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THE REPORTED SPEECH SAMSUN FINAL SCHOOLS

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THIS SLIDE IS PREPARED BY TAHSIN SANCILI, SAMSUN PRIVATE FINAL SCHOOLS

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THE REPORTED SPEECH SAMSUN FINAL SCHOOLS

  1. 1. SAMSUN PRIVATE FINAL SCHOOLS<br />
  2. 2. THE REPORTED SPEECH(Alsocalled “IndirectSpeech”)<br />
  3. 3. DirectSpeech<br /><ul><li>BeforelearningReportedSpeech(IndirectSpeech), onemustknowwhatdirectspeechis.
  4. 4. Indirectspeech, werepeatwhattheoriginalspeakersays.</li></ul> He said, “I have a ticketfortheconcerttomorrow.”<br />DirectSpeech<br />
  5. 5. ReportedSpeech (IndirectSpeech)<br />Inreportedspeech, wegivethesamemeaning of thespeechwithoutusingthespeaker’sownwords.<br /> He said (that) he had a ticketfortheconcertthenextday.<br />That is optional<br />
  6. 6. ReportedSpeech (IndirectSpeech)<br />Whenweconvertdirectspeechintoindirectspeech, somechangesarenecessary.<br />
  7. 7. Change of Tenses in IndirectSpeech<br />DirectSpeechIndirectSpeech<br />SimplePresentSimplePast<br />PresentContinuousPastContinues<br />PresentPerfectPastPerfect<br />PresentPerf. Cont. PastPerfectCont.<br />SimplePastPastPerfect<br />WillWould<br />
  8. 8. He explained “I neversmoke.”<br />(Presentsimple tense)<br />He explained (that) he neversmoked.<br />(SimplePast Tense)<br />He said “I’veappliedfor a job.” <br />(Presentperfect tense)<br />He saidthathe’dappliedfor a job.<br />(Pastperfect tense)<br />Change of Tenses in IndirectSpeech<br />Examples<br />
  9. 9. NOTE<br />NOTE<br /> IN THEORY PAST TENSES CHANGE TO THE PAST PERFECT TENSE, BUT IN DAILY SPEECH, IT IS OFTEN UNCHANGED. <br />
  10. 10. Change of Time in IndirectSpeech<br />DirectSpeechIndirectSpeech<br />Todaythatday<br />Yesterdaythedaybefore<br />Tomorrowthenext /thefollowingday<br />Nextweek/yearetc. The followingweek/yearetc.<br />Lastweek/yearetc. The previousweek/yearetc.<br />A yearagoetc. A yearbefore/thepreviousyear<br />
  11. 11. “I saw her yesterday.”, he said.<br /> He saidthathe’dseen her thedaybefore.<br />Shesaid in a sadmanner “Myfatherdieda yearago.”<br />Shesaidthat her father had diedthepreviousyear.<br />Change of Time in IndirectSpeech<br />Examples<br />
  12. 12. SomeAlternativeIntroductoryVerbs<br />AddMr. Ergen taught us war of independence and he alsoaddedthattheTurkishRepublic had beenfounded in 1923. <br />AdmitHe admittedthat he had done somesillymistakes.<br />Answer<br />Assure + obj. Itwon’tcostmuch. Tomassured us.<br />Tomassured us that it wouldn’tcostmuch.<br />Deny<br />Explain<br />Object<br />Promise<br />Remind + obj.<br />Reply<br />YOU CAN ADD LOTS OF SENTENCES LIKE THIS<br />
  13. 13. ReportedQuestions<br />Whenwereportquestions, wegenerallyusetheverb“ask sbd. (if/whether), wonderorwanttoknow”. Iftheoriginalquestion has the WH- words (What, where, whenetc.) weusethesamequestionword in thereportedquestion.<br />He asked, “What do youwant?”<br />He askedmewhat I wanted.<br />Sheasked, “Where do youlive?”<br />Shewondered (wantedtoknow) where I lived.<br />
  14. 14. Wereporttheimperativeswith “to”. <br />He said, “Closethewindow”. <br />He told (ordered ) metoclosethewindow.<br />Imperatives<br />
  15. 15. Time toPractice<br />1.” I’mgoingoutnow, but I’ll be in by nine.”he said.<br />He saidthat he wasgoingoutthen but he’d be in bynine.<br />2. “I’mworking in a restaurant, and don’tearnmuch” shesaid.<br />Shesaid (that) shewasworking in a restaurant, and didn’tearnmuch.<br />3. Bonniesaid, “I won’thelpyou”.<br />Bonniesaidthatshewouldn’thelpme. <br />4. Jennyasked, “WhenwillyougotoSpain?”<br />Jennywantedtoknowwhen I wouldgotoSpain.<br />5. Henry told, “Myfriendsarelookingforpart time jobs.”<br />Henry toldmethat his friendswerelookingforpart time jobs.<br />6. Berkay: “Can youintroducemetothatgirl?”<br />Berkay askedif I couldintroducehimtothatgirl.<br />
  16. 16. Time toPractice<br />Whostolemywallet?<br />Can I helpyou?<br />Jackaskedthe police who’dstolen his wallet<br />Frank askedif he couldhelp us<br />
  17. 17. Time toPractice<br />Tedasked his teacherwhether he really had to do thathomework.<br />Howmuchmoneywill I earnthismonth?<br />Do I reallyhaveto do thishomework?<br />Fredwonderedhowmuchmoneyhe’dearnthatmonth.<br />
  18. 18. SAMSUN PRIVATE FINAL SCHOOLS<br />TAHSİN SANCILI TEACHER OF ENGLISH<br />

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