Dr. Johnson An Introduction Literary Criticism 2 nd  March 2011 10:30- 11:25
Dr. Johnson Samuel Johnson
 
 
Johnson a Multi-faceted Personality <ul><li>Poet </li></ul><ul><li>Essayist </li></ul><ul><li>Critic  </li></ul><ul><li>Bi...
Life of Johnson <ul><li>Birth </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Career </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul>...
Birth <ul><li>Son of a bookseller </li></ul><ul><li>Born at Litchfield </li></ul><ul><li>Born on 18 th  September,1709 </l...
Education <ul><li>As a child displayed great intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>His education began at his age of three </li><...
Career 1 <ul><li>Worked as a teacher at the Grammar School in Market Bosworth </li></ul><ul><li>Published his first essays...
Career 2 <ul><li>The Vanity of Human Wishes  appeared in 1749 </li></ul><ul><li>It was his longest poem </li></ul><ul><li>...
Family <ul><li>Married Mrs.Elisabeth Porter in 1735 </li></ul><ul><li>She was a widow 20 years older than Johnson </li></u...
Death <ul><li>On 13 th  December 1784 death visited him </li></ul><ul><li>In the form of pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>Was B...
Works of Johnson 1 <ul><li>LONDON, 1738 </li></ul><ul><li>MARMOR NORFOLCIENSE, 1739 </li></ul><ul><li>THE COMPLEANT VINDIC...
Works of Johnson 2 <ul><li>THE ADVENTURER , 1752-1759 (with others, 140 nos., 2 vols. in 1753-54) </li></ul><ul><li>DICTIO...
Works of Johnson 3 <ul><li>AN ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE OF MR. RICHARD SAVAGE, 1774 </li></ul><ul><li>A JOURNEY TO THE WESTERN I...
Works of Johnson 4 <ul><li>PRAYERS AND MEDITATIONS, 1785 </li></ul><ul><li>THE WORKS, 1787 </li></ul>
Relax for a while
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Back to Johnson
Johnson as a Critic <ul><li>Did not produce any great singular work on criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Exerted a great influen...
Johnson’s Works as a Critic <ul><li>A dozen papers in  Rambler </li></ul><ul><li>Remarks on poetry in  Rasselas </li></ul>...
Johnson’s Criticism 1 <ul><li>Conformity to nature and reason is the basic test of literary excellence </li></ul><ul><li>N...
Johnson’s Criticism 2 <ul><li>Poetry is an imitation of life through particular they present universal </li></ul><ul><li>I...
Johnson’s Criticism 3 <ul><li>Considered epic superior to all other forms of verse </li></ul><ul><li>Among the unities Joh...
To Be Continued
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2nd march 2011 iii main

