Bruce Block's Visual Components For Filmmakers


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An overview of Bruce Block's concepts for filmmakers.

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Bruce Block's Visual Components For Filmmakers

  1. 1. Block's Visual Components Space, Line, Shape, Tone, Color, Movement, and Rhythm Each of these Components can have Contrast (Difference) or Affinity (Similarity). Contrast = Greater Visual Intensity Affinity = Lesser Visual Intensity
  2. 2. Space ● Four types of Space ● Deep ● Flat ● Limited ● Ambiguous
  3. 3. Deep Space has more Contrast ● Depth Cues include ● Size difference ● Perspective lines ● Diffusion ● Diagonal Movement ● Shape change ● Tonal Separation ● Overlap
  4. 4. Deep Space What depth cues are evident here?
  5. 5. Deep Space What depth cues are evident here?
  6. 6. Flat Space has more Affinity ● Flatness Cues ● Size constancy ● Horizontal & Vertical Lines, lack of convergence ● Consistent Texture ● Tonal Affinity ● Horizontal and vertical Movement
  7. 7. Flat Space What flatness cues are evident here?
  8. 8. Flat Space
  9. 9. Limited and Ambiguous Space ● Limited Space is a blend of Deep and Flat Cues: Multiple Planes of Flat Space. ● Ambiguous Space is either an mix of cues or a lack of cues. Darkness, reflections, and disorienting camera angles often create ambiguous space.
  10. 10. Line ● Line has the following elements: ● Quality (Straight or Curved) ● Direction of Movement (Horizontal/Vertical or Diagonal) ● Orientation
  11. 11. Contrast of Line
  12. 12. Affinity of Line
  13. 13. What kinds of line properties are on display?
  14. 14. How about here?
  15. 15. Shape ● The basic shapes are circle, square, and triangle.
  16. 16. Contrast of Shape ● For Block, maximum contrast is between circle and triangle.
  17. 17. Affinity of Shape
  18. 18. What shapes are at play in this image?
  19. 19. How about this image?
  20. 20. Tone ● Tone is a range of brightness, from light to dark. Tone can be controlled by art design, lighting, or exposure. It can be used to reveal, or to conceal.
  21. 21. Contrast of Tone ● Silhouettes have very high tonal contrast.
  22. 22. Affinity of Tone
  23. 23. Tonal Contrast
  24. 24. Tonal Affinity
  25. 25. Color ● Color can be broken down into three components ● Hue/Chroma: Quality of the color. The color of the color! ● Saturation: Purity of the color. ● Brightness/Luminance/Value: Addition of Black or White to the Hue. ● Contrast and affinity of color can be based on either Hue, Saturation, or Brightness
  26. 26. Color Systems ● A color system is just a way of arranging colors. The RGB system or Additive System, for example, applies to light-based media, including photography and screens, and is typically arranged by wavelength of light. You might also hear about the CMYK or Subtractive system. CMYK applies to pigment-based media, such as paint or print. The old Red-Yellow-Blue system from your Kindergarten days is a version of CMYK.
  27. 27. An RGB Color Wheel
  28. 28. Contrast and Affinity of Hue Cool Colors Warm Colors Affinity of Hue can refer to all colors being the same, or colors being next to one another on the color wheel. An image of all cool colors has a lot of affinity of hue, as does an image of all warm colors. Contrast of Hue refers to colors being different. Specifically, maximum contrast occurs between colors that are opposite on the color wheel, such as Red and Green or Blue and Orange.
  29. 29. Contrast and Affinity of Saturation Affinity of Saturation can occur when either the image is made of many full, pure colors or when the image is made of many gray, subdued colors. Contrast of Saturation occurs highly saturated elements share the frame with desaturated elements Affinity of Saturation Contrast of Saturation. Notice how the contrast draws out the diamond.
  30. 30. Contrast and Affinity of Brightness ● This is basically the same as tone, only applied to color Affinity of Tone Contrast of Tone
  31. 31. What elements of color are at play?
  32. 32. How about this image?
  33. 33. And this image?
  34. 34. More Color Resources ● is a terrific resource for information about color, color theory, and color combinations.
  35. 35. In Summary Contrast = Greater Visual Intensity Affinity = Lesser Visual Intensity ● It's easy to get caught up in the abstract details of Visual Components and Contrast and Affinity. The idea is to control these elements in order for your images, and ultimately your stories, to have greater impact.