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Understanding research philosophies

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Understanding research philosophies

  1. 1. Understanding ResearchPhilosophiesand Approaches Thushara Bandaranayake
  2. 2. Characteristics of researchparadigm• Ontology – Researchers view of the nature of reality . What assumptions do we make about the way in witch the world works• Epistemology – What nature of knowledge. Researchers view on what constitutes acceptable knowledge. What is the relationship between the knower (the researcher) and the know(able)?• Axiology – Researchers view on role of value/ethics in research methodology. How should the researcher/inquirer go about finding out knowledge?
  3. 3. Research Onion
  4. 4. Research philosophy ‘Research philosophy is an over-arching termrelating to the development of knowledge andthe nature of that knowledge’A paradigm is ‘a basic set of beliefs that guideaction.
  5. 5. Pillars of ResearchPhilosophy• Positivism (Reality )• Realism (objects exists independently of our knowledge)• Interpretivism (Understand the difference between humans in their role as social actors)• Pragmatism (Arguing that it is possible to work within both positivist & interpretivist)
  6. 6. Pillars of ResearchPhilosophy• Positivism - Tries to uncover the one truth about how things are – or a least what we focus on. A structured method, combining logical deductionwith precise empirical (well known) observations (ofthe behavior of individuals),To open up and confirm causal relationships that aregenerally valid with a known probability and whichcan therefore be used for prediction.purpose of science is to uncover the truth & make itto be able to control and predict.
  7. 7. Pillars of ResearchPhilosophyPositivism –*Humans are expected to be rational.*Objectivity and precision is important.* Therefore measurement and measures, toolsand procedures are very important. Becausereality is stable and truths are generally valid.
  8. 8. Comparisonon fourresearchphilosophiesinmanagement research
  9. 9. Reference : http://www.slideserve.com/zarifa/research-philosophies-and-approaches
  10. 10. THANK YOU..

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