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Policy Drivers for Eco Cities: Karuna Gopal, President, Foundation for Futuristic Cities


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Building Livable Cities : a multi city investigation on ideas that can make Indian cities livable. See:

Karuna Gopal, President, Foundation for Futuristic Cities

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Policy Drivers for Eco Cities: Karuna Gopal, President, Foundation for Futuristic Cities

  1. 1. Building Livable Cities Policy, Process, People Karuna Gopal President 19 October 2010 New Delhi
  2. 2. <ul><li>India’s cognitive fabric … </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability Agenda & Urgency? </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges and their magnitude … </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons for navigating change ? Any ? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Accepted that we are in the Urban Millennium
  4. 4. Urban Advantage Promoting gender equality Reducing poverty Reducing infant and maternal mortality Reversing HIV/AIDS Expanding employment opportunities Reducing vulnerability Clean water and sanitation Promoting inclusion Securing tenure Expanding access to credit Sustaining the environment Promoting education opportunities Expanding access to basic infrastructure Promoting economic opportunities Urban lure – Urban Advantage
  5. 5. Horrified and worried Victims and also perpetrators of climate change Industrialization and motorization
  6. 6. Acknowledged THIS LINK
  7. 7. Talking Sustainability Sustainability Population Growth Globalization Global warming Price Planet Policy makers (Planet earth) People Businesses (Triple Bottom-Line) Sustainability Businesses (Triple Bottom-Line) Sustainability Businesses (Triple Bottom-Line)
  8. 8. Defining the Model for Sustainable Cities <ul><li>Environmental conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological wetlands/sanctuary </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Water Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse water sources </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitate wastewater body </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Apply clean fuel & </li></ul><ul><li>renewable energy </li></ul><ul><li>Green Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Residents can make green trips by using public & light rail transport, cycling & walking </li></ul><ul><li>Vibrant Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on service niches (e.g. skills training/education, </li></ul><ul><li>environmental) </li></ul><ul><li>Green Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Conform to green building standards </li></ul><ul><li>Close-Knit communities </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusive housing clusters across demographics </li></ul><ul><li>Eco Conscious master Planning / Design </li></ul><ul><li>Consider Environmental impact </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Initiating Action Pathways for this triad. </li></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Equity </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul>
  10. 10. Livable Cities <ul><li>Build Ground Up </li></ul><ul><li>Transform existing cities into Livable Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Delhi – Mumbai Industrial Corridor </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>No precedents yet </li></ul><ul><li>Viability of custom-built eco-cities not yet established (e.g. Dongtan, Tianjin Eco-City, and Masdar in Abu Dhabi) </li></ul><ul><li>No Standard Model </li></ul><ul><li>Technical , Legal, Policy challenges </li></ul>
  12. 12. Transform Existing Cities <ul><li>What do we have to deal with ? </li></ul><ul><li>State of Indian Cities…………………… </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Given the challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Can we actually move towards Livable cities ? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the Policy/Process/People </li></ul><ul><li>Gaps ?? </li></ul>
  14. 16. Spatial Urban form Source: Adopted from Kick the Habit: A UN Guide to Climate Neutrality
  16. 18. OCT 6 - 2010
  17. 19. <ul><li>Huge Cities are Administrative Nightmares </li></ul><ul><li>and are inherently anti-eco!! </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative Ideas are appreciated at an academic level </li></ul>
  19. 22. Urban Age Report MULTIPLE AGENCIES
  20. 23. 74 CA act Policy Maker Service Provider Regulator
  21. 24. ACTORS Urban Middle Class Multi/ Bilateral Agencies NGO TypeA Urban Poor City Bureaucrat State Bureaucrat ParaStatal Agency City Politician State Politician National Politician Media Business Community Infrast’ure Players NGO TypeB Community Based Orgns Opinion Leaders Special Interest Groups Pic From janaagraha
  22. 26. <ul><li>Magnitude of the problem with just a single example … </li></ul><ul><li>Process gap </li></ul>
