ECOLOGICALLY SENSITIVE CITY PLANNING ULHAS RANE,  Envirodesigners Pvt. Ltd. For Building Livable Cities 2010 At J N Tata A...
Extraordinary  Green  Human of the 19 th  Century 12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882
Extraordinary  Green  Human  of the 20 th  Century  2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948
‘ WHICH  C O L O U R ’  IS MY CITY?
 
 
 
Most humans like  green  colour!
 
 
Which ‘ G r e e n ’  do we like?
 
 
 
 
Green  buildings
Green  cities
 
What can we do to make our city  GREEN ?
LARGER, STATUTORY STRATEGY <ul><li>Sustainable & Equitable  development model with holistic approach </li></ul><ul><li>Eco...
INTIMATE, INDIVIDUAL STRATEGY <ul><li>Environmental / ecological sensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>Love for nature </li></ul><...
Why not  Green  culture &  Green  ethics?
 
 
 
 
Everybody, Somebody, Anybody And Nobody <ul><li>This is a little story about four people named Everybody, Somebody, Anybod...
HOLISTIC STRATEGY  FOR  ECOLOGICALLY SENSITIVE CITY PLANNING
HOLISTIC APPROACH <ul><li>TARGET THE ROOT CAUSE OF CITY DETERIORATION i.e. MIGRATION OF POOR PEOPLE FROM UNDERDEVELOPED / ...
MULTI-DIMENSIONAL STRATEGY <ul><li>MODEL VILLAGE CONCEPT  – ‘ECO’ DEVELOPMENT OF AT LEAST ONE VILLAGE IN EVERY TALUKA OF S...
BIODIVERSITY APPROACH National Biodiversity strategic Action Plan
URBAN BIODIVERSITY <ul><li>Urban Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanisation </li></ul><ul><li>Exploding Cities of the World ...
Biodiversity-Indicator of a Healthy Urban Environment <ul><li>Natural flora & fauna </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Wetlands </li>...
Urban Planning <ul><li>Policy Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Planning Authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Statutory Authorities </li...
Strategic Planning  Evolving around Urban Biodiversity <ul><li>The exercise can be efficient and successful if  </li></ul>...
General Planning Norms <ul><li>Desirable Land Use Pattern (Percentage) e.g. Manual of Town & Country Planning Organisation...
National & Regional Strategy <ul><li>National Level </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Ecosystems (forests etc) - 33.33 % </li></ul...
Local Strategy <ul><li>Local i.e. City Level </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Ecosystem (forests etc.) – 10 % </li></ul><ul><li>G...
Basic Principles for Policy Planning <ul><li>Follow all Acts and Laws of MOEF </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain proportions of La...
Basic Norms for Implementation <ul><li>Natural Ecosystems in urban centres are crucial and should be managed by expert age...
Guidelines from  Urban Biodiversity Perspective <ul><li>Natural landforms / features should not be altered </li></ul><ul><...
CONCLUSION <ul><li>The strategy, a combination of development norms and </li></ul><ul><li>guidelines for conservation and ...
 
 
 
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Ecologically Sensitive Urban Design : Ullas Rane: Building Livable Cities 2010 , Bangalore

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Building Livable Cities : A multi city investigation on ideas that can make Indian cities livable. See: www.theurbanvision.com/blc
Ulhas Rane ,Partner, Envirodesigners described how ”Ecologically Sensitive City Planning” .

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Ecologically Sensitive Urban Design : Ullas Rane: Building Livable Cities 2010 , Bangalore

