SITE Web 2.0 Presentation


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This presentation was given at the 20th International Conference of SITE in Charleston, SC

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SITE Web 2.0 Presentation

  1. 1. Web 2.0 Carrie Thornthwaite … into 3 levels of University Coursework
  2. 2. <ul><li>1967 - first teaching position, Maine </li></ul><ul><li>1968 - Manhattan - doubled salary! </li></ul><ul><li>1970 – brief stay in industry – 1 st intro to computers </li></ul><ul><li>1981 – first to desktop computer </li></ul><ul><li>1988 - Back in the high school classroom - 10 yrs. </li></ul><ul><li>1998 - Director of Educational Technology @ LU, also work with secondary majors </li></ul>Background “ Doing What I Don’t Know How to Do” ~ Eduardo Chillida - Educause by R. Martin Reardon From '81 on...
  3. 3. Internet Growth 1985-1994
  4. 4. Internet Growth 1995-2008
  5. 5. <ul><li> </li></ul>10 million in ‘94 to 1.5 billion in ‘08 2008
  6. 6. Today…what is Web 2.0? Tim O’Reilly “ Technology is shifting power away from the editors, the publishers, the establishment, the media elite. Now it’s the people who are taking control.” ~ Rupert Murdoch Web 2.0 for Beginners - Mike Stopforth <ul><li>To find something comparable, you have to go back 500 yrs to the printing press </li></ul><ul><li>Printing destroyed the old world of kings and aristocracies. </li></ul>
  7. 7. We Are the Web! <ul><li>The scope of the Web today is hard to fathom. </li></ul><ul><li>Internet now allows participation by virtually anyone with Internet access. </li></ul>Kevin Kelly, 2005
  8. 8. So, what is the impact on Teaching & Learning? <ul><li>Web 2.0 has brought “a new wave of innovation for teaching and learning” (Alexander, Educause , 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Students are clamoring for these technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 tools allow for constructivism </li></ul><ul><li>Yet many teachers “don’t want to use new technologies at all” (Presky, 2007, p.41) </li></ul>
  9. 9. The way we were in 1900... … and now, my classroom today…
  10. 10. Is this still how my student see me?
  11. 11. <ul><li>originally released in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>#28 YouTube all-time Favorites </li></ul> The Connected Classroom Shift Happens <ul><li>February 2007 </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Connectivism : A Learning Theory for the Digital Age – George Siemens </li></ul><ul><li>Technology is altering (rewiring) our brains. The tools we use define and shape our thinking. </li></ul><ul><li>Our ability to learn what we need for tomorrow is more important than what we know today. </li></ul><ul><li>Know-how and know-what is being supplemented with know-where (the understanding of where to find knowledge needed). </li></ul><ul><li>The Outsourcing of Knowledge </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Can anyone else think of an employment sector other than K-12 and postsecondary education where employees have the right to refuse to use technology? </li></ul><ul><li>A grocery store checker doesn't get to say 'No thanks, I don't think I'll use a register.' </li></ul><ul><li>A stockbroker doesn't get to say, 'No thanks, I don't think I'll use a computer.' </li></ul><ul><li>An architect doesn't get to say, 'No thanks, I don't think I'll use AutoCAD.’ </li></ul><ul><li>But in education, we plead and implore and incentivize but we never seem to require. </li></ul>~ Scott McLeod, Iowa State Univ.
  14. 14. <ul><li>Larger community </li></ul><ul><li>User friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>All about the user </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul>Key Characteristics of Trends for 2008 - “Convenience, Collaboration, Convergence” Web 2.0
  15. 15. Site of this Study <ul><li>Nashville, TN </li></ul><ul><li>Enrollment F ‘08 – 3,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Undergraduate, graduate, and adult studies programs </li></ul><ul><li>Data collected from spring ‘07 through spring ’09 semesters </li></ul><ul><li>Class enrollment ranged from 10-20 students </li></ul>
  16. 16. Bl o gging we b logs <ul><li>7 Things that You Should Know about Blogging – educause </li></ul><ul><li>“ blogging is pure constructivism ” ~Les Potter, EdD </li></ul><ul><li>Weekly response papers </li></ul><ul><li>Peer review of student writings or group work </li></ul><ul><li>Postings of assignments, lesson plans, curriculum for parents, &/or announcements </li></ul><ul><li>Provide students with a discussion board to ask questions of peers or teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion of specific reading material </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs for Formative Assessment and Interactive Teaching </li></ul>=
  17. 17. Class Blogs <ul><li>Lipscomb Graduate class blog (Summer ‘07 – Fall ‘08) </li></ul><ul><li>Lipscomb Adult Studies class blog (Fall ‘07 – Fall ’08) </li></ul><ul><li>Sample Student Blogs with voluntary associated comments (Fall ’08) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Blogging is great, but beware….
