Lesson 33Part A and BKristin Rivas, Chris Manners, Isai Argueta, Ian Kytlica
Name That President!Identify the president, key policies of his administrationrelevant to the motto, and the mottos importance to thethemes of history during that time.PART A
1. Square DealTheodore Roosevelt. This program was formedthrough three basic ideas: the idea to conserve naturalresources, regulate corporations and businesses, andto protect consumers. It was directed towards helpingthe middle class and worked to break up bad trusts.While doing this, it also protected businesses fromunreasonable demands of organized labor.Name ThatPresident!
2. Dollar DiplomacyWilliam Taft. This program emphasized the use ofmoney to solve the nation‟s problems. Taft wanted toguarantee loans to foreign nations in order to help theU.S. in the long run; more specifically in Latin Americaand East Asia. The theme during this time was money.The economy was booming and there was a surplus ofmoney in the federal department.Name ThatPresident!
3. Modern Republicanism:Dwight D. Eisenhower. The concept of Modern Republicanism isbeing somewhat liberal in Fiscal and Domestic affairs, while remainingconservative in global affairs. Modern Republicanism calls for lowertaxes, smaller government and more state power in issues. He cut thefederal budget and instituted measures to increase states rights but atthe same time increased Social Security and raised the minimumwage. He also created the Department of Health, Education, andWelfare, which he placed under the guidance of Oveta Culp Hobby ofTexas. Eisenhower signed legislation that created the InterstateHighway System, laying the basis for the modern interstate systemused today. Many of the existing New Deal programs established byhis predecessors remained during Eisenhower‟s tenure, and theprimary focus of his presidency dealt with diffusing the mountingtension of the early Cold War.Name ThatPresident!
4. New Freedom:Woodrow Wilson. This was a plan to be able to breakup trusts into smaller companies, in which he hoped torestore the competition that had once existed in theAmerican economy. He wanted to reduce the Tariff(Payne-Aldrich Tariff 1909) put in effect by theRepublicans. He did so with the Underwood Tariff of1913 and he created many farmer and healthcareprograms that benefitted the two.Name ThatPresident!
5. New Deal:Franklin D. Roosevelt. The New Deal was a series of economicprograms enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1936.They involved presidential executive orders or laws passed byCongress during the first term of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.The programs were in response to the Great Depression, andfocused on the "3 R‟s": Relief, Recovery, and Reform. The top tenprograms created through the new deal were the CivilianConservation Corps, Civil Works Administration, Federal HousingAdministration, Federal Security Agency, Home Owners LoanCorporation, National Recovery Act, Public Works Administration,Social Security Act, Tennessee Valley Authority, and the WorksProgress Administration.Name ThatPresident!
6. Manifest DestinyJames K. Polk. During Polk‟s presidency, he was in power duringa time when European nations continued to interfere with Americansettlements. His policies consisted of the Fiscal Policy andForeign Policy. Polk‟s Fiscal Policy was created in order to reducethe Tariff of 1842, which raised average tariff rates. His ForeignPolicy was created in order to allow America to grow, whichinvolved Manifest Destiny. During his presidency he fought for theannexation of Oregon and Texas, which led to the Mexican-American War. It is because of James Polk that American pursuedManifest Destiny without the interference of European nations, andallowed America to keep growing.Name ThatPresident!
7. Rugged IndividualismHerbert Hoover. Hoover‟s presidency took place during a horriblerecession, otherwise known as the Great Depression, within America.Rugged Individualism pertains to Hoover because he believed thatindividuals could succeed without financial support from thegovernment. Hoover‟s policies were volunteerism which encouragedpublic-private cooperation, and he worked to expand civil service.Many of his programs, although they were intended to help, harmedmany Americans that prevented them from coming out of the rut ofpoverty. Many people began living in slums that they calledHoovervilles because they believe Hoover was the cause for thedepression. The motto‟s importance is that during this time manypeople were left alone, forced to help themselves without the help ofthe government.Name ThatPresident!
8. Great Society:Lyndon B. Johnson. The two main goals of PresidentJohnson‟s administration was to eliminate racialinjustice and to eliminate poverty. Programs attemptingto fix problems of poverty, medical care, education,urban problems, and transportation were launchedduring this period. Some of the most significant werethe creations of medicare and medicaid. This wasimportant because it conveyed that America should befocusing more on its internal problems rather than theproblems oversea in Vietnam.Name ThatPresident!