  23. 28. Move People not cars
  24. 29. Metro- Rail Projects
  25. 30. <ul><li>Allegations that … </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of trees will have to be felled – translocation costs INR 1000 crores </li></ul><ul><li>Environment Impact Assessment not done </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens are clueless about the size of the project, no of buildings that will be razed to ground. No public consultations or hearing </li></ul><ul><li>Heritage structures may have to be demolished </li></ul><ul><li>CB analysis – no of commuters plateaus after a while </li></ul>
  27. 32. On the Wrong Track - TOI report Pune Aug 5 2010
  28. 33. Has to be a totally City Centric approach Look for public acceptance by demonstrating low cost effective system first – BRTS -> Metro Rail
  29. 34. The Complexity of Urban Transport System Demand Management Foot paths & Cycle Tracks Finance, Institution Bus stops & Terminals Feeder systems Main line Public Transport Road network, roundabouts, Intersections, traffic lights, etc. Safety Maintenance Traffic management & control systems Para Transit Motorized & non-motorized vehicles Freight Parking Spaces Supply Management
  30. 35. Factor in all these City Vision Engineering Policies Gender Economics Culture Land Use Financing Operation Management Environment Disability Communication Sociology Psychology Poverty
  32. 39. <ul><li>Urban Waste Management Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Public Private Partnership (PPP) models for urban waste management in some cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad etc have helped these cities to successfully implement waste management interventions </li></ul><ul><li>??? </li></ul>
  33. 40. <ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Sectoral Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Shape </li></ul>
  34. 41. What will it take ? <ul><li>Fixing pipes ? Fix Institutions…… </li></ul><ul><li>Retrofit Attitudes and Life styles </li></ul><ul><li>Visionary Leaders – Accountable and Professional City Managers – Metrics for city perf measurement </li></ul><ul><li>Master Visions not Master Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Investments for Eco-cities </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation & Entrepreneurship funds </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholder Engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Private Sector Participation -Triple Bottomline </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing Best Practices – Pan India / Elsewhere </li></ul>
  35. 46. Cloud Computing Human Capital Management Customer Service Sales & Marketing Development Finance IT Infrastructure Compliance and Risk Workday HCMD Salary Manager Performance Management Time-off Manager Volunteer tracking ADP Payroll iemployee Time Tracking Coupa Procure to Pay Concur T&E Manager Manhattan Space & Lease Management Contract Management SFA Marketing Click to dial (CTI Integrations) Event Management Opportunity to Quote Quote to cash Sales Compensation Checkout E-commerce Live Chat (Google) Salesforce Customer Service Salesforce Content Salesforce Ideas Plateau Learning Management Professional Services Management IT Infrastructure Support Portfolio Management Compliance IT Help Desk LiveOps Asset Management Intranet Google Apps Development Domain Program and Resource Management Agile Scrum and Bug Management QA Test Director Compliance/Risk Domain Audit Controls Management
  36. 47. <ul><li>Governments </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of Regional </li></ul><ul><li>implications of Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonization of National and </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinating Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>International Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Forum for information & Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Donor Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of resources </li></ul><ul><li>& technical support </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation of the process </li></ul><ul><li>as honest brokers </li></ul><ul><li>Research Institutes </li></ul><ul><li>Support for capacity development </li></ul><ul><li>& knowledge dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Creation & maintenance of databases </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Society </li></ul><ul><li>Consensus for local communities </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental and social safeguards </li></ul><ul><li>Private Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Increase of private financing </li></ul><ul><li>through support from the public sector </li></ul><ul><li>Not only effective investments </li></ul><ul><li>but also management </li></ul>PARTNERSHIPS I Collaborative Efforts for Eco-Cities
  37. 48. To D esign N avigate A ccomplish Livable Cities BOLD POLICIES…. METICULOUS PROCESS…… PASSIONATE PEOPLE……