  1. 1. Dr. Johnson An Introduction Literary Criticism 2 nd March 2011 10:30- 11:25
  2. 2. Dr. Johnson Samuel Johnson
  3. 5. Johnson a Multi-faceted Personality <ul><li>Poet </li></ul><ul><li>Essayist </li></ul><ul><li>Critic </li></ul><ul><li>Biographer </li></ul><ul><li>Conversationalist </li></ul><ul><li>Lexicographer </li></ul>
  4. 6. Life of Johnson <ul><li>Birth </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Career </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul>
  5. 7. Birth <ul><li>Son of a bookseller </li></ul><ul><li>Born at Litchfield </li></ul><ul><li>Born on 18 th September,1709 </li></ul><ul><li>Born to Michael Johnson and Sarah Ford </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty marred his childhood </li></ul><ul><li>As his father grew huge debt </li></ul><ul><li>ILL health affected his childhood </li></ul>
  6. 8. Education <ul><li>As a child displayed great intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>His education began at his age of three </li></ul><ul><li>At four he was sent to nearby school </li></ul><ul><li>Age of six sent to a shoemaker </li></ul><ul><li>At seven attended Litchfield Grammar School </li></ul><ul><li>Went to Pembroke College, Oxford </li></ul>
  7. 9. Career 1 <ul><li>Worked as a teacher at the Grammar School in Market Bosworth </li></ul><ul><li>Published his first essays in the Birmingham Journal </li></ul><ul><li>Started a school at Edial but a failure </li></ul><ul><li>Johnson worked with Edward Cave, the founder of The Gentleman’s Magazine </li></ul><ul><li>In 1747 began Dictionary Project </li></ul>
  8. 10. Career 2 <ul><li>The Vanity of Human Wishes appeared in 1749 </li></ul><ul><li>It was his longest poem </li></ul><ul><li>Irene , his tragedy appeared in the same year </li></ul><ul><li>The Dictionary of The English Dictionary was finally published in 1755 </li></ul><ul><li>Published Essays </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote number of political articles </li></ul><ul><li>The Lives of the Poets was published in 1781 </li></ul>
  9. 11. Family <ul><li>Married Mrs.Elisabeth Porter in 1735 </li></ul><ul><li>She was a widow 20 years older than Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>Hester Thrale came close to him after his wife’s death </li></ul>
  10. 12. Death <ul><li>On 13 th December 1784 death visited him </li></ul><ul><li>In the form of pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>Was Buried in Westminster Abbey </li></ul><ul><li>Before death Johnson threw letters, manuscripts and personal writings in to fire </li></ul>
  11. 13. Works of Johnson 1 <ul><li>LONDON, 1738 </li></ul><ul><li>MARMOR NORFOLCIENSE, 1739 </li></ul><ul><li>THE COMPLEANT VINDICATION OF THE LICENSERS OF THE STAGE, 1739 </li></ul><ul><li>AN ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE OF MR. RICHARD SAVAGE, 1744 </li></ul><ul><li>THE VANITY OF HUMAN WISHES, 1749 </li></ul><ul><li>THE RAMBLER, 1750-1752 (208 nos., in 6 vols. 1752) </li></ul>
  12. 14. Works of Johnson 2 <ul><li>THE ADVENTURER , 1752-1759 (with others, 140 nos., 2 vols. in 1753-54) </li></ul><ul><li>DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, 1755 </li></ul><ul><li>THE PRINCE OF ABISSINIA / RASSELAS, 1759 </li></ul><ul><li>THE PLAYS OF William Shakespeare, 1765, (ed. 8 vols.) </li></ul><ul><li>THE FALSE ALARM, 1770 </li></ul><ul><li>THOUGHTS ON FALKLAND'S ISLANDS, 1771 </li></ul>
  13. 15. Works of Johnson 3 <ul><li>AN ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE OF MR. RICHARD SAVAGE, 1774 </li></ul><ul><li>A JOURNEY TO THE WESTERN ISLANDS OF SCOTLAND, 1775 </li></ul><ul><li>TAXATION NO TYRANNY, 1775 </li></ul><ul><li>THE LIVES OF THE MOST EMINENT ENGLISH POETS, 1777-81 </li></ul><ul><li>PREFACES, BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL, TO THE WORKS OF THE ENGLISH POETS, 1779-81 (10 vols., as The Lives of the English Poets, 1781, rev. ed. 1783, 1905, 1972, ed. by J.P. Hardy) </li></ul>
  14. 16. Works of Johnson 4 <ul><li>PRAYERS AND MEDITATIONS, 1785 </li></ul><ul><li>THE WORKS, 1787 </li></ul>
  15. 17. Relax for a while
  16. 26. Back to Johnson
  17. 27. Johnson as a Critic <ul><li>Did not produce any great singular work on criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Exerted a great influence on English criticism never before </li></ul><ul><li>The last of neo-classicists </li></ul><ul><li>Practical criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Literature is governed by the writer’s age and environment </li></ul>
  18. 28. Johnson’s Works as a Critic <ul><li>A dozen papers in Rambler </li></ul><ul><li>Remarks on poetry in Rasselas </li></ul><ul><li>Preface to the Plays of Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>Lives of the Poets </li></ul>
  19. 29. Johnson’s Criticism 1 <ul><li>Conformity to nature and reason is the basic test of literary excellence </li></ul><ul><li>Not for rigidity in rules </li></ul><ul><li>Historical estimate is an important factor in the real estimation of author </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry affords pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry imitates truth or life </li></ul>
  20. 30. Johnson’s Criticism 2 <ul><li>Poetry is an imitation of life through particular they present universal </li></ul><ul><li>Imitation should be of general nature </li></ul><ul><li>That is, what people of most ages do </li></ul><ul><li>Pleases many and pleases long </li></ul><ul><li>Morality and truth are the two requirements of poetry </li></ul>
  21. 31. Johnson’s Criticism 3 <ul><li>Considered epic superior to all other forms of verse </li></ul><ul><li>Among the unities Johnson found only the unity of action is justified by reason </li></ul><ul><li>Johnson was the first critic to attempt practical criticism in a systematic way. </li></ul>
  22. 32. To Be Continued

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