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arrl fi'n umvair 6'rus o.rnr:iln n:o,r#e.rfi r.tlrtsir'sil:r rn FI
nr r:J n q tao froo fi r+116il:v tn adio t oa (Local Ad...
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el tgso ig:rrnnnr.r6'qsrtruiJunquSfl...
yr:r:.lufrxo6nr::Jnn:a.ryi'e.:fiu 2000 :suld'udruilnsr:oreiruvi'otfiueren:ntfionnr:u3ur:toi' + uuuuv q
uur+'l eJ n rn FIer...
:srfluuutnr:.:runrulsio.:ri'n::Jnnr:0.:ri'4.:fiu1urnTra61qi'firfit.: t prJuu:.r 6o strong Executiveql
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การปกครองท้องถิ่น(รัฐเดี่ยว)

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การปกครองท้องถิ่น(รัฐเดี่ยว)

  1. 1. arrl fi'n umvair 6'rus o.rnr:iln n:o,r#e.rfi r.tlrtsir'sil:r rn FI nr r:J n q tao froo fi r+116il:v tn adio t oa (Local Administration in France) il:sryrfirJiirna fifiolx:"lrn'r;j1 "fl'rr"r:il;f,trJittetfl" (French Republici tflu "iotfiut" runy6'enr:ilnn:a.rTu::JrulU "?'uJFturidtutq" lcentraliiation) unr6-o:rtfiuunr:u3ul:ilTrtnflnrllsi' :yu:l "dlil:ymurG:16" (Semi-Presidential System) fifi:J:srrurfiuduiJuvtt::l:vellt or:J:;tvtettnvtiJu Uvrt urni.[r r]ruu5ntt (Head of Government) nr:6'q :s tfl u :l nr :utur tmrnr: ttr.i uG u uri.l o o n iiJ u g :; fii 1qi'rrri :v6'uei:unnr't ig::rnnnrt (Central Government) lqi'urri :Jrsrr urfir6 un ;o n+rigru uori 1ur u niger uort + ioruuqri'j1 n1: ) To u fi n:syt:r.: ( Mi n isters) un rndr u nuEir I 1luair un nr'rt-u tnfi outru ua4r T&oilnaJn'la nrt?ur.lfn1Tfl?.ilfleJn'rer (Local State Government) firfiu.rxqi':l "6'orio".+ q td'uri rirr:1rn1:e*.1fi?-cr (Prefet) fid1u1qfl'tuq:.rxd'lvTatfiu rrqiflHririi tfiu.: "ntlqilnlunfr'.Jn1Tn:v?i'l" {Posterieri) n1:ql-qRuloto':via':fruud'rq qi'r u n r :fi a..: sr n il n er : o t nt a sr n o :r o t? u ii p'i uG u:s el-:J n fi nr nqt :sotuviaofir,t uiluigurn:sqiuvi'orfiufimfi{ "trltelltut:" LLn: "?.hLlflfitlqqffi" lrJruenr; uri'roonliJu 3 f'u flier System) 6a pA-Xiciae 1rarir u :J nn: o r vio.: fr u:veiull ugrufr sq t R nfl aq ll rur urru'iur ao ) udtadqJa a' snuilvtljlArsJCI':1jxl'lqLnnLuil1{Yl51,t:lr el:J:rtrn:qirn'j't 1,500 fl1,t lioun; so; eiqr:::*fi rc-12 riaer-rdululiluuu "dufivrr'rnrslt"t" (Parishes) 9l fl.fl. 1884 t,,r.:.u.t?lflurn 1BB4 q-qqlttld'uYlPllrarijunur:Lilner:orvi'atfiu o"rri-n:ritfdrurqtuHliru:Jno:o.lvi'otfir*:vd'utylflillnutoprarulu lgiirri-- -ci-- qt r{n1 rn Ff u1n :J:sn oL ai'r il fi}Jl8n ff nl t?l Frul n 1rfi o n Ottle u vr:.: ) fi :r:v 6 tl A d v v tt Cl vA