Endoscopy

8,549 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
19 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
8,549
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
602
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
523
Comments
0
Likes
19
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Endoscopy

  1. 1. ENDOSCOPY<br />Robert Thomas<br />
  2. 2. What is Endoscopy<br />A medical instrument used for visual examination of the interior of a body cavity or a hollow organ such as the colon, bladder, or stomach. <br />
  3. 3. Endoscopy Tools<br />Tube<br />Rigid or Flexible<br />Lens System<br />Light Delivery System<br />Fiber Optic<br />Probe or Suction Device<br />
  4. 4. Ancient History<br />Four Major Obstacles<br />Enlarge body entrances to body<br />Give more light to opening<br />Transmit a clear image<br />Larger field of vision<br />
  5. 5. Scientific Revolution<br />Light<br />Camera Obscura – reflect light off a flask filled with water<br />Lenses <br />Concave Mirror – reflects more light and more accurately <br />
  6. 6. Bozzini 1806<br />System of Mirrors<br />Placed different mirrors at correct places to reflect image back<br />Setbacks – Light Conductor<br />candlelight<br />
  7. 7. Desormeaux 1853<br />Operative Endoscopy <br />First to perform an endoscopy<br />Used an Endoscope<br />Better Light Source<br />Gasogene Lamp<br />
  8. 8. Nitze Era 1877<br />Grunfeld<br />bladder stone or polyp removal <br />Nitze<br />Safe and reliable<br />Microscope Optics<br />Electric Light Bulb<br />
  9. 9. Early 1900s<br />Arthroscopy<br />Albarran Lever – catheterization<br />Goetze- Automatic Pneumoperitoneum Needle <br />Richard Zollikofer- carbon dioxide to create pneumoperitoneum<br />Endo-Photography<br />
  10. 10. 1940s-1980s<br />Palmer<br />Quartz Rod Lighting 1952<br /> Early vitro fertilization1961<br />Removal of gallstones 1986<br />
  11. 11. Modern Endoscopy<br />Confirm Diagnosis<br />Biopsies<br />Surgery<br />
  12. 12. Functions of Endoscope<br />View internal body parts using lighting system, camera/video, and use of medical instruments to remove unwanted cancers<br />Enters through opening in body<br />Lasts 15 to 60 minutes<br />
  13. 13. Positive Impacts on Society<br />Find Cancer<br />Find Internal Bleeding<br />Better Prevention <br />
  14. 14. Negative Impacts on Society<br />Must train doctors on how to use new technologies being developed<br />Higher Costs with new technology<br />Infection<br />Bleeding<br />
  15. 15. Future Outlook<br />Take images below the surface for a earlier detection of cancer<br />Infrared Scanner<br />Pill with light and camera<br />Robotic Sensors <br />
  16. 16. Works Cited<br />http://www.belindahaikes.com/VisualCultureandTechnology/VC&T1995/Camera_obscura_box.jpg<br />http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/478425<br />http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/24052/<br />http://laparoscopy.blogs.com/endoscopyhistory/<br />http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/endoscopy?o=100074<br />http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/153737.php<br />http://www.instructables.com/image/F9UH7N7FQSWZCY5/Obtain-a-battery-an-electric-wire-and-a-small-li.jpg<br />http://www.sodasyphons.co.uk/image/briet4.jpg<br />http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f9/CapsuleEndoscope.jpg<br />http://www.barrettsadvice.com/wp-content/uploads/EUSartcopy.jpg<br />http://www.healthjockey.com/images/endoscopy.jpg<br />

×