  1. 1. ECOLOGICALLY SENSITIVE CITY PLANNING ULHAS RANE, Envirodesigners Pvt. Ltd. For Building Livable Cities 2010 At J N Tata Auditorium, Bengaluru 18 October 2010
  2. 2. Extraordinary Green Human of the 19 th Century 12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882
  3. 3. Extraordinary Green Human of the 20 th Century 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948
  4. 4. ‘ WHICH C O L O U R ’ IS MY CITY?
  5. 8. Most humans like green colour!
  6. 11. Which ‘ G r e e n ’ do we like?
  7. 16. Green buildings
  8. 17. Green cities
  9. 19. What can we do to make our city GREEN ?
  10. 20. LARGER, STATUTORY STRATEGY <ul><li>Sustainable & Equitable development model with holistic approach </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological : Soil, Air, Energy, Water, Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental : Pollution Control, Sewage / waste management, Recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Social : Cultural identity, Amenities, Safety, Public service, Equity, Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Economical : Productivity, Employment, Value, Growth, Affordability </li></ul>
  11. 21. INTIMATE, INDIVIDUAL STRATEGY <ul><li>Environmental / ecological sensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>Love for nature </li></ul><ul><li>Proactive role at regional, community, neighbourhood, individual levels </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce, Reuse, Recycle </li></ul><ul><li>Education and awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Individual practice </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts through voluntary organisations </li></ul>
  12. 22. Why not Green culture & Green ethics?
  13. 27. Everybody, Somebody, Anybody And Nobody <ul><li>This is a little story about four people named Everybody, Somebody, Anybody, and Nobody. </li></ul><ul><li>There was an important job to be done and Everybody was sure that Somebody would do it. </li></ul><ul><li>Anybody could have done it, but Nobody did it. </li></ul><ul><li>Somebody got angry about that because it was Everybody's job. </li></ul><ul><li>Everybody thought that Anybody could do it, but Nobody realized that Everybody wouldn't do it. </li></ul><ul><li>It ended up that Everybody blamed Somebody when Nobody did what Anybody could have done </li></ul>
  14. 28. HOLISTIC STRATEGY FOR ECOLOGICALLY SENSITIVE CITY PLANNING
  15. 29. HOLISTIC APPROACH <ul><li>TARGET THE ROOT CAUSE OF CITY DETERIORATION i.e. MIGRATION OF POOR PEOPLE FROM UNDERDEVELOPED / ECONOMICALLY BACKWARD REGIONS TO ECONOMICALLY DEVELOPED CITIES FOR JOB OPPORTUNITIES, ECONOMIC NECESSITIES </li></ul><ul><li>REMOVE REGIONAL IMBALANCE </li></ul>
  16. 30. MULTI-DIMENSIONAL STRATEGY <ul><li>MODEL VILLAGE CONCEPT – ‘ECO’ DEVELOPMENT OF AT LEAST ONE VILLAGE IN EVERY TALUKA OF STATES </li></ul><ul><li>VIBRANT TOWN CONCEPT – ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF AT LEAST ONE TOWN IN EVERY DISTRICT OF STATES </li></ul><ul><li>DECENTRALISATION CONCEPT – DEVELOPMENT OF SATELLITE CITIES AROUND THE MAJOR CITIES IN STATES </li></ul><ul><li>SUSTAINABLE METROPOLI CONCEPT </li></ul>
  17. 31. BIODIVERSITY APPROACH National Biodiversity strategic Action Plan
  18. 32. URBAN BIODIVERSITY <ul><li>Urban Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanisation </li></ul><ul><li>Exploding Cities of the World </li></ul><ul><li>Development – Environment / Ecology Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Two decades ago, Barbara Ward gave this account (1976, The Home of Man ): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Millions upon millions crowded in the exploding </li></ul><ul><li>cities, all too often without the minimal provisions </li></ul><ul><li>for urban cleanliness, offer man’s most concentrated </li></ul><ul><li>insult to the support systems of air, water and soil </li></ul><ul><li>upon whose integrity the survival of life itself </li></ul><ul><li>depends.” </li></ul>
  19. 33. Biodiversity-Indicator of a Healthy Urban Environment <ul><li>Natural flora & fauna </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Wetlands </li></ul><ul><li>Adverse effects of sudden changes in Land Use Pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Exotic environment </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Nature Parks </li></ul><ul><li>Transition: Urban, Suburban, Rurban, Rural </li></ul>
  20. 34. Urban Planning <ul><li>Policy Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Planning Authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Statutory Authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Planners </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Voluntary Organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Transition: Urban, Suburban, Rurban, Rural </li></ul>