9. Fair Deal:Harry S. Truman. The major initiatives of the Trumanadministration were to aid education, and universalhealth insurance, Fair employment act commision, andrepeal of the Taft-Hartley Act. He was important in theCivil Rights movement because during the time of theFair Deal. Truman made the Housing Act which housedmany of the poor in public housing. Although the fairdeal was not a success it was important because itshowed that there were Americans who wanted to helppeople find economic stability but he couldn‟t doanything because he was met with opposition fromconservative legislatures.Name ThatPresident!
10. New Frontier:John F. Kennedy. Key policies of this administration included theexpansion of unemployment benefits, the continued construction ofa national highway system, anti-poverty legislations were passed,improvements in Social Security, conservation of crops, and armscontrol. John F. Kennedy challenged Americans to see what theycan do for their country and America took this serious as they putthe first two Americans to orbit the earth. President Kennedy wasable to leave a foundation for Americans especially with the PeaceCorps and the Alliance for progress. After his death, Lyndon B.Johnson continued President Kennedy‟s work and was able topass many of his programs.Name ThatPresident!
Who Said It?!Identify the source of the quotation,when in what context it was used,and its larger significance inilluminating a theme of Americanhistory.PART B
Who Said It?!Question:1. "A house divided againstitself cannot stand."
Who Said It?!Answer:1. Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln gave the House DividedSpeech on June 17, 1858 upon accepting the IllinoisRepublican Party‟s nomination as the state‟s UnitedStates senator. It was the speech that launched hisunsuccessful campaign for the Senate seat held byStephen A. Douglas, who argued that the issue ofslavery could be fixed with popular sovereignty, whileLincoln argued that after the Dred Scott case the countrywas at the point where it would either become all-free orall-slave.
Who Said It?!Question:2. "The power to tax involvedthe power to destroy."
Who Said It?!Answer:2. Chief Justice John Marshall. Chief Justice Marshall gavethis quote in the 1819 Supreme Court ruling ofMcCulloch v. Maryland where he was saying that thestates had no power to tax the federal government. Itilluminated a theme of American history that gaveCongress power over the states in making laws, andwhen it comes to taxation.
Who Said It?!Question:3. "It is at the bottom of lifewe must begin, not at thetop."
Who Said It?!Answer:3. Booker T. Washington. Booker T Washington wasdelivering the Atlanta Cotton States Speech andInternational Exposition on September 18, 1895. This issignificant because he stated that it is important for blackpeople to accept segregation and the routine denial tovote. This brought much controversy especially fromfigures such as W.E.B. De Buis who stated that he wasleading the black people backwards.
Who Said It?!Question:4. "Separate educationalfacilities are inherentlyunequal."
Who Said It?!Answer:4. Chief Justice Earl Warren. Chief Justice Earl Warrengave this statement in the Brown v. Board of Educationon May 17, 1954. This was significant because itoverturned the decision made in the Plessy v. Fergusoncase, which allowed for states to sponsor segregation inschools. This took away segregation from schools as theschools were clearly not equal.
Who Said It?!Question:5. "We hold these truths to beself-evident: that all men arecreated equal."
Who Said It?!Answer5. The Declaration of Independence by Thomas Jefferson.On July 4, 1776 the Declaration of Independence wasapproved by the 13 states of the United States ofAmerica while at war for their Independence againstGreat Britain. This was significant because for the firsttime America viewed itself as individual states separatedfrom Great Britain and laid down the foundation ofAmerica being independent and free from that pointforward.
Who Said It?!Question:6. "A war to end all wars."
Who Said It?!Answer:6. Woodrow Wilson. Woodrow Wilson said this duringWorld War I in 1917. This was significant because afterthe war Wilson was very idealistic and tried to prevent foranything like the Great War from happening again. Aftersaying this he came up with his Fourteen points, theUnited States‟ plans after the end of the war to “ensureworld peace.”
Who Said It?!Question:7. "All we ask is to be leftalone."
Who Said It?!Answer:7. Jefferson Davis. After Abraham Lincoln was electedPresident of the United States, 7 southern statesseceded from America and elected Jefferson Davis astheir President in February 1861. This was the firstvisible sign of the split that America went through andthis was extremely significant because it eventually ledto one of the most important wars in United Stateshistory, The Civil War.
Who Said It?!Question:8. "December 7, 1941- a datethat will live in infamy."
Who Said It?!Answer:8. Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The day after the AmericanNaval Base, Pearl Harbor, was attacked by Japaneseforces, Franklin D. Roosevelt told the American peopleabout the attack. This was extremely significant becauseit brought the country together when the decision wasmade to enter WWII. It also helped President Rooseveltpersuade Congress into declaring war.
