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Energy Management in Water Supply Systems - Pradeep Kumar , Alliance to Save Energy


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Building Livable Cities : A multi city investigation on ideas that can make Indian cities livable. See:

Presentation Pradeep Kumar , India Director of Alliance to Save Energy

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Energy Management in Water Supply Systems - Pradeep Kumar , Alliance to Save Energy

  1. 1. Energy Management in Water Supply Systems Pradeep Kumar 18 th October,2010 Bangalore Building Livable Cities,2010 EcoCities : Driving India towards age of sustainability
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ The Alliance to Save Energy promotes energy efficiency worldwide to achieve a healthier economy, a cleaner environment, and greater energy security” </li></ul>Mission Statement:
  3. 3. Who is the Alliance to Save Energy? <ul><li>Established in 1977 </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Profit </li></ul><ul><li>A leader in energy efficiency in all relevant sectors: </li></ul><ul><li>• municipal • industry • buildings </li></ul><ul><li>• utilities • appliances • transportation </li></ul><ul><li>• research • policy • education </li></ul><ul><li>• federal government (e.g., FEMP) </li></ul><ul><li>Experience in over 30 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Recognized as municipal/cities energy efficiency expert </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Alliance’s Municipal Experience - India <ul><li>Tamil Nadu </li></ul><ul><li>Madhya Pradesh </li></ul><ul><li>Maharashtra </li></ul><ul><li>Andhra Pradesh </li></ul><ul><li>Gujarat </li></ul><ul><li>Delhi Jal Board (DJB) </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai ( MCGM) </li></ul><ul><li>Vishakhapatnam MC </li></ul><ul><li>Pune MC </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>~ Incorporating efficiency into water supply, </li></ul><ul><li>including the design of water infrastructure systems, </li></ul><ul><li>is a critical means of controlling costs while expanding access ~ </li></ul><ul><li> By 2020, over 50% of the population in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>will live in urban areas   </li></ul><ul><li> An increasing strain on governments to provide water AND energy </li></ul><ul><li> The cost of using traditional approaches to water infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>is well beyond the means of most communities. </li></ul><ul><li> For financial viability of water provision over the long-term: </li></ul><ul><li>consumption-based pricing (politically sensitive!). </li></ul>Cities Can ’ t Afford to Follow an Inefficient Path
  6. 6. Facts: <ul><ul><li>Every liter of water that passes through a system has a significant energy cost , compounded by the money invested to produce it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In developing countries, the cost of energy for supply of water may easily consume up to half of a municipality’s budget. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy expenditure is the second largest cost after labour. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cities spend an estimated 30-40% of their annual expenditure towards energy charges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1/3 of India's urban population lacks direct access to clean, affordable and reliable water services </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Overview- Indian Municipal Sector <ul><li>Second Largest Municipal System in the World </li></ul><ul><li>India’s Municipal sector consumes 4% of total electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Consumption by Public Water Works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2.57% relative to total Energy Consumption by all Sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12,000 Million Units in absolute terms (2006‐07) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>19,200 Million Units ( projected for 2011-12)** </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy Consumption by Public Lighting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.17% relative to total Energy Consumption by all Sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5,500 Million Units in absolute terms (2006‐07) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data source: BEE/CEA </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Energy Efficiency Challenges for Indian Cities <ul><li>Cities lack technical, managerial and financial capacity to implement projects </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of metering & monitoring systems - difficult to establish baseline </li></ul><ul><li>Connected load estimated energy consumption doesn't match with the actual energy bills ** </li></ul><ul><li>High rates of unaccounted for water; unreliable water services </li></ul><ul><li>No existing Government policy on reducing energy consumption in water delivery; </li></ul><ul><li>Low confidence in PPP- Fair deals take time to set-up </li></ul><ul><li>Procurement is based on ‘ first cost ’ ( L1) NOT on Life Cycle Cost </li></ul><ul><li>** few cases </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Why Municipal Energy Efficiency ? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Benefits - Municipal Energy Efficiency <ul><li>Extremely Cost Effective (20 to 40% saving potential)** </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This translates to at least 4000 MUs of energy savings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Payback 2 to 3 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces the need for new infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid the need for an additional capacity of 600 MW </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In National Interest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced energy intensity will help climate change mitigation efforts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce demand and supply gap at the national/state level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improved Municipal Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time to incorporate best practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better and more reliable services to community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced service level </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Measures to Improve Efficiency and Typical Payback Periods
  12. 12. <ul><li>Manual for Development of </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal Energy Efficiency Projects </li></ul><ul><li>A Reference Guide </li></ul>
  13. 13. Purpose of the Manual <ul><li>“ Serves as a practical tool for anyone interested in being a part in the development, financing and/or implementation of municipal energy efficiency project through a performance contract” </li></ul>
  14. 14. Manual for the Development of Municipal EE Projects in India <ul><li>Manual for EE projects in India was developed jointly with IFC and BEE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BEE has endorsed the manual as a standard reference document for ULBs and other stakeholders interested in Municipal EE. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Includes guidelines on: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self assessment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ESCOs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IGA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Procurement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Financing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>M&V </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Templates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EOI, RFP, IGA and Performance Contracts </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Saving Potential & Implementation </li></ul>
  16. 16. Energy Saving Potential in Four Towns in Karnataka Mysore, Bellary, Hubli –Dharwad, Tipture-Arsikere Type of Proposal Nos. Saving Potential, Rs. Lakh Investment Required, Rs. lakh No Cost (immediate) 20 67 Nil Short Term (1 -12 months) 18 178 78 (Payback: 5 months) Medium Term (1 – 2 years) 6 63 77 ( Payback: 15 months) Total 44 308 155 (Payback: 6 months)
  17. 17. Energy Saving Potential in Two Towns in Andhra Pradesh Vijaynagarm, Karimnagar Type of Proposal Nos. of EE Measures Saving Potential, Rs. Lakh Investment Required, Rs. lakh No Cost (immediate) 10 31.1 0 Short Term (1 -12 months) 6 31.0 20 (Payback: 8 months) Medium Term (1 – 2 years) 2 1.8 2.5 (Payback: 17 months) Total 18 63.9 22.5 (Payback: 5 months)
  18. 18. <ul><ul><li>Watergy Seed </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Energy Saving Potential Pune Municipal Corporation Type of Proposal No. of EE Measures Annual Saving Potential Rs. Lakh Cost of Implementation Rs. Lakh Payback Period, months Short term, 11 103.7 32 4 Medium term 4 42.1 55 16 Total 15 145.8 87 8
  20. 20. Pune Municipal Corporation <ul><li>Additional 10% Water Delivered </li></ul>
  21. 21. For More Information: <ul><li>Pradeep Kumar </li></ul><ul><li>Director India Office </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance to Save Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Bangalore, India </li></ul><ul><li>+91-9845775008 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li> or </li></ul>