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Humaniora 2 4

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humaniora is social sciences that need for health education

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Humaniora 2 4

  1. 1. L/O/G/O PENGANTAR HUMANIORA 2 - 4 SEKOLAH TINGGI ILMU KESEHATAN BANYUWANGI 2014
  2. 2. TARGET/ SASARAN EDUKATIF: PERUBAHAN PERILAKU NEGATIF  POSITIF
  3. 3. 1. PERILAKU KESEHATAN A. HEALTH MAINTANANCE (PEMELIHARAAN) PREVENTIVE PENYAKIT, PROMKES, GIZI, DLL B. HEALTH SECKING BEHAVIOUR (PENGGUNAAN FASILITAS KESEHATAN) MENCARI PENGOBATAN C. ENVIRONMENT HEALTH BEHAVIOUR (PERILAKU KESLING) AIR BERSIH, PEMBUANGAN KOTORAN, DLL
  4. 4. 2. DOMAIN PERILAKU (BENYAMIN BLOOM) A. KNOWLEDGE (PENGETAHUAN)  DOMAIN KOGNITIF ADA 6 TINGKATAN : 1) TAHU (KNOW)  TINGKAT PALING RENDAH 2) MEMAHAMI (COMPREHENSION)  BISA MENJELASKAN 3) APLICATION (APLIKASI)  MAMPU MENGGUNAKAN MATERI YG TELAH DIPELAJARI 4) ANALYSIS (ANALISIS)  MAMPU MENJABARKAN OBYEK KE DALAM KOMPONEN2 5) SYNTHESIS (SINTESIS)  MAMPU MENGHUBUNGKAN BAGIAN2 DLM BENTUK KESELURUHAN 6) EVALUATION (EVALUASI)  MAMPU JUSTIFIKASI, PENILAIAN MATERI DIDASARKAN ATAS KRITERIA W A W A N C A R A / A N G K E T
  5. 5. 2. DOMAIN PERILAKU (BENYAMIN BLOOM) B. ATTITUDE (SIKAP)  DOMAIN AKTIF REAKSI/ RESPONS YG MASIH TERTUTUP THD STIMULUS SIKAP MERUP. PREDISPOSISI TINDAKAN KOMPONEN POKOK SIKAP: 1) KEPERCAYAAN/ KEYAKINAN, IDE KONSEP THD OBYEK 2) KEHIDUPAN EMOSIONAL/ EVALUASI THD OBYEK 3) KEVENDERUNGAN UTK BERTINDAK
  6. 6. 2. DOMAIN PERILAKU (BENYAMIN BLOOM) TINGKATAN SIKAP: 1) RECEIVING (MENERIMA)  SUBYEK MEMPERHATIKAN STIMULUS 2) RESPONDING (MERESPON)  MENJAWAB PERTANYAAN & MELAKSANAKAN KEGIATAN YG DITUGASKAN 3) VALUING (MENGHARGAI)  MENGAJAK ORANG LAIN UTK MENGERJAKAN 4) RESPONSIBLE (BERTANGGUNG JAWAB)  BERTANGGUNG JAWAB ATAS SEGALA SESUATU YG DIPILIHNYA DG SEGALA RESIKO
  7. 7. 2. DOMAIN PERILAKU (BENYAMIN BLOOM) C. PRACTICE (TINDAKAN)  DOMAIN PSIKOMOTOR MEWUJUDKAN SIKAP MENJADI PERBUATAN NYATA BEBERAPA TINGKATAN TINDAKAN : 1) GUIDED RESPONS (RESPONS TERPIMPIN) DAPAT MELAKUKAN SESUATU SESUAI URUTANNYA 2) MECHANISM (MEKANISME) DPT MELAKUKAN SESUATU DG BENAR SCR OTOMATIS 3) KEVENDERUNGAN UTK BERTINDAK TINDAKAN SUDAH BERKEMBANG DG BAIK, DIMODIFIKASI TANPA MENGURANGI KEBENARAN TINDAKAN