Who Said It?!Question:9. "I have a dream that my four childrenwill one day live in a nation wherethey will not be judged by the color oftheir skin but by the content of theircharacter."
Who Said It?!Answer:9. Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. gave his “Ihave a Dream Speech" on August 28, 1963. This wassignificant because he delivered it at the LincolnMemorial in front of over 250,000 people and was adefining moment in the Civil Rights movement, whichcalled for an end to racism in the United States ofAmerica.
Who Said It?!Question:10. "A law repugnant to theConstitution is void."
Who Said It?!Answer:10. Chief Justice John Marshall. Chief Justice JohnMarshall gave this quote in the closing statement of the1803 court ruling of Marbury v. Madison. With thesewords, he established the Supreme Court‟s role in thenew government. Hereafter, the court was recognized ashaving the power to review all acts of congress whereconstitutionality was at issue, and judge whether theyabide by the constitution.
Who Said It?!Question:11. "To make all laws which shall benecessary and proper for carrying intoexecution the foregoing powers."
Who Said It?!Answer:11. Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18 of the Constitution. This waswritten to give the power to congress to make and review alllaws which are to be passed by the government and allpowers related to it. This was a very controversial issue atfirst, but by the creation of this, Congress was able to pass alllaws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumeratedlist of powers and the ability to set criterion for laws, even ifthey are not included in the guidelines of the proposal. Thiscreated a balance of powers and is still used today in manylaws being passed. (EX. Chartering of the Bank of the UnitedStates)
Who Said It?!Question:12. "We....covenant andcombine ourselves into acivil body politic."
Who Said It?!Answer:12. 1620 Mayflower Compact. This was a mutualagreement between two or more people to do or refrainfrom doing certain acts as the undertaking of either partyin such an agreement. It became the first document thatcreated a self-government in the English colonies.
Who Said It?!Question:13. "fifty-four forty or fight."
Who Said It?!Answer:13. A slogan popular in 1846, especially among Democrats, who asserted U.S.ownership of the entire Oregon country, including the part that Great Britainclaimed between 49° and 54° 40 prime; N latitude. In 1844 James K. Polk(1795–1849) used "Fifty-four forty or fight" to rally supporters in hissuccessful presidential campaign. Two years after Polk took office aspresident he settled the dispute with Great Britain; the boundary was thenset at 49 degrees north, the northern boundary of present-day WashingtonState and the border between the United States and Canada. Thisagreement, which was reached without the fight Polk threatened in hisslogan, gave the United States control over land lying between 42 and 49degrees north latitude.
Who Said It?!Question:14. "Free trade and sailorsrights."
Who Said It?!Answer:14. Captain David Porter (Banner-Flag). This was a sloganflown on a ship at the start of the war of 1812 in which itreflected the ideas that derived from the Age ofRevolution. Americans used this quote to support theWar of 1812.
Who Said It?!Question:15. "You shall not crucifymankind upon a cross ofgold."
Who Said It?!Answer:15. William Jennings Bryan. Delivered in the Cross of Goldspeech which was meant to cry out against the goldstandard which had a negative effect upon the commonpeople of his day. This quote used bible imagery toportray what he meant, that big companies were„crucifying‟ the poorer people. His cry for help neveractually happened until President Nixon took the US offof the gold standard in the 1970‟s.
Who Said It?!Question:16. "God made us neighbors.Let just make us friends."
Who Said It?!Answer:16. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, “Good Neighbor Policy”.This speech was aimed towards the Latin Americans inorder to resolve Teddy Roosevelt‟s imperialistic “BadNeighbor Policy.” He also set up equally beneficial bondsand trade agreements for both North and South America.
Who Said It?!Question:17. "And so, my fellow Americans: Asknot what your country can do for you,but what you can do for your country."
Who Said It?!Answer:17. John F. Kennedy. John F. Kennedy presented thisquote at his inauguration in Washington on January20th, 1961. This was said by JFK to imply that youshould not be entitled to the benefits of America by doingnothing, but by getting up and earning your place insociety and America.
Who Said It?!Question:18. "We must be the greatarsenal of democracy."
Who Said It?!Answer:18. Franklin D. Roosevelt. This quote was said over a radiobroadcast from Washington on December 29, 1940.Before the U.S. got into the war, Roosevelt promised tohelp the British fight Nazi Germany by giving themmilitary supplies while the U.S. stayed out of the actualfighting. An arsenal is where weapons are stored, andthis is where and “Arsenal of Democracy” came about tobe used.
