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Evaluation of flagship rural development programe in Theni District

My Thesis - SAP ,Anna University

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Evaluation of flagship rural development programe in Theni District

  1. 1. EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT RAMDASS.T - 2011803010 DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING SAP, ANNA UNIVERSITY TITLE: EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT INTRODUCTION: Flagship schemes of the government of India are those schemes which are declared so by the union cabinet or the Development Evaluation Advisory Committee (DEAC) of Planning Commission. The list of flagship programmes can be modified by the DEAC or the Government Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme:. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) Prime Minister's Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) National Rural Health Mission(NRHM) National Drinking Water Supply Programme & Total Sanitation Campaign Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) Rashtriya Krishi Vikash Yojana (RKVY) Mid Day Meal Scheme (MDMS) The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) was notified in 2005 and implemented on 2006 covering 200 districts in its first phase and was extended to 130 additional districts in 2007-2008. All the remaining rural areas have been notified with effect from 2008. This Act to provide a legal guarantee of 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to every rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched on 25th December 2000 by the Government of India as a 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme to provide road connectivity in rural areas of the country. To provide all weather roads to unconnected habitations having population more than 500.
  2. 2. z AIM: Evaluation of flagship rural program Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY). OBJECTIVE: To study the appropriates in selection of project towards the overall development of the settlement –Theni district To assess the impact of the programme on socio-economic conditions of the beneficiary in MGNREGS To suggest suitable measure for improving the efficient of flagship rural development programme. SCOPE & LIMITATION: Empolyeement generation Renovation of water bodies including the silting of tank Help to improve the ecological balance in rural area of BPL people livelihood NEED FOR STUDY: 80% of the rural development budget is been allocated for MGNREGA and PMGSY. The above two program is been introduced in 11th five year plan, It is also been continued in 12th five year plan as an important program. People like SC/ST and women have been more beneficiaries by the program as per 11th five year plan report. STUDY AREA: My study area in THENI District Area 2,889 km2 Population (2011) 1,243,684 Male 624,922 Female 618,762 Density 430/km2 Literacy rate 71.58% No of Taluk 5 No of Block 8 No of Revenue Village 113 No of Village 130 No of Town Panchayats 13 Theni Land development EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT RAMDASS.T - 2011803010 DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING SAP, ANNA UNIVERSITY
  3. 3. METHODOLOGY:  Major Type of works under the scheme Water conservation and Water harvesting  Potential to increase agriculture production  50 Crore is Fund allotted only for Theni district under MGNRGA scheme.  There are around 1.35 Lakhs HH people available to work under MGNAREGA scheme.  Many works are been available since Theni district is full of natural resources, more number of Water bodies and Agricultural fields are available. POTENTIALS EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT RAMDASS.T - 2011803010 DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING SAP, ANNA UNIVERSITY
