food production distribution & storage in india


Published on

Published in: Business
1 Comment
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

food production distribution & storage in india

  2. 2. ‘India will have to double food production by 2040’ The Indian Express Sun Dec 02 2012, ___ 2
  3. 3. Indias raw food sector covers fruit and vegetables; spices; meat and poultry; milk and milk products, beverages, fisheries, soya-based products, etc…..The Indian food services industry is estimated to be nearly worth Rs 75,000 crore (US$ 13.79 billion) 3
  4. 4. Cropping Pattern India is a vast country. The climatic conditions like temperature, humidity and rainfall vary from one region to another. Accordingly, there is a rich variety of crops grown in different parts of the country. Despite this diversity, two broad cropping patterns can be identified. 1)Kharif Crops 2)Rabi Crops 4
  5. 5. Kharif CropsThe crops which are sownin the rainy season arecalled kharif crops. Therainy season in India isgenerally from June toSeptember. Paddy, maize,soya bean, groundnut,cotton, etc., are kharifcrops. 5
  6. 6. Rabi Crops The crops grown in the winter season are called rabi crops. Their time period is generally from October to March. Examples of rabi crops are wheat, gram, pea, mustard and linseed. 6
  7. 7. The production crops for 2011-12Rice • Rice 103.41 million tonnes (record) • 103.41 million tonnes (record) • Wheat • 90.23 million tonnes: highest ever 88 million tonnes: highestWheat • Coarse Cereals ever • 41.91 million tonnes • Maize • 21.33 million tonnes42 million tonnesCoarse Cereals • Pulses • 17.02 million tonnesMaize 21.33 million tonnes 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. ` 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. STORAGE 12 L/O/G/O
  13. 13. INTRODUCTION• Proper food storage is important to help you: * Preserve food quality, including nutrients, flavor and texture * Make the most of the money you spend on food by preventing spoilage * Keep food safe by limiting the growth of harmful bacteria and preventing contamination of foods 13
  14. 14. High risk foods• Dairy products, such as custard and dairy based desserts• Eggs and egg products• Cooked rice and pasta• Prepared fruit salads• Food that comes in packages, cans and jars can become high-risk foods once opened, and should be handled and stored correctly 14
  15. 15. Date markings• Food packages have date markings to let us know how long food can be kept before it is unsafe to eat or before the quality of the food begins to deteriorate. 15
  16. 16. Storing leftovers• Throw away any high risk food that has been standing at room temperature for more than two hours• Divide food into smaller portions and put it in a shallow dish• Do not put food in the fridge when it is still hot• Leftovers stored in the fridge should be eaten within three days 16
  17. 17. Freezing• If food is properly frozen there are no food safety concerns• The freezer temperature should be below -15 °C• Frozen raw foods can be defrosted once and stored in the fridge for up to two days before they need to be cooked or thrown away 17
  18. 18. Types of Food Storage Products • Canned foods • Dehydrated foods • Retort foods 18
  19. 19. Canned foods• Cheaper than other types of food• Canned goods have a shelf life from two to seven years• Canned goods can be eaten right out of the can, either cold or heated• The canning process destroys many of the micronutrients in the food 19
  20. 20. Dehydrated foods• It involves reducing the moisture content in foods to create an unfavorable environment for spoilage• Dehydrated foods can be either air- dried or freeze-dried• Both methods can reduce the weight of fruits and vegetables by 80-90%, and meats by 30% 20
  21. 21. Retort foods• These foods are packaged in multilayer laminate pouches that are vacuum sealed and then heated to 240-250° to sterilize the contents• Retort products have a shelf life equal to that of canned goods• They can be eaten straight out of their packaging 21
  22. 22. 8 tips of food storage• Follow the First In, First Out (FIFO) rule• Place meat as low as possible• Store food in air-tight containers• Store all food off the floor• Temperature control still applies• Do not overload refrigeration units• Keep shelves and floors clean and organized• When in doubt, throw it out 22
  23. 23. Food Distribution 23 L/O/G/O
  24. 24. 24
  25. 25. Retail concentrationRefers to the market-share generally belonging to the top 4 or 5 mass distribution firmsReasons The particular relevance retail is gaining on a global scale The particular shape of the food chainPositive & negative impacts 25
  26. 26. Logistics Management of the flow of resources between the point of origin and the point of destination in order to meet some requirement• Logistics fields Procurement logistics Production logistics Distribution logistics Disposal logistics Reverse logistics Green logistics• 26
  27. 27. Agricultural marketingCovers the services involved in movingan agricultural product from the farm to theconsumerInterconnected activitiesAlso includes acts of buying supplies,renting equipment & paying labor 27
  28. 28. Introduction to PDSEstablished by the Government of Indiaunder Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, andPublic DistributionIt distributes subsidized food and non-fooditems to Indias poor.Major commodities distributed include staplefood grains, such as wheat, rice, sugar,and kerosenePDS or FPS 28
  29. 29. Fallouts of P.D.S System1. Growing instances of the consumers receivinginferior quality food grains.2. Deceitful dealers replace good suppliesreceived from the F.C.I. with inferior stock3. Illicit fair price shop owners have been found tocreate large number of bogus cards4. Many FPS dealers resort to malpractice, illegaldiversions of commodities, hoarding and blackmarketing due to the minimal salary. 29
  30. 30. 5. Numerous malpractices make safe andnutritious food inaccessible and unaffordable6. Identification of households to be denoted BPLstatus and distribution to granted PDS serviceshas been highly irregular7. Regional allocation and coverage of FPS areunsatisfactory. 30
  31. 31. •CONCLUSIONIndian food economy is one of thestrongest sector.Eventhough food production isincreasing per year, due to factorssuch as food inflation , inefficientdistribution systems and storagesystems ,India is facing downfall inits food maintenance. 31