==== ====Get free e-books on a variety of topics from Affiliate Marketing to how to heal with crystals.http://aspdfdownloadaspdf.blogspot.com/==== ====The rhizome Ginger (Zingiber officinale) has been used in Asia for centuries as a culinary spiceand as a medicinal for the treatment of various ailments. The milder young ginger root as well asthe more pungent mature root is used in Chinese and Japanese cuisine to flavor dishes. In theQing Dynasty it was even used to make a ginger-flavored liqueur called Canton. In Great Britainginger is used in the production of a spirited beverage called Crabbies Green Ginger Wine. Boththe Orientals and Arabs use ginger infusions to flavor their coffee and tea, while in the West thetraditional use is to flavor cookies and candies, and in the beverage ginger ale.A most unusual use of ginger was amongst pre-WWI British mounted regiments when duringpublic ceremonies a peeled ginger root suppository was placed in the horses rectum. The practiceknown as figging (or feauging), resulted in a burning sensation, while leaving no permanentdamage; it made the horses hold their heads and tails high. As you can well imagine this practicein humans is observed within the S&M community.In medicine, Ginger root (a misnomer as it is not a root but rather a horizontal subterranean stem)is use by TCM doctors for gastrointestinal illness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and arthritic disease.In the United States it has been used to treat gastrointestinal upset, nausea, motion sickness,pregnancy-induced nausea and arthritis mostly in folk medicine and alternative medicine. It maybe gradually gaining acceptance in traditional western medicine in this country with recentscientific studies reporting positive outcomes.The flavor and characteristic sent of ginger root is due to a mixture of zingerone, shoagoles andgingerols which are the volatile oils making up about 3% of the dry weight of fresh ginger.Gingerols are the medicinal components having analgesic, sedative, antipyretic, antiemetic andantibacterial properties in addition to reducing gastrointestinal motility. Gingerol ( -gingerol ) is arelative of capsaicin, the compound that gives peppers their hot spicy taste. When gingerol isexposed to heat (such as in cooking) it is transformed into zingerone with its more palatable lesspungent and spicy-sweet aroma.The mechanism of action of ginger is poorly understood, however the antiemetic properties maybe due to inhibition of serotonin receptors which exert affect directly on the gastrointestinal andcentral nervous system. The use of ginger in the treatment of arthritic disease such asosteoarthritis and rheumatism may be due to the fact that ginger inhibits the activation of tumornecrosis factor-alfa (TNF-a) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression, thus acting as an anti-inflammatory agent.Ginger has been used for years as an over-the-counter preparation for treating motion sicknesswithout the drowsiness of medications such as dimenhydrinate (Dramamine). It apparently workspretty well, according to some scientific studies conducted on seagoing naval cadets. While a
rather entertaining "scientific" study on Discovery TVs hit show the MythBusters explored [in"Episode 43: Seasickness - Kill or Cure" (premiered: Nov. 16, 2005 )] several non-pharmaceuticalremedies along with placebo to tackle Adams very sensitive motion sickness. Ginger happened tobe one of the more successful "home remedies" to combat this illness on the show. Now back todouble-blinded peer reviewed published studies. In pregnancy-induced nausea several trials showcomparable effectiveness with vitamin B6 and superiority over placebo of ginger to controlmorning sickness. The Cochrane review showed ginger as a safe (for baby and mommy) andeffective antiemetic in pregnancy.There are also studies to substantiate the use of ginger in post-operative nausea (postanesthesia). Ginger did not fare as well in controlling chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomitinghowever.How does ginger stack up when treating arthritic pain? Where several studies showed mixedresults when ginger was used to treat osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, a couple of trials didshow statistically significant pain relief and reduction