  4. 4. Estimation and Budget Allocation INDIA UNION BUDGETS 2011-2012 in Crores 2012-2013 in Crores Total Budget Outlay 5,92,456 6,50,109 Allocation Revised Rural Development 76,800 73,175 MGNREGA 40,000 ( 52%) 33,000 (45%) PMGSY 20,000 (26%) 24,000 (32%) Contribution of MGNREGA & PMGSY Outlays to Total Ministry of Rural Development outlays. MGNREGA (2011-12) PMGSY (2011-2012) Final Outlay in Cr Actual Final Outlay in Cr India 40000 39100 India 20000 Tamil Nadu 5553 -- Tamil Nadu 469 Theni 50 -- Theni --- Source: Five year plan(2011, 2013) Source: DRDA & MoRD  The government of India has budgeted an outlay of total Rs 2, 13,325 Cr to Ministry of Rural Development in last three years (FY 2010- FY 2013) and the ministry has allocated as Rs 1, 13,100 Cr outlay for MGNREGA scheme.  This is almost MGNREGA 53 % and PMGSY 27% allocation which signifies the importance given to this Two schemes. Funding Pattern:  The cost of the scheme is shared between the Centre and the State in the ratio of 90:10  75 (Central) & State 25 present of the cost of material and wages for skilled and semi-skilled workers Source: DRDA & MoRD EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT RAMDASS.T - 2011803010 DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING SAP, ANNA UNIVERSITY
  5. 5. EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT RAMDASS.T - 2011803010 DR.S.R.MASILAMANI DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING SAP, ANNA UNIVERSITY Implementation work (MGNREGA & PMGSY) Mahatma Gandhi NREGA Implementation for the financial year work allocation (2011-2012) State/District Rural Connectivity State/District Water Conservation and Water Harvesting State/District Micro Irrigation Works State/District Renovation of Traditional Water bodies No .of Works Taken up Completed No.of Works Taken up Completed No.of Works Taken up Completed No.of Works Taken up Completed Tamil Nadu 37021 7759 Tamil Nadu 24985 4579 Tamil Nadu 19202 3265 Tamil Nadu 55971 11585 Theni 256 82 Theni 191 81 Theni 177 64 Theni 37 8 Minimum The Nilgiris 221 89 Min Kaniyakumari 7 0 Min Krishnagiri 1 0 Min The Nilgiris 9 4 Max Tiruppur 2826 788 Max Kanchipuram 4722 463 Max Nagapattinam 5125 249 Max Thiruvannamalai 5786 588 235 63 117 35 165 185 134 67 80 20 35 8 82 60 49 29 76 18 40 13 27 56 22 5 79 25 42 14 56 69 63 33 Analysis of work No. of works Taken up No. of works completed No. of works ongoing No. of works not started The number of work available the Theni district is 1001in that 636 works an already completed & only 365 works as remaining for completion Maximum works is being done is Andipatti and Minimum work is being tone by Cumbum Every year the count of HH and Job cards is Increasing S.no Types Year No of Road Total Length (Km) Amount (Lakhs) 1 Phase I 2001-02 14 23.2 305.65 2 Phase II 2002-03 13 34.15 825.65 3 Phase III 2003-04 22 36.17 1120.57 4 Phase IV 2004-05 1 4.8 179.59 5 Phase V 2005-06 3 7.6 217.54 6 Phase VI 2006-07 1 1.3 19 7 Phase VII 2007-08 1 2.6 66.53 Connected Habitation in Above 250 Population Source: DRDA Source: MNREGA Website Source: BDO PMGSY
  6. 6. 0 20000 40000 60000 80000 100000 120000 140000 160000 180000 200000 Year No of Villages No of Households No of Job cards #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT RAMDASS.T - 2011803010 DR.S.R.MASILAMANI DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING SAP, ANNA UNIVERSITY 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 20011-12 2012-13 Theni No of Villages 130 130 130 130 130 No of Households 24789 58485 73873 103486 135605 No of Job cards 33217 70324 103422 167764 191688 Persondays of Employment 3371552 7137886 10497333 17028046 19456332 0 5000000 10000000 15000000 20000000 25000000 AxisTitle Analysis of Job cards and HH of comperation year wise Block Name No. of Registered SCs STs Others Men Women House hold Persons House hold Person s House hold Perso ns Househol d Persons Andipatti 31853 47652 8000 12678 12 14 23841 34960 17062 30590 Bodinaickanur 16645 21737 2459 3384 132 200 14054 18153 6127 15610 Chinnamanur 13426 18098 2436 3835 8 11 10982 14252 5556 12542 Cumbum 4626 6053 818 1182 1 1 3807 4870 2277 3776 Myladumparai 22543 34414 4597 6984 169 231 17777 27199 13633 20781 Periyakulam 22159 28671 6933 9252 44 71 15182 19348 8557 20114 Theni 15417 21880 4037 6653 2 3 11378 15224 5615 16265 Uthamapalayam 10348 14908 1532 2525 0 0 8816 12383 4690 10218 WAGE PAYMENTS SYSTEMS Activity Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Day 5 Day 6 Day 7 Day 8 Day 9 Day 10 Day 11 Day 12 Day 13 Day 14 Day 15 Executing works Making & Checking Measurement Data Entry at Computer center Pay Order generation & Preparation of cheques Handing over cheques to SPO/ Banks Conveyance of Cash to paying agency at GP level Disbursement of wages by paying agency  Employment shall be provided within a radius of 5km.from their residence  If Employment is outside 5km it must be provide within block within block with 10% extra wage to transportation and living expenses  People should be Paid within 15 days SC/ST Physical Achievements under NREGS in Theni Dt
