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Intelligent Energy Systems


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Designing intelligent energy systems using latest generation technology for control design and test.

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Intelligent Energy Systems

  1. 1. Intelligent Energy Systems<br />Thorsten Mayer<br />National Instruments<br />
  2. 2. National Instruments<br />Leading provider of computer-based measurement and automation technology<br />Headquartered in Austin, TX<br />More than 5.000 employees in around 40 countries (more than 1000 in Central Eastern Europe)<br />Certified partner program for system integration with > 600 Alliance Partners<br />Dr. Truchard and Jeff Kodosky inducted into Electronic Design Hall of Fame for their pioneering work in virtual instrumentation<br />2008Revenue<br />$821Million<br />
  3. 3. The National Instruments Community<br />
  4. 4. Energy Innovation Powered By National Instruments<br />
  5. 5. The Most Important Plot for the 21st Century?<br />10000<br />$7,000<br />World Population<br />$6,000<br />World GDP<br />$5,000<br />Fossil Fuel Consumption<br />5000<br />$4,000<br />Million Tonnes Oil Equivalent, Millions People<br />$3,000<br />World GDP per capita (1990 $)<br />$2,000<br />$1,000<br />2000<br />1920<br />1940<br />1960<br />1980<br />1900<br />Source: BjørnLomborg, “The Skeptical Environmentalist,” and British Petroleum, “Statistical Review of World Energy 2006.”<br />
  6. 6. The Long Tail Of Energy<br />Oil<br />Coal<br />Natural Gas<br />Hydroelectric<br />Nuclear<br />Wind<br />Storage<br />Hydrogen<br />Solar<br />Bio fuels<br />Wave Harvesting<br />“Chris Anderson, Wired Magazine”<br />
  7. 7. Engineering Challenges in Energy…<br />Generation<br />Transmission/ Distribution<br />Usage<br /><ul><li>Making renewable energy production efficient
  8. 8. Developing alternative propulsion systems
  9. 9. Making traditional Energy sources cleaner
  10. 10. Managing heterogeneous energy sources
  11. 11. Ensuring power quality
  12. 12. Increasing energy efficiency
  13. 13. Decreasing emissions</li></li></ul><li>Making Steel Recycling Cheaper and Cleaner<br />Usage<br />Application:Monitoring and advanced real-time control of steel recycling process.<br />Challenge:Reduction of energy consumption to meet state compliancy regulations while increasing plant efficiency.<br />Solution:Graphical System Design software (NI LabVIEW) and hardware (NI CompactRIO) as rapid prototyping and deployment platform for process optimization and real-time control of power consumption.<br />"By programming with LabVIEW and PACs versus programming with PLCs and ladder logic, we have seen a ten-fold increase in efficiency and drastically reduced the costs of facility automation."<br />
  14. 14. Usage<br />“Once you start monitoring something in an automation system, you know you can fix things”<br /> - Dave Brandt Electrical Engineer<br />
  15. 15. Performance & Health Monitoring Rotational Machines in Renewable Energy Generation <br />Wind Energy<br />Hydroelectric Energy<br />
  16. 16. Vibrations<br />Noise<br />Performance & Health Monitoring Rotational Machines in Renewable Energy Generation <br />Conditions start to change<br />Machine condition<br />Machine Monitoring ROI:<br />“$1 investment returns $40 in savings.”<br />Heat<br />Smoke<br />Emergency stop<br />Source: Mobley, R. Keith, An Introduction to Predictive Maintenance<br /><br />Time<br />10 min<br />2 days<br />2 weeks<br />3 month<br />
  17. 17. Safe & Cost Effective Renewable Energy Generation<br />Generation<br />Hydroelectric Generator Monitoring<br />Vibrations & On-Line Processing, Tensions, Rotational speed, Temperatures, Electrical parameters (voltage, current)<br />Solution: Graphical System Design software (NI LabVIEW) and hardware (NI PXI with Modular Instrumentation) <br />Embedded Wind Turbine Monitoring<br />Vibrations, Tensions, Rotational speed, Temperatures, Electrical parameters (voltage, current)<br />Solution: Graphical System Design software (NI LabVIEW) and hardware (NI CompactRIO)<br />
  18. 18. The Engineering Innovation ProcessMeasure It and Fix It<br />Measure Water and Air Quality <br />Measure CO2 and NOx Emissions<br />Measure Power Usage<br />Fix Old Engine Controllers<br />Fix Wasteful Processes<br />Fix New Sources of Energy<br />
  19. 19. Enabling Technologies<br />Fix It<br />Measure It<br />FPGA Technology<br />Rapid Embedded Design and Prototyping<br />Real-Time Math<br />Deterministic Algorithm Deployment<br />Wireless Systems<br />Intelligent Distributed Systems<br />Modular COTS HW Architectures<br />Complete Data Acquisition, Instrumentation and Control Platforms<br />
  20. 20. High-Level Design Models<br />C Code<br />Data Flow<br />Textual Math<br />Simulation<br />Statechart<br />Graphical System Design Platform<br />FPGA<br />Desktop<br />Microprocessors<br />Real-Time<br /><br />
  21. 21. 20 Years |NI Data Acquisition<br />1987 NUBUS<br />1993 E Series<br />2005 USB DAQ<br />2008 Wi-Fi DAQ<br />2006 NI CompactDAQ<br />2004 M Series<br />1997 PXI DAQ<br />1991 AT/PC/XT/EISA<br /><br />
  22. 22. NI Wireless Sensor Networks<br />Distributable. Low Power. Reliable. <br /><ul><li>16-bit voltage input node
