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Essay Writing

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Series of essay writing lessons.

Published in: Education

Essay Writing

  1. 1. Essay Writing Lessons ENG 4U
  2. 2. Essay Writing Lessons <ul><li>Essay Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Essay Outline </li></ul><ul><li>Moving from Topic to Essay </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing the Essay Body </li></ul><ul><li>Essay Format </li></ul><ul><li>Hints & Tips </li></ul>
  3. 3. Essay Structure The framework of your writing
  4. 4. Essay Structure
  5. 5. Structure <ul><li>Introductory Paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>- introduce & ease reader into topic </li></ul><ul><li>- move from general sentences to specific ones </li></ul><ul><li>- end with your thesis statement </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: life – literature – book – topic – thesis </li></ul><ul><li>life – history – people – topic – book - thesis </li></ul>
  6. 6. Structure <ul><li>Thesis </li></ul><ul><li>- An arguable statement, making clear the position the author takes on a topic </li></ul><ul><li>- Depends upon your purpose & audience </li></ul><ul><li>(Topic = what the text is “about;” the subject addressed by a text </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: greed, love, hope, jealousy, etc.) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Structure <ul><li>Body Paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>- where you prove your thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Body Paragraph Structure: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Point (topic sentence: proves thesis) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Proofs (as many as are practical) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Comment (relates proofs to thesis) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Structure <ul><li>Concluding Paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>- re-state your thesis </li></ul><ul><li>- move from specific sentences to general ones </li></ul><ul><li>- ease reader away from essay, and back to real life again (theme statement) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Structure <ul><li>The Rebuttal Paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>- Acknowledge points of opposing argument </li></ul><ul><li>- Minimize the validity of these points </li></ul><ul><li>* Insert after your introductory paragraph! </li></ul>
  10. 10. Essay Outline <ul><li>What’s required </li></ul><ul><li>Marks for summative </li></ul>
  11. 11. Essay Outline <ul><li>Thesis (2) </li></ul><ul><li>List of rebuttal points (3) </li></ul><ul><li>For each body paragraph: (3X4) </li></ul><ul><li>- Full topic sentence </li></ul><ul><li>- Proofs in point form </li></ul><ul><li>- Full comment sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis restatement in different words (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Theme statement (2) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Moving from Topic to Essay … in 8 easy steps!
  13. 13. Moving from Topic to Essay <ul><li>Read & understand topic </li></ul><ul><li>Dissect & brainstorm topic </li></ul><ul><li>Pick argument & brainstorm thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Form & test thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorm & organize support </li></ul><ul><li>List rebuttals </li></ul><ul><li>Write, Revise, Edit </li></ul><ul><li>Proofread & print good copy </li></ul>
  14. 14. Organizing the Essay Body Principles & Development Methods
  15. 15. Organizing the Essay Body <ul><li>Organizing principle? </li></ul><ul><li>- chronology - cause & effect </li></ul><ul><li>- process - logic </li></ul><ul><li>Development method? </li></ul><ul><li>- define - classify </li></ul><ul><li>- analyze - describe </li></ul><ul><li>- compare - exemplify </li></ul>
  16. 16. Essay Format MLA Style Presentation
  17. 17. Hints & Tips Advice for top marks
  18. 18. Hints & Tips <ul><li>Do not write in 1 st person (avoid “I”) </li></ul><ul><li>Do not start a body / concluding paragraph with a quotation </li></ul><ul><li>Move from your weakest point to your strongest </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use contractions </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use colloquial language </li></ul><ul><li>Use the present tense </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to author by last name </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a creative title that relates to thesis </li></ul>
  19. 19. Essay Writing Ask questions at any time!

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