design requires rigorous skill—but the learning curve is manageable </li></ul><ul><li>Digital repositories are more flexible than full-scale archives </li></ul><ul><li>Repositories can be repurposed as “Thematic Web Sites” </li></ul><ul><li>A repository can be built using different tools, and with varied goals in mind </li></ul><ul><li>We chose two distinct developmental directions to achieve different goals </li></ul><ul><li>We matched our technical to our user community needs </li></ul>
  4. 4. Two Design Streams Stood Out: XML-METS and PHP5 <ul><li>An XML-based, METS-compliant repository of fully formed digital objects, persistent and backed by a dark archive as well </li></ul><ul><li>METS: Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard </li></ul><ul><li>The METS schema is a standard for encoding descriptive, administrative, and structural metadata regarding objects within a digital library, expressed using the XML schema language of the World Wide Web Consortium. The standard is maintained in the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress, and is being developed as an initiative of the Digital Library Federation. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Advantages of METS-Compliant Digital Resources <ul><li>Highly structured </li></ul><ul><li>Recognizes the interlinked nature of administrative, descriptive and structural information as fundamental elements of the digital object </li></ul><ul><li>Enables you, the developer, to create very detailed finding aids using Encoded Archival Description (EAD) </li></ul>
  6. 7. Beyond METS: PHP5 is Powerful <ul><li>The open Web offers durable and compelling alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Open source Web programming languages are sophisticated </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the features of METS-based resources can be mimicked and even improved upon </li></ul><ul><li>The answer: PHP5 </li></ul>
  7. 8. PHP5-Driven Repositories <ul><li>Are as flexible as your collective goals require </li></ul><ul><li>Give you the tools to create quality sites based on database-driven Web design </li></ul><ul><li>PHP5 is free and supported by a large open source constituency </li></ul><ul><li>It Compares well with Rails and other programming platforms </li></ul>
  8. 9. Strategic thinking should drive digital library development <ul><li>In some cases, the highly structured METS approach is best </li></ul><ul><li>But if speed, “public relations” and overall program needs require faster action, PHP5 may be a better choice </li></ul>
  9. 10. Our (2.0) Repositories <ul><li>California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO: Proceedings and Papers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>METS compliant, and conforms to all international standards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>California’s Living New Deal Project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PHP5, running our Sun server, well-written, home grown programming </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. The California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO: Proceedings and Papers <ul><li>100 years of California labor history </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conference proceedings, legislative voting records, newspapers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>California’s labor history—from the gold rush onward—has been highly influential in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>The California Labor Federation was actively interested in the project </li></ul><ul><li>The University of California Labor and Employment Research Fund provided generous funding </li></ul>
  11. 18. The Online Archive of California <ul><li>Has a copy of the same collection </li></ul><ul><li>Has made it widely available </li></ul><ul><li>A detailed finding aid will be uploaded in fall 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>OAC uses a standard display so the collection conforms to that display </li></ul><ul><li>We were the “pilot” project for contributing PDF-format objects to the OAC </li></ul>
  12. 20. Greatest Impact: Broad Access Creates New Research Potential <ul><li>The Internet paradigm of universal access remains powerful </li></ul><ul><li>Very deep silos of knowledge, like this one become available to all </li></ul><ul><li>100 years of labor history on your desktop screen </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration between the Labor Movement and faculty who study labor </li></ul>
  13. 21. California’s Living New Deal Project <ul><li>Born of a moment of epiphany about FDR’s “New Deal” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The artifacts are everywhere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>21 st century U.S. students may not know the full story of the New Deal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A group of impassioned geographers, historians and photographers got to work </li></ul>
  14. 22. What Was Needed: An Engaged Community <ul><li>Volunteers throughout California are part of a community of content providers—citizen documentarians in a sense </li></ul><ul><li>Many are archivists and historians themselves </li></ul><ul><li>UC Berkeley Ph.D. candidates review the work they compile for entry into the Web resource </li></ul>
  15. 23. Silicon Valley Mavericks: <ul><li>Wrote the code in Ruby on Rails </li></ul><ul><li>Did a great job of putting a site together---chicken wire and chewing gum included </li></ul><ul><li>IRLE Library Web staff rewrote the entire Web site in PHP5 </li></ul><ul><li>It’s now running on our Sun server but may migrate to the UC Berkeley Web farm </li></ul><ul><li>Key value point: PERSISTENCE! </li></ul>
  16. 24. Two Organizational Collaborators <ul><li>The California Historical Society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paid staff and volunteer coordinators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Columbia Foundation, our funding partner </li></ul><ul><li>The University is the custodian of the scholarly output, but it “belongs” emotionally to many groups in the community too </li></ul>
  17. 30. Value Points of a PHP5 Approach <ul><li>Born digital by geographers, and focused on geospatial relationships—perfect for PHP5 </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a straightforward way for vastly different organizations to collaborate and create their own “smart mob” </li></ul><ul><li>Has caused considerable excitement among Roosevelt scholars and may be adopted </li></ul><ul><li>Is expandable, transferrable and easy to edit </li></ul>
  18. 31. Some (2.0) Conclusions <ul><li>Digital repository development is a strategic process that can showcase library skill to non-librarians </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the appropriate information architecture based on user needs </li></ul><ul><li>Build interactive features into the architecture—or tie them on (e.g. blogs) </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on community by giving everybody as much direct access as possible </li></ul>
  19. 32. URLs and References <ul><li>California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO: Proceedings and Papers </li></ul><ul><li>--In the Online Archive of California: http://content.cdlib.org/search?style=oac-img&sort=title&relation=ark:/13030/kt0489q6r6 </li></ul><ul><li>California’s Living New Deal Project: http://livingnewdeal.berkeley.edu </li></ul><ul><li>IRLE Library Home: http://www.irle.library.berkeley.edu </li></ul><ul><li>METS Home Page at the Library of Congress: http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/ </li></ul><ul><li>California Historical Society: http://www.californiahistoricalsociety.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>The Columbia Foundation: http://www.columbiafoundation.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Library of Congress METS Tools and Utilities: http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/mets-tools.html </li></ul>
  20. 33. Session C105: Creating and Funding New Initiatives A Tale of (2.0) Repositories: Mapping History to Community Terence K. Huwe Institute for Research on Labor and Employment University of California, Berkeley Internet Librarian International October 16, 2008

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