  21. 35. Strategic Planning Evolving around Urban Biodiversity <ul><li>The exercise can be efficient and successful if </li></ul><ul><li>everyone involved opened up their minds and </li></ul><ul><li>started looking at the broader issues of planning. </li></ul><ul><li>To begin with therefore, it may be necessary for </li></ul><ul><li>Town Planners to become Regional Planners, for </li></ul><ul><li>Architects to become Planners and Landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Architects to become Landscape Ecologists. </li></ul><ul><li>Similarly a close coordination amongst the </li></ul><ul><li>planning authorities at the national, state, district, </li></ul><ul><li>city and village level becomes essential. </li></ul>
  22. 36. General Planning Norms <ul><li>Desirable Land Use Pattern (Percentage) e.g. Manual of Town & Country Planning Organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Plot Area Coverage & Floor Area Ratio </li></ul><ul><li>MMRDA Regional Plan Norms (1996-2011) </li></ul>
  23. 37. National & Regional Strategy <ul><li>National Level </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Ecosystems (forests etc) - 33.33 % </li></ul><ul><li>Green & Open areas (fields etc) - 33.33 % </li></ul><ul><li>Human settlements (cities, towns, villages etc) - 33.33 </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Level (for urban centres) </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Ecosystem (forests etc) – 33.33 % </li></ul><ul><li>Green areas (human-made greens– 33.33 % </li></ul><ul><li>Intensive urban area – 22.22 % </li></ul><ul><li>Area with potential of urbanisation – 11.11 % </li></ul>
  24. 38. Local Strategy <ul><li>Local i.e. City Level </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Ecosystem (forests etc.) – 10 % </li></ul><ul><li>Green areas (parks, gardens etc.) – 15 % </li></ul><ul><li>Open areas for infrastructure (roads, railway, services etc.) – 25 % </li></ul><ul><li>Residential & Public development – 40 % </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial & Industrial development – 10 % </li></ul>
  25. 39. Basic Principles for Policy Planning <ul><li>Follow all Acts and Laws of MOEF </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain proportions of Land Use Spaces & Zones </li></ul><ul><li>Control Commercial / Industrial growth up to </li></ul><ul><li>10 % at local level and 5% at regional level </li></ul><ul><li>The growth of Urban Centres should be outwards and not inwards </li></ul><ul><li>Provide incentives for decentralisation </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement and coordination between National, Regional & Local authorities for uniformity in development norms </li></ul><ul><li>Periodical optimisation of growth pattern at National and local levels </li></ul>
  26. 40. Basic Norms for Implementation <ul><li>Natural Ecosystems in urban centres are crucial and should be managed by expert agencies / departments </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Ecosystems in urban centres should be large and should not be fragmented </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives of Natural (conservation) and Green (recreation) places in urban centres to be clearly understood </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure open spaces should be transformed into green spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Ground coverage of commercial / industrial buildings should be controlled at 1/3 </li></ul><ul><li>Strict pollution control norms for commercial / industrial centres </li></ul>
  27. 41. Guidelines from Urban Biodiversity Perspective <ul><li>Natural landforms / features should not be altered </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient strategy for garbage, sewage, effluent disposal & quarrying </li></ul><ul><li>Regional plant to include specific landscape design policy which should be based on Regional Ecology </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate plantation strategy for roads, railway lines, streams & rivers which could act as biodiversity corridors </li></ul><ul><li>Large Institutional / Industrial Complexes to be encouraged to be developed as Ecological Habitats </li></ul><ul><li>At least one Natural Ecosystem and a few large Nature Parks in every Urban Centre </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives for use of environment friendly technology and ecological measures by individuals / organisations </li></ul>
  28. 42. CONCLUSION <ul><li>The strategy, a combination of development norms and </li></ul><ul><li>guidelines for conservation and rejuvenation of biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>is broad based and could be detailed out by the local </li></ul><ul><li>Planning authorities with the involvement of the local </li></ul><ul><li>community, considering the local conditions and </li></ul><ul><li>parameters. </li></ul><ul><li>The basic norms including the zone </li></ul><ul><li>wise percentage for land use should be made </li></ul><ul><li>mandatory in the development plans for urban </li></ul><ul><li>centres and also for non-urban areas. </li></ul>

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