  8. 8. 3. PERUBAHAN PERILAKU & INDIKATORNYA A. PERUBAHAN PENGETAHUAN URUTAN PERUBAHAN PERILAKU (ROGERS) : 1) AWARENESS  MENYADARI STIMULUS/ OBYEK 2) INTEREST  TERTARIK STIMULUS 3) EVALUATION  MENIMBANG BAIK/ BURUKNYA STIMULUS 4) TRIAL  MENCOBA PERILAKU BARU 5) ADAPTION  SUBYEK TELAH BERPERILAKU BARU B. PERUBAHAN SIKAP  SEJALAN DG PENGETAHUAN  SIKAP THD PENYAKIT, CARA HIDUP SEHAT, KESLING C. PERUBAHAN TINDAKAN  SEJALAN DG SIKAP
  9. 9. 4. DETERMINAN PERILAKU PENGALAMAN KEYAKINAN LINGKUNGAN SOSIO - BUDAYA PENGETAHUAN PERSEPSI SIKAP KEINGINAN KEHENDAK MOTIVASI NIAT P E R I L A K U
  10. 10. 4. DETERMINAN PERILAKU A. TEORI LAWRENCE GREEN 1) PREDESPOSING FACTORS  PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, KEPERCAYAAN, KEYAKINAN, NILAI, DSB 2) ENABLING FACTORS (FAKTOR PENDUKUNG)  LINGKUNGAN FISIK, KETERSEDIAAN FASILITAS, SARANA KESEHATAN 3) REINFORCING FACTORS (PENDORONG)  PERILAKU & SIKAP PETUGAS, PERILAKU MASYARAKAT B = f (PF, EF, RF)
  11. 11. 4. DETERMINAN PERILAKU B. TEORI SNCHANDER B. KAR B : BEHAVIOR f : FUNGSI BI : BEHAVIOR INTENTION (NIAT SESEORANG UTK BERTINDAK) SS : SOCIAL SUPPORT (DUKUNGAN MASYARAKAT) AI : ACCESSEBILITY OF INFORMATION (ADANYA INFORMASI) PA : PERSONAL AUTONOMY (KEPUTUSAN PRIBADI) AS : ACTION SITUATION (SITUASI YG MEMUNGKINKAN BERTINDAK) B = f (BI, SS, AI, PA, AS)
  12. 12. 4. DETERMINAN PERILAKU C. TEORI WHO PERILAKU DISEBABKAN OLEH ADANYA: 1) THOUGHTS AND FEELING (PEMAHAMAN & PERIMBANGAN)  PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, KEPERCAYAAN, VALUE 2) PERSONAL REFERENCE (ORANG YANG DIIKUTI) 3) RESOURCES (SUMBER DAYA)  PERILAKU & SIKAP PETUGAS, PERILAKU MASYARAKAT 4) CULTURE (KEBUDAYAAN)  KEBIASAAN, NILAI2, TRADISI (POLA HIDUP) B = f (TF, PR, R, C)
  13. 13. 5. UPAYA MENINGKATKAN CAKUPAN SASARAN EDUKASI A. PENGEMBANGAN MASYARAKAT PENGEMBANGAN POTENSI & KEMAMPUAN MANUSIA UTK MENGONTROL LINGKUNGANNYA 1) TUJUANNYA a) MENINGKATKAN KEPERCAYAAN DIRI SENDIRI b) MENIMBULKAN RASA BANGGA c) MENINGKATKAN DINAMIKA DLM YANKES d) MENINGKATKAN KESEJAHTERAAN MASY
  14. 14. 2) LANGKAH – LANGKAHNYA a) CIPTAKAN POTENSI AGAR DAPAT DIKEMBANGKAN b) TINGKATKAN MUTU POTENSI YANG ADA c) USAHAKAN KELANGSUNGAN KEGIATAN YG SUDAH ADA d) TINGKATKAN DERAJAT KESEHATAN SECARA BERTAHAP 3) UNSUR PROGRAM PENGEMBANGAN MASYARAKAT a) PROGRAM TERENCANA SESUAI BUDAYA SETEMPAT b) MENDORONG SWADAYA MASYARAKAT c) INVENTARISASI FAKTOR PENDORONG & PENGHAMBAT
