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Green Ahmedabad : IP Gautam, Municipal Commisioner Ahmedabad


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Green Ahmedabad : IP Gautam, Municipal Commisioner Ahmedabad

  1. 1. I P Gautam Municipal Commissioner, Ahmedabad Building Liveable Cities - Ahmedabad Oct 21, 2010
  2. 2. <ul><li>Sustainability and Climate Change in India </li></ul><ul><li>Contribution of Ahmedabad towards reducing carbon footprint and creating environment sustainability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Conservation Initiatives through Energy Audit in Water, Waste Water and Lights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycling and Reuse of Treated Waste Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiatives towards improvement in service efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Bodies Revitalization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land Use Planning and Public Transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slum Improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Way Forward </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Climate change has impacted India </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rise in mean annual surface temperature by 0.4-0.6 Deg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease in crop yields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flash floods with fewer rainy days etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developing countries most vulnerable to climate change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Un-irrigated, rain fed land which will be impacted most. This is mostly owned by small farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor people in coastal areas likely to be affected due to sea-level rise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High dependence of people on natural resources in tribal areas </li></ul></ul>Overall India likely to be impacted majorly by Climate Change, affecting millions of its people, particularly poor and marginal ones who have the least adaptive capacity due to fewer resources.
  4. 4. <ul><li>Creation of Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>National Action Plan launched with Vision to create a “prosperous but not wasteful society ” with goal of promoting “ sustainable lifestyles ” on principles of equity. </li></ul><ul><li>Eight Missions launched : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar Mission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission for Sustainable Habitat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Mission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission for Green India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission for Sustaining Himalayan Eco System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission for Sustainable Agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission for Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change </li></ul></ul>The area covered by first five missions impact urban areas closely. Urban areas have become large consumers of energy and therefore represent maximum potential for change.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Of these, the Mission on Creation of Sustainable Habitat lists three aims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvements in Energy efficiency of Buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management of Municipal Solid Waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotion of Public Transport </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ahmedabad Municipal Corp. has gone beyond the above three aims and promoted the following as well </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy and Environment Conservation in Water, Waste Water, Lighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycling of Waste Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiatives for improving service efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land Use Planning and Public Transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Bodies Revitalization </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>AMC VISION </li></ul><ul><li>“ Vibrant, Productive, Harmonious, Sustainable, </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Friendly, Clean & livable` city </li></ul><ul><li>offering its citizens a good quality of life” </li></ul><ul><li>Swarnim Sankalp (Golden Goal) </li></ul><ul><li>100% Sewage Collection and its Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Maximizing reuse of treated wastewater (recycle) </li></ul><ul><li>Generation of Electricity from Biogas to make STPs self-sustainable </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Energy Audit initiated in Water, Waste Water and Light from year 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts to prevent ground water extraction and saving energy consumption (90% area covered with surface water) </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement in power factor by minimizing the losses </li></ul><ul><li>Upgradation and rehabilitation of existing old STPs, sewer lines and pumping stations for minimizing the energy consumption. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>Due to the efforts of AMC to create surface water sources, Ahmedabad City relies much less on ground water today then it did four decades ago. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>H.T. supply changed to L.T. supply in tube wells to avoid power losses due to cable length. Power factor improved to 0.95 - 0.997 from 0.7 - 0.8. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SCADA system implemented in 28 Water Distribution Stations (WDS) increasing efficiency. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular energy audit all Water Distribution Stations (WDS) & Sewage Pumping Stations (SPS). 10 % Pumps replaced with higher efficiency as suggested by water audit and energy audit. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The city enjoys full water treatment capacity v/s demand </li></ul>* Demand of year 2021 for Water Treatment Plant achieved in year 2010 itself. Year Projected population of (in lacs) Installed capacity of surface water source (MLD) Water Demand in MLD Installed capacity of water treatment plants (MLD) 2001 44.27 220 708.30 785 2011 53.99 1845 863.80 1485* 2021 79.58 1845 1273.30 1485 2031 101.44 1845 1623.00 1650