t,t1 eJ n [m ffilr+AT fl CI ur H ur r.J't U :J5H1:1 0 { tYl fl Ll a (fl n1 tn fl :J'l a t:J %l"J t A 0n ) lrauru:.Jnoro.rfilfrqrornigurnnnrrrFrutilt,l6ix%"d*ot*t'''tnr:riru4finlneJ'rriau) iJ tzag igurnnnr.ro0nngfierlulrio-qeTr "e-.rl4isr" riJuradttu:rrnr:airunfinret dr';Gr€t-ivv il 1980 rilnuuanrurrUuo.S0n::Jno:0{v]0.lnur3oua.lH10 o r ri'n : eitlfi'd r ur qlufi ur u :J n ot : o': vi'o r fi u:v et-:J o-J H iq lei'trriqI anr$',ruio rJ:snauei'ru arurEnsnra*rnio lt6onot*rlouor:t1 fim:cair:.Jeirrrrar.tt 6 iJ tfur q 16 o n ef{fr t3 u n'jr " n-.: q 0.: " (canton ) fi nrtrfr o n ct:lra rirX n s tJ il :s sruanr fi''r ra for 6 o firi'i pir u lSrar : rn s Lif r ?.1 r u fi 6 riqJ r}]6 (ir u q.lqlua flnrenrtEl'tBnr:o-ouiot il:rnauei'ru il:snruanr :a{ilTrflt*flnl RsJl8nanrri:uufi.l -*Aeq-i*' virratirfr fueralHeLru.:1%atnflRro{nrfrLuon:cilvytt!ufl?l*fi.ttmeJ9l1u:J:14'l:tt8! rfiaruTu.rnr:rir.nuro.:r.lrurtur:ffunr:vir'nulorp.lruanr (teifiH#rfrd'ru.rl:J:rrurru) T&Oil[nStU'ln d leqUO:14?O
  2. 2. Tvsliln'la lnr.iru:Jnn:a.:firfiqqrnigurnnnrrrilueirurad{?o.r:rTn't:airunfinrnrurrioul el tgso ig:rrnnnr.r6'qsrtruiJunquSfl'lr:rrnrmurolurjnrulai'nT:ortlqaLto.:ri'rilnnr.: fl tgos urunnrerolnnd'lorsrrrrupin-ner-utiju "rar.i':tt]n"la.tvi'otdu" uril*i,t"',Ta il lglz o-ersrt{riJu "o.rpi'n:aru'trt,r6R:v"'[rifio'ruvrijuHilru:Jnsr:otvlarfiu d,uX'a,tu: tl t geo 6'q sr'{ rijunilr urj nn:o r airuvi'o,rfi ur6ru::J uuuql o r ri'n : eitd'd r ur qt uH xir u :J n er : o.: r{o.r fr u: v qi'u n r n'[q,i'u ri cl 6{n1n1o:Jrrno:rqi'ru aarr8nanrnrer lt6onvrtrToun:.:; qrntrqrd'.rfliq$qinvo-.:il;er m:;nrrvir:rqiruHr.it o tl 1d'rurafiuet:g 6o fidrurqifronsan8n'1ofianrlr*:reTlm6;I :Jrsorudnlnla 6o {ririlruu3nr: lanrnrnrtfianotnarur8n) firr:roir:.:qirrtHr.ir o iJ Avtlv(-ad antenTTatnlT[FfT]lono[[av6{feil:J:rn8u9t?u 9l']ttYl.l,[Qlno.:nn:?trlr}'iafl:3 d t ir:sqir:lqirrrHr.il 6tJfl14R',]1{LL:.].l',]U 0{OnrT',l&JnAnTT&JT3ftUR"]F} LtRv9.l7lT.:FlaU?SlJ 3. nr:ilnetlooyToodM(LocalAdministrationinUnitedKingdom) fr1tlttro'uuld'n: luniteo Kingdom) :J:snoud"ru o-rnq:*, urnd, afi'oqtrnuqi'ltnsoloittnuoi'naflo lflu "igr6t?" ilRFl:o.nruu:'rmB:J'[oruuurfiigm:eJHry (Constitutional Monarchy) filr:::r8firiJu:J:vert dvddr rJ 1.r''l u n : 6 il 1asr : r:L uu': H #r rlr u r3u r : tt a r ra-l u #r er r*sio al u qri' d ntrr-*r,lrunr:rtnr::rrnr:trpju6u,,rioJ.nrilu z :seTil ld'rrri rrsTuaieunaro igurnnnr'r (Government Department) uu aiu-- ' &t aa vo a d v Lqlttn urun:q8J1+9t:yr[o:Ln"lTttgr.]9r.