Who Said It?!Question:19. "with malice toward none,with charity for all..."
Who Said It?!Answer:19. Abraham Lincoln. This was said during AbrahamLincoln‟s second inaugural address. After the Civil War,some victorious Northerners pushed for retributivepolicies against the South. Lincolns template of healingthe national rift ("Reconstruction") emphasized notpunishing slaveholders and other civilians.The quote byAbraham Lincoln means having no evil upon anyone andhelp towards everyone.
Who Said It?!Question:20. "It is our policy to stayclear of permanentalliances."
Who Said It?!Answer:20. George Washington. Washington used this quote in hisFarewell Address in 1796. Washington did not want tohave any alliances with other nations because hebelieved that alliances lead to war and obscure conflicts.The United States was young at the time, and its militarywas not yet fully developed, so Washington was trying toprovide safety by not having an alliance with anothernation.
Who Said It?!Question:21. "John Marshall has madehis decision: now let himenforce it."
Who Said It?!Answer:21. Andrew Jackson. Jackson used this quote after thecase of Worcester v. Georgia. In the case, chief justiceJohn Marshall ruled that no state could annex anotherland. Jackson did not agree with this ruling, so he tookthe land anyway.
Who Said It?!Question:22. "Liberty and Union, nowand forever, one andinseparable."
Who Said It?!Answer:22. Daniel Webster. Webster used this quote in 1830 whenhe was debating about the union staying together. Hebelieved that if the states united, liberty would beensured for all.
Who Said It?!Question:23. "Millions for defense, butnot one cent for tribute."
Who Said It?!Answer:23. Robert Goodloe Harper. Harper said this quote whiletalking about the XYZ Affair. The French refused tonegotiate with the U.S. unless we gave them $250,000.Harper uttered this statement at a dinner after Marshallreturned from France.
Who Said It?!Question:24. "My paramount object inthis struggle is to save theUnion."
Who Said It?!Answer:24. Abraham Lincoln. Abraham used this quote in 1862when talking about keeping the Union together. Aspresident, Lincoln‟s main goal was to keep the Uniontogether no matter what. Lincoln achieved his goal ofkeeping the Union and abolishing slavery.
Who Said It?!Question:25. "Peace without victory."
Who Said It?!Answer:25. Woodrow WIlson. Wilson used this quote in his speechin 1917 when talking about WWI. Wilson wanted to stopbloodshed entirely so he called for peace without victory,which meant that all nations would stop fighting and nonation would be victorious over the other.
Who Said It?!Question:26. "Remember the Alamo."
Who Said It?!Answer:26. General Sam Houston. Houston said this phrase to hissoldiers before battle as a kind of battle cry; it was also areminder to the soldiers that that the enemy takes noprisoners, as seen in the battle of the Alamo. The phrasewas used to remind the soldiers to fight to the death;basically to win or die.
Who Said It?!Question:27. "Remember the Maine."
Who Said It?!Answer:27. William Randolph Hearst. After the U.S.S Maine blewup in 1898, Americans blamed the Spanish for thistragedy. Americans began using this phrase as a battlecry during the Spanish American War.
Who Said It?!Question:28. "Speak softly and carry abig stick, you will go far."
Who Said It?!Answer:28. Theodore Roosevelt. Roosevelt used this phrase in1901 to describe the American foreign policy. The policywas to negotiate peacefully with other nations, butthreaten them with the “big stick” or the military ifneeded. This describes the strong military power of theUnited States.
Who Said It?!Question:29. "The ideals and traditions of our nationsdemanded that we come to the aid of Greeceand Turkey and that we put the world onnotice that it would be or policy to support thecause of freedom wherever it wasthreatened."
Who Said It?!Answer:29. Harry Truman. Truman used this quote in 1947 afterBritain could no longer financially support the Greekgovernment. Without the help of the British, Greece andTurkey were endangered of falling into communism.
Who Said It?!Question:30. "The only thing that wehave to fear is fear itself."
Who Said It?!Answer:30. Franklin D. Roosevelt. FDR said this quote on March4, 1933 during his First Inaugural Address. Rooseveltused this quote to reassure the American people that thecountry would not mentally succumb to the depression,and that it would come out of it stronger than before. Bysaying that “the only thing we have to fear is fear itself”,he reiterated that Americans can only be afraid ofbecoming fearful, and not what was to come.
Who Said It?!Question:31. "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and woman arecreated equal; that they are endowedby their Creator with certainunalienable rights."