  19. 19. Adult Studies Program ~ required beginning-of-semester survey ~ Fall ’07 – all but 1 no experience blogging; Fall ’08 – only 1
  20. 20. Adult Studies Program ~ required end-of-semester survey ~ Very comfortable at end of semester!
  21. 21. Graduate Students ~ required pre & post-semester surveys ~ With blogging, comfort levels continue to grow, both at the beginning & end of the semester. Web 1.0 Web 2.0
  22. 22. Conclusions – Blogs/Social Networking <ul><li>Small samples, but trends did emerge </li></ul><ul><li>Initial comfort levels slowly increasing </li></ul><ul><li>Post-semester comfort level nearly matched comfort with Microsoft </li></ul><ul><li>Greater comfort expressed from Graduate students than from Adult Studies students </li></ul><ul><li>“ A mere 2% of Adult Internet users maintain Web diaries or Web blogs” (Lenhard, Fallows, & Horrigan, 2004 ) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Teens – Social Networking
  24. 24. Graduate Students … few students were familiar with Web 2.0 tools such as RSS feeds or social bookmarking sites…. [Yet] students mentioned in the pre-assessment survey, learning about these types of tools was beneficial. (Rempel, Davidson, 2008)
  25. 25. Undergraduate Class <ul><li>Can anyone tell me what a wiki is? </li></ul><ul><li>Not 1 student in last 4 semesters knew </li></ul><ul><li>A couple times they’d ask, “Oh, is that like Wikipedia? </li></ul>
  26. 26. Jimmy Wales Founded 1/01 more history Want to know about the knighting of Francis Drake ? Seigenthaler controversy Is Wikipedia the New Town Hall? &quot;Wikipedia is surprisingly good proof that collaborative work by amateurs can provide balanced and reliable information, and even become a vigorous site of public debate and negotiation.” ~ Patricia Aufderheide, American University, Communications professor Current poll on Edutopia
  27. 27. Benefits of Using Wiki in the Classroom <ul><li>Facilitates Collaborative Authoring: learning from others; Developing a higher level of critical thinking; Deepening investigative skills; Developing skills for negotiating conflict and facilitating effective teamwork; building a class community </li></ul><ul><li>Empowers Students to Create Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects Newly-emerging Teacher-student Paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>Prepares Students for the Post-university World </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding Wikis - Their Advantages & Disadvantages http://mommyrevenue. </li></ul><ul><li>Are Wikis Worth the Time? - pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki Wisdom: Lessons for Educators - edweek </li></ul>BUWC: Thoughts from Boston College
  28. 28. Class Wiki <ul><li>Resource for various teaching strategies appropriate for use in high school classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Resource for other information that promotes success of the secondary classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Student involvement in suggesting web sites that are valuable to specific subject areas </li></ul><ul><li>Respond to student suggestions for other ways to use wikis in the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Resource for in-service teachers – Lipscomb’s graduates from our secondary programs </li></ul><ul><li>Forum for discussion of several controversial issues in education today </li></ul>
  29. 29. Student Wikis
  30. 30. Student Reflections… <ul><li>Previously familiar with wikis </li></ul><ul><li>Thought wikis were easy to use </li></ul><ul><li>Plan to create a classroom wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Will use as a forum for student discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Will use as classroom online newsletter </li></ul><ul><li>Will use for collaborative assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Will use site for links to online resources </li></ul>Fall 07 Spr 08 n=12 n=14 0 0 11 12 5 6 4 6 5 6 5 6 3 5 Senior-level Education Majors
  31. 31. Wikis are great, but beware….