{ LglUy'l:rT']T1.[01n2.l+',]?T:fln1:13J0.]tflU.:1J1.:3J1n In EJ fi n:vyr:.i, *,n,"t.rs) un;ndr u uSur:lrufi tet:c ( Executive Agencies) qir rf,u.lr u j igrrnvi'0,:fiu (Local Government; liluS:Jrruup'Jfllr {Hybridity) ranruS:Jutul vluA TYAil?1Ottl}b Ter:oairudutd ur (Single Tier System) uu:J6{nlatH1%aT iluuanrtgn:iltr tluu6{n'lt?JGl uLru6{n1[?lo fi a cjfr.: nilq 40 ndr r fi Tri:.: afrt:s tfi I uuSnr:vi'o t fi uf'uu6 lr lsingle Tier)qJ Tettsa#r$aoofir (Two Tier System) 1firal'rrruoRt?aeJH'tt,lflTaouoo1.t - ttqsJntt,lq:nouqlCIl.t) (ltaRlflqmarun:aouoou) ndru:Jner:0.:ii'orfruludufififi.t'''aJtqiruuos€rrrruHurrtuula.:il:strrn:a'rlu 6 rtel :r ar 3G rnur u:J ner:o r vi'ot fi u fi T"r* *#'.r rls tfr u:r:r3fi 1:via": fi udur6 u': lsi ng re Tier) dru:Jner:0.:vi'e.rfiulrariairgqrfiqornnt:u:J:'taJ "RR'l![1J'].:" (Amalgamation) ei'runTu r.iruilnsr:o.rvi'0.:fiu ".uanLtqrsJvt1r+sr:ilot.tqou. fr 34 utllI 1ln:ta#r.:eixu:]t,t) o , ja t d , r e d"Lurrqinymflfrfrsnr:;qt:rrrfl oyilHxirr:Jno:orvio,:nu:rslt-Jttlr'r (District Councils) ndruilner:a.rvi'0.:fiu:;vTuTn:tgir'lairuair'r (Lower tier):tot "fiJ.t1LTgt" riJutnr,iru i- i q qa flrflnflfier Lnnrqr.JTstrtufiao ttnvtiJuHri':u:Jncr:0.:vi'0.:fiufiuo'tufi zga rar.lruq9
  3. 3. yr:r:.lufrxo6nr::Jnn:a.ryi'e.:fiu 2000 :suld'udruilnsr:oreiruvi'otfiueren:ntfionnr:u3ur:toi' + uuuuv q uur+'l eJ n rn FIerr+n€rfl lr'lm fl r,urr or anarr,tn ra altn ail) oAA 6{1%nUTr4',lTAJff1l,bAT9 I 6[n,l [?J A llffi $ n O%9r O1.[ d14R1Tl,t$rT6rOltotAt,[ ruuunnrrflr,flnqj yv [[uu9.to9rR1:dn'lU A tluuantsR:Tat15fl1: raur u:J n er: a,:vi'ot fi u "lurr n er nlufl Ta o t,lq at*" fi 1 railr u lTer:t nir.r airuuu) d a a & t r ul u n t?l fl il l*Et r+ RsJ'tlin nnl il'r sl n n1: [ 6i 0 n n i !q sJ n :{ a1 n :J:smtru uriecloru?6[1ffifior?El (.:ruoir::0, d'unr6r:-r::rynfl"rr.l;ruri'u, tust.:, ret::*gfi fldruru 32 rar,iru fi t rar.i':u uri t uu n r.h u utnr:- ilr u fi fi rTrg ff 1 ilr I uSra, :ril ulra qj strong Executive ) 4 ^ a t f r ut un tfl Ff ti1,bq5-g&Jr5n nnl&J1a"lnnl:tn anq i !q uq:{orn:J:;trrtru urj.r uu n alr u utnrt- r.lr u fr 6 rTq ff 1 ilr I fi fi rTq ryT lfll ulr,r qj weak Executive) fisJ1fi Rflnl eJrornnr:16 o n doTt u tt* - anr td snul uR tnfl erusr1 uri r u a n r.l'r u uBH r :- p.l r u fi 6 tIrU qG ( {o-o n r : anr r il u {utrar t ; a A a & I r 1.{"r u R ryl f{ t J 1.