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Scope and aims of physiotherapy

Physiotherapy scope i.e. areas and fields where it is used.
Who is a physiotherapist, how does he/she diagnose and give treatment.

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Scope and aims of physiotherapy

  1. 1. IT IS NEEDED WHEN: Health problems make it hard to move and do daily activities. It can relieve pain Improve/restore physical function
  2. 2. • Help restore movement and normal body function in cases of illness, injury and disability.
  3. 3. ILLNESS is a disease or period of sickness It may be : infectious autoimmune viral, bacterial etc. Abnormal immune response e.g. influenza, Typhoid e.g. rheumatoid arthritis INJURY Damage due to accidents e.g. • Bone fracture • Joint dislocation • Muscle damage • Skin rupture • Brain or spine injury
  4. 4. DISABILITY o Disadvantage o Limiting a person’s mental or physical abilities. e.g. • Stroke • Multiple sclerosis • Parkinson’s disease • Huntington's disease • Rheumatoid arthritis Parkinson’s Disease Rheumatoid Arthritis
  5. 5. A Physiotherapist is a health care professional who treats problem related to movement and function.
  6. 6. may also help in suggesting ways to improve general health. By : Regular exercise Healthy weight
  7. 7. Maintaining muscle tone. Maintaining circulation of an area/limb. Maintain joint range (movement). Teach patients to use special appliances like sticks, crutches etc.
  8. 8. Pain Inability to move a limbAbnormal posture Balance problem
  9. 9.  Synonyms : • Range • reach • freedom
  10. 10. SCOPE OF PHYSIOTHERAPY It means various fields where physiotherapy can be required. 1. General musculoskeletal disorders
  11. 11. 3. Post operative rehabilitation 2. Sports physiotherapy SCOPE OF PHYSIOTHERAPY
  12. 12. 5. Pediatric physiotherapy SCOPE OF PHYSIOTHERAPY 4. Chest physiotherapy
  13. 13. Who Needs Physiotherapy ? Physical therapy can be required in many places. It might be helpful to patients who have : 1. Cardiovascular disease ( e.g. stroke ) 2. Pulmonary disease (e.g. COPD, emphysema, pneumonia) 3. Posture problems ( e.g. flat neck, scoliosis ) 4. Degenerative diseases ( e.g. Alzheimer's disease ) 5. Bone and joint problems (e.g. Osteoporosis, arthritis ) 6. Spinal cord disorders /injuries ( e.g. disc slip, sciatica )

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Physiotherapy scope i.e. areas and fields where it is used. Who is a physiotherapist, how does he/she diagnose and give treatment.

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