Verbals And Intro To Participles


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Verbals And Intro To Participles

  1. 1. Verbals: Participles and Participial Phrases Mrs. Hamilton, Summer 2008 10 th Literature/Composition
  2. 2. Verbals <ul><li>Verbals are formed from verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>They may express action. </li></ul><ul><li>They may have modifiers (adjectives and adverbs). </li></ul><ul><li>They may be followed by complements such as direct objects, indirect objects, predicate nominatives, and predicate adjectives. </li></ul>
  3. 3. More on Verbals <ul><li>However, verbals ARE NOT USED AS VERBS!!! </li></ul><ul><li>They ARE used as: </li></ul><ul><li>nouns </li></ul><ul><li>adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>adverbs </li></ul>
  4. 4. Participles <ul><li>A participle is a verb form used as an adjective . </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>The rapidly developing storm kept small boats in port. </li></ul><ul><li>The pleased student smiled at the teacher. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Present Participles <ul><li>Present participles are formed by adding –ing to the plain form of the verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: The laughing student grinned like a possum. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Past Participles <ul><li>Past participles are formed by adding either – ed, -d-, -t, -en, or –n to the plain form of the verb. Others may be formed as irregular verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Ellie, my dachshund, had a bewildered look on her face when the water from the nozzle in her bathtub suddenly turned cold. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Participial Phrases <ul><li>A participial phrase consists of a participle and any complements or modifiers it may have. The phrase may be modified by adjective phrase or by an adverb phrase. The entire participial phrase acts as an adjective. </li></ul><ul><li>Cooking with great skill and finesse , Emeril Lagasse amazed the audience with his culinary talents and bubbly personality. </li></ul><ul><li>Explanation: “Cooking with great skill and finesse” describes the proper noun, “Emeril Lagasse.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tips and Tricks <ul><li>Participles may be past tense verbs or present tense verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Find the main verb of the sentence first. </li></ul><ul><li>Cross out prepositional phrases. </li></ul><ul><li>Find the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Now look for single participles or entire participial phrases. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember: participles act as adjectives. They describe nouns or pronouns. </li></ul><ul><li>“ What kind?” “Which one?” “How many?” “Whose? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Practice Problems <ul><li>The train arriving on track 10 is an hour late. </li></ul><ul><li>A first-edition book signed by the author may become valuable. </li></ul><ul><li>The girl nauseated and weakened by the virus is Stephanie. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Practice Problems <ul><li>Matt, exhausted from the practice EOCT tests, collapsed as he entered Room 603 this evening. </li></ul><ul><li>Gobbling his French fries and gulping his milkshake, L.J. finished his dinner before we began taking notes tonight. </li></ul><ul><li>Smitten by the lovebug, April decided to create an original Valentine’s gift for her boyfriend. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Practice Problems <ul><li>Barking loudly and shaking their toys, the dachshunds greeted Mrs. Hamilton when she arrived home from night school. </li></ul><ul><li>Mandy is the girl passing out the programs. </li></ul><ul><li>All the seafood cooked in that restaurant is fried. </li></ul>