in swelling with the use of ginger. Ginger hasalso been studied in in vitro models and animals for conditions ranging from the treatment ofbacterial and fungal infections, cancers and as anti-hypertensive agents. However, not many havebeen successfully studied in humans.There does not appear to be any significant toxicity with Ginger. Although the FDA considersGinger rather safe, there is a theoretical risk when used with the blood thinner warfarin(Coumadin). At high doses Ginger may cause elevation in protimes (PT) of those who take thismedication. The only other caution to be observed is the use of this herb in people with gallbladderdisease; those suffering gallstones may have an exacerbation in their condition as ginger releasesbile from the gallbladder.Clinical trials typically use 250 mg to 1000 mg of standardized powdered ginger root in capsularform. This dose is taken anywhere from once to four times a day. For pregnancy-induced nauseastudies a successful regiment is 250 mg four times daily has been used.In my neck of the woods a common beverage consumed by folks today started out as a localmedicinal. The "world famous" Blenheim Ginger Ale is bottled less than 15 miles from my home inBennettsville, SC. Blenheim Ginger Ale is named after the natural mineral spring in Blenheim, SC.Dr. C. R. May in the late 1800s advised patients to drink this mineral water to sooth their upsetstomachs. When it was reported that the remedy worked, but that many of the patients disliked thestrong mineral taste of the water he added Jamaican Ginger to the water, thus spawning the nowfamous ginger ale. Jamaican Ginger has historically been used as a medicinal. It is classified as astimulant and carminative for treatment of dyspepsia and colic and the tea brewed from the rootwas a folk remedy for colds. In 1903 Dr. May teamed up with a partner to bottle the product underthe Blenheim Bottling Company. To this day it is considered the oldest and smallest bottlingcompany in America. Some folks today use the "HOT" red-topped Blenheim Ginger Ale more as amedicinal than a soft drink for the treatment of sore throats, colds, the flu, and to settle theirstomachaches. Renown journalist Charles Kuralt in his famous "On the Road" TV series featuredthe ginger ale on one of his episodes, and Penn Jillette (of the comic-magic duo Penn &Teller) is reportedly a big fan of the beverage. Penn was pictured on the cover of a September1994 Wired magazine issue wearing a Blenheim T-Shirt, bottle in hand. Cheers!
----Reference:White, B, "Ginger: An Overview", AmFmPractice, June, 2007, Vol. 75, Num. 11, aafp dotorg/afp/20070601/1689.htmlGrontved A, Brask T, Kambskard J, Hentzer E. Ginger root against seasickness. A controlled trialon the open sea. Acta Otolaryngol 1988;105:45-9.Stewart JJ, Wood MJ, Wood CD, Mims ME. Effects of ginger on motion sickness susceptibility andgastric function. Pharmacology 1991;42:111-20.Borrelli F, Capasso R, Aviello G, Pittler MH, Izzo AA. Effectiveness and safety of ginger in thetreatment of pregnancy-induced nausea and vomiting. Obstet Gynecol 2005;105:849-56.Ernst E, Pittler MH. Efficacy of ginger for nausea and vomiting: a systematic review of randomizedclinical trials. Br J Anaesth 2000;84:367-71.Altman RD, Marcussen KC. Effects of a ginger extract on knee pain in patients with osteoarthritis.Arthritis Rheum 2001;44:2531-8.Jiang X, Williams KM, Liauw WS, Ammit AJ, Roufogalis BD, Duke CC, et al. Effect of ginkgo andginger on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of warfarin in healthy subjects. Br J ClinPharmacol 2005;59:425-32.The Blenheim Shrine, blenheimshrineAliverti, Brent, Blenheim Ginger Ale, theacf dot com/blenheimWikipedia, GingerSusan Jakes, "Beverage of Champions. Part One: Hot Coke with Ginger, A Possibly MagicalElixir"MythBusters Episode 43: Seasickness - Kill or Cure, dsc.discovery dotcom/fansites/mythbusters/episode/00to49/episode_02.html(c) 2007JP Saleeby, MD is and ER doctor at Marlboro Park Hospital in Bennettsville, SC. He authored abook on Adaptogen Herbs in 2006. He also recommends his patients get tested for routine annuallabs. Once source that is affordable is via online DAT lab testing http://www.estatlabs.com offersto the general public this type of testing.
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