  7. 7. Un Connected Habitation in Below 250 Population Block Name Village Name Populatio n Categor y of Road Length in (Km) Bodinayakkanur Kurangani 238 VR 6 Karipatty 230 VR 5.2 kallar 120 VR 3.6 sadaiyalpatti 180 VR 3 Nagalapuram 210 VR 4 Kundalnayakkanpatti 220 VR 3 Soolapuram 160 VR 7.6 Silamalai 225 VR 2 Kottakudi 287 VR 1.42 Boodendrapuram 241 VR 2.8 K.Mayiladumpara i Nochiodai 165 VR 3.5 Melabommarajapuram 205 VR 7 keelabommarajapuram 217 VR 6.5 IndraNagar 238 VR 3 Ghandhipuram 180 VR 3.7 Vandiyur 215 VR 1.8 Puzanathu 236 VR 5 Oorathamedu 178 VR 2.6 Outcomes of Flagship Programme 18-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 > 60 Agewise Job card Registered Persons ANDIPATTI 8743 13860 12514 9096 3439 BODINAICKANUR 3162 6289 5784 4351 2151 CHINNAMANUR 1779 4473 6407 4403 1042 CUMBUM 856 1879 1910 1071 337 K MYLADUMPARAI 7711 11893 7842 4937 2032 PERIYAKULAM 4774 8724 7463 5138 2572 THENI 2148 7080 7350 3531 1771 UTHAMAPALAYAM 1776 4159 4359 2957 1657 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 AxisTitle 14% 23% 35% 22% 6% Household Completed Day in Financial Year Theni District(2012) Below 25 Days 25-50 days 50-75 days 75-100 days Above 100 days Year Number of Household 2006-07 123 2007-08 1706 2008-09 661 2009-10 8528 20010-11 9235 Number of Household provide 100 days empolyeement Year Average No of days 2007-08 36.73 2008-09 45.02 2009-10 49.38 20010-11 64.11 Avg Number of days empolyeement Source : Nrega .nic.in Source : Nrega .nic.in Implemented scheme in Theni district, only 123 number of households got 100 days employment. It enhanced manifolds in the financial year 2007-2008. At present, Theni district has provided 100 days employment to 9235 number of households through MGNREGS. The average number of days employment in Tamilnadu is 54 days. this district has been able to overcome the problem and of now the average number of days employment is 64.11 days. So, we can say that different types of work under this scheme have been taken up at a rapid progress in this district in order to give more employment to the rural people. EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT RAMDASS.T - 2011803010 DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING SAP, ANNA UNIVERSITY
  8. 8. EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT RAMDASS.T - 2011803010 DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING SAP, ANNA UNIVERSITY Block wise Distribution of Income Before Applying for the Job Card and After getting the Employment in MGNREGA Source wise annual household’s expenditure before and after MGNREGA Around 67.13% of their expenditure used to go to food. But after the implementation of this scheme the expenditure on food items gradually shifted to non-food items which include both luxury and necessity items. For this the expenditure on food items is gradually decreasing (53.29%) and on non-food items is increasing. This reflects that there is some impact on tribal livelihoods but this impact is considered as very little. Source of expenditure Before MGNREGA After MGNREGA Food 67.13% 53.29% Clothing 7.68% 9.28% Health 3.46% 4.57% Cooking fuel 0.99% 1.24% education 0.90% 1.20% Transport 2.14% 2.63% Social/religious function 4.95% 6.55% Alcohol 1.91% 2.19% Electricity bill 0.96% 2.83% Phone bill 0.35% 2.55% Agri.Equipments and seeds 2.36% 4.31% Household assets 1.38% 2.04% Recreation 0.27% 0.31% Maintenance of House 5.52% 7.01% S.N Block Before After <5000 5000 - 10000 10000 - 15000 < 20000 <5000 5000 - 10000 10000 - 15000 < 20000 1 ANDIPATTI 26 57 186 28 24 58 182 33 2 BODINAICKANUR 30 149 112 9 21 79 144 56 3 CHINNAMANUR 36 235 28 1 17 198 69 16 4 CUMBUM 20 127 137 16 8 85 183 24 5 K MYLADUMPARAI 13 135 39 113 0 111 64 125 6 PERIYAKULAM 15 90 81 114 1 45 83 171 7 THENI 30 160 73 37 20 134 109 37 8 UTHAMAPALAYAM 78 342 128 52 47 253 189 111 Total 248 1295 784 370 138 963 1023 573 Occupation other than NREGA in remaining 265 days Agricultur e Animal husbandr y Home maker Own business Private Retired Student Unempl oyed Madurai 68.69% 3.50% 18.78% 2.03% 2.95% 0.18% 0.74% 2.95% Theni 75.71% 11.02% 9.18% 0.00% 2.04% 0.00% 2.04% .00% Dindugal 64.77% 2.27% 18.18% 4.55% 4.55% 0.00% 2.27% 2.27% Source: Primary data