Who Said It?!Answer:31. Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Stanton used this quote in theDeclaration of Rights and Sentiments in 1848 at theSeneca Fall Convention. This was significant because itwas used to enforce equality amongst men and womenin the ninieteenth century.
Who Said It?!Question:32. "The American continents, by the free andindependent condition which they haveassumed and maintain, are henceforth not tobe considered as subject for futurecolonization by any European powers."
Who Said It?!Answer:32. James K. Polk. Polk said this quote on December 2,1845 while he was reaffirming the Monroe Doctrine.Because the Monroe Doctrine only pertained toEuropean nations not allowed to settle or colonize theWestern Hemisphere, Polk reaffirmed the Doctrine byadding that Europeans were not allowed to interfere withany American expansion. This quote allowed Americansto embrace manifest destiny with ease.
Who Said It?!Question:33. "And, by virtue of the power and for thepurpose aforesaid, I do order and declarethat all the persons held as slaves withinthese said designated States and parts of theStates are, and henceforward shall be free."
Who Said It?!Answer:33. Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln said this quote on January 1,1863 in his Emancipation Proclamation. Lincoln said thisduring his presidency which also took place during theCivil War. This quote is significant because duringLincoln‟s presidency he pushed for the emancipation ofslaves; this quote alone finally declared that all slaveswould have the opportunity to become free citizens ofthe United States.
Who Said It?!Question:34. "We the people of theUnited States, in order toform a more perfectUnion..."
Who Said It?!Answer:34. The Founding Fathers. The Founding Fathers includedthis quote in the Preamble to the United StatesConstitution. This quote is significant because it formedthe basis that our government was built upon. Thisquote states how the nation is now a nation for thepeople, and will serve the people in order to be the bestand strongest nation.
Who Said It?!Question:35. "No one can make youfeel inferior without yourconsent."
Who Said It?!Answer:35. Eleanor Roosevelt. Roosevelt supposedly said thisquote in her book “This is My Story” in 1937. This quotebecame so famous for two reasons. Eleanor Roosevelt,former first lady to FDR and renowned reformer wasadored by the public who constantly supported herduring and after FDR‟s presidency. This quote alsosymbolizes American dignity, and the determined driveAmericans possessed to not be viewed as inferior, butas equals.
Who Said It?!Question:36. "Surplus wealth is a sacred trustwhich its possessor is bound toadminister in his lifetime for the goodof the community."
Who Said It?!Answer:36. Andrew Carnegie. Carnegie said this quote inrelevance to philanthropy. Carnegie was a very wealthyman thanks to his Steel Company, but he stronglybelieved that people with wealth should donate to thosein need. This is significant because many wealthy menat this time were greedy and kept the wealth forthemselves which they gained from their corruptbusinesses, but Carnegie did the opposite.
Who Said It?!Question:37. "The advance of the frontier has meant asteady movement away from the influence ofEurope, a steady growth of independence onAmerican lines. And to study the advance... isto study the really American part of ourhistory."
Who Said It?!Answer:37. Frederick Jackson Turner. Turner said this quote in1893 in Chicago, Illinois in his “The Significance of theFrontier in American History”. This quote is significantbecause it had revolutionized the way people viewed thefrontier. His quote brought about a new perspective forthe frontier, and the respect people had for it due to itshistorical significance to America‟s manifest destiny.
Who Said It?!Question:38. "What hath Godwrought!"
Who Said It?!Answer:38. Samuel Morse. This quote was the first message thatMorse ever sent on his invention of Morse Code. Thisquote was significant because it said what God hasmade, and symbolized the transition America wasmaking into technology. The Morse Code was the firstform of almost instantaneous communication which bothcreated the idea and motivated the push towards otherforms of long distance communication.
Who Said It?!Question:39. "Government is not thesolution to our problem.Government is theproblem."
Who Said It?!Answer:39. Ronald Reagan. Reagan said this quote during hisInaugural Address on January 20, 1981. This quote issignificant because Reagan formally addressedgovernment as the problem in America. His presidencycame after a time when many presidents had failed thenation, and the trust between the public and governmentwas diminished. By beginning his presidency withaddressing the problems within the government,Reagan‟s popularity increased and the process ofreconciling both the government and public began.
Who Said It?!Question:40. "Women of the worldunite! You have nothing tolose but your vacuumcleaner."
Who Said It?!Answer:40. Betty Friedan. Friedan said this quote in an interviewwith Life magazine in 1963; she was a strong feministwho advocated for women‟s equality. This quote wassignificant because it aroused women to unite, andreassured them that they dont have much to lose bydoing so. By not having much to lose, the womenbecame stronger in numbers.