Precautions during pregnancy


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Precautions during pregnancy

  1. 1. Precautions during Pregnancy
  2. 2. Pregnancy• „Pregnancy‟ is really a natural procedure including modifications in the female‟s entire body and in addition within their actions and also lifestyle. Despite the fact that Pregnancy is not an ailment, it requires a unique attention. As an illustration, pregnant women should abide by a healthy diet plan and never within the last few locations they must retain his or her health and a nice body shape by simply carrying out daily workouts. In addition to this, workouts through Pregnancy certainly are a new breakthrough discovery and several pregnant women often embrace the idea in order to keep a nice amount and to include health. Specialists can see which workouts will make pregnant women to help experience much better and also confident with her entire body, they are able to help the muscles to be strong muscular tissues, control the tension and to maintain a well balanced weight.
  3. 3. Pregnancy• We cant lie down in listing of sign of Pregnancy for every girl, because Pregnancy signs and symptoms experienced by every lady. On the whole, you can place down a number of common signs of Pregnancy which will or perhaps is probably not knowledgeable by simple ladies. Comprehending your sign of Pregnancy is very important because these types of signs can also be in connection with additional incidences when compared with Pregnancy. They had missed period of time can be one of the many very first sign of Pregnancy. In addition, immediately after pregnancy, once the embryo implants itself around the uterine retaining wall, you will have implantation hemorrhage and you will encounter cramping of muscular tissues and also recognizing. They may be the first sign of Pregnancy and may end up being commonly misinterpreted due to changed menstruation, infection or perhaps modifications in birth control product and the like.
  4. 4. SIGNS PREVAILING PREGNANCYAs I have said, a new detained menstruation may be the start withsign of Pregnancy. Youll skip the following period of time whichconfirms which fact you are pregnant. Hemorrhaging has beenincredibly very much standard through a Pregnancy period of timeyet itll be commonly brighter when compared with standard stream.Usually a new had missed period of time is often assigned tohormonal problems, anxiety, tension and also weakness and thelike. The sore teat can be a symptom of Pregnancy and may evenstart off immediately after anyone to days of conceiving. Howeverhormonal imbalances or perhaps detained period may cause thisparticular pain, yet commonly it is just a persistent trouble that iscaused specifically through Pregnancy. As your body is supportedand also feeding another lifetime system, people usually tend toobtain more exhausted and also consumed with stress throughPregnancy.
  5. 5. Pregnancy• Fatigue or perhaps low energy can be early to sign of Pregnancy and may begin as early as very first few days immediately after pregnancy. The Pregnancy examination will probably commonly ensure your current Pregnancy due to the fact this particular weariness or perhaps weakness may arise from depression, anxiety, typical chilly or perhaps flu and also. So to save your precious time and money as well when anyone at home is pregnant, please help that lady and surf the online sites like Medooc, 20search, Dogpile, etc. which will help you to search tips regarding the problems faced by the lady at your home.•
  6. 6. The First TrimesterLasts from conception to the twelfth week of pregnancy 3 periods during the first trimester: The Germinal Period Fertilized egg travels and implants in wall of uterus Implantation occurs 10-14 days after conception The Period of the Embryo Lasts from third through eighth week of pregnancy Major organs and anatomical structures begin to form The Period of the Fetus Lasts from ninth week of pregnancy until birth All major organs continue rapid growth and become interconnected
  7. 7. The Second TrimesterFetus assumes distinct human appearance• The nails harden and skin thickens, as well as the eye lashes, eye brows, and scalp hair appear during fifth and sixth months• Fetus‟s visual and auditory senses are functional
  8. 8. The Third TrimesterAll organ systems mature rapidly• Fetus prepares for birth• Fetus reaches „age of viability‟, the point at which the fetus can survive outside of the uterus• Fetus shows better-organized gross motor activity, and sleepiness/ waking activity• Towards end of ninth month, fetus is positioned head-down with limbs curled up in „fetal position‟
  9. 9. Teratogens• External agents such as viruses, drugs, chemicals and radiation that can harm a developing embryo or fetus.• Time when organ system or body part is at highest risk of effects from teratogens is known as „sensitive period‟.• Effects of teratogens on a body part or organ system are worst during the period when that structure is forming and growing most rapidly.
  10. 10. Teratogens• The same defect can be caused by different teratogens.• A variety of defects can be caused by a single teratogen.• The longer the exposure or the higher the „dose‟ of the teratogen, the more likely it is that serious harm will be done.• The long-term effects of a teratogen often depend on the quality of the postnatal environment.
  11. 11. Subjective Assessment• When pregnant female comes to you, the kinesiologist, you should ask: – Name – Age – Medical history – Genetic history – Previous surgeries – Current/past medications – If they have ever or are using “street drugs” or smoking – Alcohol/caffeine use – Occupation and current working status – Marital status and children
  12. 12. Objective Assessment• When observing the client, evaluate: – Height – Weight – BMI – Blood Pressure – General alignment – Range painful movement
  13. 13. Conditions During Pregnancy• Constipation – Affects half of pregnant women – Causes: • increase in progesterone • the colon absorbing more water • worse in first 13-14 weeks – Treatment: • Drink plenty of fluids • Eat high fiber foods • Take fiber supplements – psylium husks, Metamucil, Ex-Lax • EXERCISE!
