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IMAGES OFCHILDHOOD     Perspectives     on Children    Sociology of ChildrenEastern Washington University,      Children’s...
How do we define  ‘Childhood’?
How do we define      ‘Childhood’?What does Childhood mean?
How do we define      ‘Childhood’?What does Childhood mean?   How is it constructed?
“The thing itself [childhood] cannot  be praised, only its potential.”                – Cicero, 106-43 BC
William-Adolphe Bougeureau, 1900
"Why rob these innocentsof the joys which pass soquickly? Why fill withbitterness the fleeting earlydays of childhood, day...
“Thus parents, by humouringand cockering them whenlittle, corrupt the principlesof nature in their children,and wonder aft...
"Unless you give children allthey ask for, they arepeevish and cry, aye, andstrike their parentssometimes; and all this th...
From the day your baby is born, you must  teach him to do without things. Children   today love luxury too much. They have...
From the day your baby is born, you must  teach him to do without things. Children   today love luxury too much. They have...
ANALYZING IMAGES
Do imagesrepresent a   culture’s    values?
Do imagesrepresent a   culture’s    values?
Do imagesshape aculture’svalues?
Do imagesshape aculture’svalues?
Do imagesshape aculture’svalues?
Who creates the images?
Who creates the images?
Who are they created for?
How dothese imagesaffect you?
How dothese imagesaffect you?
Do images represent a culture’s             values?Do images shape a culture’s values?     Who creates the images?    Who ...
Images of ChildrenThroughout History
The ChildAs ObjectRogier van der Weyden, after 1454
“In medieval society the idea of childhood   did not exist; this is not to suggest that    children were neglected, forsak...
“In medieval society the idea of childhood   did not exist; this is not to suggest that    children were neglected, forsak...
The ChildAs ObjectRogier van der Weyden, after 1454
The ChildAs ObjectEllis Island MadonnaLewis Hine, 1910
Madonna and Child with Cherubs      Andrea Mantegna, 1490
The Child As ObjectIntegrated Within Community...
... or Central to the FamilyThe First Born, Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten, Dutch, 17th c.
Post-mortem photograph F.X. Filteau, late 19th c.
The Child                                As an                                IndividualErnesta with NurseCecilia Beaux, A...
Innocent,Ernesta with NurseCecilia Beaux, American, 1894
vulnerable,         Girl Coming through a DoorwayGeorge Washington Mark, American, 1845
Helen Levitt, 1970s
...and                   fragile.Girl on a Sea-SawJohn G. Brown,, American, late 19th c.
Sleeping ChildArthur Leipzig, American, 1950
But also as active...UntitledHeinrich Heidersberger, German, 1927
...intelligent          Two Children Reading  Heinrich Kuehn, Austria, 1900
honest,  responsive,       and free.             Luxembourg Garden                   Andre Kertesz, American, 1928
In The StreetsHelen Levitt, 1930s
In The StreetsHelen Levitt, 1930s
Presentedwith little status...                                  Waterloo ,                        Edwin H. Blackfield, Amer...
Presented withlittle... relative       status,relative to        to adultsadults...                    Mother and Child   ...
... and little    importance...       Black Boy and Great Dane,                    George Zimbel, Canadian, 1960
...in relation     to society.
The ChildAs a Learner of Adult Culture
Imitating adults
Modeling adults
Emulating adults
Socializedby adults.
The ChildAs a Victim
In ad campaigns“This image generated2,598 pieces of mail inabout 15 days... Of this,2414 containedcontributions.”         ...
“Perhaps never before hasan exhibit been mountedwith such urgency.”     – Charles Kuralt, on LIFE’sUnited Nations photo ex...
In ad campaigns“Perhaps never before hasan exhibit been mountedwith such urgency.”     – Charles Kuralt, on LIFE’sUnited N...
and policy campaigns
and policy campaigns
The ChildAs a Deviant                 The First Cigarette    D. Wilson, American, late 19th c.
which can seemenduring...                 The First Cigarette    D. Wilson, American, late 19th c.
The First CigaretteD. Wilson, American, late 19th c.   William Gedney, Kentucky, 1964
Child with a Toy Hand Grenade in Central Park                  Diane Arbus, American, 1962
or threatening.Child with a Toy Hand Grenade in Central Park                  Diane Arbus, American, 1962
The Child as a Consumer      Ginny Nyrall, Grey Villet, American, 1956
Ginny Nyrall, Grey Villet, American, 1956
Where Children SleepJames Mollison, English, 2010
Images of Children are...