  11. 11. <ul><li>H.T. supply changed to L.T. supply at two SPS to avoid power losses due to cable length </li></ul><ul><li>Power factor improved to 0.95 - 0.997 from 0.7 - 0.8 </li></ul><ul><li>Fully automatised SCADA system implemented in all Sewage Treatment Plants </li></ul><ul><li>10% of waste water collected (Approx 63 MLD) recycled and used for Urban Forestry and Irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>33 pump sets replaced at 19 SPS </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling of secondary sewage for gardening/irrigation purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Generation of electricity from captured gas from STP. </li></ul><ul><li>Twenty percent old pumps replaced by installing newer pumps as per Energy Audit suggestions. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>12 Electric traffic signals have been replaced by solar </li></ul><ul><li>Use of CFLs and LED luminaries instead of HPSV / MPSV lamps in street lighting and traffic signals. 43 Routine traffic signal bulbs of 100 W replaced by LED bulbs of 5 W </li></ul><ul><li>Electric crematorium at 4 locations replaced by CNG and at 5 more locations, the work is in progress. </li></ul><ul><li>44 electric poles in garden replaced with solar light </li></ul><ul><li>At 1000 poles, electric consumption of 150W bulbs being reduced by 30 % during lean period( 1.0 a.m. to 4.0 a.m.) </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional choke of 55 W replaced by electronic choke of 36W in 15000 tube lights </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in voltage / Ampere during lean i.e. 11 P.M. to 7:00 A.M. for street lights and high masts. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><ul><li>A SPV, Ahmedabad Waste Water Recycling Company Ltd. has been formed for recycling wastewater. The SPV has been established by Hyflux India Ltd. (75%), GIDC (12.5%) and AMC (12.5%). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximization of the utilization of treated wastewater for reuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20 MLD Tertiary Treatment Plant is under planning for reuse in riverfront and all gardens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Decentralized sewage treatment plants are under planning at isolated locations (eg. Cantonment area, Chandrabhaga and Lal Bahadur Shashtri Lake) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Solid Waste Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Processing of Municipal Solid Waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste to Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanitary Land Fill Site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>95% of transit nodes (i.e railway station, bus stop) covered with Pay and Use toilets on PPP Model. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Parks and Gardens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance of parks and gardens through corporate houses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance against right to run ice cream parlors at the garden given to Amul. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leading to higher cleanliness and hygiene levels. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><ul><li>Reduce the transportation losses (NRW) with the help of implementation of SCADA system in water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Awareness through different IEC Campaign to reduce wastage of water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous de-silting of sewer lines through latest mechanized de-silting equipments. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation of old sewer lines by global technology named as “No Dig” or “Trenchless ” technology. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of exhibition cum excellence centres for capacity building </li></ul></ul>
  16. 19. 180 MLD STP on ASP Technology with diffused bubbled aeration system with 100% automisation at Pirana, one of Asia’s largest Treatment Plants
  17. 20. <ul><li>Financial burden reduced due to improvement in power factor. </li></ul><ul><li>City expects to completely stop using ground water by 2011. Existing ground water has TDS of 1300 mg/l. Use of surface water with TDS about 180 mg/l will prevent diseases related to digestive system, kidney, heart problems, blood pressures etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Water from Narmada canal is transferred by means of gravity to Kotarpur water treatment plant. This system saves an energy cost of Rs. 6.0 crores per year. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in efficiency of pumping machines is leading to savings in electricity and decrease in pollution. </li></ul><ul><li>More sewage is transferred to STP’s in shorter time. </li></ul><ul><li>More Sewage of newly merged areas collected through construction of new SPS. </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement in environmental pollution level. </li></ul><ul><li>Advantage of carbon credit </li></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>Sabarmati River existed as an abandoned space, more known for anti social activities. Some drainage from the city flowed into the river. </li></ul><ul><li>The SRFD Project involves creating embankments on both sides of the River developing a 10.6 km stretch of riverfront along each bank. </li></ul><ul><li>Key benefits that will accrue are as follows: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recharge of Ground Water Aquifers of the City </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversion of sewer long both sides to sewerage treatment plants ensuring clean water in the river </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous green coverage along the river corridor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of City Level Recreational Spaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elimination of Flood Hazard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthening of the transportation network of the city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relocation and Rehabilitation of slums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provision of Informal Markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating Vibrant urban neighborhoods and beautification of the city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of Commercial Hub as planned on certain areas of reclaimed land </li></ul></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>Design created with the following principles </li></ul><ul><li>85% space created would be left open for parks, gardens and roads with no construction. </li></ul><ul><li>Promenade with retaining wall providing access to the waterfront </li></ul><ul><li>Plans for recreation such as boating, water sports and floating restaurant </li></ul>