[gl5- aeJr 8n sR'r s.J 1 al R R1 : tii a R q t Lq u q : t a 1 n :J : v gr ru sJ 0 u fi il"r u ii'r ul o nr rutnr :lrf;"' qi6'o nrtanr " ler d'r u tfi o t fi'n ur nl l trir )qt r ily{'r r 14 1.i? u :J n er : o r f o r fi us ur o t fi n Tq u nsJ r fi n an r fi '[d'ir rfi o n qtr.: r,t t Vl eu I so - a'q a v ' 4' t-[Oiual0UUtJ.tU [14?i..114llt?1 hrF.lilsnTTAJ..I5'nl:gltUqll.i 6]tilA01tul*t+ [UU.tU A4oAqAU n ilr n :: il'r 5n 1 : eJ d "r ul a :J T14 "1 T tt n 3 u 0 u 61 61 9t L % t'l n 1 t q u ? n l.i 3r,unrufild(Local Administration in South Korea) rnrrafilel raia nrm:ruigrnrnfi (Korea Republic) riJu "igl6ur" fi:vrfiuuu3ur::rrnr:uaiu6u e du 6o :sfTu6irunnr.: uns :cd'uri'a.sfiu Tqufi'qilurn1flo'in"rrilner:orvi'o.:fiuur:J:eiul:iqrsinr:tfiot :ssi'umfi n-n:crugreiu 6o nr::Jnn:0.:vi'otfiufrnr:a-eLtiliHdrrilnqr:otoeiltns16uqttnsRTvalurirurogr n1Tilnn:0.rvio.:fiurrri.rriJu z ::iuutt fia rtuvt'rnl:J unv ttuufitfl:gqt ruuufr'r}J :J:gnauei'ril rar.iru:Jner:otvi'arfiu:set-il:Ju (Upper tier) un;:rvi'uair.: (Lower Tier) 6'.rrar-q (Province) g o-lufe uqinc{{Hr-orJ:rnausi'rundruilnn:0.:ti'0.:fiu6n 2 :;gr":J o 1 :rolu otri'n::J n sr: o 16'{ H ie u : , v o lru , 4 r'):;o-roirndr6'{Hrie toi'uri rfio.: (city) raio ttor (Kun/County) ro.o) nr.i'ttt.:'tutflt&JYi'0.:fiu City fio Xu (>500K) raia Dong ro.ro) nil:tl'rurffiruvi'otfru Kun 6o euplMyon rJ14'r1.[n: (Metropolitan) 6 tnruer: ttqiossJururr:ftradrurJnsr:4":vi'4.:fir*6n Z :ssi'u o ) ::d'u o t rin:ilnet: o r etrarunt ro) ::o-roirn'jrmaruert td'uri rlqilnn:a{ nia trq (Kun/county) r' . o ) fi vr r.ir u n u u ffi ru vi'a.: fi u rdu rd u r ti:i tr! :i a-{ n i'er a Ule Teouu?$ [q$n
  4. 4. :srfluuutnr:.:runrulsio.:ri'n::Jnnr:0.:ri'4.:fiu1urnTra61qi'firfit.: t prJuu:.r 6o strong Executiveql .-4 - - - - "- ''r- -'- =--'rroonornr.lT rfifirlqffi d"rvrtrao.:rlrusir.rrurornnr:tfionqltrTe,uq,:.rorn:l:srtru :vg-Lu: onl5L[ gJ n 9J'1 UU514', o-.:nr-qttun#rirp.lruutrat:'ir "pi"itt1fln1:o*.:141-qr" :vvi'utfio'r rtun'j, "u1un!ilfmruqri" frrr:ceirurar,[.r + tJqt ql unyoir:rdruradt rfi un'ir s 11:vteilei' e v . i - y X- q . o'a d e e 6-eq O?EJnR]*rusRlTRfialuii'rilla?rrreJTuu rglJ'rnna'].:[tflrTgutnn0{nila{il91?1etRil?tr1+5n1.[[1,[un1il 1 v &q o v , a 6' | . J qtru nr luuilrl or R1tflltuRt*ufi{rfl:lJR't:?i'].]'11* unrn'lrqr?aflauR']ryr1{'lua{Frnrilnn:4.17r0.:n1* lY u o Ul s , Q vo o d Q ua 9l'll+n'lT6t14ud141tn'lT?i10'11,r Lgl$n n1TL14Fi1tt1{31i'1il:nu"r n']:[14r.J1r uflcn"rrfrl.luffuulT']nl: Eirunr:n:1o6{oun'lrrirorr'lri'rrri n'l:q:?afl0uTeuiosnruvi.:mfi iournnn'i.: $nsna'rn''l:sdq

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