  15. 15. 4) PRINSIP PENGEMBANGAN MASYARAKAT a) PROGRAM DITENTUKAN BERSAMA MASYARAKAT b) PROGRAM DISESUAIKAN KEBUTUHAN MASYARAKAT c) DIBERIKAN BIMBINGAN, DORONGAN & PENGARAHAN d) ADA YG MENDAMPINGI MASYARAKAT 5) BENTUK PROGRAM PENGEMBANGAN MASYARAKAT a) PROGRAM INTEGRATIF  LINTAS SEKTORAL b) PROGRAM ADAPTIF  LINTAS PROGRAM c) PROGRAM PROYEK  USAHA2 DI MASYARAKAT SESUAI KEBUTUHAN
  16. 16. 5. UPAYA MENINGKATKAN CAKUPAN SASARAN EDUKASI B. PENGORGANISASIAN MASYARAKAT AD. PROSES DI MANA MASY. DPT MENGIDENTIFIKASI, MEMPRIORITASKAN KEBUTUHAN & PENGEMBANGAN KEYAKINAN UTK DPT MEMENUHI KEBUTUHANNYA DG MENGGUNAKAN SUMBER DAYA YG ADA MELALUI GOTONG ROYONG ROSS MURRAY
  17. 17. 1) ASPEK DLM PENGORGANISASIAN MASYARAKAT a) PROSES  SOSIALISASI, INSTRUKSI b) MASYARAKAT  GEOGRAFIS, AREA TEMPAT TINGGAL c) MEMFUNGSIKAN MASYARAKAT  MENCARI INISIATOR & MOTIVATOR, BUAT RENCANA BIAYA 2) TAHAP PENGORGANISASIAN MASYARAKAT a) PERSIAPAN SOSIAL  PENGENALAN MASY  PENGENALAN MASALAH  PENYADARAN MASY  MMD (MUSY MASY DESA) b) PELAKSANAAN  MEMILIH KEGIATAN YG DAPAT DILAKSANAKAN  MELIBATKAN PERAN SERTA MASYARAKAT  MENUMBUHKAN RASA PERCAYA DIRI MASYARAKAT c) EVALUASI  SAAT PROSES & SELESAI KEGIATAN d) PERLUASAN  KUANTITATIF & KUALITATIF
  18. 18. 1. MODAL DASAR PRIBADI UNGGUL  BERTAQWA KPD TUHAN YME  MEMILIKI KECERDASAN INTELEKTUAL  MEMILIKI KEJUJURAN & DIPERCAYA  DISIPLIN TINGGI  MEMILIKI KESABARAN  DAYA JUANG TINGGI  DAPAT MEMBEDAKAN HAQ & BATHIL  MEMILIKI KOMITMEN & INTEGRITAS TINGGI  MEMILIKI TENGGANG RASA  MEMILIKI KEPEKAAN THD LINGKUNGAN  MEMILIKI KEPEDULIAN YG TINGGI  MEMILIKI KEMAMPUAN MENGENDALIKAN EMOSI
  19. 19. 2. PRINSIP MJD PRIBADI BERPRESTASI  SETIAP MELAKUKAN KEGIATAN SELALU MENETAPKAN TARGET  BERPIKIR SEBELUM BERTINDAK  SELALU BERPIKIR POSITIF  MEMANFAATKAN WAKTU SECARA EFISIEN  SELALU MEMBUAT SKALA PRIORITAS  BERUSAHA BERMANFAAT BAGI ORANG LAIN  BERUSAHA MENJADI SURI TAULADAN ORANG LAIN  MEMEGANG PRINSIP WIN – WIN SOLUTION  SELALU MAWAS DIRI  TIDAK PERNAH BERHENTI UNTUK BELAJAR  BERUSAHA MENJADI YG TERBAIK  BICARA BERDASAR DATA & KENYATAAN
  20. 20. 3. CIRI PRIBADI BERPRESTASI  MEMILIKI FISIK & MENTAL YG SEHAT  MEMILIKI KEPERCAYAAN DIRI YG KUAT  TDK MUDAH PUTUS ASA  MEMILIKI RASA TANGGUNG JAWAB YG TINGGI  BISA MELAYANI BAWAHAN, TEMAN & ATASAN  MEMILIKI KEPERCAYAAN DIRI YG KUAT  MEMILIKI MOTIVASI KERJA YG TINGGI  SENANTIASA MENGEMBANGKAN POTENSI DIRI  BANYAK INISIATIF & KREATIF  MEMILIKI GAIRAH HIDUP YG TINGGI  BISA BERKOMUNIKASI DG BAIK  MEMILIKI LOYALITAS YG TINGGI
