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Découvrir les données de data.bnf.fr en utilisant SPARQL

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Travaux pratiques pour explorer les oeuvres, les auteurs et les mots-clés de data.bnf.fr en utilisant des requêtes SPARQL.

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Découvrir les données de data.bnf.fr en utilisant SPARQL

  1. 1. - thomas.francart@sparna.fr – 07/03/2018 1 Découvrir les données de data.bnf.fr à travers SPARQL 1 Documentation de data.bnf.fr 1.1 Allez sur le service SPARQL Ouvrez votre navigateur à http://data.bnf.fr/sparql. Testez les requêtes pré-chargées. 1.2 Lecture du modèle de données Allez à la page de documentation à http://data.bnf.fr/opendata. Prenez quelques minutes pour analyser cette doc. Prenez le temps de consulter le diagramme de documentation du modèle de données. Notez en particulier l’articulation entre :  L’arborescence Work-Expression-Manifestation ;  Les éditions d’une œuvre et les sujets (dcterms:subject) ;  La différence entre « l’œuvre elle-même » (URI qui se termine par « #about ») et la notice de l’œuvre dans data.bnf.fr qui est un skos:Concept relié à l’œuvre par « foaf:focus » ;  L’auteur d’une œuvre (dcterms:creator) ; 2 Interrogation de data.bnf.fr 2.1 Recherche dans RAMEAU 2.1.1 Première recherche Recherchez l’identifiant RAMEAU de l’entrée qui a pour nom « Poésie française ». Utilisez pour cela la fonction SPARQL « REGEX » : SELECT … WHERE { … FILTER(regex(?variable, "Poésie française", "i") }
  2. 2. - thomas.francart@sparna.fr – 07/03/2018 2 2.1.2 Désambiguisation Que constatez-vous en analysant le tableau de résultats ? est-ce que toutes les solutions viennent de RAMEAU ? comment exclure les solutions qui ne viennent pas de RAMEAU ? Poésie française = http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb119759240 2.2 Recherche des notices indexées sur « Poésie française » Ecrivez une requête pour rechercher toutes les notices ayant pour sujet l’entrée de RAMEAU « Poésie française » trouvée précédemment. Sélectionnez le titre des notices (dcterms:title). 2.3 Recherche dans les personnes 2.3.1 Première recherche Recherchez une personne qui s’appelle « Jean de La Fontaine ». Le nom d’une personne est exprimée avec la propriété « foaf:name ». N’utilisez pas la fonction « regex ». Attention aux majuscules/minuscules ! 2.3.2 Désambiguisation Que constatez-vous ? comment désambiguïser le résultat pour trouver "le bon" ? cliquez sur les URIs pour naviguer vers les fiches et trouver un critère différenciant ; regardez les données en RDF des fiches pour trouver les URIs des propriétés à utiliser. Ajoutez ce/ces critères à la requête. Jean de la Fontaine = http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb11910267w#about 2.4 Les Fables de la Fontaine 2.4.1 Trouver les Fables Trouvez l'œuvre "Fables" en naviguant dans data.bnf.fr (partez de la fiche « Jean de La Fontaine »). Notez l'URI du "permalien". Quelle est l'URI du Work FRBR correspondant ? Fables = http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb120083695#about 2.4.2 Trouver les mot-clés sujet des éditions des Fables Ecrivez une requête pour trouver tous les mots-clés (sujets) des éditions des fables de la Fontaine. 2.5 Requête combinée « mot-clé » + « auteur » 2.5.1 Œuvres de Jean de la Fontaine Ecrivez une requête pour sélectionner toutes les œuvres de Jean de la Fontaine avec leur titre.
  3. 3. - thomas.francart@sparna.fr – 07/03/2018 3 2.5.2 Critère de mot-clé Ajouter un critère pour ne conserver que les œuvres qui ont une Manifestation indexée sur « Poésie Française ».
  4. 4. - thomas.francart@sparna.fr – 07/03/2018 4 3 Solutions 3.1 Recherche dans RAMEAU 3.1.1 Première recherche Recherchez l’identifiant RAMEAU de l’entrée qui a pour nom « Poésie française ». PREFIX skos: <http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#> SELECT DISTINCT ?sujet ?label WHERE { ?sujet a skos:Concept . ?sujet skos:prefLabel ?label . FILTER(regex(?label, "Poésie française", "i")) } LIMIT 100 3.1.2 Désambiguisation Que constatez-vous en analysant le tableau de résultats ? est-ce que toutes les entrées viennent de RAMEAU ? comment être plus précis ? Par exemple : PREFIX skos: <http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#> PREFIX foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/> SELECT ?sujet ?label WHERE { ?sujet a skos:Concept . ?sujet skos:prefLabel ?label . FILTER(regex(?label, "Poésie française", "i")) FILTER NOT EXISTS { ?sujet foaf:focus ?quelqueChose . } } LIMIT 100 3.2 Recherche des notices indexées sur « Poésie française » Ecrivez une requête pour rechercher toutes les notices ayant pour sujet l’entrée de RAMEAU « Poésie française » trouvée précédemment. Sélectionnez le titre des notices (dcterms :title). PREFIX skos: <http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#> PREFIX foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/> SELECT ?manifestation ?title WHERE {
  5. 5. - thomas.francart@sparna.fr – 07/03/2018 5 ?manifestation dcterms:subject <http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb119759240> . ?manifestation dcterms:title ?title } LIMIT 1000 3.3 Recherche dans les personnes 3.3.1 Première recherche Recherchez une personne qui s’appelle « Jean de la Fontaine ». SELECT ?personne WHERE { ?personne a foaf:Person . ?personne foaf:name "Jean de La Fontaine" . } 3.3.2 Désambiguisation Que constatez-vous ? comment désambiguiser le résultat pour trouver "le bon" ? SELECT ?personne ?birth ?death WHERE { ?personne a foaf:Person . ?personne foaf:name "Jean de La Fontaine" . ?personne bio:birth ?birth . ?personne bio:death ?death . } 3.4 Les Fables de la Fontaine 3.4.1 Trouver les Fables Trouvez l'oeuvre "Fables" en naviguant dans data.bnf.fr. Notez l'URI du "permalien". Quelle est l'URI du Work FRBR correspondant ? <http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb120083695#about> 3.4.2 Trouver les mot-clés sujet des éditions des Fables Ecrivez une requête pour trouver tous les mots-clés (sujets) des éditions des fables de la Fontaine. SELECT DISTINCT ?manifestation ?sujet ?label WHERE { ?manifestation rdarelationships:workManifested <http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb120083695#about> . ?manifestation dcterms:subject ?sujet .
  6. 6. - thomas.francart@sparna.fr – 07/03/2018 6 ?sujet skos:prefLabel ?label . } 3.5 Requête combinée « mot-clé » + « auteur » 3.5.1 Œuvres de Jean de la Fontaine Ecrivez une requête pour sélectionner toutes les œuvres de Jean de la Fontaine avec leur titre. PREFIX dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> SELECT ?work ?titre WHERE { ?work dcterms:creator <http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb11910267w#about> . ?work dcterms:title ?titre . } 3.5.2 Critère de mot-clé Ajouter un critère pour ne conserver que les œuvres qui ont une Manifestation indexée sur « Poésie Française ». PREFIX dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> SELECT DISTINCT ?work ?titre WHERE { ?work dcterms:creator <http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb11910267w#about> . ?work dcterms:title ?titre . ?manifestation rdarelationships:workManifested ?work . ?manifestation dcterms:subject <http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb119759240> . }

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