  20. 23. <ul><li>Kankaria Lake part of Ahmedabad’s identity. </li></ul><ul><li>This spot existed as vibrant activity spot since inception in 15th Century. </li></ul><ul><li>Kankaria Lake houses a zoo, children’s park, aquarium, swimming pool, open air theatre, street food area. Experience was limited earlier due to unorganized edges, absence of basic infrastructure and traffic congestion. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated approach one system approach for up gradation could reinforce character of the public place while turning it into an enriching experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Kankaria taken up and executed in two yrs by 2007-08. </li></ul>Water Bodies Revitalisation Kankaria Lake Development Project
  21. 24. Kankaria Lake Revitalisation– Pushpakunj Plaza Before After After
  22. 25. Kankaria Lake Revitalisation– Linear Park Before After After
  23. 26. Before After After Kankaria Lake Revitalisation – Street Food Vendors Cluster Rehabilitation Before
  24. 27. Before After After After Kankaria Lake Revitalisation– Balwatika Plaza
  25. 28. Before After After After Kankaria Lake Revitalisation– Raipur Plaza
  26. 29. Revitalisation – Zoo Entrance Plaza & Street Furniture Before After Before After
  27. 30. Before After Revitalisation – Kankaria Lakefront Area
  28. 31. <ul><ul><li>City Population expected to reach 10 million by 2031 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 million vehicles: 2 wheelers - 73%, 8 Lakh Bicycles, 70000 3-wheelers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Addition of 400 vehicles every day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bus trips – 1 million per day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ahmedabad has 6 ring roads and 17 well developed radials. Mixed Land uses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avg. Trip Length is about 5.5 kms in Ahmedabad (Bangalore–11 kms, Hyderabad–8 kms) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hiring of CNG Buses for strengthening city wide public mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction of Bus Stops across the city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehensive mobility plan involving BRTS, AMTS, and Metro planned </li></ul></ul>
  29. 32. LEGEND RESIDENTIAL INDUSTRIAL INSTITUTIONAL AHMEDABAD - LANDUSE PLAN Chandkheda Naroda village Odhav Bopal Narol Kalupur Rly. Stn. Maninagar Rly. stn. Ranip Sola RoB Shivranjani Nehrunagar AEC Naroda Soni ni chaali Ahmedabad Airport. Naroda GIDC Odhav Industrial estate Vatva Industrial estate Gandhigram Rly. stn Sabarmati Rly. stn Gujarat University INTEGRATED TRANSIT PLAN RTO Railway Stations GSRTC terminals Airport University/ educational campus Industrial estates Geeta Mandir Phase 1 corridors (58 kms.) Phase 2 corridors (30.5 kms.) Metro corridor (phase 1) GIFT city Suburban Rail Metro corridor (phase 2)
  30. 33. <ul><li>NETWORK and Not Corridors </li></ul><ul><li>Connectivity of important origin and destinations </li></ul><ul><li>Catalyst for area development </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>low income, low accessibility zones (old walled city) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Availability of right of way to build infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of strong network for flexible route operations </li></ul><ul><li>Overall impact of transit on city </li></ul><ul><li>Connect ‘busy places’ but avoid ‘busy roads ’ </li></ul>To upgrade the overall mobility of the city Chandkheda Naroda village Odhav Bopal Narol Kalupur Rly. Stn. RTO Sola RoB Shivranjani AEC Naroda Soni ni chaali Thakkarbapanagar Nehrunagar Iscon circle CTM Jashodanagar Ghodasar Memnagar Vatva Shreyas RoB Maninagar Rly. stn,. Widened CW Widened RoW New Roads Elevated corridor Proposed RoB/ RuB (Phase 2) New River bridge Flyovers (phase 1) One-way loop at Maninagar (adopted due to less RoW) Proposed Flyovers (phase 2) RoB Constructed (Phase 1)
  31. 34. Before - Akhbarnagar
  32. 35. After - Akhbarnagar
  33. 36. Land Use Transformation
  34. 37. Janmarg BRT Bus Station during local festival
  35. 38. Transformed stretch
  36. 39. Janmarg BRT– Accessible for all
  37. 40. Adaptive design to social realities : existing religious structures on road ADAPTIVE DESIGN TO SOCIAL REALITIES : Existing temple was accomodated
  38. 41. <ul><li>Public Transit is integrated with land use planning – Creation of four parking hubs in four corners of the city </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in individual vehicles leading to saving in fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in pollution and carbon footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced Accessibility for all (physically and visually challenged, senior citizens, women, children etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased accessibility to citizens of all income levels </li></ul>Improved Public Transit in Ahmedabad –Impact
  39. 43. <ul><li>Slum Networking Project </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of infrastructure like Road, Water, Sewage and Streetlights for chawls and slums </li></ul><ul><li>Housing for urban poor </li></ul><ul><li>Angadwadi </li></ul><ul><li>Housing Land Sharing and PPP </li></ul><ul><li>Affordable public transport </li></ul><ul><li>Vendor’s Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Upgradation of livelihood skills (Umeed) </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Resource Centre </li></ul>
  40. 44. <ul><li>Creation of Clean Disposal Mechanism cell for getting advantage of carbon credit from UN. </li></ul><ul><li>PCC & PDD of various projects like energy efficiency, conversion of electrical crematorium into CNG crematorium & BRTS project, SRFDCL under process. </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed recycling of secondary treated sewage in Sabarmati Riverfront and all gardens which prevent ground water extraction and saving in energy consumption. </li></ul><ul><li>Procurement of Bio-gas turbines for generation of electricity from STP’s waste gas and make plant self sustainable.. </li></ul><ul><li>AMC has planned to procure Bio Gas Based 195 KWe Power generation Plant for 106 MLD UASB type Sewage Treatment Plant. Sewage Gas will be generated in the plant. </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of building on concept of Green Building (Eg. Administrative Building of Pirana STP) </li></ul><ul><li>STP’s generated sludge sold as a manure for clean environment and revenue generation from waste. </li></ul>Biogas Engine De-centralised STP
  41. 45. THANK YOU AHMEDABAD “ Eco and Environment Friendly City ”