Reported speech-1225650158527314-9

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Reported speech-1225650158527314-9

  1. 1. Reported Speech Carmen Torres
  2. 2. REPORTED SPEECH I know quite a lot of people Present Simple Past He said thathere. Simple he ...............................Robert said. quite a lot of people thereJohn is feeling much better Present Past He said that Paul said. Continuous Continuous John ...........................much better I enjoyed my holiday in the Simple Past Past Perfect He said thatStates he ............................... hisDavid said. holiday in the StatesJackie wasn´t feeling very well Past Past Perfect He said that Continuous Continuous Jackie .........................The teacher said. very well Theyve seen the Eiffel Tower Present Past Perfect He said that Perfect they ............................John said. the Eiffel Tower I have been waiting for ages Present Past Perfect He said thatMy father said. Perfect Continuous he ............................ Continuous for ages Nobody had warned them Past Perfect Past Perfect He said thatabout the storm The politician nobody .................... about thesaid. storm She had been reading all day Past Perfect Past Perfect She said that Continuous she ........................ all dayBrenda said. Continuous
  3. 3. REPORTED SPEECH I will be here with you. Future Conditional Robert promised thatRobert promised me. Simple Present he ............................... there with meJohn is going to study French Be going to Was/Were Paul said that Paul said. going to John ........................... to study French We can start the lesson Can Could David said thatDavid said. we ............................... start the lesson They may come home May Might My husband said thatMy husband said. they ......................... come home You must be quiet in class Must Had to The teacher said thatThe teacher said. we ............................ be quiet in class
  4. 4. REPORTING STATEMENTSUseful introductory verbs.ADD COMPLAIN to .. about POINT OUTADMIT + ing DENY + ing PROMISEANSWER EXPLAIN PROTEST against /aboutARGUE GRUMBLE about REMARKASSURE OBJECT to + ing REMIND someone of…BOAST about OBSERVE REPLY SAY & TELL
  5. 5. REPORTING STATEMENTS•agree, refuse, offer, promise, threaten + infinitive Ann: Would you wait half an hour’ Tom: All right Chris: Would you lend me another €50? David: No, I won´t lend you any more money•accuse of, admit, apologize for, deny, insist on + gerund You took me the money! I stole/ didn´t steal it! I am sorry I’m late Let me pay, please, let me
  6. 6. REPORTING QUESTIONS YES / NO QUESTIONS•There is no inversion (subject/verb)•If or whether after the reporting verb“Are you working these days?” he said.He inquired if/whether I was working those days“Did you speak to John last night?” she askedShe wanted to know if I had spoken to J, the night before.
  7. 7. REPORTING QUESTIONS WH- QUESTIONS•When Who or What are subjects of the sentence we don’t change the word order“Who told you this story?” He asked me who had told thatstory“What happens?” He wanted to know what happened.•The word order is a positive one, without inversion(subject/verb)“Where did you go last summer?”. He asked me where I had gone the previous summer.•Some verbs we can use as reporting verbs: ask, enquire,wonder, would like to know, want to know
  8. 8. REPORTING COMMANDS•The imperative changes into infinitiveHe said to us: “Stay here” He told us to stay here•The reporting verb must indicate “order”He said: “Be quiet” He told me to be quiet•Apart from Tell other verbs can be used: ask, beg,invite, warn, order, command, instruct,...“Say that again”, he said to me He asked me tosay that again
  9. 9. REPORTING REQUESTS•The verbs used are: beg, ask, demand & request and they are situated before the requested person.•The word “please” is omitted•When let is used in direct speech it must appear in the reported too but omitting the modal verb.•When let is not used the modal is not omitted.“John, don’t open the window, please” I saidI asked /requested/begged John not to open the window.“Can you let me use your phone, please?” I asked my neighbourI asked my neighbour to let me use her phone“Can I use your phone?” I asked my neighbourI asked my neighbour if I could use her phone.
  10. 10. REPORTING SUGGESTIONS•We normally use suggest + gerund to report them•Also suggest that + subordinate sentence•The suggestions : Let’s, why don’t we, shall we, why not… are omitted“Let’s go to the theatre” she said.“Why don’t we go to the theatre?”“Shall we go to the theatre?”She suggested going to the theatreShe suggested that we could go to the theatre“Let’s not argue again,” he said.He suggested not arguing againHe suggested that they should not argue again.

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