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Analysis: EIA report on Oil Exploratory block in Block 2B Wajir, Kenya


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Discussion on Environmental and Social Impacts Assessment Study

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Analysis: EIA report on Oil Exploratory block in Block 2B Wajir, Kenya

  2. 2. IDENTIFICATION OF PROPONENT: Lion Petroleum Corp is company registered as an oil exploration company in Kenya and dully licensed by the government of Kenya to prospect for oil and gas in Block 2B, Wajir Kenya.
  3. 3. Location of the Project
  4. 4. Drilling oil and gas exploratory well Project Description Exploratory drilling (60-90 days) Establishing a base camp Site preparation Setting up well foundation Drilling and restoration of the well site Short duration activities
  5. 5. Oil and Gas exploration to production life cycle
  6. 6. Scoping Using Checklist Identification of potential negative impacts of the environment Air quality and noise Soil erosion Road traffic and safety Changed land use Loss of vegetation Loss of biodiversity Public health Community issues
  7. 7. SCOPE OF EIA STUDY Under the scope of EIA it is envisaged: •To assess existing status of air, noise, water, land, biological and socioeconomic components of environment •To identify and quantify significant impacts of the campsite and the proposed drilling operations on various environmental components •To evaluate proposed pollution prevention and control measures •To prepare a pragmatic environmental and social management plan (ESMP) outlining control technologies and or practices to be adopted for avoiding and mitigating adverse impacts •To delineate post-project environmental quality monitoring programme to be implemented
  8. 8. METHODOLOGY FOR EIA Keeping in view the nature of activities envisaged and environmental impacts assessment guidelines and regulations of 2003, the area around proposed exploration well site was studied for the purpose of environmental impact assessment studies. The work to be carried out for each of the environmental components is briefly reported below and described in details for the purpose of showing the extent the study report will cover. Air Environment •Collection of surface meteorological data like wind speed, wind direction, relative humidity, rainfall, ambient temperature etc. •Collection of ambient air quality data Noise Environment Establishing existing status of noise levels in residential, commercial, industrial areas and silence zones within the block area. Land Environment Collection and assessment of representative soil samples within the study Area Assessment of productivity and fertility of soil found within the study area.
  9. 9. Water Environment Collection of surface and ground water resources for determining quality of water in the study Area Biological Environment •Collection of data on flora and fauna including rare and endangered species within the block area •Collection of information on wildlife sanctuaries / reserve forest if any in the vicinity of the project area •Assessment of species diversity, density, abundance etc., in the study region. Socio-economic Environment Collection of baseline data including demographic details, such as households, population, literacy, employment pattern, general health, tribal, transport, communication & welfare facilities such as hospitals, educational institutions, project awareness amongst the public, infrastructure facilities, economic resources, cultural and aesthetic attributes etc. as per the requirements under.
  10. 10. Mitigation Measures It is recommended that all equipment are operated within specified design parameters during the preparation, construction, drilling and decommissioning phases both for the camp and the drilling activities. Environmental and Social Management Plan Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) will be drawn after identifying, predicting and evaluating the significant impacts on each component of the environment with a view to maximizing the benefits from proposed project. Anticipated Environmental Impacts •Identification of Environmental Impacts associated with exploratory drilling •Prediction of adverse impacts due to activities related to proposed exploratory drilling.
  11. 11. Baseline social and economic conditions Project sites Administrative Units Baseline Social Conditions Settlement Patterns Population Distribution in the project area Land- use Religion and Culture Gender and Children Affairs Youth Employment Levels of Poverty Housing Health Baseline Economic Conditions Trade, Tourism  Industry Physical Infrastructure
  12. 12. Consultation Method The method of consultation used included: •Public meetings where representatives of the local community aired their views for and against the proposed project. •Focused groups discussions with the chiefs and sub- chiefs from the area •One to one interviews •Information gathering through questionnaires. •The report of the analyzed questionnaire is included in session.
  13. 13. Legend of negative impact categorization
  14. 14. Impact Valuation Matrix Comment: With an impact valuation of 2.17 the overall impacts of the project are within
  15. 15. Linkages and Concerns
  16. 16. . POTENTIAL IMPACTS AND PROPOSED ENVIRONMENTAL MITIGATION MEASURES Table showing Anticipated impacts at different phases of the development
  17. 17. A) Levels of potential negative impacts Table showing Analysis of environmental issues and their potential impacts
  18. 18. Table showing Impacts on Geological Resources
  19. 19. Table showing Impact on Water Resource
  20. 20. Table showing Impacts on humans and socio-economics
  21. 21. POLICY, LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE/INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK •The Environmental Management and Coordination Act, 1999 •Environmental Management and Coordination Act •Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations •Environmental Management and Coordination Act (Environmental •Management Regulations) •Waste Management Regulations, 2006 (Legal Notice No. 121) •Water Resources Management Rules (2007) •The Public Health Act (Cap. 242) •Land Acquisition Act (Cap. 295) •Public Roads and Roads of Access Act (Cap. 399) •The Wildlife Conservation and Management Act (Cap 376) •Factories Act •The Mining Act (Cap. 306) •Transport Licensing Act •Physical Planning Act (Cap286) •The Land Planning Act (Cap. 303) •Agricultural Act (Cap 218) The Legal Statute
  22. 22. •National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) •Environment and Development (Sessional Paper No. 6 of 1999) •The Wildlife Policy (Sessional Paper No. 3 of 1975) •The National Biodiversity Strategy •The National Poverty Eradication Plan (NPEP) and the Poverty Reduction Strategies Paper(PRSP) •Vision 2030 •Relevant International Agreements •Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) Selected Policies
  23. 23. The Environment and Social Management Plan (ESMP): Design and Construction Phase
  24. 24. ESMP: Operation Phase
  25. 25. ESMP: Decommissioning Phase
  26. 26. THANK YOU!!!!