Civilisations in Abu Dhabi date back to
the third millennium B.C; Umm Al Nar
island and jebel Hafeet , in particular, are
sites of great archaeological importance .
Abu Dhabi is the largest of the seven
emirates and makes up 87 per cent of the
The Al Nuaimi tribe, who migrated
to the region around 1775.
formed Ajman. Ajman is the
smallest of the seven emirates and
covers an area of 20 sq km.
Currently, Ajman city ranks third
among the emirates in industrial
development . It is known to have
the largest shipyard in the country
Sharjah’s history dates bck to 6000 years.
When people engaged in trade and pearling.
The Al Qawasim tribe has been ruling Sharjah
since 1760.sharjah has a diversified economy.
Key contributes are gas, tourism,
education,Healthcare and logistics.
The Emirati people (Arabic: إماراتي )are citizens of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The largest concentration is in the UAE, where there are 1.4 million Emiratis.
Formerly known as the Trucial States or Trucial Oman, the UAE is made up of seven
emirates, each of which had a dominant or ruling family or tribe. Abu Dhabi was
home to the Sir Bani Yas; Dubai settled in 1833 by an offshoot of the Bani Yas, the Al
Bu Falasah; Sharjah and Ras Al Khaimah to the Al Qasimi or Qawasim; Ajman to
the Al Naim and Fujeirah to the Sharqiyin. Additionally a number of large tribes
settled in these territories or travelled the interior of the UAE, including the Manasir
and Awamir, the Mazari, Bani Qitab, Al Bu Shams, Manahil, Rashid, Al Murrah, Za'ab,
Tanaij, Naqbiyin, Ghafalah and the Bani Ka'ab. A large number of them are from
other Arab countries too and some have South Asian blood and Sub-Saharan African
blood in them. 
In 1968, Great Britain announced its decision to terminate, by 1 December
1971, the treaty relationship and with it the British protection of the seven
sheikhdoms, as well as Bahrain andQatar. The nine parties attempted to
form a union, but by mid-1971 they were unable to agree on terms. Both
Bahrain and Qatar decided to become separate, independent states, in
August and September 1971.
On 2 December 1971, six of the seven sheikhdoms entered into a union
called the United Arab Emirates. These were Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Fujaira,
Sharja, Ajman, and Umm al-Quwain. The seventh, Ras al-Khaima, joined
the union in early 1972.
In 1971, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the ruler of Abu Dhabi, became the
first President of the UAE. Many Emiratis refer to him as ‘the father of the nation’, because of his
strong leadership and his commitment to forming the federation.
Sheikh Zayed succeeded his brother, Sheikh Shakhbut, as ruler of Abu Dhabi, after deposing him
in a bloodless palace coup. Re-appointed by fellow UAE rulers in the Federal Supreme
Councilevery five years since 1971, Sheikh Zayed promoted moderation, religious tolerance, and
equality (especially for women), which contributed significantly to the prosperity and stability of
Two days after his death, on 2 November 2004, the Federal Supreme Council elected as his
successor his son, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, who had been crown prince of Abu Dhabi
since 1969. Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan succeeded Khalifa as crown prince
In January 2006, the Vice-President, Prime Minister, and ruler of Dubai, Sheikh
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum, died and was succeeded by his brother, Sheikh
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, then Minister of Defence. Like his brother,
Sheikh Mohammed holds the offices of both Vice-President and Prime Minister and
succeeded him as the ruler of Dubai. Sheikh Mohammed effectively pursued
ambitious plans of transforming Dubai from a small fishing and trading port into
one of the world’s most recognized metropolises and leading financial capitals. In
the early 2000s, largely as a result of Sheikh Mohammed’s efforts, growth rates in
Dubai reached double digits, and investment and workers poured in from Asia,
other Middle Eastern countries, and the West. He also worked to insure that the
Emirate of Dubai was the most open and tolerant for foreigners in the UAE.
The financial crisis of 2008 virtually ended Dubai’s boom years and ruined its
economy, leaving the emirate with massive debts to foreign investors. Dubai was
forced to renegotiate its debt-payment schedule, as it waited for help from its rich
neighbour, Abu Dhabi. In December 2009, Abu Dhabi gave Dubai USD 10 billion to
pay off the debts of the government-owned companyDubai World.