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การปกครองท้องถิ่น(สหพันธรัฐ)

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การปกครองท้องถิ่น(สหพันธรัฐ)

  1. 1. a : ri 6r'n unrr ah 6ru s s r n r :rJ n er r o o rio.r fi rul r+ Ei r u :J : r r n fi nr nJn er:o$#ao fi r4lr,l:J:v ryr ao a ntn:tfi s (Local Administration in Australia)_^ d. q q A oontfi:tfru u5o ah:nvitttdtoaatq:rdr (Commonwelth of Australia; r{}u "aunTurio" uto (Federal Government; ruroro.:uoifl 1901 :J:vnoud':r o ernig unt 2 6u$qu 6o ursrurua:r rrnsntflrufro te6r&ta&--&*ta [er:.rsf,rtnr::Jnpr:o.r rrrj.rriJu 3 fu rJ:ynauci'ru d'uig:..nono.:s-n:nror d'uigurnaranluo'ig utuis*&u* unviounvio.:fiu lqufoL'rndt,tflnl{ul.5o o igfi "r'::arue" (Constitution) riJurorqi'rrorunsfip.lrElutur: ,, j^u % ,, * o *o a , a y 9l',lul{q:Jr^ucllq ttnsP.J'tugrn'tnlT :?ltclt:3[uuuu:14']T:'tsn']:ttilu9lutt6!lJ't:']5n']Ttillit'tslja{ttqlfisaJnTg , fr';**rfi,*""o{n'rrilnaroofiaofiul%oortrnrrfia 6o fiqnr6'nr*mnflr+"lrJr.'o{inpniurerutcq fo:arururaoueiavarniorirtnuq"li dousiavarnioaroritrt,lariluuuTer:..ra#r{urirErilnqrooyToufir+sirorUUA*S nr:ilner:o.reirr*vio.:fir*0CIRrn:r6ufig:.luurrdur 6o rneturn (Municipality)ri'ru:u zzz uvi.:fi.rqJ a I nnru1qufinr:6'qrrj:yunnqrelrnnrvidruxuilTsr'rn: rnilvl:3er-unr:?i'0uu1 uasrna{vi&JFll','l eJ *q n q1{u alR' ,aa*X :s u3141{A1R teJ 0.tn n?{1 A{:6 91.11,l X Aa tU 0llll,lYl [&l oi, (Urban) Ad lgan}[?151,buvl lruA 141,b?UilnATOf nAiinlt aoqd d'n pnrs s{r e'rula u ri :hr n o u tV tlj 9l1,lft?n n?.1[LglE3T6 frirns 1 uvi.: :?sJ 7 [rd.l t1J9r3Jlt"t1.[FrT firj:sgrnr > 100,000 flr,r (600 etuia:.nil.) dra tflqtil0.{11:uf*fld uu er n't unurunluFl; rtsi 0 ti:ou1,6 on sJ'tRR'i1ru m a rft o.rfr rlr ou:Jri rYrfl a 6 vl '; reJ0{rnn - Lilgt"ln?l 30,000 flu rfro.:nnrr - :yn'j"r.r 30,001 - 70,000 pru rfto'rlrar! - :;14i'l.{ 70,001 - 120,000 fll.r ufroslraajslrn - il'rnn'i'r 120,001 erudul:J A do Q v [?J Sl il1[?1 n1 A{ ?I 9}tl,t',I A4 [1'9nl1,[?ltR}}nTnTTil AAIYd [?J A ?%Y]14'h1 [ n n01 n I EJ A{ffi n?il asr:rnr:rfi sJ:J5y51n: > 3% :J:gtrn: > 5,000 fll+ 'Lri'[n nsrn rfi o.rnn:.r d Vl r* fl1,['tqrnn - letiloun?] 2,000 fi1+ flulqRnl{ - 2,4U - 5,000 flu 1Ju1q1nc}j - 5,001 - 10,000 nu ruTolraqjrurn - 1o,oo1 * 2o,ooo ni,l d l4,e 1l,['rqrnn - L8iiloun?1 400 fll,[ fll^'tqna'].: - 401 - 1,000 flu lillqtuqj - 1,001 - 3,000 nu rurolrar!eLrn - 3,001 - 2o,ooo Frt,t 6{n1rnF[u1n (Councils; fiarurfinanr g-21 oufi:J:lmtuufionsrsileuq:.ifrusin;ruaigritauordrur* ?r'lsnrnf;[Erun+ (Mayor) fful8nfln"rryrer:Jrntilu{rfion rfllura-rrarirphuRR'r ,,*, ,JrJu.u:J:;geranrqlq q iv " A e' t ra qa <r u ^ uTurru il'rgrlsi#'ru6x'ld'1.114?14%'l9l1gUT141T [[ne Hfi?U1JililAf'r1,b t:JX{21JT14']T.i11tn1il u u u u s d a v -iolv1r. sJra* a e I 01 1 { %n i,'l ltn o f n % fl 0 tal u 1,[1 ?1 Yl ? [lJ ?1''l 14 1*'t Yt :J fl u fl nl 5 n 01 8.: yt 0.] n 1,[