  23. 23. 24-bit thermocouple node
  24. 24. Up to 3-year battery life
  25. 25. 2.4 GHz, IEEE 802.15.4 radio</li></li></ul><li>The Need for Wireless Measurements<br />Environmental Monitoring<br />CO2 emission, climate change<br />Structural Health Monitoring <br />Bridge infrastructure, building monitoring<br />Industrial Measurements <br />Machine monitoring, hazardous area measurements<br />Energy Efficiency<br />Smart grid, power monitoring<br />
  26. 26. Cleaner EnergyCompliance with Federal Clean Air Regulations Avoids Fees Protects Environment.<br />Generation<br />Application:Mercury Emissions Stack Monitoring<br />Challenge:Developing a reliable mercury emissions sampling system to provide control, calibration, and maintenance features required by stringent federal regulations for coal-fired power plants. <br />Solution:Graphical System Design software (NI LabVIEW) and hardware (NI Compact FieldPoint) as development platform for real-time data logging control system with wireless communication.<br />"The success of the project was due to the processing and automation power of the NI cFP-2120 and the ease of use derived from integrating the PDA control system."<br />
  27. 27. High-Speed Custom Control<br />Max-Planck-Institute Munich: Control of plasma in nuclear fusion tokamak with NI LabVIEW on 8 core system using data parallelism technique.<br />
  28. 28. Algorithm Engineering <br />Requires Real-Time Math<br />Real-time math is…<br />the implementation of mathematical algorithms for the purpose of deployment to deterministic hardware.<br />
  29. 29. Control Platforms<br />Reconfigurable I/O, Programmable Hardware<br /><br />
  30. 30. “New ideas are cheap, <br />the ability to test and verify what has economic value is not.”<br />
  31. 31. Laboratory To Market Deployment Curve<br /> I/O<br /> I/O<br />PXI RIO<br /> I/O<br />PCI RIO<br />Processor<br />FPGA<br />Custom I/O<br />CompactRIO<br />Modular<br />System Flexibility and Price<br />CompactRIOIntegrated<br />NI Single-Board<br />RIO<br />Number of Systems Deployed<br />
  32. 32. NI CompactRIO (e.g. Prototyping)<br />FPGA<br />Point-to-Point<br />FPGA Data Links<br />C Series<br />Parallel I/O<br />LabVIEW<br />Real-Time<br />Thread-Safe<br />Libraries<br />Multithreaded<br />RT OS<br />LabVIEW FPGA<br />25<br />
  33. 33. Ensuring Power Quality<br />Transmission<br />Distribution<br />Application: Power Quality monitoring and analysis.<br />Challenge:Performing all necessary measurements in parallel in a small embedded form factor and evaluating of quality according to international standards and regulations.<br />Solution:A power quality analyzer that complies with international power quality standards and is build based upon COTS tools such as NI CompactRIO, a rugged and scalable hardware platform and NI LabVIEW Graphical System Design software.<br />" The ENA power quality analyzer family can be modified or extended easily in a short period of time according to latest international standards and/or any additional functionality required by the customer.”<br />
  34. 34. The World’s Largest Zero Emissions Locomotive<br />Generation<br />Application:Real-time monitoring and control of a 250 kW fuel cell powered Locomotive.<br />Challenge:Performing complex control algorithms beyond simple PID control at very fast loop rates while monitoring all process parameters of the locomotive. <br />Solution:Graphical System Design software (NI LabVIEW) and hardware (NI Compact RIO) as rapid prototyping and deployment platform for real-time control of fuel cell power plant, auxiliary battery and monitoring of engine status via CAN. <br />“We chose LabVIEW and CompactRIO because the NI C Series modules with integrated signal conditioning helped us implement fast monitoring of the various I/O points while connecting to a wide range of specialty sensors such as flowmeters and pressure sensors.“ Tim Erickson – Vehicle Projects LLC “<br />
  35. 35. NI Single-Board RIO (e.g. Deployment)<br />C Series<br />Expansion I/O<br />FPGA<br />Onboard Analog <br />and Digital I/O<br />LabVIEW<br />Real-Time<br />Thread-Safe<br />Libraries<br />Multithreaded<br />RT OS<br />LabVIEW FPGA<br />28<br />
  36. 36. Facilities Power Control with NI Single-Board RIOReduces Energy Consumption by 15%<br />Application:Facility power management for major bank in India<br />Challenge:Monitor/control various infrasturctures parameters such as HVACs, lighting, printers, diesel generators, vending machines, …<br />Solution:Embedded power monitoring system based upon NI Single-Board RIO and LabVIEW.<br />“The NI platformallowed us to rapidly prototype with NI Single-Board RIO and LabVIEW in a record time of 2 months and saved us six months in development time.” SiddharthVerma, SaaraPvt Ltd<br />
  37. 37. “To do for embedded what the PC did for the desktop.”<br />`<br />Graphical System Design<br />Virtual Instrumentation<br />Instrumentation<br />RF<br />Digital<br />Distributed<br />Embedded Systems<br />Industrial Control<br />RT/FPGA Systems<br />Electronic Devices<br />C Code Generation<br />Real-Time Measurements<br />Embedded Monitoring<br />Hardware-in-the-Loop<br />DESIGN<br />PROTOTYPE<br />DEPLOY<br />
  38. 38. “The future is already here,<br /> it is just unevenly distributed.”<br />William Gibson<br />