  32. 32. Also for an undergrad class… <ul><li>Google Docs are a great way to assess collaborative learning through Literacy. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: creative writing, editing skills, book reports, research papers, movie reviews, debates, collaborative essays, presentations, data entry, journalism, newspapers, magazines, tests, poetry portfolios, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>teacher can monitor student work </li></ul><ul><li>teachers can offer assistance in the form of comments and suggestions. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Response to GoogleDocs <ul><li>“… in order to stay up with the changes [teachers] need to be aware of what the changes are and be flexible and ready to handle anything that comes our way.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ As the future teachers of these students we need to understand the reasoning behind this phenomenon, and come up with ways to use this technology to our advantage in the classroom to get the most out of our students.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Change must be integrated into the classroom.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Using technology is only growing more important and with all of the discoveries that are being made using this technology will only become faster and easier.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I really like Google Docs and think it will be great to use with group projects, especially with literature reviews.” </li></ul>
  34. 34. Problem! In Plain English videos
  35. 35. Other e-learning trends: Online courses <ul><li>Skyrocketing growth in field of online learning </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Research/doctoral institutions have the largest penetration… <ul><li>In K-12 </li></ul><ul><li>Dual Enrollment </li></ul><ul><li>Online course work </li></ul><ul><li>Tennessee </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Spring ‘09 – new course approved for inclusion as an elective in the M.Ed. Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Focused solely on Web 2.0 technologies of value to teachers and administrators </li></ul><ul><li>“ This course will cover a considerable number of e-learning tools with social networking capabilities as well as abilities to engage students in quality collaborative projects. “ </li></ul><ul><li>10 students – intentionally kept small </li></ul><ul><li>Fully online with Blackboard </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>Web 2.0 readings – Class wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Social Networking - LinkedIn </li></ul><ul><li>Micro-blogging - Twitter </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Social Bookmarking ( Delicious ) </li></ul><ul><li>SurveyMonkey </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis, including Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube and Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>Google Docs </li></ul><ul><li>Class Web 2.0 project </li></ul>The Collaborators!
  38. 38. Pre-semester survey Keep in mind that this course is an elective, so all ten of these graduate students already have an expressed an interest in technology. Their responses reflect more experience than is typical for other graduate students in our programs. Note :
  39. 39. <ul><li>Definition: “where people develop networks of friends and associates. It forges and creates links between different people. Like social bookmarks … a social network can form a key element of collaborating and networking.” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Social Networking Social Network Sites: Definition, History, Scholarship RIP: 2001
  40. 40. http://news.cnet. Social Networking Sites Continue to Attract Record Numbers [more than half of visitors are now age 35 or older] Social Networking Data courtesy of: 5/08 Started ‘03 Public ‘06
  41. 41. <ul><li>IMHO – most “professional” social networking site </li></ul><ul><li>Professional connections, rather than “friends” </li></ul><ul><li>Linkedin Dislikes Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers College, Columbia University </li></ul><ul><li>Linkedin vs Facebook: “One of the reasons I like it is because it’s built for professionals… it encourages people to behave professionally there and not treat their profile page like a graffiti wall.” ~ Dan’s Blog – 39 recommendations & 500+ connections </li></ul>
  42. 42. Social networking is great, but beware….
  43. 44. <ul><li>Meanwhile back to social networking… somewhere between Facebook & LinkedIn </li></ul><ul><li>Whereas “LinkedIn doesn’t like teachers”, Classroom 2.0 is designed for teachers </li></ul><ul><li>“, the social network for those interested in Web 2.0 and collaborative technologies in education.” </li></ul>
  44. 45. Social Bookmarking - Delicious Overview – Educators using Social Bookmarking
  45. 46. And what we’ve completed…
  46. 48. This week… wikis! <ul><li>Already used for discussion of experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of key topics </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion of Wikipedia & Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Additional pages for student use </li></ul>
  47. 49. Upcoming Assignments
  48. 50. Online Videos <ul><li>Why use Videos in the classroom? </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube Comes to the Classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: video sites are often blocked in schools; ways to overcome that… </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques: finding, downloading, converting, inserting, or embedding </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment requires students to embed a video in their wiki; also to download a video file & convert it to another format </li></ul>
  49. 51. Flickr in the K12 Classroom <ul><li>Join Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>Install uploader app </li></ul><ul><li>Upload & tag 6 images </li></ul><ul><li>Geotag each image </li></ul><ul><li>Use embed option to paste thumbnail in wiki </li></ul>Requirements
  50. 52. Interview of Eric Schmidt, CEO of Google @ Seoul Digital Forum May 2007 Readings about Web 3.0?
  51. 53.…
  52. 54. Group Projects <ul><li>Use Google Docs </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboratively work on Web 2.0 technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Create a PowerPoint on Google Docs that will “tell the story” </li></ul><ul><li>I will serve as a consultant, but primarily this assignment will be done through collaborative discovery learning </li></ul>
  53. 55. Requirements <ul><li>Choose 1 or more Web 2.0 technologies that weren’t covered before </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a classroom project, using that technology </li></ul><ul><li>Document the value for classroom use </li></ul><ul><li>Created a group PowerPoint that explains all the above </li></ul>
  54. 56. Club Penguin 4 million users Purchased by Disney… Kids 8-14
  55. 57. New technologies are always great, but beware….
  56. 58. In conclusion… Dr. Carrie Thornthwaite Lipscomb University One University Park Dr. Nashville, TN 37204 office: 615-966-5829 Further questions? [email_address]