Asanga abeyagoonasekara

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Asanga abeyagoonasekara

  1. 1. Brief Overview of Corruption in Sri Lanka by Asanga Abeyagoonesekera by Asanga Abeyagoonesekera Source: Island, January 8, 2014
  2. 2. Global Corruption Perception Index 2011 - 2012 2011 Annual Global Corruption Perception Index 2011 Sri Lanka was placed at the 86th position among 183 countries. 2012 Annual Global Corruption Perception Index 2012 Sri Lanka is placed in the 79th position among 176 countries. Sri Lanka placed 91st in Global Corruption Perception Index (2013)
  3. 3. “Among the South Asian countries, Sri Lanka ranks second above India, Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Only Bhutan (31) has fared better than Sri Lanka. In the Asia Pacific region Sri Lanka is ranked at number nine.” Source: http://www.ft.lk/2013/12/04/sri-lanka-down-12-places-in-corruption-perception-index/
  4. 4. Example of corruption of high level government Officials “Case against Homagama Judge: Further report from Bribery Commission tomorrow “ The Bribery Commission will tomorrow file a further report before the Colombo Chief Magistrate Gihan Pilapitiya in connection over the arrest of the Homagama District Judge Sunil Abeysinghe and his Security Officer Police Constable Mahinda Kithsiri. They have been remanded until tomorrow.The Bribery Commission officials arrested them for allegedly taking a bribe of Rs. 300,000 from a plaintiff in a case pending before the Homagama District Court promising to give the order in her favour. ” Source :http://www.sundaytimes.lk/130609/news/case-against-homagama -judge-further-report-from-bribery-commission-tomorrow-47911.html
  5. 5. Examples of Low level Corruption of Government Officials Sri Lanka police arrest 4 police officers for taking bribe on a murder • Nov 20, Colombo: Sri Lanka police today arrested four police officers including an Officer-In-Charge (OIC) for taking a bribe to hide evidence on a murder case. Source:http://www.colombopage.com/archive_13B/Nov21_1384978498CH.php “Payagala Traffic OIC remanded on bribery charge” Payagala Traffic Officer-in-Charge, Sub Inspector Kodagoda Weeratunga, arrested by Bribery sleuths on Saturday morning for soliciting Rs. 10,000 from a trishaw driver in the area, was remanded till January 17 Source : http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=95384
  6. 6. Examples of Low level corruption allegations “The Labour Officer attached to District Labour Office – Matale had solicited Rs.300,000/= from the complainant alleging non payment of EPF remittances on behalf of the employees attached to the complainant’s garage. The Labour Officer was taken in to custody by the Investigating Officers of the CIABC on 18/09/2013 while accepting Rs.150,000/= as an advance.” Source: http://www.ciaboc.gov.lk/web/index.php? option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=34&Itemid=2&lang=en
  7. 7. “Transparency International Sri Lanka believes there is a need to strengthen the anti–corruption mechanisms in Sri Lanka.” - S. Ranugge, Executive Director of TISL Source:http://www.transparency.org/
  8. 8. 1. Commission to Investigate Allegations of Bribery and Corruption 2. Public Services Commission 3. Committee on Public Enterprises (COPE) Anti-corruption mechanisms in Sri Lanka
  9. 9. • The Commission to Investigate Allegations of Bribery or Corruption was established by Act No. 19 of 1994 to provide the establishment of a permanent Commission to Investigate Allegations of Bribery or Corruption and to direct the institution of prosecutions for offences under the Bribery Act and the Declaration of Assets and Liabilities Law, No. 1 of 1975. • The first Commission was commenced its activities from 15th December 1994. • The Commission consist of three members, two of whom shall be retired Judges of the Supreme Court or of the Court of Appeal and one of whom shall be a person with wide experience relating to the investigation of crime and law enforcement. • Every member of the Commission hold office for a period of five years and shall not be eligible for re-appointment. Commission to Investigate Allegations of Bribery and Corruption
  10. 10. Public Services Commission “To  Establish and Promote an Efficient, Disciplined  and Contented Public Service to Serve the Public  with Fairness, Transparency and Consistency”     The commission is established in order to alleviate  corruption and bribery in the Public sector in order  to establish a transparent public service. Source: http://www.psc.gov.lk/web/index.php?lang=en
  11. 11. Committee on Public Enterprises (COPE) A Parliamentary Select Committee  to examine the accounts of  Public Corporations and of any Business Undertaking  vested in the Government Source: http://www.parliament.lk/en/component/committees/commitee/showCommittee?id=9&type=committee&Itemid=106 “The COPE, the parliamentary watchdog committee  on financial  performances at state bodies namely boards, bureaus,  commissions and   authorities, has furnished its interim report   spotlighting financial malpractices and   irregularities at 32 institutions which came under scrutiny so far this year.”  (2012) Source:http://www.dailymirror.lk/opinion/172-opinion/23001-is-there-any-hope-in-cope.html
  12. 12. •“The Declaration of Assets and Liabilities Law        The purpose of this law (consisting of Acts No. 1 of 1975, No. 29 of 1985 and  amending Act No. 74 of 1988) was to monitor the acquisition of wealth by public  servants, politicians and others through bribery and corruption.” •Prevention of Money Laundering Act       This act (No. 5 of 2006) makes it an offence to engage in financial transactions to hide  the identity or source of money generated from illegal activities as defined in section  38 of the act. The illegal activities include bribery.  •Financial Transactions Reporting Act       This act (No. 6 of 2006) should be read together with the above Prevention of Money  Laundering Act. This legislation provides that the institution accepting money or  valuables should verify the identity of the customer.  •The Office of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration (Ombudsman)      The office of the ombudsman was established under the Second Republican  Constitution to offer the public with an opportunity to have their injustices and  disputes resolved in an economical and expeditious manner. •United Nations Convention against Corruption        The United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) was adopted by the UN  General Assembly on 31 October 2003 and came into force on 14 December 2005. As of  November 2007 it had been signed by 140 nations and as of September 2008 ratified  by 125. Sri Lanka signed the convention on 15 March 2004 and ratified it on 31 March  2004.” Source:  http://www.humanrights.asia/resources/journals-magazines/article2/0903/bribery-corrup
  13. 13. I paid a bribe.lk Most Venerable Suganadhama Thero of the Vidyalankara Pirivana launching the website on 9th Nov 2013 “Sri Lanka launches a new website to tackle bribery and corruption” Source: http://www.news360.lk
  14. 14. Diri Saviya Foundation 16 Non governmental not for profit. I have dedicated Diri Saviya foundation to my father who believed in creating a better life for all Sri Lankans. He fought against corruption and to create Democratic nation. Diri Saviya foundation focuses on its vision to create a harmonious society with dignity by empowering our people with the right tools. At Diri Saviya we are committed to improve our society.
  15. 15. Recommendations • Empowerment of individuals to report on bribery tools, such as Ipaidabribe.com customized into both Sinhalese and Tamil • Person to Person (P2P) Bribery can be minimized by increasing the salaries of civil servants who work in a bureaucratic environment. • Minimize rigid regulations, administrative practices and bureaucratic environment. • Empower and educate people on the mechanism available for dealing with bribery and corruption. • Strengthen the system available for corruption and bribery • Reward acts of exposure by persons in order to encourage transparency within the system.

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