Images of Children are... Produced by adults for adults,
Images of Children are... Produced by adults for adults, Designed to elicit emotions,
Images of Children are... Produced by adults for adults, Designed to elicit emotions, or to sell a product.
Images of Children are... Produced by adults for adults, Designed to elicit emotions, or to sell a product.    What is the...
Is work for childrendangerous?
...Or   Empowering?
Are children   victims of   violence?
OrPerpetrators?
Can Images Discriminate?
How do they shape howwe view infants, young      children...
Teenagers andyoung people?
What is themessage?
Children in Cinema
“We like to say that the child is competent but it is not enough just todeclare this. If we really want the child to be co...
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
Topic 2 - Images of Childhood
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Topic 2 - Images of Childhood

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Topic 2 - Images of Childhood

  1. 1. IMAGES OFCHILDHOOD Perspectives on Children Sociology of ChildrenEastern Washington University, Children’s Studies
  2. 2. How do we define ‘Childhood’?
  3. 3. How do we define ‘Childhood’?What does Childhood mean?
  4. 4. How do we define ‘Childhood’?What does Childhood mean? How is it constructed?
  5. 5. “The thing itself [childhood] cannot be praised, only its potential.” – Cicero, 106-43 BC
  6. 6. William-Adolphe Bougeureau, 1900
  7. 7. "Why rob these innocentsof the joys which pass soquickly? Why fill withbitterness the fleeting earlydays of childhood, dayswhich will no more returnfor them than for you?" – Jean Rousseau, 18th c.
  8. 8. “Thus parents, by humouringand cockering them whenlittle, corrupt the principlesof nature in their children,and wonder afterwards totaste the bitter waters, whenthey themselves havepoison’d the fountain.” – John Locke, 1693
  9. 9. "Unless you give children allthey ask for, they arepeevish and cry, aye, andstrike their parentssometimes; and all this theyhave from nature. Yet are thyfree from guilt, neither maywe properly call themwicked ... because wantingthe free use of reason theyare exempted from all duty." – Thomas Hobbes, 1642
  10. 10. From the day your baby is born, you must teach him to do without things. Children today love luxury too much. They have execrable manners, flaunt authority, have no respect for their elders. They no longer rise when their parents or teachers enterthe room. What kind of awful creatures will they be when they grow up?"
  11. 11. From the day your baby is born, you must teach him to do without things. Children today love luxury too much. They have execrable manners, flaunt authority, have no respect for their elders. They no longer rise when their parents or teachers enterthe room. What kind of awful creatures will they be when they grow up?" – Socrates, 469-399 BC
  12. 12. ANALYZING IMAGES
  13. 13. Do imagesrepresent a culture’s values?
  14. 14. Do imagesrepresent a culture’s values?
  15. 15. Do imagesshape aculture’svalues?
  16. 16. Do imagesshape aculture’svalues?
  17. 17. Do imagesshape aculture’svalues?
  18. 18. Who creates the images?
  19. 19. Who creates the images?
  20. 20. Who are they created for?
  21. 21. How dothese imagesaffect you?
  22. 22. How dothese imagesaffect you?
  23. 23. Do images represent a culture’s values?Do images shape a culture’s values? Who creates the images? Who are they created for? How do these images affect you?
  24. 24. Images of ChildrenThroughout History
  25. 25. The ChildAs ObjectRogier van der Weyden, after 1454
  26. 26. “In medieval society the idea of childhood did not exist; this is not to suggest that children were neglected, forsaken ordespised. The idea of childhood is not to be confused with affection for children; it corresponds to an awareness of the particular nature of childhood ... which distinguishes the child from the adult. Inmedieval society this awareness was lacking.
  27. 27. “In medieval society the idea of childhood did not exist; this is not to suggest that children were neglected, forsaken ordespised. The idea of childhood is not to be confused with affection for children; it corresponds to an awareness of the particular nature of childhood ... which distinguishes the child from the adult. Inmedieval society this awareness was lacking. – Philippe Ariès, 1962
  28. 28. The ChildAs ObjectRogier van der Weyden, after 1454
  29. 29. The ChildAs ObjectEllis Island MadonnaLewis Hine, 1910
  30. 30. Madonna and Child with Cherubs Andrea Mantegna, 1490
  31. 31. The Child As ObjectIntegrated Within Community...