  9. 9. PROBLEMS / ISSUES MGNREGA : 1. Issues Relevant to Job Cards and Registration 2. Delayed wages transfers to PO and GPs. 3. Non Availability of technical staff at GP 4. Problem of agriculture labour availability and inflation 5. To overcome the shortage of qualified Engineers, services of IT qualified surveyors will be taken to run the Scheme. 6. The Districts will be directed to ensure that the village plan and the labour plan is implemented vigorously 7. There should be administrative assistant at village level, An Executive officer for five villages, A programme development officer at BDO level. This is already said in rules of MGNREGA. But it’s not carried out in all villages. 8. Out of 100 working days, only 50 days’ work was been scheduled and carried out. 9. There is a general feeling that post-office may not be an ideal institution to distribute the wages. Several problems including the possibility of corruption are observed. 10.Nature of works being adopted appeared ad-hoc and without sound reasoning of long term value being generated and there did exist complaints of delayed payments and procedural delays. 11.Clashing with agricultural season and proper articulation of demand and supply is main problem in its implementation. EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT RAMDASS.T - 2011803010 DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING SAP, ANNA UNIVERSITY
  10. 10. 1. Forests and environmental clearance for new roads is denied by respective dept. 2. Land width availability for roads is not sufficient 3. In Bodinayakkanur and Mayiladumparai block around 18 villages is not connected by roads and around 118 KM of fair weather roads is nor maintained in Theni district. 4. Problems in land acquisition/compensation/Forest clearance for laying roads 5. The state governments should provide budget for Maintenance of the road constructed under PMGSY for a period of 5 years on continuous basis. Even though budget provision is made in the state budget, actual release is not taking place due to various reasons. 6. No dedicated staff exclusive of this project has been appointed as mandated by the guidelines 7. Online monitoring system needs to be strengthened PMGSY ISSUES EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT RAMDASS.T - 2011803010 DR.S.R.MASILAMANI DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING SAP, ANNA UNIVERSITY News paper published issues 12 Weak linkage with the line departments in implementation of the projects 13 No proper system for purchase of materials and procurement of services of skilled labour 14 Problem of agriculture labour availability and inflation
  11. 11. SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT RAMDASS.T - 2011803010 DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING SAP, ANNA UNIVERSITY 1. BIO-METRIC REGISTRATION /SMART CARDS Payments through Smart Cards appear to be the best solution, since payment through Post office or SHGs is not found to be smooth. MGNREGA workers are largely illiterate, poor and at the bottom of the social hierarchy The system will help curb the problem of fake musters Identity validation of workers engaged in MGNREGA schemes Bio-metric registration of thumb impression of registered job- card holder along with digital image Job card details – number of days worked, number of days left to work, wages earned Platform to job demand Access pay slips and history of past work Information about the act, worker entitlements 2. Bio – Metric ATM for NREGS workers and Created Bank accounts  Account should be created (in Bank and post office) at Household level.  Zero balance bank accounts would also be opened for the people working under MGNREGA so that their wages can be transferred in, without delay  This Bio-Metric ATM is equipped with Bio – Metric sensor which has finger print authentications as a standard feature and it is possible for the illiterate or semi literate folks to use just thumb impression on a touch screen which will allow the beneficiaries to withdraw their week’s wages  This ensures that the Bio metric ATM is very easy to use
