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Types and methods of physiotherapy

Active / passive physiotherapy, short/long term physiotherapy, their goals. Appliances used in physiotherapy

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Types and methods of physiotherapy

  1. 1. By : Suman Shaikh 2nd Year DPT, COP, JPMC TYPES AND METHODS OF PHYSIOTHERAPY
  2. 2. For Active Exercises For Passive Exercises  Restoration of functional abilities, through resistance exercises  Increasing muscle strength.  For lessening the symptoms  Preventing further deterioration. GOALS OF PHYSIOTHERAPY
  3. 3. Categories of physiotherapy (A/C to Need) Short term Physio  For patients with :  Soft tissue injuries  Simple fractures  Non-traumatic lesions Long Term Physio •For patients with : • complex neuromusculo-skeletal disorders. •Major fractures •Physical disabilities e.g. paralysis •Joint surgeries
  4. 4. Goals of short term and long term physiotherapy  Increase joint range  Increase flexibility of muscles and tendons  Reduce stiffness  Prevent atrophy(wasting) of muscles
  5. 5. Goals of short term and long term physiotherapy  Reduce pain and inflammation  Increase muscle strength and power  Maintain balance and co-ordination  Maintain biomechanical functions.
  6. 6. Equipments used in physiotherapy Shoulder pulley  Exercise for shoulders.  To increase range. dumbbells  Muscle strengthening  Body building
  7. 7. Equipments used in physiotherapy Physioball  For balance and proprioceptive training physioband (resistance band)  For resistance exercises.  Strength training.
  8. 8. Equipments used in physiotherapy Leg/arm skates roller Training stairs Walking bars
  9. 9. Methods Of Physiotherapy Manual therapy It is used by massage therapists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, chiropractors, osteopaths, and osteopathic physicians to treat musculoskeletal pain and disability It includes :  Mobilization  Manipulation
  10. 10. Methods Of Physiotherapy Mobilization  Slow movements with less pressure.  To pull or push bones and joints into position.  help loosen tight tissues around a joint  Help with flexibility. Manipulation  Forceful movements, greater pressure.  Rapid rotational force applied to a joint.
  11. 11. Methods Of Physiotherapy  Electrotherapy  Ultrasonic therapy
  12. 12. Methods Of Physiotherapy  Hydrotherapy  Laser therapy
  13. 13. Methods Of Physiotherapy  Heat therapy  Cold therapy (ice therapy)
  14. 14. Methods Of Physiotherapy  TENS  Cryotherapy
  15. 15. THANK YOU

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