THE SECRET OF THE
MACHINES
By
Rudyard Kipling
SELECTED POEM IN ENGLISH
Poet:
RUDYARD KIPLING
(1885-1936)
Poet : Joseph Rudyard
Kipling
30 Dec 1865
(Bombay)
Died on 18 Jan 1936
Education : Unite...
Poems and Poetry Books Short Stories and
Collections
 “The Absent-Minded Beggar”
(1899)
“If” (1910)
The Seven Seas (1896)...
Settings
 Beginning of the 20th century
 During the time of Industrial Revolution
(1712 – 1942)
 Society – Invention of...
Meaning
STANZA 1
 How the machines
were built
 Source of the
machines – Ex: ore-
bed & mine
 The credibility of the
mac...
Meaning
STANZA 3
 Ability of machines to
transmit information
across the world
1866 – 1st telegraph
cable was invented
...
Mauretania
An ocean liner designed by Leonard Peskett and built
by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson; launched on
20 Septem...
Meaning
STANZA 5
 Ability of the
machines to change
nature
 Shows that machines
can do everything on
earth if they get t...
Meaning
STANZA 7
 Machines have no
emotions/feelings
 Wrong handling of the
machines can be
dangerous
 Tells that machi...
Themes/Issues
 Importance of machines in life
- Machines make many things easier & facilitate
the work of the humans
- Ho...
Symbolism
 The machines
- people at that time assume that machines
are God
- assume as human
 The title also symbolize
s...
1) Rhythm and rhyme:
 It has a clear rhyme with a,b,a,b
 The rhyme is also clear with the same sound.
Eg: pit-fit, ask-t...
3) Personification : equalise to living beings
read
Example:
- We can pull and haul and push and lift and drive
- We can p...
4)Hyperbole: a figure of speech using
exaggeration
Example:
- We will serve you four and twenty hours a
day!
- We are grea...
5) Assonance: Repetition of two or more
vowel sounds
Example:
- Run and jump
- Across the world
- Slip in handling
6) Simile: Compare things
alike
Example:
- Greater than the people of the Kings
7) Connotation: suggests beyond
what it expresses
Example:
- Heaven - sky
8) Alliteration: Repetition of two or more
consonant sounds
Example:
- Wilderness with wheat
- Flood and fills
References
 http://www.gs.cidsnet.de/englisch-
online/klasse11/kipling_machines.htm
 http://www.kipling.org.uk/rg_secret...
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Secret of the machines by rudyard kipling

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Secret of the machines by rudyard kipling

  1. 1. THE SECRET OF THE MACHINES By Rudyard Kipling SELECTED POEM IN ENGLISH
  2. 2. Poet: RUDYARD KIPLING (1885-1936) Poet : Joseph Rudyard Kipling 30 Dec 1865 (Bombay) Died on 18 Jan 1936 Education : United Services College, Westward Ho, Bideford Experiences : 1882 – News paper reporter (Anglo-Indian Newspapers ) Literary works : 1886 – published his first volume of poetry (Departmental Ditties) Genres : Poem, Short stories, Novels Awards : •1907 – Nobel prize in literature
  3. 3. Poems and Poetry Books Short Stories and Collections  “The Absent-Minded Beggar” (1899) “If” (1910) The Seven Seas (1896) The Five Nations (1903) The Years Between (1919)  “The Man Who Would Be King” (1888) “Mary Postgate” (1915) Many Inventions (1893) A Fleet in Being (1898) Just So Stories for Little Children (1902) Rewards and Fairies (1910) Songs from Books (1912) A Diversity of Creatures (1917) Land and Sea Tales for Scouts and Guides (1923) Debits and Credits (1926) Thy Servant a Dog (1930) Limits and Renewals (1932)  The Story of the Gadsbys (1888) The Light that Failed (1891) Stalky & Co. (1899) based on his early school days A History of England (1911, non-fiction) with Charles Robert Leslie Fletcher Novels
  4. 4. Settings  Beginning of the 20th century  During the time of Industrial Revolution (1712 – 1942)  Society – Invention of machines; people rely on machines to do works  England
  5. 5. Meaning STANZA 1  How the machines were built  Source of the machines – Ex: ore- bed & mine  The credibility of the machines to work and last – 24 hours/day STANZA 2  Abilities/Skills of the machines  Common human activities that have been mastered by machines
  6. 6. Meaning STANZA 3  Ability of machines to transmit information across the world 1866 – 1st telegraph cable was invented 1878 – telephone was invented • Tells about the power of the machines – thousand horses STANZA 4  Tells about a big ocean liner/ship - Mauretania  Shows the ability of the machines to work on the water surface.  Machines work under human’s command.
  7. 7. Mauretania An ocean liner designed by Leonard Peskett and built by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson; launched on 20 September 1906
  8. 8. Meaning STANZA 5  Ability of the machines to change nature  Shows that machines can do everything on earth if they get the exact instructions STANZA 6  Shows what machines can do to the landscape (nature)  Image of possibilities that machines can do
  9. 9. Meaning STANZA 7  Machines have no emotions/feelings  Wrong handling of the machines can be dangerous  Tells that machines are able to change the nature of all things except The Gods  The Gods – human beings who invented the machines STANZA 8  Machines are transitory and after all created by humans  Humans still stand above the machines  Machines are always dependent on human
  10. 10. Themes/Issues  Importance of machines in life - Machines make many things easier & facilitate the work of the humans - However, wrong handling of machines can be dangerous  Greatness of modern technology - Ability to change the nature of all things – except The Gods  Machines cannot replace human - Machines cannot feel anything - Machines are only children of human’s brain (controlled by humans)
  11. 11. Symbolism  The machines - people at that time assume that machines are God - assume as human  The title also symbolize something about the machines. They also have secrets.
  12. 12. 1) Rhythm and rhyme:  It has a clear rhyme with a,b,a,b  The rhyme is also clear with the same sound. Eg: pit-fit, ask-task, play-day 2) Imagery: Eg: We can see and hear and count and read and write! (s 2 l 4)  It explains to us the multi-task that could be completed by the machine.  It is to give us the idea of how feasible is the machine
  13. 13. 3) Personification : equalise to living beings read Example: - We can pull and haul and push and lift and drive - We can print and plough and weave and heat and light - We can run and jump and swim and fly and dive - We can see and hear and count and write
  14. 14. 4)Hyperbole: a figure of speech using exaggeration Example: - We will serve you four and twenty hours a day! - We are greater than the Peoples and the Kings.
  15. 15. 5) Assonance: Repetition of two or more vowel sounds Example: - Run and jump - Across the world - Slip in handling
  16. 16. 6) Simile: Compare things alike Example: - Greater than the people of the Kings
  17. 17. 7) Connotation: suggests beyond what it expresses Example: - Heaven - sky
  18. 18. 8) Alliteration: Repetition of two or more consonant sounds Example: - Wilderness with wheat - Flood and fills
  19. 19. References  http://www.gs.cidsnet.de/englisch- online/klasse11/kipling_machines.htm  http://www.kipling.org.uk/rg_secretmachines_notes. htm  http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/la ureates/1907/kipling-bio.html  http://www.online-literature.com/kipling/  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RMS_Mauretania_(190 6)

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