  14. 14. Conditions During Pregnancy• Fatigue – Almost all women report increased fatigue in the 1st trimester. – Causes: • Body is working harder • More levels of progesterone, – Treatment: • Take naps • Drink plenty of fluids, but avoid fluids 2-3hr before bed. Lac • Exercise • Gentle stretches before bedtime can help prevent nighttime cramping • Eat foods rich in protein
  15. 15. Conditions During Pregnancy• Back Ache• Many women experience back aches during 2nd and 3rd trimesters – Causes: • Poor posture • Extra weight • Change in centre of gravity • Hormones – Treatment: • Pay attention to posture • Exercise – Swimming • Pillow support in bed • Ask for assistance when lifting heavy objects • Heat/cold • Massage
  16. 16. • Benefits of Exercisefitness Maintenance/improvement of maternal During• Pregnancy Control of excess weight gain• Improved posture and appearance• Increased energy• Improved sleep• Decreased incidence of back pain• Improved self-esteem• Decreased incidence of varicose veins• Decreased water retention• Decreased level of tension• Possible decrease in complications during labour• Shortened labour• More rapid postpartum recovery
  17. 17. Disadvantages of Not Exercising• Studies have shown that women who exercise do not experience an increase in: – Premature Rupture of Membranes (PROM) • When the membranes that hold the amniotic fluid break too early. – Congenital Abnormalities
  18. 18. Risk Reduction Pre-Eclampsia (Toxemia) Occurs only during pregnancy and the postpartum period Affects 5-8% of all pregnancies Causes blood vessels to constrict resulting in high blood pressure and a decrease in blood flow to organs and uterus. Having high blood pressure before pregnancy puts you at risk, also having a BMI of 30 or more Characterized by high blood pressure and presence of protein in the urine Symptoms: excess swelling of hands and feet, headaches, changes in visions, vomiting blood, ringing in the ears Occurs in the 2nd or 3rd trimesters
  19. 19. Exercises During Pregnancy• Low impact aerobics• Water aerobics• Walking• Kegels• Pilates• Yoga• Cycling• Swimming
  20. 20. Kegels• Help prepare body for labour• Kegel exercises are easy to do - can be done anywhere• Kegels help strengthen the pelvic floor muscles• Many women do kegel exercises to prevent incontinence
  21. 21. Yoga (prenatal)• Help with breathing and relaxation• Promote feelings of well-being• Energizing• Stress relief• Improve posture• Meet others who are facing the same challenges• Note: Avoid positions lying on the back
  22. 22. Walking• Vary the intensity• Less impact on the knees and ankles• Easy way to start exercising• Supportive shoes• Water bottle• Spray bottle• Maintain good posture
  23. 23. Exercises to Avoid During Pregnancy• Ball sports• Contact sports: ultimate fighting, wrestling, football• Sports that involve bouncing, leaping, a sudden change of direction (increased joint laxity from hormones make joints susceptible to sprains)• Exercises that put you at risk for falls: rollerblading, horseback ridding, skiing• After 1st trimester avoid exercise in the supine position• Lying in the prone position• Lifting heavy free weights
  24. 24. Contraindications to Exercise• Pregnancy induced hypertension• Premature rupture of membranes• Preterm labor during the prior or current pregnancy• Persistent 2nd or 3rd trimester bleeding• There should be an evaluation to determine whether an exercise program is appropriate if the woman has conditions such as: – Cardiac disease, constrictive lung disease – Chronic hypertension – Severe anemia – Chronic bronchitis – Extreme obesity – Extreme underweight – History of an extremely sedentary lifestyle – Orthopedic limitations – Heavy smoker
  25. 25. Recommendations for Exercise• Beginners – non weight bearing activities pose the least risk of injury – 20 – 30 minutes of activity a day at a comfortable pace• Previously active women – participation in aerobic activities are generally safe – Exercise in high altitudes is not recommended• Running – can be continued late into pregnancy to maintain fitness, less than 45 min• Weight training – light weights and moderate reps will maintain flexibility and muscle tone and reduce the risk of joint/ligament injury• Should be able to converse while exercising – vigorous exercise offers no benefits during pregnancy, only more complications• Listen to your body – stop if you feel breathless, nausea, dizzy, tired• Pulse should NEVER exceed 140 beats per minute!
  26. 26. Recommendations for Exercise• Positions/Posture: – Avoid lying on your back after 12th week of pregnancy – Abdominal exercises – Avoid standing for long periods – Avoid back swaying (lordosis) – cat back stretch, strengthen abdominals – Rounded upper back (kyphosis) – chest stretches, upper back strengthening – Avoid valsalva maneuver – increase blood and intra- abdominal pressure – Avoid lying in the prone position after the 1st trimester