  32. 32. ... or Central to the FamilyThe First Born, Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten, Dutch, 17th c.
  33. 33. Post-mortem photograph F.X. Filteau, late 19th c.
  34. 34. The Child As an IndividualErnesta with NurseCecilia Beaux, American, 1894
  35. 35. Innocent,Ernesta with NurseCecilia Beaux, American, 1894
  36. 36. vulnerable, Girl Coming through a DoorwayGeorge Washington Mark, American, 1845
  37. 37. Helen Levitt, 1970s
  38. 38. ...and fragile.Girl on a Sea-SawJohn G. Brown,, American, late 19th c.
  39. 39. Sleeping ChildArthur Leipzig, American, 1950
  40. 40. But also as active...UntitledHeinrich Heidersberger, German, 1927
  41. 41. ...intelligent Two Children Reading Heinrich Kuehn, Austria, 1900
  42. 42. honest, responsive, and free. Luxembourg Garden Andre Kertesz, American, 1928
  43. 43. In The StreetsHelen Levitt, 1930s
  44. 44. In The StreetsHelen Levitt, 1930s
  45. 45. Presentedwith little status... Waterloo , Edwin H. Blackfield, American, late 19th c.
  46. 46. Presented withlittle... relative status,relative to to adultsadults... Mother and Child Dorothea Lange, American, 1952
  47. 47. ... and little importance... Black Boy and Great Dane, George Zimbel, Canadian, 1960
  48. 48. ...in relation to society.
  49. 49. The ChildAs a Learner of Adult Culture
  50. 50. Imitating adults
  51. 51. Modeling adults
  52. 52. Emulating adults
  53. 53. Socializedby adults.
  54. 54. The ChildAs a Victim
  55. 55. In ad campaigns“This image generated2,598 pieces of mail inabout 15 days... Of this,2414 containedcontributions.” – Mabel S. Faust, Life Letters Chief, 1961
  56. 56. “Perhaps never before hasan exhibit been mountedwith such urgency.” – Charles Kuralt, on LIFE’sUnited Nations photo exhibition “Somalia’s Cry”
  57. 57. In ad campaigns“Perhaps never before hasan exhibit been mountedwith such urgency.” – Charles Kuralt, on LIFE’sUnited Nations photo exhibition “Somalia’s Cry”
  58. 58. and policy campaigns
  59. 59. and policy campaigns
  60. 60. The ChildAs a Deviant The First Cigarette D. Wilson, American, late 19th c.
  61. 61. which can seemenduring... The First Cigarette D. Wilson, American, late 19th c.
  62. 62. The First CigaretteD. Wilson, American, late 19th c. William Gedney, Kentucky, 1964
  63. 63. Child with a Toy Hand Grenade in Central Park Diane Arbus, American, 1962
  64. 64. or threatening.Child with a Toy Hand Grenade in Central Park Diane Arbus, American, 1962
  65. 65. The Child as a Consumer Ginny Nyrall, Grey Villet, American, 1956
  66. 66. Ginny Nyrall, Grey Villet, American, 1956
  67. 67. Where Children SleepJames Mollison, English, 2010
  68. 68. Images of Children are...
  69. 69. Images of Children are... Produced by adults for adults,
  70. 70. Images of Children are... Produced by adults for adults, Designed to elicit emotions,
  71. 71. Images of Children are... Produced by adults for adults, Designed to elicit emotions, or to sell a product.
  72. 72. Images of Children are... Produced by adults for adults, Designed to elicit emotions, or to sell a product. What is the message?
  73. 73. Is work for childrendangerous?
  74. 74. ...Or Empowering?
  75. 75. Are children victims of violence?
  76. 76. OrPerpetrators?
  77. 77. Can Images Discriminate?
  78. 78. How do they shape howwe view infants, young children...
  79. 79. Teenagers andyoung people?
  80. 80. What is themessage?
  81. 81. Children in Cinema
  82. 82. “We like to say that the child is competent but it is not enough just todeclare this. If we really want the child to be competent, we have to change time, space, roles and rules to permit this competent child to exist.” – Carlina Rinaldi, Reggio Emilia

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