  21. 21. 4. HARAPAN PRIBADI BERPRESTASI  BERHARAP SELALU DPT BEKERJA SAMA DG ORANG LAIN  BERHARAP MENDAPATKAN REJEKI YG BAROKAH  BERHARAP MAMPU MENYEIMBANGKAN ANTARA HAK & KEWAJIBAN  MENGINGINKAN SUATU KEGIATAN BERJALAN LEBIH BAIK  BERHARAP SELALU MEMUASKAN ORANG LAIN  MENGHARAP KRITIK & SARAN DR ORANG LAIN  BERHARAP KONDISI MASYARAKAT SEMAKIN KONDUSIF  BERHARAP KEMAKSIATAN TDK MERAJALELA  MENGINGINKAN PARA PEMIMPIN MAMPU MENJADI PANUTAN  INGIN MUSUHNYA BERUBAH MENJADI TEMANNYA
  22. 22. 5. SIKAP & PERILAKU PRIBADI BERPRESTASI  TEGUH DLM MEMBELA KEBENARAN  MAU MINTA MAAF & MEMAAFKAN ORANG LAIN  ANDAP ASOR, BERANI MENGALAH  BERANI MAWAS DIRI  SELALU ELING & WASPADA  MURAH HATI & MURAH SENYUM  DERMAWAN  RINGAN TANGAN, SUKA MEMBANTU  TAHU SOPAN SANTUN & TATA KRAMA  TAHU POSISI DIRI
  23. 23. 6. PANTANGAN PRIBADI BERPRESTASI  MEMINTA YG BUKAN HAKNYA  MEMENTINGKAN DIRI SENDIRI  AJI MUMPUNG  MEMBANGGAKAN DIRI  BERBOHONG & TIDAK JUJUR  MEMPERDAYA ORANG LAIN  SEMANGAT KENDOR / DEMOTIVASI  MELAKUKAN KKN  MELAKUKAN MOLIMO  TIDAK PATUH TERHADAP ATURAN
  24. 24. 7. GURU SEORANG PRIBADI YG BERPRESTASI PARA ALIM ULAMA & AGAMAWAN PARA CERDIK CENDIKIAWAN PARA PEMIMPIN YG BIJAKSANA PARA PEGAWAI & KARYAWAN YG BERPRESTASI PARA GURU & TOKOH MASYARAKAT
  25. 25. DALAM RANGKA MEWUJUDKAN PROGRAM KESEHATAN STRATEGI WHO : 1. ADVOCACY 2. SOCIAL SUPPORT 3. EMPOWER MENT
  26. 26. 1. PRINSIP ADVOKASI AD. KOMBINASI ANTARA PENDEKATAN ATAU KEGIATAN INDIVIDU & SOSIAL UNTUK MEMPEROLEH KOMITMEN POLITIK, DUKUNGAN KEBIJAKAN, PENERIMAAN SOSIAL DAN ADANYA SISTEM YG MENDUKUNG TERHADAP PROGRAM/ KEGIATAN 2. KEGIATAN ADVOKASI A. LOBI POLITIK 1) SASARAN PEJABAT PUBLIK 2) INFORMASIKAN MASALAH 3) DISIAPKAN DATA YG AKURAT (EVIDENCE BASED)
  27. 27. B. SEMINAR C. MEDIA  CETAK & ELEKTRONIK D. LOKA KARYA PETUGAS KESEHATAN E. KALAKARYA DAN ASSESMENT DI TEMPAT PELAYANAN F. MELALUI ASOSIASI PEMINAT EX : PEDULI AIDS, NARKOBA, KUSTA, DLL 3. ARGUMENTASI ADVOKASI A. MEYAKINKAN (CREDIBLE) B. LAYAK (FEASIBLE) C. RELEVAN D. PENTING (URGENT) E. PRIORITAS TINGGI (HIGH PRIORITY)
  28. 28. 4. KOMUNIKASI DALAM ADVOKASI A. ATRAKSI INTERPERSONAL 1) DAYA TARIK 2) PERCAYA DIRI 3) KEMAMPUAN 4) FAMILIER 5) KEDEKATAN (PROXIMITY) B. PERHATIAN  KAITKAN DG KEBUTUHAN (A. MASLOW) C. INTENSITAS KOMUNIKASI  SESERING MUNGKIN D. VISUALISASI  FLIPCHART, SLIDE, DLL
  29. 29. L/O/G/O Thank You!

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