  2. 2. nrrilnrr:o,:riaodr+'lltrjrsrnaaffifitusaror:nrfgteJa:alfi (Local Administration in Germany) tJt"rtt*t-fl ffitffi-d. t* Federal Republic of Germany u3o anvq-t*f'mrnr:igruo:rufi rfllu "sullTunio" il:snord'ru runio' 1o rrvi.r riun'ir Lander:-on::ruururitauqtd'finr:rrrirrrrfruuuSnr:4 & 4 qlq mrnr:upju6urr:j.raonriju g :rel-u 6o :rqTusnfi'unio:;cr*usJaio rrns:ve1-:Jvi'a":fiu u Yuamfr'r,uo'ig fi:J:sr"rur6rdrflu:Jt;rys?a.::J:cryrq$qileifidrurorurn#nluvnrrlfruTTSU'In?r9#d8q ' aa o a a a a JU.- j R?ur{eJo'rt+rau:u"r: oo ulunr6&Juar n LerTilnrlauaronrn:J:smurBudrrsiftanrpirrru"r riJupirfion9l4glqi X- a e * i t e ! a v a u ulnalnuu{ilRn']q?ttytuSJn:f,fi{tj:rn0uo?ufl"tttYllA1J0.:T6'u'18:39tlJiln:6 lTu ulun9nTa:63J1{9rTufl:fi&&44& u a q d roulnrenuaJa:s il!rraJ1*flrnr:ilnn:ornl'ru:J3u'l:$avfi6riruni6riluro.roi'rr0.JrLqifi?lrrnrrd0 d0 qtu sir:tsituaur 4-s fluqrnqir.rfi'uqrsJsJnio ur.rruniorTturirurirunr::Jnn:orrirunfinrflrorql-lro'rdnqi'rcJ&&ql rtun'ir "f.:u?-sr" u[Junr:u:-irdruronruluernioiorerei'rrpi'ir:rrnr:6'.:Hr-qro.:n[vru@{ uuvia,,&a 5o'urn:sgruna{iiu eJnlr:Jnnrs{ 2 ru (Two Tier) era t'9 furu il::norqi'ru drtnolutrqrur:yr irns drtnott,ltflqufl: &rdJargo fuoi'r'.: ff o tnaur n 8tfi uqilurs n rir tn auuu n tvirfu" u ' {r0{nl:ilnflTa,ryj'o{fruruarru-u 6o iam:ruun:ararrrTuf'Lsi'i:.rro,:un*fln'l::Jnn:a.rsrutornn:9il3t911{1j0.{n1TunnTCI,l?10{ 4 q, q ir ":J:yyrruei'orftnnrduulrlnn'l:rfianertt?T?t:J 16onqrt:Iquq:{ adr.rtd tffilaR'rrr tinin.JqrsLLut*6'u" runs#r "tri?yrGun;orra.riufiqroulun'r:6'qnr:nr:fisnrirfirorquro.rfro$nrulEi'n:ounnuarru h A u u * uvt ' a lllea <r a t . o * u6urusl" ry.::fiu']8fl14?'t1.t55fit[nr:ilL1nsJn:6[eJmil1:nn?{Rrt8J9r[q fl8 Frllilrilltofl:s9r'ruu:14']:,]1uUflnnoo & & 4 & I uQ{yfwaAt!.AaA9d 9l1Unl:Aq0{FtR: 9nUnl:?',]{1l LUUlU 9t','rUl.t$tUil6XA qlilnlTt.JU $n39t1Un]:R11981nT d a o '-t, - j a 6 nt;oe:3rufJ:.JU:fi"1:flrnlTR1ulx{fidru:Jnsr:ordo.rnurarru oTil%nuu{ 0 0nriJu6i?ufl 8.rflR'] ryrfluln unr p,l'ru:-rtHT r drfiurunrnfliluqrivirralirfivi.: "tj:sotudn'I" lLRr "fr1m#ru?ffir:" Iquyr'rulil a &s eJlolnn1:rfi 0net".i lq ufl:{lj 0{:Jr3T-rTlt lorla fl't1 fl']:AqLnr{flT't.t1J0.ip.l'tu1jT14'rTo.:ri'nrrjnpr:arvi'atfiulua:eJfi d1u%n'[Ei'+ rtuu 60 A i "anr:l:sral[fia.]" riluo.:rin:ntnq rtnrfirhuuSnr:luril "fl&liLflern" dfiurunvt[uuFttuuuTl4']T f, , qJq ql q riJ u:J:ym ui: ru ri'r aen8n fi anT vi'a.: fi ud'q 16 o n sJr 1 u'r u n vtriloYrfl u:i:vrT uflnr e, ) uuurt'reJRlnFfer.t,to1 "u1ilnlflflrJuqr3" rflurf;.:rhva;ato.:al'']uu3ulr ues il:cfluanl.j :JtrrT rur6ansirur ttun:rflfi fi :J:yT1 n: > 1 5, 000 qru asfi "fl ilsnrrilRrrrfi o.r" rir u anr qr*orfrulo I ruurla{R.rrersrrufio frr.iuirar: z eru fio ulilntnfla.ruqt unv :Jfi'qufio.r raio :Jfi'qrmfluln usitt,l:ruufi'q u.r:Jnrflfr;Jl.rq3riluil:sfiiuanrrfta.:ratoryrflr.Jln naufl?uFrsJqtlnn'r:u3n1:To{il4-qy riju::Juuufi "%1unlv]Flru%qri" fid1t+'rafltfiflq 6a riluvrtt:J:so'rt,uflR.lyi'orfiuunrtfluqlqiq rJ:rrytr,hu:r3rar:lurrnrrdurniu lnr.rtuureriuul?rLtuLtnstuo:#uorrfuoanlq ruuuanrrsntoT
  3. 3. Tn:o a#1.rnrrrl n n:as:sdu siro qhrafi fr'r+Sar srrmigr a arilfi Nnr**** *.d?f ?ffi {f**SMrungsfrr*rlrkm} * ill il '"* mr*#**mft F& {f fllffif,r*r,}t*s$s*sm"r*-r{'imeHr rH"sT *JS5S I { }s a*}r"*i * rr{n : dmns*q rf lur{nq fru *q# il I rf-l s t.?J fqi#:ll tf El'l St*d?lcr*i* {}[?] Sr agr *'1ru ,*ql $$ w1.,$ u ?1 Lsndks*is q-.,*f$I (u

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