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Sexual Harassment at workplace - Meaning types and effects

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Sexual Harassment at workplace - Meaning types and effects

  1. 1. Sexual Harassment at Workplace: Meaning, Types & Effects TheTemplateWizard
  2. 2. Sexual Harassment at Workplace : Meaning According to Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), sexual harassment is: “Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when: …
  3. 3. … Submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an individual's employment, or …
  4. 4. … •Submission to or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as a basis for employment decisions affecting such individual, or …
  5. 5. … •Such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's work performance or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working environment.”
  6. 6. Sexual harassment includes many things... • Actual or attempted rape or sexual assault. • Unwanted sexual looks or gestures. • Unwanted pressure for sexual favors. • Unwanted deliberate touching, leaning over, cornering, or pinching. • Unwanted letters, telephone calls, or materials of a sexual nature. • Unwanted pressure for dates. • Referring to an adult as a girl, hunk, doll, babe, or honey. • Hugging, kissing, patting, or stroking. • Sexual innuendos or stories. • Sexually suggestive signals. • Sexual comments.
  7. 7. Types of sexual harassment claims According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), there are two types of sexual harassment claims: 1.Quid pro quo 2.Hostile work environment
  8. 8. 1. Quid pro quo harassment Quid pro quo harassment entails expressed or implied demands for sexual favors in return of some benefit or to avoid some detriment in the workplace. This benefit could be a promotion, pay increase, etc. detriment on the other hand involve termination, demotion, etc. This type of harassment is perpetrated only by someone in a position of power or authority over another (e.g., manager or supervisor).
  9. 9. 2. Hostile work environment harassment Hostile work environment harassment interferes with an individual’ s ability to perform their job. It: •Creates an intimidating, offensive, threatening or humiliating work environment •Causes a situation where a person’ s psychological well-being is adversely affected. It can be perpetrated by anyone in the work environment including a peer, supervisor, subordinate, etc.
  10. 10. An employee can claim sexual harassment under one or both sexual harassment types.
  11. 11. 1. Gender Harassment Gender harassment involves generalized sexist comments and behavior that convey insulting or degrading meanings about women. Examples include insulting remarks, obscene jokes about sex or women in general.
  12. 12. 2. Seductive Behavior Seductive behavior involves unwanted, inappropriate and offensive sexual advances. Examples include repeated unsolicited sexual invitations, insistent requests for drinks or dates, phone calls and other invitations.
  13. 13. 3. Sexual Bribery Solicitation of sexual activity or other sex-linked behavior in return of a reward; the proposition may be either overt or intended.
  14. 14. 4. Sexual Coercion Sexual coercion involves coercion of sexual activity or other sex-linked behavior by threat of punishment. Examples include negative performance evaluations, threat of termination, etc.
  15. 15. 5. Sexual Imposition Sexual imposition means gross sexual imposition (such as forceful touching, feeling, grabbing) or direct sexual assault.
  16. 16. Of the five explained behaviors, gender harassment is by far the most common instance of sexual harassment at workplace, followed by seductive behavior. Be it of any type, the defining characteristic of sexual harassment is that it is unwanted. It's important to clearly let an harasser know that certain actions are unwelcome.
  17. 17. Effects of Sexual Harassment Being sexually harassed can tell upon your physical, psychological and vocational health. Women who have been harassed often change their jobs, career goals, educational programs or academic pursuits. Effects of sexual harassment include:
  18. 18. Effects of Sexual Harassment: Psychological Reactions Insecurity, embarrassment, feelings of betrayal Confusion, feelings of being powerless Shame, self-consciousness, low self-esteem Guilt, self-blame, isolation Gastrointestinal distress Sleep Disturbances, nightmares Sexual problems Depression, anxiety, shock, denial
  19. 19. Effects of Sexual Harassment: CareerRelated Effects Unfavorable performance evaluations Decreased job satisfaction Absenteeism Loss of job or promotion Drop in academic or work performance due to stress
  20. 20. What To Do If You Are Sexually Harassed? There is no standard way to respond to harassment. Every situation is unique and only you can evaluate the problem and decide upon the best possible response. Family, friends, human resource professionals and women's groups can offer information, advice and support, but ultimately its you who can decide what is right for you.
  21. 21. Just remember that ignoring the situation is not a solution. And above all, DO NOT BLAME YOURSELF FOR THE HARASSMENT. Place the onus of the blame where it belongs, i.e., the harasser. Selfblame will only cause depression and will not help you or the situation.
  22. 22. In case of sexual harassment you should: • Say NO to the perpetrator! Be direct. • Tell someone; don't keep it to yourself. 
  23. 23. References • • • •
  24. 24. About TheTemplateWizard TheTemplateWizard, your one-stop shop for all your presentation needs! With our free and premium editable PowerPoint templates, you will find your perfect background to express yourself with the help of a couple of clicks. Do check our premium design library for HRM and related presentation templates!