  12. 12. 3. e- Muster and e-Measurement of Work using (GPS) GPS location allows beneficiary travel allowance confirmation Use of GIS as a Decision Support System to strengthen decentralized participatory planning of works under MGNREGA The project will start in the Theni. Hand-held (GPS) units will be provided in All gram Panchayat in the schemes for registering the exact location of work sites Photos and attendance of workers, measurements work To prepare the assets directory. To avoid duplication of works. GPS location allows work site attendance confirmation MGNREGA work site Before MGNREGA After MGNREGA 4. Agricultural Labor bank: Agricultural work should be included in this scheme. Here the land lord should register details of labors which he needs and should pay government the wages of the labor. So that the agricultural work can be performed. Therefore agricultural labor loss can be avoided. This activity is PPP based. The Helpline consists of a toll free number that will be used by the NREGA schemes. Individuals households details and other their questions, submit their grievances and complaints and seek guidance from the Department of Rural Development. 5. Grievance Redressal System (Helpline) (Agriculture work) (Agriculture work) EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT RAMDASS.T - 2011803010 DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING SAP, ANNA UNIVERSITY
  13. 13. EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT RAMDASS.T - 2011803010I DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING SAP, ANNA UNIVERSITY 6. BPL Household Constructed Toilet Facilities in MGNREGA Labours 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Without Toilet With Toilet Creation of durable assets and infrastructure development in rural areas Estimate Construction cost of toilet: Rs 18,0000 Govt Subsidy for toilet construction: Rs 5,000 Labours can be used by MGNREGA scheme: Rs 7,000. Therefore house owners needs to spend only: Rs 6,000. For construction. This system implemented to fulfilled all households 7. Self Help Group organized by Self Empolyeement training Programme useful in MGNREGA workers 8. Instead of inducting large number of officials, Gram Panchayats may be given more powers for execution and effective supervision, where they have not been given such powers. 9. NREGS may be extended to educated youth (post metric) for mobilizing them in creating social awareness about literacy, health care, AIDS, sanitation, drinking water, balanced nutritional diet, anti-liquor, importance about marriage, family planning and care of the child and aged 10. Payments through Smart Cards appear to be the best solution, since payment through Post office or SHGs is not found to be smooth. 11. Wage rate should be increased up to Rs. 200/- per day and extend by 150 Days. 12. The other work like Land Development irrigation facility and horticultural plantation should also be permitted to small and marginal farmers.
  14. 14. 13. Instead of inducting large number of officials, Gram Panchayats may be given more powers for execution and effective supervision, where they have not been given such powers. 14. Basic facilities such as drinking water and first-aid have not been provided in most places. Crèches also need to be provided when a sufficient number of women workers are present 15. Provision of unemployment allowance needs to be strengthened where there is a demand / need for work. 16. More opportunity of work should be created for differently abled persons to make them independent under this scheme. PMGSY: 1. Separate revolving fund may be created for attending to repairs and maintenance of roads after expiry of initial five years 2. Maintenance grants should be released to PRIs 3. There should not be any delay in release of money to the contractor who has done the work 4. Local people should be engaged for construction of roads in that area 5. There should be a move for Inter-district and inter-Tehsil/Block PMGSY roads. This is to help those border villages which remain very less benefited with roads in own district Road link between total 18 villages (Bodinayakanur 10 and Mayiladumparai 8villages) , Total 68KM of road is to be laid. Maintenances work of 112 Km of fair weather road. 6. Construction of New Roads and Recommendation EVALUATION OF FLAGSHIP RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN THENI DISTRICT RAMDASS.T - 2011803010 DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING SAP, ANNA UNIVERSITY

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