Ministry of Education• Since year 1837 there has been an institution in charge of education in Chile. It was declared an independent institution in 1927 and recognized as the "Ministerio de Educación
Important Educational laws and Reforms• 1860: Primary instruction law (provides conditions for primary studies in the country)• 1920: Law of mandatory primary instruction (four years of mandatory schooling for Chilean population)• 1929: Six years of mandatory primary instruction• 1965: Eight years of mandatory primary instruction• 2003: Twelve years of mandatory primary and secondary instruction
Education systemChile has a decentralized public educationsystem that provides compulsory primaryeducation for grades one through eight withfour years of secondary education available.
Education System Structure• Public education: Municipal schools, administered by municipalities through their department of education• Private subsidized education: Financed by private sources and through public funding (vouchers and subsidies)• Private education: Financed only by private sources.• Corporations: Vocational schools administered by firms or enterprises with fixed allocation of budget for the State.
Education statistics• Pre-school education: for children under the age of four years old. 14% of enrollment by 2008. Main organizations in charge of providing pre-school education: Junta Nacional de Jardines Infantiles.• Elementary education: Eight years of mandatory education for children between 6 and 13 years old. Enrollment: 94.3%• Secondary education: Four years of mandatory secondary education for students for students between 14 and 17 years old. Enrollment 80.8% Two types of education: Humanistic-Scientific and vocational studies• Higher education: Education for students between 16 and 24 years old. Three types of institutions: Universities (Public and private); Professional Institutes; and Center of Technical Training. Enrollment: 30%
Early History• Between 1500s & 1800s, education responsibility of Catholic institutions• Better educational opportunities scarce, highly stratified, aimed at male members of aristocratic elite• Become national political leaders
Early 20th Century• An educational reform solidifies public education• Ministry of Education born• Centralized educational policies applied• Free text books, basic school supplies support elementary education• Promising educational development ends• Effects of world financial crack destabilizes Chile’s income• Emergence of ideological movements in Universities and schools of education• Teachers declared revolutionaries• Social and geographical inequalities• Illiteracy a major problem• Drop outs: disadvantaged children, from rural origin, poor ones
1950s• Social strategies implemented• Illiteracy attacked• Free meals offered at school• Access to health and dental care treatments
1960s• Economic Stability• Expansion of education• New facilities built• Funds allocated for the economically disadvantaged, agrarian workers and rural students
1965-1973• More Contemporary methodologies used• More equity and quality in education• Some scholarships for low income students to enhance high school and University education